broadside - at large, at random, all together + bared his backside at Balaclava [Russian General].

Eldorado - fictious country abounding in gold, a place of fabulous wealth

thole - to endure with patience; Nautic. Vertical wooden peg or pin inserted through the gunwale to form a fulcrum for oars when rowing + Ultima Thule - The ancient Greek and Latin name (first found in Polybius's account of the voyage of Pytheas) for a land six days' sail north of Britain, which he supposed to be the most northerly region in the world; fig. the highest or uttermost point or degree attained or attainable, the acme, limit.

kraal - an enclosure for domestic animals, corral; a village of south African native peoples + kralj (Serbian) = král (Czech ) - king.

fou - drunk; foul + fou (fr) - mad + four

feud - a state of perpetual hostility between two families, tribes, or individuals, marked by murderous assaults in revenge for some previous insult or injury; Feudal Law. An estate in land (in England always a heritable estate), held on condition of homage and service to a superior lord, by whom it is granted and in whom the ownership remains.

pub - public house + Joyce's note: 'pubcrawl' pub crawl - a tour of bars or public houses (usually taking one drink at each stop).

lay out - to arrange, design, to plan in detail

lashings - a great plenty, abundance

livery - livery stable (a stable where horses are kept at livery, or are let out for hire) + lavery (Slang) - Irish one pound note with portrait of Lady Lavery posing as an Irish colleen (painted by her husband, Sir John Lavery). 

hunt down - to chase (an animal) until caught or killed

pled - p. of plead + paid + played.

double or quits - a bet of the same value as the initial one, resulting in either a doubling of a loss, or it being cancelled

hush up - to reduce to tranquillity, to suppress (anything disturbing or disquieting)

bucker - a horse given to bucking + bugger.

sodden - saturated or soaked with water or moisture + Deucalion and Pyrrha, the only two survivors of the Flood in Greek mythology, created people by throwing stones behind their back.

dragoon - to compel by coercion, threats, or crude means; a heavily armed trooper in some European armies of the 17th and 18th centuries + Cadmus sowed dragons' teeth and armed warriors sprang up (so had Jason).

peos (gr) - penis + opla (gr) - weapons + pladô (gr) - to be flaccid

Gambrinus, Gaudio - Flemish king, credited with brewing the first beer  

Peter the Great


diamonds + demimonde - a class of woman not considered respectable because of indiscreet or promiscuous behavior.

spate - a flood or inundation; esp. a sudden flood or rising in a river or stream caused by heavy rains or melting snow + spades

General Cambronne (said to have shouted 'merde' at the battle of Waterloo) + "This is Willingdone cry. Brum! Brum! Cumbrum!"

twi- - twice, double, two + 29 + nurse (Slang) - prostitute + *IJ*

drum (Slang) - brothel

three to one - three chances to one, the ratio of three to one + tre (it) - three + uno (it) - one + 31 + *VYC*.

tip the scale - to register weight on a scale, to shift the balance of fortune or power + {he enjoyed the two nurses [prostitutes] but three-to-one [soldiers] tipped the scale against him}

reel - a (long) portion of a motion picture; In early usage in Cinemat., reel was restricted in signification to a fixed length of film, normally one thousand feet at 35 mm.

brace - a pair, a couple. Often a mere synonym for two + Mrs Anne Bracegirdle (1674- 1748) - English actress.

girdle - a woman’s close fitting undergarment + girls

silver - the metal as used for the ornamentation of textile fabrics, silver thread + silver screen (Slang) - cinema + {he had the title role opposite a brace of actresses on the Silver Screen}

sequence - serial arrangement in which things follow in logical order or a recurrent pattern; to arrange in a sequence; the action of following in order

set - the place or area in which filming takes place

crookback - one who has a crooked back, a hunchback + Richard III (1452-85) - English king of the House of York, crookbacked like HCE, called The Boar or The Hog, from the device on his crest. In Shakespeare's Richard III, he is a villain, brother-slayer.

titular - a person having a title

rick - a sprain or overstrain, esp. in the back + Richard Burbage - Shakespearian actor.  

barry - barracuda + Harry + Barry, Spranger (1719-77) - Dublin-born actor who built the Crow Street Theatre, David Garrick's London rival. 

get on - move along, proceed, to mount (a horse, etc.)

come off - to take place, happen; to get off, escape, to detach oneself, to fall off

vigintiquinque (l) - twenty five

germinal - incipient, embryonic, rel. to germ; the seventh month of the French revolutionary calendar (early spring, March 21 to April 19; so 25 Germinal fell on 14-16 April in the years it was in use) + [controversy between old Irish and Roman churches over the date of Easter, i.e. 22 March (first possible date) and 25 April (last possible date)].

Ojibway Indians of North Ontario + Have papooses everywhere + (seven syllables).

arithmo- - number + -sophy - knowledge + aritmosophia (gr) - skill in counting, number-wisdom, philosophy based on numbers (favourite of Crowley, Ripel, Grant etc.) + In Theosophy, it is believed the Seven Stars of the Pleiades focus the spiritual energy of the Seven Rays from the Galactic Logos to the Seven Stars of the Great Bear, then to Sirius, then to the Sun, then to the god of Earth (Sanat Kumara), and finally through the seven Masters of the Seven Rays to the human race.

Plough and the Stars - flag used by Irish rebels

URSA MAJOR - The most prominent constellation of the North hemisphere has been known as the Bear (Gk, Arctos; Lat, Ursa) since the time of Homer. Other names have been the Plough, the Dipper, the Wagon, and Charles's Wain + "According to an ancient magical tradition, the seven phases or lines of evolution were originally presided over by one of the seven stars of Ursa Major" (Kenneth Grant: Cults of the Shadow) + "They dwelt in Yuggoth [Pluto] for a time, and then came to a young planet called Sharhah [Earth], where they established their civilization; but, because of the punishment, they could not go back to the stars. So the seven stations of the Big Star Shanir fell upon Earth." (Frank Ripel: Sauthenerom). 

Wapentake - division of some English counties 

pike - a northern English name for a pointed or peaked summit, or a mountain or hill with a pointed summit + Mark Twain, Huckleberry Finn explanatory: 'In this book a number of dialects are used... the ordinary "Pike County" dialect' + pike, line, eel (fishing).

vicious circle - a situation in which action and reaction intensify each other + cicle = shekel - an ancient unit of weight of the Babylonians, a coin of this weitht; coin, money + Vico's cycles.

remains + renews + mew - Of a hawk: To moult, shed, or change (its feathers); also of other birds.

offal - waste parts, especially of a butchered animal; refuse, rubbish

floodlight - a light providing a beam of intense illumination; the illumination so provided

Portobello - city in South America + Portobello bridge, Dublin.

equa docta (l) - learned mare, skilled mare + aequa docta (l) - experienced female friend + aqueduct.

terracotta (pipe)

Persse O'Reilly (his remains)

Aphrodite or Venus (Botecelli painting of Birth of Venus standing on shell)

hard cash - money in the form of coin

Watling street - Roman road running from near London (before 12. c.); street in the city of London (16. - 17. c.), the principal street for draper’s shops + Wall Street + Ulysses 10.773: 'Watling street... visitor's waitingroom' (the visitor's waiting room of the Guinness Brewery is on the corner of James's Street and Walting Street, which runs north to the Liffey.) + Poetically the 'Milky Way' has been called the 'Watling Street of the sky'.

Giant Ivy flourishes in Glenasmole (Finn's hunting ground)

younker - a young man, child + Tír na nÓg - timeless Land of Youth, where Oisín (Ossian) was lured away by a fairy princess, having survived the destruction of his comrades (Fenians) at the Battle of Gabhra. Ossian spent 300 years there, returned to Ireland on his white horse, and aged as soon as his feet touched the ground.

apostolos (gr) - envoy, messenger, apostle; fleet ready to sail + polos (gr) - axis, pivot, thing on which anything turns + -opolos (gr) - son of (surname ending).

gale - a wind of considerable strength; a state of excitement or hilarity

gall - bitterness of spirit, asperity, rancour; filth, impurity + J.H. Todd, ed.: The War of the Gaedhil with the Gaill.

matchless - having no match, without an equal, peerless

bosom - to form a bosom + blossom.

blooming - in the bloom of health and beauty, in the prime of youth; flourishing + J.H. Todd, ed.: The War of the Gaedhil with the Gaill (1869), 79-81: 'They carried away their soft, youthful, bright, matchless girls; their blooming, silkclad young women; and their active, large, and wellformed boys' (Irish plunder of Viking-held Limerick, 968).

blot out - to efface, wipe out of existence, sight, or memory; to annihilate, destroy

Harald Fair Hair (Haarfager) (850-933) - first king of Norway, annexed Scottish isles

Olaf the White - first Norse king of Dublin 

endow - to enrich with property; to provide (by bequest or gift) a permanent income

nepos - a grandson, a nephew + {[like a Pharoah or Tristan] he would marry his aunt and produce nephews}

hearken - to apply the ears to hear; to listen, give ear + {listen and keep quiet – put up a screen and you will see him [a movie e.g. Book III.4]}

archbishopic - the jurisdiction of an archbishop + {now an archbishop, now a tradesman [his Everyman resurrections follow the wheel of fortune]}

brook - to possess and enjoy; to endure, bear, tolerate + beck, burn, brook (all synonyms of stream) + Brücke (ger) - bridge.

wath - a ford; a fordable stream

scale - a landing place, port

scarred - bearing scars or traces of wounds

scow - a large flat bottomed boat for transporting sand, gravel or refuse + {[HCE’s Dublin was once] an ancient ford of a brook, where a small boat landed}

rainfall - a fall of rain, the quantity of rain falling in a certain time within a given area + (rainfall in Dublin circa 30" per annum).

melting point - that point of the thermometer which indicates the heat at which any particular solid becomes fluid

bubbling - the process of forming bubbles, rising in bubbles + boiling

tussle - a vigorous or disorderly conflict; a severe struggle, a hard contest

trull - a girl, a lass; a whore (Slang) + Henrik Ibsen: Et Vers (A Verse): 'To live is - war with trolls in the heart's and mind's vault. To write, - that is to hold Doomsday over oneself'.

Portrait hardly did her justice (Joyce's note) + do oneself justice - to perform something one has to do in a manner worthy of one's abilities + do justice - to pledge in drinking; to do what is just, act justily + {falls at the hands of the soldiers}

eschatology - the department of theological science concerned with 'the four last things: death, judgement, heaven, and hell'

Henry Humphreys: The Justice of the Peace in Ireland (1890)

Theban - of or belonging to Thebes, ancient capital of Upper Egypt

recense - to make revision of a text + recensor (l) - reviewer, reviser + Theban recension of The Book of the Dead.

bug - insect, fad, craze, hobby + The Book of the Dead contains drawings of Khepera, a self-created beetle-like god, representing Resurrection + The Book of the Dead ch. XXX.B, was often inscribed on, or said over, scarabs.