Zucker (ger) - sugar + lump of sugar.

boiling + Boyne Water (song).

puddy - short and plump, chubby, bulky + Paddy - a brand of 80-proof blended Irish whiskey produced in Cork, Ireland, by the company Irish Distillers + penny.

make up to - to make advances to (a person), to pay court or make love to + REFERENCE

Ni Carthaigh (ni karhi) (gael) - Daughter of a Grandson of Carthach ("loving") + Ní (Irish) - Daughter of + née (French) - born (feminine).

make off with - to decamp with (something) in one's possession

swank - full of life or energy, fashionably elegant, smart

swarthy - of a dark hue; black or blackish

garnet - a family of crystals whose name is derived from their resemblance to red pomegranate seeds + Diamonds cut diamonds (proverb).

Diarmaid cuts Grania

florence - a gold florin; city in Italy

wynn - old English runic letter (= W) + Gwyn (Welsh) - white + Finn + WYNN'S HOTEL - At 35-37 Lower Abbey Street since the 19th century.

leaker - a leaky receptacle for canned goods + there's his bowl and here's his liquor.

big white horse [008.21] + his big white arse, hic [tip].

Albion - Great Britain + Oliver Goldsmith: The Deserted Village 1: 'Sweet Auburn! loveliest village of the plain' [.23] [139.23] + (Swedish-English).

likely - credible, promising, agreeable, handsome

villain of the piece - the character in a play, novel, etc., whose evil motives or actions form an important element in the plot  

(hen and cock[ran])

CANTRELL AND COCHRANE'S - around the turn of the century, this manufacturer of mineral waters was at 2-11 Nassau Place; Sir Henry Cochrane was one of the owners + cantare (l) - to crow. 

egotism - an exaggerated opinion of your own importance + (egg company). 

limitate - to limit + limited

tays (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - teas

Saturn - most ancient king of Latium; god of agriculture and civilisation; identified with Kronos, father of Zeus + Satan + de Sade + sad-urn [i.e. HCE interred] + Slattery's Mounted Foot - Percy French's song about comic Irish peasant warriors, extravagant in heroic wish, cowardly in act. 

Lund - the cathedral in Lund, Sweden, was built by Finn MacCool at the request of St Laurence. If the saint did not guess Finn's name by the time the church was built, Finn would get the saint's eyes. As the last brick was put in place, St Laurence guessed right. Finn tried to pull the church down, but was changed into a stone and stands there to this day. Mr Hart has seen him (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

kirk - church

guess + (title of Finnegans Wake) + Rumpelstiltskin - a class of folk tales in which a demon's power depends on the secrecy of his name.

fletch - feather + flesh.

praties (Anglo-Irish) - potatoes

fash - inconvenience, trouble + fash and chaps (Ulster Pronunciation) - fish and chips.

artful - marked by skill in achieving a desired end especially with cunning or craft

juke - a roadhouse or brothel; spec. a cheap roadside establishment providing food and drinks, and music for dancing + Juke and Kallikak - American families of supposedly-hereditary degenerates [033.24] + Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington.

huggle - to hug + Huckleberry Finn 

Kuckkuck (ger) = kukkuk (Danish) - cuckoo.

in camera - privately, secretly; in the judge’s chamber

excruciate - to subject to torture, put on the rack; fig. To torture mentally, inflict extreme mental anguish upon. 

boon - a favour, a gift, a thing freely or graciously bestowed + born.


billet - to enter in a list, locate; to have quarters, lodge

Bann (ger) - anathema, curse

buckshot - a coarse kind of shot, used in shooting deer or other large game + How Buckley shot the Russian General (motif).

chaos (gr) - unformed matter, infinite space; precreation state of the universe + foedatus (l) - defiled, filthied, befouled + født (Danish) - born + {spawned in heaven, born in chaos but man of earth [typical mythological ingredients of heroes and gods]}

presumptively - by presumption or inference, presumably

plough - to labour, to plod

overtime - in excess of a set time limit or of the regular working time, during extra time

evince - to prove by argument or evidence; to display, exhibit, manifest

travail - to exert oneself, work hard

fair share - one’s full share (of something enjoyed or suffered in common with others)


Magazine + Miocene (twenty-six million years ago).

hetman - a cossack leader + het (Norwegian) - hat.

unhorse - to throw or drag (a person) from his horse, esp. in battle

searing - pres. part. of sear - to burn or char (animal tissues) by the application of a hot iron + sear (Slang) - vulva + Ringsend - district of Dublin + Sickerson.

extemporize - to produce or get up on the spur of the moment; to invent for the occasion

'the' of Finnegans Wake + "He passed through the vast Gate of black stone. And He saw the Seal" (Frank G. Ripel: Sauthenerom).

stock collar - a very tall standing collar with the points turned up over the chin, to be worn with an Ascot tie + Old Ones ("Grandi Antichi") and Elder Gods ("Dei Antichi"), from Ripel's Sauthenerom, the Source of the Necronomicon; Great Old Ones and Elder Gods, deities in the Cthulhu Mythos and the Necronomicon, a fictional grimoire written by H. P. Lovecraft

charter house - a carthusian (an austere religious order) monastery

township - the inhabitants or population of a tún or village collectively

by stealth - by an act of theft; secretly and without right or permission, secretly, clandestinely

Kersse [curse] the Tailor ~ Perrse O'Reily

auburn - of a golden-brown or ruddy-brown colour + Samuel Taylor Coleridge: The Rime of the Ancient Mariner II.59-60: 'Instead of the cross, the Albatross About my neck was hung'.

abaft - in the rear of, behind

Thersites - Homeric, Shakespearean character, unnamed narrator of "Cyclops". His role as railer, accuser is taken over in FW by Shaun-as-Wyndham-Lewis.

lympha (l) - spring-water, clear river water + amphora (l) - two-handled vessel for liquids + set the Liffey on fire (phrase).

concoct - to make up, devise, or plan by concert, or by artificial combination; to put together, make up, or fabricate (a story, project, fraud, etc.)

master hand - the hand of a master, the agency of one highly skilled or one possessing commanding power + Blavatsky's Mahatma Letters supposedly written by Tibetan masters.

assay - the action or process of trying, trial generally; the determination of the quantity of metal in an ore or alloy + Parnell's hobby was assaying gold + {his letter was concocted by the master of essays [Shem]}.

hallmark - a distinctive mark or token of genuineness, good breeding, or excellence; the official mark or stamp used by statutory Hall-marking Authorities in marking the standard of gold and silver articles assayed by them, without which articles of these metals may not legally be sold.

impose - to place authoritatively

weight plate - a plate on which articles are set to be weighed in a weighing-machine + {his hallmark was recognised by silver-plate [second–rate] standards [i.e. the Letter and its signature]}

pectoral - something worn on the breast for protection or ornament + (flying machine) + (*IJ* and *VYC*) + {Icarus flying with his false wings and tail or a fan}

get the wind up - to get into a state of alarm or 'funk'

rosin tree - a south African shrub which exudes resin

haul - to pull or draw with force or violence; to drag, tug + {a giant who lights his pipe with a burning bush and whose shoes are towed by a horse}

slavey - a male servant or attendant; a female domestic servant, esp. one who is hard-worked

scurvy - a disease characterized by general debility of the body, extreme tenderness of the gums, foul breath, subcutaneous eruptions and pains in the limbs, induced by exposure and by a too liberal diet of salted foods.

boil - a hard inflamed suppurating tumour; a furuncle; a blister

polish - a substance used to give something a smooth and shiny surface when rubbed in + {a travelling salesman who is caught in a bedroom}

Cornucopiae (l) - Horn of Plenty: horn of the goat Amalthea placed in heaven, emblem of fruitfulness and abundance (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

stack - a pile of grain in the sheaf, of hay, straw, fodder, etc., gathered into a circular or rectangular form, and usually with a sloping thatched top to protect it from the weather.

rye - a hardy annual grass + {is a judge, a priest, a farmer and a baker}

pospector - one that prospects (to explore, investigate (for mineral deposits)) + (mountaineer).

rucksack - a bag or knapsack carried on the back by walkers, climbers, etc. + rook (Dutch) - smoke + sacht (ger) - soft, gently.

retrospect - to look or refer back to; to reflect on + retrospector (l) - one who looks back.

alpenstock - a long staff pointed with iron, used in climbing the Alps, whence it has passed into general use in mountain climbing + holpen - dial. p.p. of help.

yoke - a contrivance, used from ancient times, by which two animals, esp. oxen, are coupled together for drawing a plough or vehicle + New York.

Yugoslavian - a native or inhabitant of Yugoslavia + jugo (Serbian) - south.

peddle - to be busy with trifles

passivism - a passive attitude, behavior or way of life

Gorgon - Gr. Myth. One of three mythical female personages, with snakes for hair, whose look turned the beholder into stone.

selfrighteous - convinced of one’s own righteousness, narrowly moralistic and intolerant + Gordon Selfridge - 1920s director of Selfridges, London chain store.

information + Robert Greene: The Groatsworth of Wit Bought with a Million of Repentance

Larm (ger) - noise, hullabaloo + larme (fr) - tear + A.C.W. Harmsworth, Viscount Northcliffe - newspaper magnate, born in Chapelizod + someone is worth his salt - Said of someone or something that deserves respect.

belle - a handsome woman, esp. one who dresses so as to set off her personal charms; the reigning 'beauty' of a place + La Belle Alliance and Mount Saint Jean (Waterloo) + Elizabeth, La Belle, Hamilton - an Irish beauty, the wife of the Comte de Gramont and the sister of his biographer.