elusive - that eludes the grasp or pursuit; chiefly fig.

Antonius Marcus (l) - Mark Antony (opponent of Brutus and Cassius, lover of Cleopatra).

wop - an Italian or other southern European, esp. as an immigrant or foreign visitor in the United States.


wag - to 'get on', associate with (obs.)

antonine - characteristic of the Roman emperors Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius Antoninus.

boor - any rude, ill-bred fellow + Burrus

triumviratus (l) - three man holding an office together, triumvirate: e.g. Antony, Octavian and Lepidus.

equate - Math. To state the equality of (one quantity) to or with (another)

qualis (l) - of what sort, what kind of a; of such a kind, of such a sort, such as.

socalled - commonly named

talis (l) - such, such like

quantum (l) - as much as + quanto (l) - by as much as.

hyper - - above, super, extra

oikonomos (gr) - steward, manager of a household + arche (gr) - rule, command + oikonomarche (gr) - government by a steward or house-keeper (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

Tantum ergo - first two words of the penultimate stanza, which begins 'Tantum ergo sacramentum Veneremur cernui' (Therefore we, before him bending, This great sacrament revere), of the hymn of St. Thomas Aquinas 'Pange lingua gloriosi Corporis mysterium' + tantum ergo (l) - so great, therefore.

irruminating - not ruminating; that does not chew the cud + illuminate

quantum - sum, amount (of money, payment, etc. Obs.) + quantum (l) - as much as, so much as.

urge - an impelling motive, force, pressure, etc.




abe - be + a

boob - simpleton, fool, dope + b

caddy - young fellow, lad + c

philadelphus (gr) - loving one's brother + REFERENCE

anathematize - to pronounce an anathema against, to consign to Satan, to curse + athemis (gr) - lawless. 

x legged + exlex (l) - lawless + ex lege (l) - according to law.

parasite + patricida (l) - father-killer + fratricida (l) - brother-killer.

green - simple, gullible, inexperienced; characterized by, or displaying, simplicity

fruitfully - abundantly, copiously; so as to produce good results, beneficially, profitably.

blue - indecent, obscene; faithful, staunch and unwavering (in one's faith, principles, etc.)

appeal - to call for a favour of any kind; to make supplication, entreaty, or earnest request, to a person for a thing; to be attractive or pleasing to (a person).

deepsearching - that searches or penetrates deeply + grope - to attempt to find something by feeling about as in the dark or as a blind person + Lewis: Time and Western Man questioned originality of Joyce's phrase 'grey searching eyes' (James Joyce: Ulysses.1.86).

stronghold - a strongly fortified place of defence

Acropolis - the elevated part of the town, or the citadel, in a Grecian city

boost - to support, encourage; to increase (in value, reputation, etc.); to praise up, to extol + busted - burst, broken; bankrupt or ruined.

blasted - cursed, damned. In low language as an expression of reprobation and hatred. 

bleating - that bleats (to give mouth to, babble, prate; to sound like a cry of sheep).

blatant - noisy, offensively or vulgarly clamorous

bloated - swollen, puffed up; esp. as describing the effect of gluttony and self-indulgence. 

blasphemous - impiously irreverent + blasphoros (gr) - harm-bearing.

tell - to discern so as to be able to say with knowledge or certainty; hence, to distinguish, recognize.

pineapple + pineapple (Slang) - bomb.

congregational - performed by a congregation of worshippers collectively + gregation - a crowd, multitude.

pompom - fully automatic gun with explosive shells used during the Boer war + rooms

cant - to speak in the peculiar jargon or 'cant' of vagabonds, thieves, and the like.

crew - a number of persons classed together (by the speaker) from actual connexion or common characteristics; often with derogatory qualification or connotation; lot, set, gang, mob, herd.

topsman - a hangman., a public executioner + FDV: No. I have now said it 12 tabular times and what, if not the Word of Man, is Sacred. Wrong Wing man in his wrong rong place right words in the right order. Ubi lingua nuncupassit ibi fas Adversus hostem semper sac! She that will not bear bare me preach let her be to thee as the hoyden and the impudent! That man that hoth not no moses in his soul nor is not mused by the conquist of word's laws, who never with himself was fed and leaves his soil and laves his head when his heart's in his highiows from wrisking whisking the woe, if he came to my preach a proud purse-broken ranger, when the heavens were welling the spite of their spout to ask beg of for a bite in our my bark Noisdanger, would I had it meself and Macjeffet, two to one, lock him out? --ay! -- though were my own heart brother, were he we bred (The passage was left unfinished here).

Tarpeia - in Roman mythology, daughter of the commander of the Capitol in Rome during the Sabine War. Traditionally, she offered to betray the citadel if the Sabines would give her what they wore on their left arms, i.e., their bracelets; instead, keeping to their promise, they threw their shields on her and crushed her to death.

nefand - not to be spoken of; unmentionable; abominable, atrocious

hot stuff - som. very exciting, a girl who is very attractive + soul stuff - a hypothetical immaterial substance believed to form the 'spirit' or 'self' of each person (in some cultures also of animals and objects), and which is independent of the material body and outlives it + Sauerstoff (ger) - 'oxygen' (and alkali) + zoet (Dutch) - sweet + zout (Dutch) - salty; salt.

to kill time - to comsume or spend time, so as to bring it to an end

salt - taken as a type of a necessary adjunct to food, and hence as a symbol of hospitality. 

acetic acid - the special acid of which vinegar is a diluted or crude form, produced by the acetous fermentation of alcohol + nitro-acid - a compound of nitric with an organic acid.

assets - effects of an insolvent debtor or bankrupt, applicable to the payment of his debts; and  by extension: All the property of a person or company which may be made liable for his or  their debts.

bitter - to be or become bitter; to make bitter + bittering - a preparation used to adulterate beer.

saltpetre - a white crystalline substance having a saline taste; it is the chief constituent of gunpowder, and is used medicinally.

plump - to drop, let fall, throw down, plunge abruptly (into water, etc.)

pottage - a thick soup; often with reference to Esau's 'mess of pottage' + James Joyce: Ulysses.17.304: 'an empty pot of Plumtree's potted meat'.

thundering - awesome in virtue of impresive greatness, magnitude, or unusualness + Legio XII Fulminata (l) - Twelfth Legion bore Jove's thunderbolt on its shields; mauled by the Jews in the Jewish War, it took part in the siege of Jerusalem, then was posted in disgrace to a remote Syrian frontier (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

storm - to attack by storm; Mil. To make a vigorous assault on (a fortified position).

tabular - entered in, or calculated by means of, a table or tables, as a number or quantity + lex duodecim tabularum (l) - law of the twelve tables: earliest Roman code, on tablets of bronze or wood in the Forum (450 B.C.)

edict - to publish (a law); to decree

merus genius (l) - pure genius + merus (l) - pure + genius - the tutelary god or attendant spirit allotted to every person at his birth, to govern his fortunes and determine his character, and finally to conduct him out of the world + Marcus Junius [Brutus].

cariosus caseus (l) - dried-out cheese + cariosus (l) - rotten + Gaius Cassius [Longinus].

morituri te salutant - the words addressed to the emperor by the gladiators of ancient Rome on entering the arena, in anticipation of their death (we, about to die, salute you) + moriture te salutat (l) - O you about to die , he salutes you + morituri te salutamus (l) - we, are about to die, salute you (gladiators to emperor). 

famous + phemis (gr) - speech, talk.

Themis - name of the ancient Greek goddess of law and justice; hence, Law or Justice personified + themis (gr, l) - law, custom.

devil take the hindmost - last person shall suffer the worst fate + daimonokratia (gr) - government by spirits or demons + highmost - highest.

diligence - constant and earnest effort to accomplish what is undertaken; a public stage-coach.

to bid so long - to say 'good bye'

expose + exspondeo (l) - to take one's self out of a vow, to unpromise, to divorce.

expound - to set forth, declare, state in detail; to explain, to give a particular interpretation to.

vend - to give utterance to, to put forward, advance (an opinion, etc.) + vend (Archaic) - to sell.

venerate + vulnero (l) - to wound + vulneratio (l) - a wounding, a wound.

curlew - a grallatorial bird of the genus Numenius, with a long slender curved bill

nuptials - marriage, wedding + nuptias (l) - marriage


Rong - a member of a Mongoloid people, native to Sikkim; the Tibeto-Burman language of this people + wrong

rite - a formal procedure or act in a religious or other solemn observance + Samuel Taylor Coleridge: Table Talk, 12 July 1827: 'poetry - the best words in the best order'.

by rote - in a mechanical manner, by routine, esp. by the mere exercise of memory without proper understanding of, or reflection upon, the matter in question; also, with precision, by heart.

ubi (l) - where + lingua (l) - language + nuncupo (l) - to define + ibi (l) - there + fas (l) - law + Ubi lingua nuncupavit, ibi fas (l) - Where tongue has named, there [is] lawful + Cum nexum faciet mancipiumque, uti lingua nuncupassit, ita ius esto - When someone makes bond or conveyance and announces it orally, right shall be given (fragment from Table VI - Property, Twelve Tables, called by Vico the great font of all ancient Roman Law)

adversus (l) - against + semper (l) - always + adversus hostem semper sacer (l) - against the enemy ever sacred + adversus hostem semper sic (l) - against the enemy ever thus + Adversus hostem aeterna auctoritas esto - Against an enemy, the right of property is valid forever (fragment from Table III - Debt, Twelve Tables)

fulmen (l) - lightning, thunderbolt + full moon

peel - to strip wholly or partly of clothing 

hoyden - a rude, or ill-bred girl (or woman); a boisterous noisy girl, a romp

impudent - a person of unblushing effrontery or insolence

mon - man

Moses - applied allusively to some one resembling Moses, esp. in his character as lawgiver or leader + Lorenzo: The man that hath no music in himself / nor is not mov'd with concord of sweet sounds / Is fit for treasons, stratagems and spoils / The motions of his spirit are dull as night / And his affections dark as Erebus: / Let no such man be trusted.óMark the music. - The Merchant of Venice (V, i, 83-85).


conquest - the gaining or captivating of the favour, affections, or hand of another; the action of overcoming or vanquishing, gaining of victory.