thoroughgoing - marked by thoroughness or zeal, extreme

trotty - lively, brisk + trout

sleek - entirely free from roughness; perfectly smooth or polished

Mayo - county in Ireland

TUAM - Town, North County Galway, on the Nanny River; site of great 6th-century monastic see, and one of the Four Sees of Ireland.

Sligo - county in Ireland

Galway - county in Ireland

chuck - to throw with the hand with little action of the arm; to throw underhand; to toss.

chub - a river fish of the Carp family 

duck - to plunge or dive, or suddenly go down under water, and emerge again

dace - a small fresh-water cyprinoid fish

aequalis (l) - equal, the same

leppin (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - leaping

lane - Sc. A sluggish stream of water; also the smooth part of a stream. 

SHANDON - An area on the North side of Cork City, noted for the bells of St Ann's Church. The coda, marked abcd), contains fragments of all four parts, but connects notably with the 'chimes' of (b), for it parodies The Bells of Shandon. Joyce's annotation to MS 47473, 194 states that here Ulster, Munster, Leinster and Connacht are ringing in unison. It continues 'A bell a bell/on Shandon steeple/The questioner, keeping alone at the end etc, should have 8 lllllllls to his howl!' The bells of St Ann's at Shandon in Cork are operated by eight ropes: X must be harmonizing their responses with one rope in each of their eight hands (McHugh, Roland / The sigla of Finnegans wake) + Francis S. Mahony ('Father Prout'): song The Bells of Shandon (*A* as harmoniser).

ond - on it

Shandean - pertaining to Tristam Shandy

fippence - five pence

moy (Anglo-Irish) - plain

aequqal = equal + non aequalis (l) - not equal, not the same.

whad = what + S

slag - a worthless or insignificant person, a coward, a rough or brutal person + hvad slags (Danish) - what sort.

ladd (Norwegian) - overstock + Lochlann (Anglo-Irish/Hiberno-English) - Scandinavian.

retten (ger) - to save + rette (Norwegian) - correct + rettan (Danish) - serve up.

smutty - dirty; blackened + smussig (Danish) - dirty + flesk (Norwegian) - pork + flaske (Norwegian) - bottle.

old man (Anglo-Irish/Hiberno-English) - overflow waste in pouring draught stout, beer slops sold to unsuspecting customers.

melk = milk (n.,v.) + melk (Dutch) - milk.

vitious - vicious

geit - a border on a garment; jet + geit (Dutch) - goat.

Jack and Gill = lad and lass + Jack and Jill (Rhyming Slang) - till.

fra - from + fra tid til anden (Danish) - from time to time.

tiddling - vbln. of tiddle - to fondle or indulge to excess; to pet, pamper; to cherish + anding - breathing, breath.

toothpick - an instrument for picking the teeth

waste-paper basket - a basket (or box) into which waste paper is thrown + T.S. Eliot: The Waste Land (T.S. Eliot was the bearer of an embarrassing parcel of old shoes from Pound to Joyce, as related in Ellmann: James Joyce 493).

papish - papistical, popish (a hostile epithet)

pasture - food, nourishment

outsider (Anglo-Irish) - two-wheeled horse-drawn passenger vehicle

sprink - sprinkle

dirt - to make foul

tobacco - the leaves of the tobacco plant dried and variously prepared, forming a narcotic and sedative substance widely used for smoking or chewing.

sweets - sweetened wine or other liquor; applied spec. to British wines and cordials; drugs.

general (Colloquial) - general servant, maid-of-all-work

louden - to become or grow loud or louder + läten auf dem Kirchspiel (German) - ring the church-bells.

kirk - church

Fusstritt (ger) - kick

malafides - bad faith, propose to deceive or defraud

hjælp! (Danish) - help!

efter - after


underhold - to hold land by sub-tenure + underholde (Danish) - support.

barnet - In full Barnet fair, the hair; hence, the head; the name of the London borough + barnet (Danish) - child.

Putz (ger) - ornament, decoration + putzen (ger) - to clean, polish.

dirty + crotte (fr) - dung + song The Croppy Boy.

botte - a brand of marling on sheep + botte (fr) - boot.

glimtfyr (Danish) - flashing beacon + glim (Slang) - a fire, a candle.

baas (Norwegian) - stall + baas (Dutch) - master.

grindstone - stone that revolves on an axle (used for sharping)

knives + kniv (Danish) - knife.

boarded - provided with board (i.e. stated meals) as a lodger at another person's house + full board -  the provision of a bed and all meals: an arrangement offered by hotels, boarding houses, etc. + bordet (Norwegian) - the table.

lewd - lascivious, unchaste

godliness - the conforming of one’s life to the god, righteousness

perchance - perhaps

nieuws (Dutch) - news

thans (Dutch) - now, at present + now and then

waggen - wagon - an open four-wheeled vehicle built for carrying hay, corn, etc. + spoorwagon (Dutch) - railway carriage + sporvogn (Danish) - tram.

Y.W.C.A. - The Young Women's Christian Association, founded 1855 in England, adopted its present name in 1877 and has branches all over the world. In many cities it provides residences, club rooms, and educational programs in its own buildings. 

doorstep - the step at the threshold of a door, raised above the level of the ground outside.

baywindow - a widow projecting outward from the wall; a large protruding stomach esp. of a man.

bros - commercial abbrev. of brothers

swobber = swabber - one that swabs (to clean with swab)

watercloset - a closet or small room fitted up to serve as a privy, and furnished with water-supply to flush the pan and discharge its contents into a waste-pipe below. 

scriobh (shkriv) (gael) - write + skreve (Norwegian) - stride.

bacon - a rustic, a clown, a 'chaw-bacon.' (obs.) (Referring, like many of the compounds, to the fact of swine's flesh being the meat chiefly consumed by the rural population of England.)

stable lad - a boy or man employed in or about a stable

begripe - to catch hold of, apprehend, to take in, comprehend + begrief vollstandig ihr (ger) - comprehend fully their + begripe (Danish) - understand.

fullstendig (Danish) - complete

Irer (Danish) - Irishman

jublende (Danish) - exulting + Jutlander

bygger (Danish) - builder

kein (ger) - no

fewd = feud - active hatred or enemity, hostility; a quarrel + few

five - to count by fives

ernst (ger) - earnest




obstain = abstain

zondig (Dutch) - sinful + Henrik Ibsen: Peer Gynt: 'Han er faderligt sindet imod min Person; - men ökenom, - nej, det er han ikke!': (of God) 'He is fatherly towards my little self, but economical - no, that He is not!' (Norwegian; inspired by seeing a yacht explode [530.23]; James Joyce: Letters I.254: letter 31/05/27 to Harriet Shaw Weaver: (Joyce's translation) 'He feels like a father for yours truly P.G. But a stickler for thrift - Holy Paul, that he isn't!').

unminded - unheeded, unregarded, left unnoticed, overlooked.


aleconner - an english town official charged with testing ale and beer

pore = poor + song Poor Ole Joe.

ole - old

joe - guy, fellow; sweetheart, dear

slogan - a war cry or battle cry; the distinctive note, phrase, cry, etc. of any person or body of persons.

summon - an authoritative call to attend at a specified place for a specified purpose + song 'There's someone in the house with Dina' (James Joyce: Ulysses.15.420 - REFERENCE ).

housesweep - to act as housekeeper, keep house

dinah - a man’s sweetheart or favourite woman + K

tic tac = tick tack = tic toc = tick tock - an imitation of the ticking of a clock, esp. the slow ticking of a large clock + tak (Danish) - thank you.





beeswax - to rub or polish with beeswax

clauber (Anglo-Irish) - mud from animals' feet

midden - a dung hill, kitchen midden + maiden

honeysucker - one that sucks honey + honey sugar + song 'You are the honey - honeysuckle, I am the bee'.

dandle - to fondle

Temora - name for Tara in James Macpherson's "The Poems of Ossian"


purpose - to offer, proffer, present