ain - one, own + My Ain Fireside - song by Elizabeth Hamilton (1758-1816).

fireside - the side of a fire-place; originally, the place occupied by the two seats right and left of the fire under the chimney.

Irisg cd play Hebr- (notebook 1924) Crawford: Back to the Long Grass 185: 'Gordon knew as much of Arabic as the Irishman did of the page of Hebrew: a bit of a musician, Patrick, in answer to the question whether he could read some Hebrew characters they showed him, said "Read it? Shure, and I could play it!"'  

Himmel (ger) - heaven, sky + William Gerard Hamilton, "Single Speech" (1729-96) - Irish M.P., made a brilliant maiden speech in Parliament and never spoke again.

quicksilver - the metal mercury, so called from its liquid mobile form at ordinary temperatures + James Archibald Hamilton (1747-1815), first astronomer at Armagh Observatory, studied transit of Mercury (mercury: quicksilver).

quartertone - In music: Half a semitone + water + quaternion - a set of four parts, things or persons; In mathematics, the quaternions are a number system that extends the complex numbers. Quaternion algebra was introduced by Irish mathematician Sir William Rowan Hamilton in 1843. Hamilton knew that the complex numbers (a + bi, where a and b are real numbers, and i is the standard imaginary unit with the property i² = −1) could be viewed as points in a plane, and he was looking for a way to do the same for points in space. Points in space can be represented by their coordinates, which are triples of numbers, and for many years Hamilton had known how to add and multiply triples of numbers. But he had been stuck on the problem of division: He did not know how to take the quotient of two points in space. The breakthrough finally came on Monday 16 October 1843 in Dublin, when Hamilton was on his way to the Royal Irish Academy. While walking along the Royal Canal with his wife, the concept behind quaternions was taking shape in his mind. Hamilton could not resist the impulse to carve the formulae for the quaternions i² = j² = k² = ijk = − 1. into the stone of Brougham Bridge as he passed by it. Hamilton later wrote: "And here there dawned on me the notion that we must admit, in some sense, a fourth dimension of space for the purpose of calculating with triples ... An electric circuit seemed to close, and a spark flashed forth." Hamilton called a quadruple with these rules of multiplication a quaternion, and he devoted the remainder of his life to studying and teaching them.

lobster pot - a trap for catching lobsters

crab - to catch crabs; to spoil, ruin; complain, to find fault + grabbed. 

keel - the lowest longitudinal timber of a ship or boat, on which the framework of the whole is built up; a ship + William Shakespeare: Love's Labour's Lost V.2.909: 'While greasy Joan doth keel the pot' ("keel the pot": to cool the contents of the pot by stirring or pouring in something cold) REFERENCE


garden pest [earwig] that spoiled our sweet peas [peas in a pod riddle]

importunate - expressing earnest entreaty; burdensome, grievous, grave (obs); troublesome, persistently troublesome (obs.) + important.

overreach - to reach above or beyond, go beyond; overtake, outwit

excrescence - an abnormal, morbid, or disfiguring outgrowth; a disfiguring protuberance or swelling on an animal or vegetable body

wart - a small, round, dry, tough excrescence on the skin

yit (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - yet

fresh + John 1:14: 'the Word was made flesh'.

new made - recently or freshly made + nue (fr) - cloud.

mott - a girl or woman, harlot, a loose woman; a particle of dust; a spot, a blemish + Motte (ger) - moth + mots (fr) - words.

prurio (l) - to itch; to feel sexual arousal + rural + plural.

plausible - such as to be received with favour; acceptable, agreeable, pleasing + Plurabelle.

uncustomarily - unusually, not customary

perfumed - impregnated with sweet odour, scented

ath = oath + Ath Cliath (Irish) - Hurdle Ford (name of Dublin)

Themis - ancient Greek goddess of law and justice + clear whisper of a chemise (demise).

Fingal - Finn's name in Macpherson's Ossian poems. Fingal is a Scottish hero who comes to Ireland and fights the Danes. The Irish called certain Norse invaders, fingal or fingall, meaning "fair stranger."  

Hibernian - Irishman + The Hiberniad, 1760 + myriad - countless, innumerable + {Irish story full of holies [Patrick etc]}

hoolies (Anglo-Irish) - wild parties, uninhibited celebrations

Hodge - abbreviation of the name Roger; used as a typical name for the English agricultural labourer or rustic + head

wherry - to carry in or as in a wherry (a light rowing-boat) + Hodge's Ireland-Holyhead ferry + worry

Frenchy - a disrespectful name for a Frenchman or a French Canadian

curry - to tickle; to employ flattery or blandishment so as to cajole or win favour + carry.

Brabançon (French) - Belgian + national anthem of Belgium is "La Brabançonne" by Campenhout + breagh (bra) (gael) - fine, handsome + bean (ban) (gael) - woman.

beet - biennial Eurasian plant usually having a swollen edible root + Bieter (ger) - bidder + Beete (ger) - beds (of flowers) + Beter (ger) - one who prays.

Fritz - a German + Liam O'Flaherty: The Life of Tim Healy (1927), 314: 'The people have undertaken a vast electrical scheme on the Shannon with the assistance of the great German people. With the assistance of Belgians and Czecho-Slovakians, beetroot is about to be manufactured in the country. With the assistance of the French, under M. de Boudeville, the Liffey mud is going to be swept away from the streets of Dublin, lest a future James Joyce might find on its pavements the subject for future epics'.

switch - a mechanical device for shifting an electric current to another circuit

waylay - to lie in wait for and attack from ambush 

parker - a park-keeper (derived from Old French with the meaning "keeper of the park") + Parker, Charley - one of Wilde's boys, a soldier who was prepared to testify against him + barker (Slang) - pistol + "if he outharrods against barkers, to the shoolbred he acts whiteley". 

beschoten (Dutch) - shot at + FDV: was waylaid by a parker and beshotten by a buckeley,

lintil = lentil - duckweed, leguminous plant + Jacob bought Esau's birthright with pottage of lentils (Genesis 25).

cuppy - like a cup, hollow + in his cups - boozing + hicuppy + happy.

jacob - the gold coin; a simpleton + Jacob's Biscuits - manufactured in Dublin. It was a Jacob's biscuit tin that the Citizen throws at Bloom. In FW they are the mess of pottage for which Esau sold his birthright to Jacob.

arrowroot - delicate starch used to thicken gravies and desserts, derived from a West Indian water plant + Jacob's biscuit factory, Dublin, makes arrowroot biscuits. 

dime - a silver coin of the United States of America, of the value of 10 cents

waifs and strays - people or animals who have no home and no one to care for them

upon the perish - on the point or in process of perishing + FDV: kicks lintels lintils when he's cuppy and gives chucks casts Jacob's to the his childer on the parish,

charm - the chanting or reciting of a verse supposed to have magic or occult power

Hans Christian Andersen

evenings of the week

Ivan Grozny or Ivan the Terrible (1530 - 1584) - Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and Czar of Russia from 1547 until his death + taurus (l) - bull + Shaun.


soap - to address with smooth or flattering words, to flatter + softsoap (Slang) - to flatter with soft words.

Bad (ger) - bathroom + badend (ger) - bathing.

bulgy - bulged, protuberant

bung - a brewer, or landlord of a public house; a large cork + FDV: owns the bulgiest bungbarrel that was ever tiptapped in the private privace of Mullingar Inn,

tip tap - light knocking or tapping

Mullingar Inn, Chapelizod + "The centre of action in Finnegans Wake is a building called the Mullingar House, so named because in coaching days it was setting-out point for travellers to Mullingar. It still stands. ...It is three-storey structure, painted white, sharing a 'party wall' with building to the (approximate) 'South' (559.05) with backyard large enough to contain chickens (10.32), and, in earlier times, a privy." (John Gordon: Finnegans Wake: a plot summary).

nua (nue) (gael) - new + silver tongue - eloquent person + Nuad Silver Hand - god or king of the Tuatha dé Danaan + be born with a silver spoon in one's mouth - to be born in affluence or under lucky auspices.


Brian marches round I - his left hand to the sea - (LB) (notebook 1922-23) → After achieving power over several Irish kingdoms, Brian Boru embarked on a general tour of Ireland, with 'his left hand to the sea' (i.e. clockwise), forcing the remaining chieftains into submission.

that will do (that'll do) - that is sufficient

see - The building in which a bishop's throne is placed, a cathedral (Obs. rare.) + "C".

Eblana - name of Dublin used by Ptolemy

dubbeltje - a former silver coin of the Nederlands + double "T".

Amsterdam + damp (Dutch) - haze, steam, fume.

liberal - open to the reception of new ideas or proposals of reform + Sir Richard Steele: The Tatler, no. 49: (of Lady Elizabeth Hastings) 'to love her was a liberal education'.

dipped - baptised

Saint Olave's Church, Fishamble Street, Dublin + olive oil.

chrysme = chrism - to annoint with a chrism (a consecrated oil) + christened.

Saint Laurence O'Toole's Church, Seville Place, Dublin + {has ‘dipped’ into two prostitutes, Hoily Olives and Scent Otooles}

Charles Dickens: The Cricket on the Hearth + {his enthusiasm for cricket [sex] annoys preachers}

predikant (Dutch) - preacher, minister (of religion) + FDV: hears the cricket on the earth and but annoys the life out of preachers predicants,

turn a deaf ear (to) - not giving ear; unwilling to hear or heed, inattentive + dorcha (durukhu) (gael) - dark.

Darius - 6th-century Persian king, defeated at Marathon

infuriated - provoked to fury; maddened with passion; furiously enraged

jut - something that projects + {penis} + made Man with guts one jerk and minted money with mong many,

mint - to make (coin) by stamping metal

mong = among

many + maneh - Biblical coin.

six o’clock

era - a historical period; a period in an individual's life

misadventure - ill-luck, bad fortune + liv (Danish) - life.

moonshine - moonlight; intoxicating liquor, illegally distilled corn whiskey



pottle - a container holding one pottle (half a gallon) + bottled + one pottle = 1/2 gallon, 1 quart = 1/4 gallon, one pint = 1/8, one cup(ful ) = 1/16, one gill = 1/32, one glass = 1/64, one tablespoon(ful) = 1/320 = 1 ro, 1 teaspoon(ful) (U.S.) = 1/ 3 ro. Also, 1 Hogshead = 100 gallons, and one keg = 10 gallons.

Hahn (ger) - rooster + reich (ger) - rich; empire, reign + Hahnrei (ger) - cuckold.

Alte (ger) - old person + The Famous History of the Life of King Henry the Eighth was one of the last plays written by William Shakespeare, based on the life of Henry VIII of England. An alternative title, All is True, is recorded in contemporary documents, the title Henry VIII not appearing until the play's publication in the First Folio of 1623.

Richard the Third

mandrake - any plant of the genus Mandragora. The mandrake is poisonous, having emetic and narcotic properties, and was formerly used medicinally. The forked root is thought to resemble the human form, and was fabled to utter a deadly shriek when plucked up from the ground. The notion indicated in the narrative of Genesis xxx, that the fruit when eaten by women promotes conception, is said still to survive in Palestine.

shrieked + Schrei (ger) - cry, scream.

convoluto (l) - to whirl, roll around rapidly + convolusio (l) - cramp, convulsion + convulsions + vulture.

Weib (ger) - female + Henrik Ibsen: "The Wild Duck" + duck/drake (motif).

rotter - a thoroughly objectionable person

resurrection - the action or fact of rising again from sleep, decay, disuse, etc.


gird - to surround, encircle (the waist, a person about the waist) with a belt or girdle