lump of sugar + Zucker (ger) - sugar.

boiling + song Boyne Water.

puddy - short and plump, chubby, bulky + Paddy

to make up to - to make advances to (a person), to pay court or make love to + REFERENCE

Ni Carthaigh (ni karhi) (gael) - Daughter of a Grandson of Carthach ("loving").

to make off with - to decamp with (something) in one’s possession + to make off with oneself - to depart or leave a place suddenly, often with a disparaging implication.

swank - full of life or energy, fashionably elegant, smart

swarthy - of a dark hue; black or blackish

garnet - a vitreous mineral, most commonly found as a distinct crystal. The precious garnet is of a deep transparent red colour, and is used as a gem;                        proverb Diamonds cut diamonds.

florence - a gold florin; city in Italy

wynn - old English runic letter (= W) + Gwyn (welsh) - white + Finn + WYNN'S HOTEL - At 35-37 Lower Abbey Street since the 19th century.

leaker - a leaky receptacle for canned goods

Albion - Great Britain

likely - credible, promising, agreeable, handsome

villain of the piece - the character in a play, novel, etc., whose evil motives or actions form an important element in the plot.  

CANTRELL AND COCHRANE'S - around the turn of the century, this manufacturer of mineral waters was at 2-11 Nassau Place; Sir Henry Cochrane was one of the owners + cantare (l) - to crow.  

limitate - to limit + limited

tays (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - teas

Saturn - most ancient king of Latium; god of agriculture and civilisation; identified with Kronos, father of Zeus + satan + de Sade + Slattery's Mounted Foot - Percy French's song about comic Irish peasant warriors, extravagant in heroic wish, cowardly in act. 

Lund - the cathedral in Lund was built by Finn MacCool at the request of St Laurence. If the saint did not guess Finn's name by the time the church was built, Finn would get the saint's eyes. As the last brick was put in place, St Laurence guessed right. Finn tried to pull the church down, but was changed into a stone and stands there to this day. Mr Hart has seen him (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

kirk - church


fletch - feather

praties (Anglo-Irish) - potatoes

fash - inconvenience, trouble

artful - skilful in adapting means to ends; passing gradually into: Skilful in taking an unfair advantage; using stratagem, wily; cunning, crafty, deceitful.

juke - a roadhouse or brothel; spec. a cheap roadside establishment providing food and drinks, and music for dancing + duke

huggle - to hug + Huckleberry Finn 

Kuckkuck (ger) = kukkuk (Danish) - cuckoo.

in camera - privately, secretly; in the judge’s chamber

excruciate - to subject to torture, put on the rack; fig. To torture mentally, inflict extreme mental anguish upon. 

boon - a favour, a gift, a thing freely or graciously bestowed

billet - to enter in a list, locate; to have quarters, lodge

Bann (ger) - anathema, curse

buckshot - a coarse kind of shot, used in shooting deer or other large game.

chaos (gr) - unformed matter, infinite space; precreation state of the universe + foedatus (l) - defiled, filthied, befouled + fdt (Danish) - born.

presumptively - by presumption or inference, presumably

plough - to labour, to plod

overtime - in excess of a set time limit or of the regular working time, during extra time.

evince - to prove by argument or evidence; to display, exhibit, manifest.

travail - to exert oneself, work hard

fair share - one’s full share (of something enjoyed or suffered in common with others).


hetman - a cossack leader + het (Norwegian) - hat.

unhorse - to throw or drag (a person) from his horse, esp. in battle

searing - pres. part. of sear - to burn or char (animal tissues) by the application of a hot iron + sear (Slang) - vulva.

extemporize - to produce or get up on the spur of the moment; to invent for the occasion.

stock - a kind of stiff close-fitting neckcloth, formerly worn by men generally, now only in the army; an article of clerical attire, consisting of a piece of black silk or stuff (worn on the chest and secured by a band round the neck) over which the linen collar is fastened. 

charter house - a carthusian (an austere religious order) monastery

township - the inhabitants or population of a tn or village collectively

by stealth - by an act of theft; secretly and without right or permission, secretly, clandestinely.

auburn - of a golden-brown or ruddy-brown colour + Samuel Taylor Coleridge: The Rime of the Ancient Mariner II.59-60: 'Instead of the cross, the Albatross About my neck was hung'.

abaft - in the rear of, behind

Thersites - Homeric, Shakespearean character, unnamed narrator of "Cyclops". His role as railer, accuser is taken over in FW by Shaun-as-Wyndham-Lewis.

lympha (l) - spring-water, clear river water + amphora (l) - two-handled vessel for liquids + phrase set the Liffey on fire.

concoct - to make up, devise, or plan by concert, or by artificial combination; to put together, make up, or fabricate (a story, project, fraud, etc.).

master hand - the hand of a master, the agency of one highly skilled or one possessing commanding power.

assay - the action or process of trying, trial generally; the trial of metals, by 'touch,' fire, etc.;  the determination of the quantity of metal in an ore or alloy.

hallmark - a distinctive mark or token of genuineness, good breeding, or excellence; the official mark or stamp used by statutory Hall-marking Authorities in marking the standard of gold and silver articles assayed by them, without which articles of these metals may not legally be sold.

impose - to place authoritatively

weight plate - a plate on which articles are set to be weighed in a weighing-machine.

pectoral - something worn on the breast for protection or ornament, breast-plate.

to get the wind up - to get into a state of alarm or ’funk’

rosin tree - a south African shrub which exudes resin

haul - to pull or draw with force or violence; to drag, tug

slavey - a male servant or attendant; a female domestic servant, esp. one who is hard-worked.

scurvy - a disease characterized by general debility of the body, extreme tenderness of the  gums, foul breath, subcutaneous eruptions and pains in the limbs, induced by exposure and by a too liberal diet of salted foods.

boil - a hard inflamed suppurating tumour; a furuncle; a blister

Cornucopiae (l) - Horn of Plenty: horn of the goat Amalthea placed in heaven, emblem of fruitfulness and abundance (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

stack - a pile of grain in the sheaf, of hay, straw, fodder, etc., gathered into a circular or rectangular form, and usually with a sloping thatched top to protect it from the weather.

rye - a hardy annual grass

pospector - one that prospects (to explore, investigate (for mineral deposits))

rucksack - a bag or knapsack carried on the back by walkers, climbers, etc. + rook (Dutch) - smoke + sacht (ger) - soft, gently.

retrospect - to look or refer back to; to reflect on + retrospector (l) - one who looks back.

alpenstock - a long staff pointed with iron, used in climbing the Alps, whence it has passed into general use in mountain climbing + holpen - dial. p.p. of help.

yoke - a contrivance, used from ancient times, by which two animals, esp. oxen, are coupled together for drawing a plough or vehicle.

Yugoslavian - a native or inhabitant of Yugoslavia

peddle - to be busy with trifles

passivism - a passive attitude, behavior or way of life

Gorgon - Gr. Myth. One of three mythical female personages, with snakes for hair, whose look turned the beholder into stone. 

selfrighteous - convinced of one’s own righteousness, narrowly moralistic and intolerant + Seffridges - London department store. 

Larm (ger) - noise, hullabaloo + larme (fr) - tear.

belle - a handsome woman, esp. one who dresses so as to set off her personal charms; the reigning 'beauty' of a place.