tristis, tristior, tristissimus (l) - sad, sadder, saddest

madonna - my lady, madam (obs.) + madonnina (it) - demure young lady.

day’s work - the work of a day, work done on or proper to a day.

dogma - a doctrine authoritatively laid down by a particular church, sect, or school of thought.

Canaanite - one of a Jewish sect desperate and fanatical in its opposition to the Romans: hence, a zealot, a fanatic + accano (l) - to sing to or with + canis (l) - dog + accanito (it) - dogged, ruthless.

dubious - wavering or fluctuating in opinion; hesitating; inclined to doubt


pineful - full of 'pine' or suffering, painful, distressing

obliviscence - forgetfulness

Manner (ger) - men

siss = hiss; sister + FDV: Night Dusk to dusk, the shades gathered along the brightening little river bans banks and it was as gloomy as gloaming could be in the west of all peacable wolds. The Moose had eyes but yet he could would not all hear. The Grapes had ears but yet he would could but ill see. And he ceased. And he ceased. And it was ever so dark dusky of both of them them both [But one thought of all how moose mooch he would say the next on the morrow and the other of all the scrapes he would be creeped out of.] So that the tears of night began to fall for the tired ones were weeping [as we weep now with them].

whisp - a slight blast or puff (of wind)

soft - to calm or restrain (oneself), to abate intensity of pain of (an injury, sore, etc.)

ver - the season of spring; springtime

grosse (ger) - large

arundo - a small genus of coarse tall grasses + around + song The Green Grass Grew All Around.

in medias res - into the midst of affairs, into the middle of a narrative + Midas - king of Phrygia. Dionysus gave him power to turn all he touched into gold; he nearly starved. In a musical contest, he voted against Apollo, who gave him ass's ears. These ears were known to his barber, who whispered the secret to riven reeds, and they told the world. 

glidder - to glaze over, to cover with ice


glooming - dark

gloaming - evening twilight; shade, dusky light

metamnesia (gr) - beyond forgetfulness + Metamnisia (gr) - Land beyond the River (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

glaze - to polish, give a smooth glossy surface

brune - brown + bruma (l) - winter.

Under Roman administration (before Augustus), Spain was divided into 2 provinces, Citherior ("hither") Spain in the North and Ulterior ("further") Spain in the South + spiano (it) - open space, plain. 

an (un) (gael) - the

Ireland + eau (fr) - water.

unamorous + nemorosus (l) - full of woods, wooded + inemorosus (l) - not full of woods, unwooded + The Prophecies of St. Malachy no. 71: 'Angelus nemorosus': 'Angel of the wood' (Pius V).

innumerous - without number, too numerous to be counted, innumerable

tung (Danish) - heavy

tręt (Danish) - tired + tung og tręt (Danish) - heavy and tired.

never so - in conditional clauses, denoting an unlimited degree or amount

moo - the low of a cow; an act of lowing

deep end - difficult situation (reffering to the deep end of a swimming pool)

profound - to go deeply into; to 'sound', 'fathom'

to Mookse + tomorrow.

scrip = script + the creeps - shiver of dread or horror.


grace + grice (Archaic) - steps.


Ave Maria + valles (l) - valley + vale (l) - farewell + Vale Maria (l) - Farewell Mary.

gratia plena - full of grace

Dominus tecum - the Lord is with thee + dormimus (l) - we sleep + dormi! (it) - sleep!

adieu (fr) - goodbye

wecken (ger) - to wake up

par la pluie (fr) - by the rain + parapluie (fr) - umbrella + pluit (l) - rain.

thither - to or towards that place + FDV: Then there came down to the one bank a woman of no appearance (I think believe she was a Black) and she gathered up moose where he was spread and bore carried him away to her invisible cottage for he was the holy sacred spit of a bishop's bushop's apron. And there came down to the other bank another woman (still we are told that she is comely) and, for he was as like it as blow it to a halpenny bank, she plucked down away the grapes and carried it him away with her to her little grey home unseen shieling. And it was never so thoughtful of either of them. And there were left by their banks an only elmtree and but a one stone.  

A Woman of No Importance (1893) - comedy by Oscar Wilde

chill - absence of warmth of feeling or sympathy; depressing coldness or iciness of manner.

hoariness - state of being hoary + highness

meta - - transformation + metamorphosis (gr) - transformation + mot (fr) - word + amour (fr) - love.

that is - introducing an explanation of the preceding word, phrase, or statement. 

aquila (l) - eagle + rapax (l) - rapacious + aquila rapax (l) - rapacious eagle + The Prophecies of St. Malachy no. 97: 'Aquila rapax': 'Rapacious eagle' (Pius VII).

post hoc - after this

spit - the exact image, likeness, or counterpart of (a person, etc.)

hither - to or towards this place + hither and thither - to this place and that, in this direction and in that.

comely - fair, pretty, 'nice-looking', pleasing: in modern use implying a lower or homelier style of personal beauty, which pleases but does not excite admiration.


hawker - a man who goes from place to place selling his goods, or who cries them in the street.

hank - a loop of string, wire, or the like, used to fasten things together, or to hang a thing up by + handkerchief

panicky - characterized by a tendency to, panic; subject to panic

autotomy - the casting off or ejection of some part or parts of the body as a reflex action peculiar to some animals when disturbed or in order to escape;                        tonos (gr) - stretching + autotonos (gr) - self-stretching.

angeu (Welsh) - death

limb - a large primary branch of a tree

Caryatides (l) - representations of maidens of Karyai (town in Laconia) used instead of columns in buildings + carried + cariad (Welsh) - love.

beatitude - supreme blessedness or happiness; An honorific title applied esp. to ecclesiastics  of the Eastern Church of patriarchal rank.