shieling - a hut in the hills or mountains that is used as a shelter by shepherds.

de rore coeli (l) - from the dew of heaven + The Prophecies of St. Malachy no. 74: 'De rore cúli': 'Of the dew of heaven' (Urban VII).

fik uret (Danish) - was wrong (literally 'got wrong')

thoughtful - given to, disposed to, or engaged in thinking, absorbed in thought; sad, melancholy.

polled - having a poll or head of a specified form or appearance

petreus (l) - of rock or of Peter + petrus (l) - stone + piŤtre (fr) - mediocre, feeble.

pierre (fr) - stone

Saulos (gr) - "Mincing, Effeminate": Greek form of St Paul's Hebrew name Saul + saule (fr) - polled willow.

myriads - countless numbers, hosts (of) + James Joyce: Ulysses.9.768: '- A myriadminded man, Mr Best reminded. Coleridge called him myriadminded' (Samuel Taylor Coleridge: 'Biographia Literaria') + FDV: Then the a little small cloud made her up [all] her [little] minds. [She reflected for the last time in her short life.] She climbed over the banisters and awd, poof! She was gone. And there fell into the river the last tear & the loveliest, [for it was] a leap tear (REFERENCE). And But the river slipped tripped between them, on her by and by, lapping as if her heart was broke brook. Why, why, why? A weh Weh, O weh How I am I's so sorry silly to be flowing but I must not no canna stay!


cloudy - hard to perceive, understand or comprehend, obscure

nuee (fr) - rain cloud + no

stout - proud, fierce, brave, resolute + stout (Dutch) - naughty.

struck - affected strongly with love, affection or fancy for

muddied - covered with mud, made muddy; Of water, turbid


singult - sob + singultus (l) - a sob, sobbing; a squirt of liquid

Krylov, Ivan (1768-1844) - Russian writer of fables

keen on - interested in, in love with

pretty pretty - aiming at prettiness for its own sake, inanely pretty

commonplace - devoid of originality or novelty, trite, trivial

haphazard - chance, accident

by and by - immediately, soon, at once; on and on, continuously

lap - Of water: to move with rippling sound like that made in lapping, to beat upon (the shore, etc.) with a lapping sound.

brooke - obs. pa. tense of break

Weh, O weh (ger) - woe is me

canna - can not + canna (l) - reed

basta - enough! no more! + basta! (it) - stop it!

Rome scot = Rome penny - Peter’s penny (an annual tax or tribute of a penny from each householder having land of a certain value, paid before the Reformation to the papal see at Rome).

nattle - to make a slight rattling or tapping noise

diu (l) - during the day + diu durus (l) - long hard + diu cursus (l) - long race.

alla (gr) - otherwise + alibi (l) - elsewhere, somewhere else.

major (l) - greater (British public schools: surname for elder of two brothers in the school).

after times - future

natural born - having a specified status or character by birth (a natural born describer with a memory for details) + FDV: As I have now successfully explained to you my own natural rations which are even in excise of my brainvault tell me I am a much more deserving case.

ration - an explanation of controlling principles, rational basis, the underlying reason.

in excuse of - the action offering an apology for a person + excise - to force (a person) to pay an excise-due; hence, to overcharge; to impose an excise or tax upon.

vaulty - arched, conclave, resembling a vault


sympathy + symbathos (gr) - together-depth + FDV:  I feel symbathos for him as an ever devoted friend and halfloafud brother (darling ____ ! darling ____ !) because he is such a barefooted robber with my supersocks pushed pulled over his face which I published publicked in my best backgarden.

proverb Half a loaf is better than none + Alfred Lord Tennyson: The Charge of the Light Brigade i: 'Half a league onward'. 

Gaius Sempronius Gracchus - Roman reformer, killed 122 B.C. Son of Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, consul and censor + gnocco (it) - dullard + -ovich (Russian) - son of.

smallpox - the pox or pustules on the skin which form the most characteristic feature of the acute contagious disease sometimes called variola.

harašo, khorosho (Russian) - 'good'

ambo - a large pulpit or reading desk in early Greek and Balkan churches + ambo (l) - both

bally - used as intensifier

Kyrrilos (gr) - "Belonging to the Lord": Cyril  (827-69), apostle to the Slavs, deviser of the Cyrillic alphabet, adapted from the Greek.

Slav - a person belonging by race to a large group of peoples inhabiting eastern Europe and comprising the Russians, Bulgarians, Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, etc.

melodiousness - the quality of being melodious + Methodios (gr) - "Following the Way": Methodius (826-85), brother of Cyril, fellow-apostle to the Slavs. 

Theobald, St - anchorite, church father

in charge - having the control of something

Charge of the Light Brigade - poem by Tennyson; In the Battle of Balaklava, Lord Raglan of the British staff issued two orders through an aide-de-camp, intending to disrupt a Russian withdrawal by means of an attack by the Light Brigade. A combination of circumstances resulted in a fatal confusion in relaying the final order, and Lucan sent the Light Brigade, followed by two regiments of the Heavy Brigade, toward the stronger, rather than the weaker, Russian positions. The brigade was decimated, and Lucan himself was wounded in the leg.

Tristan da Cunha - Island and island group belonging to Great Britain, in the South Atlantic Ocean about midway between southern Africa and South America. It consists of six small islands: Tristan da Cunha, Inaccessible, Nightingale, Middle, Stoltenhoff, and Gough. The population of Tristan da Cunha is given as 105 in Bartholomew's Handy Reference Atlas of the World, 10th edition (which James Joyce used).

inaccessible - that cannot be reached, entered, or got to

mahogany - a tree indigenous to the tropical parts of America + Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies: song The Meeting of the Waters.

by the way

reminds + rememini (l) - to recall to mind.

exposed - displayed, disclosed to view + Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 633: 'Pseudotsuga taxifolia... will not grow in exposed situations'.

umbrella - a part of a plant resembling an outspread umbrella + Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 633: 'Sciadopitys verticillata... known as the Umbrella Pine on account of the arrangement of its modified branchlets'.

shelter belt - a natural or planted barrier of trees for protection of soil from wind, storm and erosion + Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 602: 'specimen trees protected up to a certain height by shelter belts'.

Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 652: 'Pyrus sorbus... The True Service... Pyrus torminalis... The Wild Service'.