crust - Geol. The outer portion of the earth; a more or less hard coating, concretion, or deposit on the surface of anything; an incrustation + 'Fragments of the True Cross' hawked abundantly in Middle Ages + can be produced at a fragment of their true cost.

plase (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - please + place

deletery - deleterious, noxious, poisonous + demilitarize - to disarm.

dressy - having more or less fancy or formal details

affair - loosely and familiarly of things material, in which use affair freq. serves merely as a peg to support an epithet, 'a poor affair,' etc.

ethel - type of dress

instep - the upper surface of the human foot between the toes and the ankle

three shillings and ninepence

muffin cap - a flat woollen cap

tone - to make harmonious in color, appearence or sound

angelskin - a dull waxy smooth finish, a fabric with a smooth waxy face

ostentatiously - in a way calculated to attract notice, with boastful parade or display

hem - to border, to finish with a hem

apologetically - by way of apology


avidous = avid - ardently desirous, extremely eager, greedy

'it' (Slang) - sex appeal (Clara Bow)

Ovid (43 B.C~-A.D. 17) - Roman poet (Metamorphoses, Ars Amatoria) + evidently

thrilled - feeling intense pleasurable excitement

dolly - attractive, fashionable (usu. applied to a girl); babyish

pram - a hand-carriage, with three or four wheels, for one or two young children, pushed from behind

movie - a cinema


mixed - compounded of (different ingredients)

childe - a child or youth wellborn or of noble birth

chaplain - the priest, clergyman or minister of a chapel + Chaplin, Charlie - English comedian. Lucia Joyce had an admiration for "Charlie Chaplain", wrote an article in praise of him, did imitations of him. Wyndham Lewis, however, felt Chaplin the apotheosis of the "child" cult, otherwise represented by Anita Loos, Gertrude Stein, Proust, James Joyce. In Chaplin, Lewis says, the emancipated woman sees her little child hitting his bullying Dad.  

verge (Slang) - penis (literally 'rod')

gutter - a hollowed channel running at the side or (less commonly) along the middle of a street, to carry away the surface water

bobbedhair - with bobbed (cut short and even all round) hair

toddler - a young child

thes mÍ thes mÍ thes (gr) - want-not-want-not-want

domestic - a household servant + (*IJ*)

aspire to - to have a fixed desire, longing, or ambition for something at present above one; to seek to attain

shover - Jocular alteration of chauffeur

butler - a servant who has charge of the wine cellar and dispenses the liquor + bootlegger - someone who makes or sells illegal liquor + Joyce's note: 'bootleg stuff'.

sectary - a member of a sect + secretary + (*VYC*).

The Letter: "well Maggy/Madge/Majesty" + Ulysses.13.396: 'Of course his infant majesty was most obstreperous at such toilet formalities' + Two-year old Duke Godefroid III of Brabant is the sovereign behind the legend of the Manneken-Pis (accompanied his army to the battlefield and was hung in the branches of a tree for three days, passing water from time to time).

pule - to cry in a thin or weak voice, as a child + paulus (l) - small, little + Wyndham Lewis: The Childermass: mocks Joyce in the person of 'James Pullman' ('Pulley') + Paul + (toddler).


post - a station or position to which a person is assigned

little man - a young male child

board of education - a number of persons in council for the management of business, trust, institutions, etc.

voted - vowed, devoted; established or assigned by vote

disciple - one who follows, or is influenced by, the doctrine or example of another; one who belongs to the 'school' of any leader of thought

infantulus (l) - a little baby boy

publicly - in the presence or with the knowledge of people generally; in public, openly

seducens infanta (l) - misleading infant girl + seducente infanta (it) - seducing infant + sedicente (it) - so-called, would-be.

flaunt - to display ostentatiously, to make an impudent show of

frivol - frivolous, of little account, paltry, not worthy of serious attention

finery - especially fine or decorative clothing

ninnion (gr) - baby

tota mulier (l) - all woman, complete woman

musculus (l) - muscule; a little mouse + muscula (l) - a little fly.

verum (l) - truth + virilis (l) - manly + verus vir (l) - a real man.

parturience - the action of giving birth

maitre (fr) - master + matres (l) - (Acc. pl.) mothers + males

micturate - to urinate + mictorius (l) - urinative.

mite - a very small living creature, as a tiny child

stand over - to await consideration or settlement at a later date

tackle - to attack; encounter (a person) physically; to try to solve (a problem)

tickler - a person difficult to deal with or understand; a teaser

hussy - an ill-behaved, pert, or mischievous girl; a jade, minx

alack - exp. of sorrow or regret + FDV: Margareena she's very fond of Burrus but, alick and alack! she velly fond of chee.

velly - A representation of a Chinese pronunc. of 'very'; also used joc.

cheese + Joyce's note: 'Mary Ann she is very fond of flirting, Mary Ann she is very fond of tea'.

butyrum (l) - butter; said to be Scythian word, but probably Greek. Butter was an exotic to the classical world, but common to Asian nomads. (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake)

flavoured - mixed with some ingredient used to impart a flavour + FDV: The [important] influence on everything of this eastasian import has not till now been fully favoured [, but we can distinctly taste it here].

tay (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - tea + FDV: I shall come back for more in after a short brief space.

Cleopatran - pertaining to or characteristic of Cleopatra, a famous queen of Egypt

contend - to strive in rivalry with another (for an object)

implicate - to bring into intimate and incriminating connection