Caesar - an absolute monarch, an autocrat, emperor + Caesar (l) - "Hairy" or "Bluish": cognomen in the gens Julia, esp. of C. Julius Caesar (102-44 B.C.)

tyrant - a king or ruler who exercises his power in an oppressive, unjust, or cruel manner

regicide - the killing or murder of a king + Among the motives for assassinating Caesar was his apparent desire to become king (rex). He was already tyrannos, so his murder was tyrannicide to forestall the necessity for it to be regicide (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

unbearable - unendurable, intolerable + beurre (fr) - butter.

fromage (fr) - cheese

destiny + Verdi: La Forza del Destino (opera).

kettledrum - a large drum shaped like a bowl, with a tension-adjustable membrane (for pitch) stretched across + trumpet + triple + (thunder beginning Vico's first age).

let off - to give vent to

piano forte - a stringed instrument that is played by depressing keys that cause hammers to strike tuned strings and produce sounds; It. pianoforte, earlier piano e forte 'soft and strong', occurring in 1598 as the name of a musical instrument of unknown action, and afterwards used by Cristofori in the descriptive name 'gravecembalo col (or di) piano e forte', i.e. harpsichord with soft and loud, expressing the gradation of tone which it enables the performer to produce, as contrasted with the unvarying tone of the ordinary harpsichord + pieno (it) - full. 

furst = first

juke - a roadhouse or brothel + duke + joke.

cat of nine lives + Julius Caesar was killed by knives.

chawle = jowl - a jaw; esp. the under jaw + chew + FDV: The old Kaeser unbeurrable from age, having always & chewly been got rid of removed the twin types are set to make their reupearance on the deserted table from age to [I could point paint you that butter if you had some wash.]

batman - a soldier or airman assigned to a commissioned officer as a personal servant + Julius Caesar was a soldier and an author.

common toryism + commentary + communism.

soft sized - weak, ineffective + souffler (French) - to blow.

bubble - anything fragile, unsubstantial, empty, or worthless; a dupe, gullible person (Slang) + South Sea Bubble - scheme inaugurated 1720 to take up the British National Debt by trade with the South Seas, but which collapsed the same year.

have stardust in one's eyes - to be 'blind' to the actual facts, to be misled by something illusory or insubstantial + SANDHURST - Royal Military College, in Berkshire, England (i.e. no real war experience) + (never properly woken up). 

champaign  = campaign - battleground; a military expedition into the field + champagne (flat, i.e. not effervescent).

draw - to represent in words, describe

flop - a failure, collapse, or decline. Also, a person or enterprise (esp. a play, etc.) that is a failure + Krieg (ger) - war + flat as a pancake - often taken as the type of flatness.

frère (fr) - brother + (Brutus and Cassius) + FDV: the twin types are set to make their reupearance on the deserted table from age to

bill - to enter (a person) in a list (e.g. of soldiers for service), to enroll (obs.)



knit knot - a knitted or knotted piece of work + knick-knack - a small ornament of minor value.

champ de bataille (fr) - battlefield + bouteilles (fr) - bottles.

cursory - running or passing rapidly over a thing or subject, so as to take no note of details

URAL MOUNTAINS - Mountain range, USSR; ca 1640 miles long, from the great bend of the Ural River in the South to Kara Bay in Siberia (Finno-Ugric Languages are spoken there) + Persse-O'Reilly.  

hostery = hostelry + history + Hosty.

Finn McCool (quasi Latin)

propper - one that props, supporter + propp (Norwegian) - cork + proper

numen - a presiding spirit, a local deity, genius + nomen (l) - name + propenomen (l) - almost-name + (i.e. name 'champ de bouteilles').

collucta (l) - struggle + colluctatio (l) - contest + collection

prefix - a verbal element placed before and joined to a word to add to or qualify its meaning + prefaces + Ulysses.1.394: 'collector of prepuces'.

permeating - spreading, diffusing, penetrating + permien (fr) - Permian (the last period of the Paleozoic Era and famous for its ending epoch event, the largest mass extinction known to science. The Permian Period was named after the kingdom of Permia in modern-day Russia) + Permian language (Finno-Ugric group of languages). 

cynosure - something that serves for guidance or direction; a 'guiding star' + Cannae - battle in which Hannibal destroyed the Roman army + connoisseur.

Caucasian - of or belonging to the region of the Caucasus: a name given by Blumenbach (a 1800) to the 'white' race of mankind, which he derived from the region of the Caucasus + coucou (fr) - cuckoo.

offspring - that from which anything springs or originates; origin, lineage

son of a gun - man, fellow (deprecatory) + kuk ~ pup (P/K split) + sunkuk (Elamite) - king (mentioned in Meillet & Cohen: Les Langues du Monde 290n, as part of an inscription of Artaxerxes II Memnon) [113.04] [337.36]

sattin = satin (a silk fabric) + Satan + certain.

Tobolsk - city, Tyumen oblast (province ), northwestern Russia. It lies at the confluence of the Irtysh and Tobol rivers. Founded in 1587, it was one of the chief centres of early Russian colonization in Siberia because it lay along an important river route to the east, but it declined when bypassed by the Trans-Siberian Railroad in the 1890s.

Ostiak - member of nomadic finnic peoples of Ural mountain and western Siberia; Finno-Ugric language + ostia (l) - entrances + ostia (it) - the Host.

Vogul - a hunting and herding people of the northern Ural mountains; Finno-Ugric language + Ostiak Vogul - district in Siberia, Russia + "Following don Juan's suggestion, I have refrained from using shamanism, a category proper to anthropology, to classify his knowledge. I have called it all along what he himself called it: sorcery. On examination, however, I realized that calling it sorcery obscures even more the already obscure phenomena he presented to me in his teachings. In anthropological works, shamanism is described as a belief system of some native people of northern Asia-prevailing also among certain native North American Indian tribes-which maintains that an unseen world of ancestral spiritual forces, good and evil, is pervasive around us and that these spiritual forces can be summoned or controlled through the acts of practitioners, who are the intermediaries between the natural and supernatural realms." (Carlos Castaneda: The Art Of Dreaming)

marina - a seaside promenade or esplanade + Ostia della Vergina Maria (it) - (blasphemous reference to Blessed Virgin Mary).

Meillet & Cohen: Les Langues du Monde 175: (of Finnish) 'Negation is expressed by a negative verb: thus the Finn says: en tule' "I do not come"... That is to say: I deny the fact of coming'.

wanton - a lascivious or lewd person

weste - desolate, waste + Weste (ger) - vest + West Point - Unated States military academy.

cheese it - run away quickly; be quiet, stop, have done! + FDV: [I could point paint you that butter if you had some wash.]

wash - a painting technique in which a paint brush that is very wet with solvent and holds a small paint load is applied to a wet or dry support such as paper or primed or raw canvas. The result is a smooth and uniform area that ideally lacks the appearance of brush strokes and is semi-transparent.

Mordvin - one of Finno-Ugric languages spoken in Siberia + live (fr) - Livonian (one of Finno-Ugric languages) + man alive! (phrase).

onsne (Mordvin) - in a dream (example of inessive case) + sne (Mordvin) - dream + nonsense.

inessive - denoting the place in which a thing is + in esse (l) - in being, actual + ess- (ger) - to eat + Finno-Ugric languages spoken in Ural Mountains, Russia (Mordvin, Vogul, Ostiak, etc.) have inessive case, indicating placement within an object (also called 'locative').

impassive - having the quality of not feeling pain; not subject or liable to suffering + in posse (l) - in possibility, possible.

Kase (ger) - cheese + kez (Hungarian) - hand + kezem (Hungarian) - my hand + easy as kissing hands (phrase).

interlocation - a placing between, interposition; also, something placed between + inter locos (l) - between places.

con- - together, jointly + comprovocativus (l) - called forth together, elicited together + con (fr) - vulva.

hussy + Hase (ger) - hare + haz (Hungarian) - house.

husband [in her house] + hazban (Hungarian) - in the house (example of inessive case) + has-been.

bethink - to occupy oneself in thought; to reflect, consider, think; to take thought 

caviller - one that cavils, a captious or frivolous objector + sort of a cavalier [knight].

rounded - Of persons or their heads: Tonsured; shorn, cropped.

thoft - thought + soft + Thoth + FDV: Burrus has a Caseous may think himself a thought of a caviller but Burrus has the richly rounded head of a thoftthinking fideism.

fideism - the doctrine that faith is the basis of all knowledge + Fidei Defensor (l) - defender of the faith + {Roundhead goes best with a soft-thinking, defender of the faith}

lac - a resinous substance in some plants; lack (a defect, failing) + lac (l) - milk + lac (fr) - lake + FDV: He has milk and wisdom in every tooth of him. His whereas the other fellow.

dent - a hollow or impression in a surface, such as is made by a blow with a sharp or edged instrument + dent (fr) - tooth + wisdom tooth.

lofter (Danish) - lofts, ceilings + (upper jaw).

onni (Finnish) - luck, happiness, fortune

Vesi - Finnish water-god + vesi (Finnish) - water.

(milk tooth)

laugh over - to recall or repeat with laughter or mirth

lemon + linnut (Finnish) - birds.

onion + off one's onions - mad + uni (Finnish) - sleep, dream + Union of England and Ireland, 1800.

hey = eye + hay (Selkup Samoyed, one of Finno-Ugric languages spoken in Siberia) - eye + hayog (Selkup Samoyed) - the two eyes.

og - a shilling + or + og (Danish) - and + oog (Dutch) - eye.

lug - ear

boohoo - to weep loud and with sobs + puhua (Finnish) - to speak.

sem (Ostiak, one of Finno-Ugric languages spoken in Siberia) - eye.

mand - a question + manda (Russian) - vulva + maid + hand + since Michaelmas he wishes (wants).

same again - another drink of the same kind as the last + Sem (fr) - Shem + semgen (Ostiak) - the two eyes + Magen (ger) - stomach + semen.

aptly - pertinently, appropriately

corrigibly - capable of being corrected + corrigo (l) - I make straight + correctly

really + (lion is royal beast).

ex ungue leonis (l) - out of the lion's claw, (we know) a lion by its claws, reconstruction of whole from part + ungula (l) - claw + leonem (l) - lion.

wheelbarrow + FDV: It was aptly & correctly stated (it is really unnecessary for me to say by whom) that his eyestretch seeingcraft was so clarety that if he were the whole borough of Saint Poutresbourg to be avalanched over him he could still make out with his eyestritch the green moat in Ireland's eye Eye.

Petersburg + poutre (fr) - beam.

avalanche - to descend in or like an avalanche

pitchblack - extremely black

augur - to conjecture from signs or omens; to have foreknowledge or foreboding + Auge (ger) - eye + Strich (ger) - line, stroke, dash + ostrich (head in sand) + FDV: his eyestretch

moat - a deep trench around the rampart of a castle or other fortified place, sometimes filled with water + a mote in the eye - a relatively trifling fault observed in another person by one who ignores a greater fault of his own.

Ireland's Eye - small island near Howth + see anything green in (one's) eye - to detect any signs of gullibility.

younker - a yuong man, youngster, child + FDV: Let me show sell you a the fulltruth of Burrus when a younger he wor a younker.

six and seven, sixes and sevens, etc. - phrases originally denoting the hazard of one's whole fortune, or carelessness as to the consequences of one's actions, and in later use the creation or existence of, or neglect to remove, confusion, disorder, or disagreement + at sixes and sevens - disordered + FDV: Here is in six by sevens.

cleanly - cleverly devised or deftly executed + (family line) + (painted line) + FDV: A cleanly thing, by the gods!

jaw (Slang) - talk + Keats' Endymion: 'A thing of beauty is a joy forever'.

cheery - in excellent spirits, lively; such as to cheer or enliven

ripe - fine, excellent + Cherry Ripe (song).

outlook - the prospect for the future

Deus (l) - God + me deus fidius (l) - by the god of truth! + FDV: A cheery ripe outlook, so help me Deusfidius!