bowery - a shelter or covered place in a garden made with boughs of trees or vines twined together; a farm.

St Nicholas-without-the-City-Walls - highest and oldest part of Dublin, where the original Viking settlement of the ninth century had been laid.

secund - arranged on or directed towards one side only (esp. of flowers) + according + secundum (l) - in accordance with, according to + Sekunde (ger) - second.


amnis (l) - river + amnis limina permanent (l) - the bounds of the river remain.

boggy - swampy

colline (fr) - hill + colleen (Anglo-Irish) - girl.

to take one's rise - to begin, to start, to origin, to begin with (in narration)

daub - to coat or cover with adhering dirt; to soil, bedaub. Also fig. + dubbing

Ninon - nickname for Anne + Lenclos, Ninon de (1615-1705) - from youth to elder age, a French lurer of men. 

brown - duskiness, gloom; brown ale 

narrow - a contracted part of a river

rinn- (ger) - to flow

dribble - to flow down in small quantities or in a small and fitful stream, to trickle.

donn (doun) (gael) - brown + song 'Ha, ha, ha, He, he, he, Little brown jug don't I love thee'.

parch - to shrivel up with heat + perched + FDV: [And, I declare! Who was there on the yonder side of the stream, parched on the a limb of the olum but the Grapes.] The Grapes no doubt he was fit to be dried for why had he not been having the juice of his time?

limb - a main branch of a tree

elm + ulmus (l) - elm-tree + olm (Dutch) - elm tree.

bolt upright - in rigidly erect or stright backed position, perpendiculary

gripes - a covetuous person, a miser, a usurer + grapes

fit to be tied - extremely angry, hopping mad (slang) + dried - p. of dry, to be thirsty, to thirst.

to have joy of - to be highly pleased or delighted with

pip - the common name for the seeds of fleshy fruits, as the apple, pear, orange, etc. + FDV: His pips had been nearly all drowned on him, his polps were charging odours every older minute, he was quickly for getting the dresser's designs into on the flypape flypage of his frons and he was quickly forgiving for giving the bailiff's distrain on the balkside of his cul de pompe. In all his specious heavings, as he lived by Optimus Maximus, the moose had never seen such a scapegrapes his brooder so near a pickle.


to be down on - to be opposed to; to show or express disapproval of; to be aware of, to understand.

pulp - the fleshy succulent part of a fruit + polpa (it) - flesh, pulp.

to change colours - to become altered in colour; spec. of persons, to turn pale, blush, etc.

every other minute - every minute


dresser - one who dresses (in various special and technical senses), one who attires another; Theatr. One who helps to dress an actor or actress.

flyleaf - a blank leaf at the beginning or end, but esp. at the beginning, of a book. 

frons - forhead, face (of insects) + frons (l) - branch, bough, foliage.


bailiff - an officer of justice under a sheriff, who executes writs and processes, distrains, and arrests.

distrain - the legal seizure and detention of a chattel, originally for the purpose of thereby constraining the owner to pay money owed by him or to make satisfaction for some wrong done by him, or to do some other act (e.g. to appear in court).

backside - the reverse side or 'back' of a document, page, book, etc.

cul de lampe - "bottom of the lamp" - an ornament placed below the text matter of the page, a piece added on at the end + cul de pompe (fr) - pompous arse.

specious - having a fair or attractive appearance or character, calculated to make a favourable impression on the mind, but in reality devoid of the qualities apparently possessed.

heave - to put forth effort, endeavour, labour, strive. 

But this aspect of Jupiter gained a new force and meaning at the close of the early Roman monarchy with the building of the famous temple on the Capitol, of which the foundations are still to be seen. It was dedicated to Jupiter Optimus Maximus (i.e., the best and greatest of all the Jupiters). 

brother in law - the brother of one's husband or wife; the husband of one's sister + broeder (Dutch) = Bruder (German) - brother. 

in a pickle - in an awkward or difficult situation + pickle - a sorry plight or predicament.

assumption - the taking upon oneself of a form or character + assumptionomen (l) - taken-name.

stick - to bring to a stand, render unable to advance or retire + FDV:  "Woe, He stood before the Grapes and looked all in an outfit of Aurignacian. "Fie, sour!" said he to the scapegrapes "Have you not a shambleful. Our Father...'' (Joyce never completed the last sentence on p. 217 b. On p. 218 b he makes a new start.)

vis-à-vis (fr) - face to face with, opposite, towards

accessit - an honorable mention + accessit (l) - he [she, it] approached; in a papal electoral conclave, the switching of one's vote to a candidate approaching the necessary majority.

Aurignacian - of or pertaining to the Aurignac cave of the Pyrenees; belonging to the Aurignac era or period, that indicated by the remains and works of art found in the cave.

mood - to reflect moodily (obs. rare)

all roads + proverb All roads lead to Rome.

eastward - towards the east + auster (l) - the south wind, the south.


hic - exp. of sound of hiccup + hic (l) - here; this + FDV:  He saw sor a stone and on that stone he sate his seat like where which it filled [to] the full fullest justotoryum and whereupon with his unfallable upon his in alloilable and the pederect he walked with his fresherman's trop blague Bellua Triumphans he was looked the last laical likenesses of Quartus V Quintus the Sixth [taking giving alinight sittings to] Leo of the Faultyfinth.

sor = sir + saw + tsor (Hebrew) - stone, rock, flint.

singularly - to an unusual degree or extent; specially, particularly, unusually.

illud - to evade, elude + illud (l) - that one + old

hoc (l) - here; this one, this thing + that

seter - In Scandinavia, a mountain pasture where cattle remain during the summer months + seater - as second element, designating a vehicle or article of furniture having a specified seating capacity, as two- (three-, etc.) seater + Soter, Pope - pope from 167 to 174 + Matthew 16:18: 'thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church' + seter (Hebrew) - secret. 

satt - to sit + satt (ger) - full, satisfied + seat

huc (l) - here; to this place, hither + he

sit + sate (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - seat.

preposterously - unnaturally, irrationally; perversely; absurdly + Popo (ger) - buttocks.

acclamation - loud or eager expression of assent or approval, as to vote a motion by acclamation. Also, to elect a candidate by acclamation: unanimously (or overwhelmingly) and without a ballot.


justitium (l) - court vacation, legal holiday

whereupon - upon which, whereon

unfallible - not liable to fail in its action or operation

encyclius (l) - belonging to a circle

diu (l) - by day + petreus (l) - of rock + petriarches (gr) - father of a race + dieu (fr) - god.

Wuste (ger) - desert, waste + ouest (fr) - West.

athemis (gr) - lawless

pederectus (l) - foot-erected (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

Deusdedit, SAINT - pope from 615 to 618. His pontificate is chiefly noteworthy for an unsuccessful resumption of the Byzantine war against the Lombards in Italy and for a reversal of the policy of popes Gregory I and Boniface IV, who favoured monks over the secular clergy + Deusdedit (l) - "God has given".

cheek by jowl - side by side; in the closest intimacy + jowel - one of the piers or  supporters of a wooden bridge.

fisherman - one whose occupation is to catch fish + frisch (ger) - fresh.

blague - pretentious falsehood, 'humbug' + blaque (fr) - pouch.

belua (l) - beast + triumphus (l) - victory + Belua Triumphans (l) - The Triumphing Beast: part trans. Spaccio della bestia trionfante (Bruno's book). 

everyway - in every manner or way + every day

addetto (it) - assigned (to a service)

wallat = wallet

collectio (l) - a collectig together

yea - a word used to express affirmation or assent



haul - the act of 'drawing' or making a large profit or valuable acquisition of any kind; concr.  the thing or amount thus gained or acquired.

Micah - the sixth of the twelve minor prophets, who was active during the last half of the 8th century BC. Micah's threats are directed against idolaters, those who oppress the little man, priests and prophets  who use their profession for financial gain, and leaders who pervert equity and abhor justice.

laic - of or pertaining to a layman or the laity likeness + laicus (l) - pertaining to the people.

Quartus V, Quintus VI, Sixtus VII - imaginary popes (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) + Quartus (l) - "Fourth": proper name + Quintus (l) - "Fifth": a Roman praenomen + Sextus (l) - "Sixth": proper name

Leo I, SAINT - pope from 440 to 461, master exponent of papal supremacy. Consecrated on Sept. 29, 440, as successor to St. Sixtus III, Leo immediately worked to suppress heresy...       

appetite - to fulfil the desires of, satisfy + bon appétit (fr) - a salutation before eating; literally 'good appetite' + FDV:Good appetite How do you do it, Mr _____ Sir Mookse? cheeped the Gripes [in a wherry whiggy voice] and the jackasses laughed at his voice for they knew their sly toad lowry well. I am blessed to see you, my dear mister. Will you not perhaps perhopes tell me everything, if you are pleased, sir sanity?

cheep - to make a small sound, squeak

wherry - a light rowing-boat used chiefly on rivers to carry passengers and goods + very

wiggy - wearing a wig; sometimes implying 'extremely grave, formal, or ceremonious'.

Magdalenian - rel. to the Lower Palæolithic culture represented by remains found at La Madeleine + maudlin

woice = voice

jackass - a male ass; applied opprobriously to a stupid or foolish person