James Joyce
Book I

Chapter 7

169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182
183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194



      Shem is as short for Shemus as Jem is joky for Jacob. A few
toughnecks are still getatable who pretend that aboriginally he
was of respectable stemming (he was an outlex between the lines
of Ragonar Blaubarb ant Horrild Hairwire and an inlaw to Capt.
the Hon. and Rev. Mr Bbyrdwood de Trop Blogg was among
his most distant connections) but every honest to goodness man
in the land of the space of today knows that his back life will
not stand being written about in black and white. Putting truth
and untruth together a shot may be made at what this hybrid
actually was like to look at.
    Shem's bodily getup, it seems, included an adze of a skull, an
eight of a larkseye, the whoel of a nose, one numb arm up a
sleeve, fortytwo hairs off his uncrown, eighteen to his mock lip,
a trio of barbels from his megageg chin (sowman's son), the
wrong shoulder higher than the right, all ears, an artificial
tongue with a natural curl, not a foot to stand on, a handful of
thumbs, a blind stomach, a deaf heart, a loose liver, two fifths of
two buttocks, one gleetsteen avoirdupoider for him, a manroot
of all evil, a salmonkelt's thinskin, eelsblood in his cold toes, a
bladder tristended, so much so that young Master Shemmy on
his very first debouch at the very dawn of protohistory seeing
himself such and such, when playing with thistlewords in their
garden nursery, Griefotrofio, at Phig Streat 111, Shuvlin, Old
Hoeland, (would we go back there now for sounds, pillings and

sense? would we now for annas and annas? would we for full-
score eight and a liretta? for twelve blocks one bob? for four tes-
ters one groat? not for a dinar! not for jo!) dictited to of all his
little brothron and sweestureens the first riddle of the universe:
asking, when is a man not a man?: telling them take their time,
yungfries, and wait till the tide stops (for from the first his day
was a fortnight) and offering the prize of a bittersweet crab, a
little present from the past, for their copper age was yet un-
minted, to the winner. One said when the heavens are quakers,
a second said when Bohemeand lips, a third said when he, no,
when hold hard a jiffy, when he is a gnawstick and detarmined
to, the next one said when the angel of death kicks the bucket
of life, still another said when the wine's at witsends, and still
another when lovely wooman stoops to conk him, one of the
littliest said me, me, Sem, when pappa papared the harbour, one
of the wittiest said, when he yeat ye abblokooken and he zmear
hezelf zo zhooken, still one said when you are old I'm grey fall
full wi sleep, and still another when wee deader walkner, and
another when he is just only after having being semisized, an-
other when yea, he hath no mananas, and one when dose pigs
they begin now that they will flies up intil the looft. All were
wrong, so Shem himself, the doctator, took the cake, the correct
solution being
all give it up? when he is a yours till
the rending of the rocks,
    Shem was a sham and a low sham and his lowness creeped out
first via foodstuffs. So low was he that he preferred Gibsen's tea-
time salmon tinned, as inexpensive as pleasing, to the plumpest
roeheavy lax or the friskiest parr or smolt troutlet that ever was
gaffed between Leixlip and Island Bridge and many was the time
he repeated in his botulism that no junglegrown pineapple ever
smacked like the whoppers you shook out of Ananias' cans,
Findlater and Gladstone's, Corner House, Englend. None of
your inchthick blueblooded Balaclava fried-at-belief-stakes or
juicejelly legs of the Grex's molten mutton or greasilygristly
grunters' goupons or slice upon slab of luscious goosebosom
with lump after load of plumpudding stuffing all aswim in a

swamp of bogoakgravy for that greekenhearted yude! Rosbif of
Old Zealand! he could not attouch it. See what happens when
your somatophage merman takes his fancy to our virgitarian
swan? He even ran away with hunself and became a farsoonerite,
saying he would far sooner muddle through the hash of lentils
in Europe than meddle with Irrland's split little pea. Once when
among those rebels in a state of hopelessly helpless intoxication
the piscivore strove to lift a czitround peel to either nostril, hic-
cupping, apparently impromptued by the hibat he had with his
glottal stop, that he kukkakould flowrish for ever by the smell,
as the czitr, as the kcedron, like a scedar, of the founts, on moun-
tains, with limon on, of Lebanon. O! the lowness of him was
beneath all up to that sunk to! No likedbylike firewater or first-
served firstshot or gulletburn gin or honest brewbarrett beer either.
O dear no! Instead the tragic jester sobbed himself wheywhing-
ingly sick of life on some sort of a rhubarbarous maundarin yella-
green funkleblue windigut diodying applejack squeezed from
sour grapefruice and, to hear him twixt his sedimental cupslips
when he had gulfed down mmmmuch too mmmmany gourds of
it retching off to almost as low withswillers, who always knew
notwithstanding when they had had enough and were rightly
indignant at the wretch's hospitality when they found to their
horror they could not carry another drop, it came straight from
the noble white fat, jo, openwide sat, jo, jo, her why hide that,
jo jo jo, the winevat, of the most serene magyansty az archdio-
chesse, if she is a duck, she's a douches, and when she has a
feherbour snot her fault, now is it? artstouchups, funny you're
grinning at, fancy you're in her yet, Fanny Urinia.
    Aint that swell, hey? Peamengro! Talk about lowness! Any
dog's quantity of it visibly oozed out thickly from this dirty
little blacking beetle for the very fourth snap the Tulloch-Turn-
bull girl with her coldblood kodak shotted the as yet unre-
muneranded national apostate, who was cowardly gun and camera
shy, taking what he fondly thought was a short cut to Caer Fere,
Soak Amerigas, vias the shipsteam Pridewin, after having buried
a hatchet not so long before, by the wrong goods exeunt, num-

mer desh to tren, into Patatapapaveri's, fruiterers and musical
florists, with his Ciaho, chavi! Sar shin, shillipen? she knew the
vice out of bridewell was a bad fast man by his walk on the
    [Johns is a different butcher's. Next place you are up town pay
him a visit. Or better still, come tobuy. You will enjoy cattlemen's
spring meat. Johns is now quite divorced from baking. Fattens,
kills, flays, hangs, draws, quarters and pieces. Feel his lambs! Ex!
Feel how sheap! Exex! His liver too is great value, a spatiality!
    Around that time, moravar, one generally, for luvvomony
hoped or at any rate suspected among morticians that he would
early turn out badly, develop hereditary pulmonary T.B., and
do for himself one dandy time, nay, of a pelting night blanketed
creditors, hearing a coarse song and splash off Eden Quay sighed
and rolled over, sure all was up, but, though he fell heavily and
locally into debit, not even then could such an antinomian be
true to type. He would not put fire to his cerebrum; he would
not throw himself in Liffey; he would not explaud himself with
pneumantics; he refused to saffrocake himself with a sod. With
the foreign devil's leave the fraid born fraud diddled even death.
Anzi, cabled (but shaking the worth out of his maulth: Guarda-
costa leporello? Szasas Kraicz!) from his Nearapoblican asylum
to his jonathan for a brother: Here tokay, gone tomory, we're
spluched, do something, Fireless. And had answer: Inconvenient,
    You see, chaps, it will trickle out, freaksily of course, but the
tom and the shorty of it is: he was in his bardic memory low.
All the time he kept on treasuring with condign satisfaction each
and every crumb of trektalk, covetous of his neighbour's word,
and if ever, during a Munda conversazione commoted in the
nation's interest, delicate tippits were thrown out to him touch-
ing his evil courses by some wellwishers, vainly pleading by
scriptural arguments with the opprobrious papist about trying
to brace up for the kidos of the thing, Scally wag, and be a men
instead of a dem scrounger, dish it all, such as: Pray, what is

the meaning, sousy, of that continental expression, if you ever
came acrux it, we think it is a word transpiciously like canaille?:
or: Did you anywhere, kennel, on your gullible's travels or
during your rural troubadouring, happen to stumble upon a
certain gay young nobleman whimpering to the name of Low
Swine who always addresses women out of the one corner of
his mouth, lives on loans and is furtivefree yours of age? with-
out one sigh of haste like the supreme prig he was, and not a bit
sorry, he would pull a vacant landlubber's face, root with ear-
waker's pensile in the outer of his lauscher and then, lisping,
the prattlepate parnella, to kill time, and swatting his deadbest
to think what under the canopies of Jansens Chrest would any
decent son of an Albiogenselman who had bin to an university
think, let a lent hit a hint and begin to tell all the intelligentsia
admitted to that tamileasy samtalaisy conclamazzione (since, still
and before physicians, lawyers merchant, belfry pollititians, agri-
colous manufraudurers, sacrestanes of the Pure River Society,
philanthropicks lodging on as many boards round the panesthetic
at the same time as possible) the whole lifelong swrine story of
his entire low cornaille existence, abusing his deceased ancestors
wherever the sods were and one moment tarabooming great
blunderguns (poh!) about his farfamed fine Poppamore, Mr
Humhum, whom history, climate and entertainment made the
first of his sept and always up to debt, though Eavens ears ow
many fines he faces, and another moment visanvrerssas, cruach-
ing three jeers (pah!) for his rotten little ghost of a Peppybeg,
Mr Himmyshimmy, a blighty, a reeky, a lighty, a scrapy, a bab-
bly, a ninny, dirty seventh among thieves and always bottom
sawyer, till nowan knowed how howmely howme could be, giv-
ing unsolicited testimony on behalf of the absent, as glib as eaves-
water to those present (who meanwhile, with increasing lack of
interest in his semantics, allowed various subconscious smickers
to drivel slowly across their fichers), unconsciously explaining,
for inkstands, with a meticulosity bordering on the insane, the
various meanings of all the different foreign parts of speech he
misused and cuttlefishing every lie unshrinkable about all the

other people in the story, leaving out, of course, foreconsciously,
the simple worf and plague and poison they had cornered him
about until there was not a snoozer among them but was utterly
undeceived in the heel of the reel by the recital of the rigmarole.
    He went without saying that the cull disliked anything anyway
approaching a plain straightforward standup or knockdown row
and, as often as he was called in to umpire any octagonal argu-
ment among slangwhangers, the accomplished washout always
used to rub shoulders with the last speaker and clasp shakers (the
handtouch which is speech without words) and agree to every
word as soon as half uttered, command me!, your servant, good,
I revere you, how, my seer? be drinking that! quite truth, grati-
as, I'm yoush, see wha'm hearing?, also goods, please it, me
sure?, be filling this!, quiso, you said it, apasafello, muchas
grassyass, is there firing-on-me?, is their girlic-on-you?, to your
good self, your sulphur, and then at once focuss his whole
unbalanced attention upon the next octagonist who managed to
catch a listener's eye, asking and imploring him out of his
piteous onewinker, (hemoptysia diadumenos) whether there was
anything in the world he could do to please him and to overflow
his tumbletantaliser for him yet once more.
    One hailcannon night (for his departure was attended by a
heavy downpour) as very recently as some thousand rains ago he
was therefore treated with what closely resembled parsonal viol-
ence, being soggert all unsuspectingly through the deserted village
of Tumblin-on-the-Leafy from Mr Vanhomrigh's house at 81 bis
Mabbot's Mall as far as Green Patch beyond the brickfields of
Salmon Pool by rival teams of slowspiers counter quicklimers
who finally, as rahilly they had been deteened out rawther lae-
tich, thought, busnis hits busnis, they had better be streaking for
home after their Auborne-to-Auborne, with thanks for the pleasant
evening, one and all disgustedly, instead of ruggering him back,
and awake, reconciled (though they were as jealous as could be
cullions about all the truffles they had brought on him) to a
friendship, fast and furious, which merely arose out of the noxious
pervert's perfect lowness. Again there was a hope that people,

looking on him with the contemp of the contempibles, after
first gaving him a roll in the dirt, might pity and forgive him, if
properly deloused, but the pleb was born a Quicklow and sank
alowing till he stank out of sight.
    All Saints beat Belial! Mickil Goals to Nichil! Notpossible!
In Nowhere has yet the Whole World taken part of himself for his
By Nowhere have Poorparents been sentenced to Worms, Blood and
        Thunder for Life
Not yet has the Emp from Corpsica forced the Arth out of Engleterre;
Not yet have the Sachsen and Judder on the Mound of a Word made
Not yet Witchywithcy of Wench struck Fire of his Heath from on
Not yet his Arcobaleine forespoken Peacepeace upon Oath;
Cleftfoot from Hempal must tumpel, Blamefool Gardener's bound to
Broken Eggs will poursuive bitten Apples for where theirs is Will
        there's his Wall;
But the Mountstill frowns on the Millstream while their Madsons
        leap his Bier
And her Rillstrill liffs to His Murkesty all her daft Daughters laff
        in her Ear.
Till the four Shores of deff Tory Island let the douze dumm Eire-
        whiggs raille!
Hirp! Hirp! for their Missed Understandings! chirps the Ballat of

    O fortunous casualitas! Lefty takes the cherubcake while
Rights cloves his hoof. Darkies never done tug that coon out to
play non-excretory, anti-sexuous, misoxenetic, gaasy pure, flesh
and blood games, written and composed and sung and danced
by Niscemus Nemon, same as piccaninnies play all day, those
old (none of your honeys and rubbers!) games for fun and ele-
ment we used to play with Dina and old Joe kicking her behind
and before and the yellow girl kicking him behind old Joe,

games like Thom Thom the Thonderman, Put the Wind up the
Peeler, Hat in the Ring, Prisson your Pritchards and Play Withers
Team, Mikel on the Luckypig, Nickel in the Slot, Sheila Harnett and
her Cow, Adam and Ell, Humble Bumble, Moggie's on the Wall,
Twos and Threes, American Jump, Fox Come out of your Den,
Broken Bottles, Writing a Letter to Punch, Tiptop is a Sweetstore,
Henressy Crump Expolled, Postman's Knock, Are We Fairlys Rep-
resented?, Solomon Silent reading, Appletree Bearstone, I know a
Washerwoman, Hospitals, As I was Walking, There is Oneyone's
House in Dreamcolohour, Battle of Waterloo, Colours, Eggs in the
Bush, Habberdasherisher, Telling your Dreams, What's the Time,
Nap, Ducking Mammy, Last Man Standing, Heali Baboon and the
Forky Theagues, Fickleyes and Futilears, Handmarried but once in
my Life and I'll never commit such a Sin agin, Zip Cooney Candy,
Turkey in the Straw, This is the Way we sow the Seed of a long and
lusty Morning, Hops of Fun at Miliken's Make, I seen the Tooth-
brush with Pat Farrel, Here's the Fat to graze the Priest's Boots,
When his Steam was like a Raimbrandt round Mac Garvey.

    Now it is notoriously known how on that surprisingly bludgeony
Unity Sunday when the grand germogall allstar bout was harrily
the rage between our weltingtoms extraordinary and our petty-
thicks the marshalaisy and Irish eyes of welcome were smiling
daggers down their backs, when the roth, vice and blause met the
noyr blank and rogues and the grim white and cold bet the black
fighting tans, categorically unimperatived by the maxims, a rank
funk getting the better of him, the scut in a bad fit of pyjamas
fled like a leveret for his bare lives, to Talviland, ahone ahaza, pur-
sued by the scented curses of all the village belles and, without
having struck one blow, (pig stole on him was lust he lagging it
was becaused dust he shook) kuskykorked himself up tight in
his inkbattle house, badly the worse for boosegas, there to stay
in afar for the life, where, as there was not a moment to be lost,
after he had boxed around with his fortepiano till he was whole
bach bamp him and bump him blues, he collapsed carefully under
a bedtick from Schwitzer's, his face enveloped into a dead war-
rior's telemac, with a lullobaw's somnbomnet and a whotwater-

wottle at his feet to stoke his energy of waiting, moaning feebly,
in monkmarian monotheme, but tarned long and then a nation
louder, while engaged in swallowing from a large ampullar, that
his pawdry's purgatory was more than a nigger bloke could bear,
hemiparalysed by the tong warfare and all the shemozzle, (Daily
Maily, fullup Lace! Holy Maly, Mothelup Joss!
) his cheeks and
trousers changing colour every time a gat croaked.
    How is that for low, laities and gentlenuns? Why, dog of the
Crostiguns, whole continents rang with this Kairokorran low-
ness! Sheols of houris in chems upon divans, (revolted stellas
vespertine vesamong them) at a bare (O!) mention of the scaly
rybald exclaimed: Poisse!
    But would anyone, short of a madhouse, believe it? Neither of
those clean little cherubum, Nero or Nobookisonester himself,
ever nursed such a spoiled opinion of his monstrous marvellosity
as did this mental and moral defective (here perhaps at the
vanessance of his lownest) who was known to grognt rather than
gunnard upon one occasion, while drinking heavily of spirits to
that interlocutor a latere and private privysuckatary he used to
pal around with, in the kavehazs, one Davy Browne-Nowlan, his
heavenlaid twin, (this hambone dogpoet pseudoed himself under
the hangname he gave himself of Bethgelert) in the porchway of
a gipsy's bar (Shem always blaspheming, so holy writ, Billy, he
would try, old Belly, and pay this one manjack congregant of
his four soups every lass of nexmouth, Bolly, so sure as thair's a
tail on a commet, as a taste for storik's fortytooth, that is to
stay, to listen out, ony twenny minnies moe, Bully, his Ballade
Imaginaire which was to be dubbed Wine, Woman and Water-
clocks, or How a Guy Finks and Fawkes When He Is Going Batty
by Maistre Sheames de la Plume, some most dreadful stuff in a
murderous mirrorhand) that he was avoopf (parn me!) aware
of no other shaggspick, other Shakhisbeard, either prexactly
unlike his polar andthisishis or procisely the seem as woops
(parn!) as what he fancied or guessed the sames as he was him-
self and that, greet scoot, duckings and thuggery, though he was
foxed fux to fux like a bunnyboy rodger with all the teashop

lionses of Lumdrum hivanhoesed up gagainst him, being a lapsis
linquo with a ruvidubb shortartempa, bad cad dad fad sad mad
nad vanhaty bear, the consciquenchers of casuality prepestered
crusswords in postposition, scruff, scruffer, scrufferumurraimost
andallthatsortofthing, if reams stood to reason and his lanka-
livline lasted he would wipe alley english spooker, multapho-
niaksically spuking, off the face of the erse.
    After the thorough fright he got that bloody, Swithun's day,
though every doorpost in muchtried Lucalizod was smeared with
generous erstborn gore and every free for all cobbleway slippery
with the bloods of heroes, crying to Welkins for others, and
noahs and cul verts agush with tears of joy, our low waster never
had the common baalamb's pluck to stir out and about the com-
pound while everyone else of the torchlit throng, slashers and
sliced alike, mobbu on massa, waaded and baaded around, yamp-
yam pampyam, chanting the Gillooly chorus, from the Monster
Book of Paltryattic Puetrie, O pura e pia bella! in junk et sampam
or in secular sinkalarum, heads up, on his bonafide avocation (the
little folk creeping on all fours to their natural school treat but
childishly gleeful when a stray whizzer sang out intermediately)
and happy belongers to the fairer sex on their usual quest for
higher things, but vying with Lady Smythe to avenge Mac-
Jobber, went stonestepping with their bickerrstaffs on educated
feet, plinkity plonk, across the sevenspan ponte dei colori set up
over the slop after the war-to-end war by Messrs a charitable
government for the only once (dia dose Finnados!) he did take
a tompip peepestrella throug a threedraw eighteen hawkspower
durdicky telescope, luminous to larbourd only like the lamps in
Nassaustrass, out of his westernmost keyhole, spitting at the
impenetrablum wetter, (and it was porcoghastly that outumn) with
an eachway hope in his shivering soul, as he prayed to the cloud
Incertitude, of finding out for himself, on akkount of all the
kules in Kroukaparka or oving to all the kodseoggs in Kalatavala,
whether true conciliation was forging ahead or falling back after
the celestious intemperance and, for Duvvelsache, why, with his
see me see and his my see a corves and his frokerfoskerfuskar

layen loves in meeingseeing, he got the charm of his optical
life when he found himself (hic sunt lennones!) at pointblank
range blinking down the barrel of an irregular revolver of
the bulldog with a purpose pattern, handled by an unknown
quarreler who, supposedly, had been told off to shade and
shoot shy Shem should the shit show his shiny shnout out
awhile to look facts in their face before being hosed and creased
(uprip and jack him!) by six or a dozen of the gayboys.
    What, para Saom Plaom, in the names of Deucalion and
Pyrrha, and the incensed privy and the licensed pantry gods
and Stator and Victor and Kutt and Runn and the whole mesa
redonda of Lorencao Otulass in convocacaon, was this dis-
interestingly low human type, this Calumnious Column of
Cloaxity, this Bengalese Beacon of Biloxity, this Annamite Aper
of Atroxity, really at, it will be precise to quarify, for he seems
in a badbad case?
    The answer, to do all the diddies in one dedal, would sound:
from pulling himself on his most flavoured canal the huge chest-
house of his elders (the Popapreta, and some navico, navvies!)
he had flickered up and flinnered down into a drug and drunkery
addict, growing megalomane of a loose past. This explains the
litany of septuncial lettertrumpets honorific, highpitched, erudite,
neoclassical, which he so loved as patricianly to manuscribe after
his name. It would have diverted, if ever seen, the shuddersome
spectacle of this semidemented zany amid the inspissated grime
of his glaucous den making believe to read his usylessly unread-
able Blue Book of Eccles, édition de ténèbres, (even yet sighs the
Most Different, Dr. Poindejenk, authorised bowdler and censor,
it can't be repeated!) turning over three sheets at a wind, telling
himself delightedly, no espellor mor so, that every splurge on the
vellum he blundered over was an aisling vision more gorgeous
than the one before t.i.t.s., a roseschelle cottage by the sea for
nothing for ever, a ladies tryon hosiery raffle at liberty, a sewer-
ful of guineagold wine with brancomongepadenopie and sick-
cylinder oysters worth a billion a bite, an entire operahouse
(there was to be stamping room only in the prompter's box and

everthemore his queque kept swelling) of enthusiastic noble-
women flinging every coronetcrimsoned stitch they had off at
his probscenium, one after the others, inamagoaded into ajustil-
loosing themselves, in their gaiety pantheomime, when, egad, sir,
acordant to all acountstrick, he squealed the topsquall im Deal
Lil Shemlockup Yellin
(geewhiz, jew ear that far! soap ewer!
loutgout of sabaous! juice like a boyd!) for fully five minutes, in-
finitely better than Baraton Mc Gluckin with a scrumptious cocked
hat and three green, cheese and tangerine trinity plumes on the
right handle side of his amarellous head, a coat macfarlane (the
kerssest cut, you understand?) a sponiard's digger at his ribs,
(Alfaiate punxit) an azulblu blowsheet for his blousebosom
blossom and a dean's crozier that he won from Cardinal Lin-
dundarri and Cardinal Carchingarri and Cardinal Loriotuli and
Cardinal Occidentaccia (ah ho!) in the dearby darby doubled for
falling first over the hurdles, madam, in the odder hand, a.a.t.s.o.t.,
but what with the murky light, the botchy print, the tattered
cover, the jigjagged page, the fumbling fingers, the foxtrotting
fleas, the lieabed lice, the scum on his tongue, the drop in his
eye, the lump in his throat, the drink in his pottle, the itch in his
palm, the wail of his wind, the grief from his breath, the fog of
his mindfag, the buzz in his braintree, the tic of his conscience,
the height up his rage, the gush down his fundament, the fire
in his gorge, the tickle of his tail, the bane in his bullugs, the
squince in his suil, the rot in his eater, the ycho in his earer,
the totters of his toes, the tetters on his tumtytum, the rats in his
garret, the bats in his belfry, the budgerigars and bumbosolom
beaubirds, the hullabaloo and the dust in his ears since it took him
a month to steal a march he was hardset to mumorise more than
a word a week. Hake's haulin! Hook's fisk! Can you beat it?
Whawe! I say, can you bait it? Was there ever heard of such
lowdown blackguardism? Positively it woolies one to think
over it.
    Yet the bumpersprinkler used to boast aloud alone to himself
with a haccent on it when Mynfadher was a boer constructor and
Hoy was a lexical student, parole, and corrected with the black-

board (trying to copy the stage Englesemen he broughts their
house down on, shouting: Bravure, surr Chorles! Letter purfect!
Culossal, Loose Wallor! Spache!) how he had been toed out of
all the schicker families of the klondykers from Pioupioureich,
Swabspays, the land of Nod, Shruggers' Country, Pension
Danubierhome and Barbaropolis, who had settled and stratified
in the capital city after its hebdomodary metropoliarchialisation
as sunblistered, moonplastered, gory, wheedling, joviale, litche-
rous and full, ordered off the gorgeous premises in most cases on
account of his smell which all cookmaids eminently objected to
as ressembling the bombinubble puzzo that welled out of the
pozzo. Instead of chuthoring those model households plain
wholesome pothooks (a thing he never possessed of his Nigerian
own) what do you think Vulgariano did but study with stolen
fruit how cutely to copy all their various styles of signature so as
one day to utter an epical forged cheque on the public for his own
private profit until, as just related, the Dustbin's United Scullery-
maid's and Househelp's Sorority, better known as Sluttery's
Mowlted Futt, turned him down and assisted nature by unitedly
shoeing the source of annoyance out of the place altogether and
taytotally on the heat of the moment, holding one another's
gonk (for no-one, hound or scrublady, not even the Turk, un-
greekable in purscent of the armenable, dared whiff the polecat
at close range) and making some pointopointing remarks as they
done so at the perfects of the Sniffey, your honour, aboon the
lyow why a stunk, mister.
    [Jymes wishes to hear from wearers of abandoned female cos-
tumes, gratefully received, wadmel jumper, rather full pair of
culottes and onthergarmenteries, to start city life together. His
jymes is out of job, would sit and write. He has lately commited
one of the then commandments but she will now assist. Superior
built, domestic, regular layer. Also got the boot. He appreciates
it. Copies. ABORTISEMENT.]
    One cannot even begin to post figure out a statuesquo ante
as to how slow in reality the excommunicated Drumcondriac,
nate Hamis, really was. Who can say how many pseudostylic

shamiana, how few or how many of the most venerated public
impostures, how very many piously forged palimpsests slipped
in the first place by this morbid process from his pelagiarist pen?
    Be that as it may, but for that light phantastic of his gnose's
glow as it slid lucifericiously within an inch of its page (he would
touch at its from time to other, the red eye of his fear in
saddishness, to ensign the colours by the beerlitz in his mathness
and his educandees to outhue to themselves in the cries of girl-
glee: gember! inkware! chonchambre! cinsero! zinnzabar! tinc-
ture and gin!) Nibs never would have quilled a seriph to
sheepskin. By that rosy lampoon's effluvious burning and with
help of the simulchronic flush in his pann (a ghinee a ghirk he
ghets there!) he scrabbled and scratched and scriobbled and
skrevened nameless shamelessness about everybody ever he met,
even sharing a precipitation under the idlish tarriers' umbrella
of a showerproof wall, while all over up and down the four
margins of this rancid Shem stuff the evilsmeller (who was
devoted to Uldfadar Sardanapalus) used to stipple endlessly
inartistic portraits of himself in the act of reciting old
Nichiabelli's monolook interyerear Hanno, o Nonanno, acce'l
, ser Autore, q.e.d., a heartbreakingly handsome
young paolo with love lyrics for the goyls in his eyols, a plain-
tiff's tanner vuice, a jucal inkome of one hundred and thirtytwo
dranchmas per yard from Broken Hill stranded estate, Came-
breech mannings, cutting a great dash in a brandnew two guinea
dress suit and a burled hogsford hired for a Fursday evenin
merry pawty, anna loavely long pair of inky Italian moostarshes
glistering with boric vaseline and frangipani. Puh! How un-
whisperably so!
    The house O'Shea or O'Shame, Quivapieno, known as the
Haunted Inkbottle, no number Brimstone Walk, Asia in Ireland,
as it was infested with the raps, with his penname SHUT sepia-
scraped on the doorplate and a blind of black sailcloth over its
wan phwinshogue, in which the soulcontracted son of the secret
cell groped through life at the expense of the taxpayers, dejected
into day and night with jesuit bark and bitter bite, calico-

hydrants of zolfor and scoppialamina by full and forty Queasi-
sanos, every day in everyone's way more exceeding in violent
abuse of self and others, was the worst, it is hoped, even in our
western playboyish world for pure mousefarm filth. You brag
of your brass castle or your tyled house in ballyfermont? Niggs,
niggs and niggs again. For this was a stinksome inkenstink, quite
puzzonal to the wrottel. Smatterafact, Angles aftanon browsing
there thought not Edam reeked more rare. My wud! The warped
flooring of the lair and soundconducting walls thereof, to say
nothing of the uprights and imposts, were persianly literatured
with burst loveletters, telltale stories, stickyback snaps, doubtful
eggshells, bouchers, flints, borers, puffers, amygdaloid almonds,
rindless raisins, alphybettyformed verbage, vivlical viasses, om-
piter dictas, visus umbique, ahems and ahahs, imeffible tries at
speech unasyllabled, you owe mes, eyoldhyms, fluefoul smut,
fallen lucifers, vestas which had served, showered ornaments,
borrowed brogues, reversibles jackets, blackeye lenses, family
jars, falsehair shirts, Godforsaken scapulars, neverworn breeches,
cutthroat ties, counterfeit franks, best intentions, curried notes,
upset latten tintacks, unused mill and stumpling stones, twisted
quills, painful digests, magnifying wineglasses, solid objects cast
at goblins, once current puns, quashed quotatoes, messes of mot-
tage, unquestionable issue papers, seedy ejaculations, limerick
damns, crocodile tears, spilt ink, blasphematory spits, stale shest-
nuts, schoolgirl's, young ladies, milkmaids', washerwomen's,
shopkeepers' wives, merry widows', ex nuns', vice abbess's, pro
virgins', super whores', silent sisters', Charleys' aunts', grand-
mothers', mothers'-in-laws, fostermothers', godmothers' garters,
tress clippings from right, lift and cintrum, worms of snot,
toothsome pickings, cans of Swiss condensed bilk, highbrow
lotions, kisses from the antipodes, presents from pickpockets,
borrowed plumes, relaxable handgrips, princess promises, lees of
whine, deoxodised carbons, convertible collars, diviliouker
doffers, broken wafers, unloosed shoe latchets, crooked strait
waistcoats, fresh horrors from Hades, globules of mercury,
undeleted glete, glass eyes for an eye, gloss teeth for a tooth,

war moans, special sighs, longsufferings of longstanding, ahs ohs
ouis sis jas jos gias neys thaws sos, yeses and yeses and yeses, to
which, if one has the stomach to add the breakages, upheavals
distortions, inversions of all this chambermade music one stands,
given a grain of goodwill, a fair chance of actually seeing the
whirling dervish, Tumult, son of Thunder, self exiled in upon
his ego, a nightlong a shaking betwixtween white or reddr haw-
rors, noondayterrorised to skin and bone by an ineluctable phan-
tom (may the Shaper have mercery on him!) writing the mystery
of himsel in furniture.
    Of course our low hero was a self valeter by choice of need so
up he got up whatever is meant by a stourbridge clay kitchen-
ette and lithargogalenu fowlhouse for the sake of akes (the
umpple does not fall very far from the dumpertree) which the
moromelodious jigsmith, in defiance of the Uncontrollable Birth
Preservativation (Game and Poultry) Act, playing lallaryrook
cookerynook, by the dodginess of his lentern, brooled and cocked
and potched in an athanor, whites and yolks and yilks and whotes
to the frulling fredonnance of Mas blanca que la blanca hermana
and Amarilla, muy bien, with cinnamon and locusts and wild bees-
wax and liquorice and Carrageen moss and blaster of Barry's and
Asther's mess and Huster's micture and Yellownan's embrocation
and Pinkingtone's patty and stardust and sinner's tears, acuredent
to Sharadan's Art of Panning, chanting, for all regale to the like
of the legs he left behind with Litty fun Letty fan Leven, his
cantraps of fermented words, abracadabra calubra culorum, (his
oewfs à la Madame Gabrielle de l'Eglise, his avgs à la Mistress
B. de B. Meinfelde, his eiers Usquadmala à la pomme de ciel,
his uoves, oves and uves à la Sulphate de Soude, his ochiuri
sowtay sowmmonay a la Monseigneur, his soufflosion of oogs
with somekat on toyast à la Mère Puard, his Poggadovies alla
Fenella, his Frideggs à la Tricarême) in what was meant for a
closet (Ah ho! If only he had listened better to the four masters
that infanted him Father Mathew and Le Père Noble and Pastor
Lucas and Padre Aguilar
not forgetting Layteacher Baudwin!
Ah ho!) His costive Satan's antimonian manganese limolitmious

nature never needed such an alcove so, when Robber and Mum-
sell, the pulpic dictators, on the nudgment of their legal advisers,
Messrs Codex and Podex, and under his own benefiction of their
pastor Father Flammeus Falconer, boycotted him of all mutton-
suet candles and romeruled stationery for any purpose, he winged
away on a wildgoup's chase across the kathartic ocean and made
synthetic ink and sensitive paper for his own end out of his wit's
waste. You ask, in Sam Hill, how? Let manner and matter of this
for these our sporting times be cloaked up in the language of
blushfed porporates that an Anglican ordinal, not reading his
own rude dunsky tunga, may ever behold the brand of scarlet
on the brow of her of Babylon and feel not the pink one in his
own damned cheek.
    Primum opifex, altus prosator, ad terram viviparam et cuncti-
potentem sine ullo pudore nec venia, suscepto pluviali atque discinctis
perizomatis, natibus nudis uti nati fuissent, sese adpropinquans,
flens et gemens, in manum suam evacuavit
(highly prosy, crap in his
hand, sorry!), postea, animale nigro exoneratus, classicum pulsans,
stercus proprium, quod appellavit deiectiones suas, in vas olim
honorabile tristitiae posuit, eodem sub invocatione fratrorum gemino-
rum Medardi et Godardi laete ac melliflue minxit, psalmum qui
incipit: Lingua mea calamus scribae velociter scribentis: magna voce
(did a piss, says he was dejected, asks to be exonerated),
demum ex stercore turpi cum divi Orionis iucunditate mixto, cocto,
frigorique exposito, encaustum sibi fecit indelibile
(faked O'Ryan's,
the indelible ink).
    Then, pious Eneas, conformant to the fulminant firman which
enjoins on the tremylose terrian that, when the call comes, he
shall produce nichthemerically from his unheavenly body a no
uncertain quantity of obscene matter not protected by copriright
in the United Stars of Ourania or bedeed and bedood and bedang
and bedung to him, with this double dye, brought to blood heat,
gallic acid on iron ore, through the bowels of his misery, flashly,
faithly, nastily, appropriately, this Esuan Menschavik and the first
till last alshemist wrote over every square inch of the only fools-
cap available, his own body, till by its corrosive sublimation one

continuous present tense integument slowly unfolded all marry-
voising moodmoulded cyclewheeling history (thereby, he said,
reflecting from his own individual person life unlivable, trans-
accidentated through the slow fires of consciousness into a divi-
dual chaos, perilous, potent, common to allflesh, human only,
mortal) but with each word that would not pass away the squid-
self which he had squirtscreened from the crystalline world
waned chagreenold and doriangrayer in its dudhud. This exists
that isits after having been said we know. And dabal take dab-
nal! And the dal dabal dab aldanabal! So perhaps, agglaggagglo-
meratively asaspenking, after all and arklast fore arklyst on his
last public misappearance, circling the square, for the deathfête
of Saint Ignaceous Poisonivy, of the Fickle Crowd (hopon the
sexth day of Hogsober, killim our king, layum low!) and brandish-
ing his bellbearing stylo, the shining keyman of the wilds of
change, if what is sauce for the zassy is souse for the zazimas, the
blond cop who thought it was ink was out of his depth but
bright in the main.
    Petty constable Sistersen of the Kruis-Kroon-Kraal it was, the
parochial watch, big the dog the dig the bog the bagger the
dugger the begadag degabug, who had been detailed from pollute
stoties to save him, this the quemquem, that the quum, from the
ligatureliablous effects of foul clay in little clots and mobmauling
on looks, that wrongcountered the tenderfoot an eveling near
the livingsmeansuniumgetherum, Knockmaree, Comty Mea, reel-
ing more to the right than he lurched to the left, on his way from
a protoprostitute (he would always have a (stp!) little pigeoness
somewhure with his arch girl, Arcoiris, smockname of Mergyt)
just as he was butting in rand the coyner of bad times under a
hideful between the rival doors of warm bethels of worship
through his boardelhouse fongster, greeting for grazious oras
as usual: Where ladies have they that a dog meansort herring?
Sergo, search me, the incapable reparteed with a selfevitant
subtlety so obviously spurious and, raising his hair, after the
grace, with the christmas under his clutcharm, for Portsymasser
and Purtsymessus and Pertsymiss and Partsymasters, like a prance

of findingos, with a shillto shallto slipny stripny, in he skittled.
Swikey! The allwhite poors guardiant, pulpably of balltossic
stummung, was literally astundished over the painful sake, how
he burstteself, which he was gone to, where he intent to did he,
whether you think will, wherend the whole current of the after-
noon whats the souch of a surch hads of hits of hims, urged and
staggered thereto in his countryports at the caledosian capacity
for Lieutuvisky of the caftan's wineskin and even more so,
during, looking his bigmost astonishments, it was said him,
aschu, fun the concerned outgift of the dead med dirt, how that,
arrahbejibbers, conspuent to the dominical order and exking
noblish permish, he was namely coon at bringer at home two
gallonts, as per royal, full poultry till his murder. Nip up and nab
    Polthergeistkotzdondherhoploits! Kick? What mother? Whose
porter? Which pair? Why namely coon? But our undilligence has
been plutherotested so enough of such porterblack lowneess, too
base for printink! Perpending that Putterick O'Purcell pulls the
coald stoane out of Winterwater's and Silder Seas sing for Harreng
our Keng, sept okt nov dez John Phibbs march! We cannot, in
mercy or justice nor on the lovom for labaryntos, stay here for
the residence of our existings, discussing Tamstar Ham of Ten-
man's thirst.
    JUSTIUS (to himother): Brawn is my name and broad is my
nature and I've breit on my brow and all's right with every fea-
ture and I'll brune this bird or Brown Bess's bung's gone bandy.
I'm the boy to bruise and braise. Baus!
    Stand forth, Nayman of Noland (for no longer will I follow
you obliquelike through the inspired form of the third person
singular and the moods and hesitensies of the deponent but ad-
dress myself to you, with the empirative of my vendettative, pro-
vocative and out direct), stand forth, come boldly, jolly me,
move me, zwilling though I am, to laughter in your true colours
ere you be back for ever till I give you your talkingto! Shem
Macadamson, you know me and I know you and all your she-
meries. Where have you been in the uterim, enjoying yourself

all the morning since your last wetbed confession? I advise you
to conceal yourself, my little friend, as I have said a moment
ago and put your hands in my hands and have a nightslong
homely little confiteor about things. Let me see. It is looking
pretty black against you, we suggest, Sheem avick. You will
need all the elements in the river to clean you over it all and a
fortifine popespriestpower bull of attender to booth.
    Let us pry. We thought, would and did. Cur, quicquid, ubi,
quomodo, quoties, quibus auxiliis?
You were bred, fed,
fostered and fattened from holy childhood up in this two easter
island on the piejaw of hilarious heaven and roaring the other
place (plunders to night of you, blunders what's left of you, flash
as flash can!) and now, forsooth, a nogger among the blankards
of this dastard century, you have become of twosome twiminds
forenenst gods, hidden and discovered, nay, condemned fool,
anarch, egoarch, hiresiarch, you have reared your disunited king-
dom on the vacuum of your own most intensely doubtful soul.
Do you hold yourself then for some god in the manger, Sheho-
hem, that you will neither serve not let serve, pray nor let pray?
And here, pay the piety, must I too nerve myself to pray for the
loss of selfrespect to equip me for the horrible necessity of scan-
dalisang (my dear sisters, are you ready?) by sloughing off my
hope and tremors while we all swin together in the pool of So-
dom? I shall shiver for my purity while they will weepbig for
your sins. Away with covered words, new Solemonities for old
Badsheetbaths! That inharmonious detail, did you name it? Cold
caldor! Gee! Victory! Now, opprobro of underslung pipes,
johnjacobs, while yet an adolescent (what do I say?), while
still puerile in your tubsuit with buttonlegs, you got a hand-
some present of a selfraising syringe and twin feeders (you know,
Monsieur Abgott, in your art of arts, to your cost as well as I do
(and don't try to hide it) the penals lots I am now poking at) and
the wheeze sort of was you should (if you were as bould a stroke
now as the curate that christened you, sonny douth-the-candle!)
repopulate the land of your birth and count up your progeny by
the hungered head and the angered thousand but you thwarted

the wious pish of your cogodparents, soph, among countless
occasions of failing (for, said you, I will elenchate), adding to the
malice of your transgression, yes, and changing its nature, (you
see I have read your theology for you) alternating the morosity
of my delectations
a philtred love, trysting by tantrums,
small peace in ppenmark
with sensibility, sponsibility, passi-
bility and prostability, your lubbock's other fear pleasures of a
butler's life, even extruding your strabismal apologia, when
legibly depressed, upon defenceless paper and thereby adding to
the already unhappiness of this our popeyed world, scribblative!
all that too with cantreds of countless catchaleens, the man-
nish as many as the minneful, congested around and about you
for acres and roods and poles or perches, thick as the fluctuant
sands of Chalwador, accomplished women, indeed fully edu-
canded, far from being old and rich behind their dream of arri-
visme, if they have only their honour left, and not deterred by bad
weather when consumed by amorous passion, struggling to pos-
sess themselves of your boosh, one son of Sorge for all daughters
of Anguish, solus cum sola sive cuncties cum omnibobs (I'd have
been the best man for you, myself), mutely aying for that natural
knot, debituary vases or vessels preposterous, for what would
not have cost you ten bolivars of collarwork or the price of one
ping pang, just a lilt, let us trillt, of the oldest song in the wooed
woodworld, (two-we! to-one!), accompanied by a plain gold
band! Hail! Hail! Highbosomheaving Missmisstress Morna of
the allsweetheartening bridemuredemeanour! Her eye's so glad-
some we'll all take shares in the
—— groom!
    Sniffer of carrion, premature gravedigger, seeker of the nest
of evil in the bosom of a good word, you, who sleep at our vigil
and fast for our feast, you with your dislocated reason, have
cutely foretold, a jophet in your own absence, by blind poring
upon your many scalds and burns and blisters, impetiginous sore
and pustules, by the auspices of that raven cloud, your shade, and
by the auguries of rooks in parlament, death with every disaster,
the dynamitisation of colleagues, the reducing of records to
ashes, the levelling of all customs by blazes, the return of a lot

of sweetempered gunpowdered didst unto dudst but it never
stphruck your mudhead's obtundity (O hell, here comes our
funeral! O pest, I'll miss the post!) that the more carrots you
chop, the more turnips you slit, the more murphies you peel, the
more onions you cry over, the more bullbeef you butch, the
more mutton you crackerhack, the more potherbs you pound,
the fiercer the fire and the longer your spoon and the harder you
gruel with more grease to your elbow the merrier fumes your
new Irish stew.
    O, by the way, yes, another thing occurs to me. You let me tell
you, with the utmost politeness, were very ordinarily designed,
your birthwrong was, to fall in with Plan, as our nationals
should, as all nationists must, and do a certain office (what, I will
not tell you) in a certain holy office (nor will I say where) during
certain agonising office hours (a clerical party all to yourself) from
such a year to such an hour on such and such a date at so and
so much a week pro anno (Guinness's, may I remind, were just
agulp for you, failing in which you might have taken the scales off
boilers like any boskop of Yorek) and do your little thruppenny
bit and thus earn from the nation true thanks, right here in our
place of burden, your bourne of travail and ville of tares, where
after a divine's prodigence you drew the first watergasp in your
life, from the crib where you once was bit to the crypt you'll
be twice as shy of, same as we, long of us, alone with the colt
in the curner, where you were as popular as an armenial with
the faithful, and you set fire to my tailcoat when I hold the
paraffin smoker under yours (I hope that chimney's clear) but,
slackly shirking both your bullet and your billet, you beat it
backwards like Boulanger from Galway (but he combed the grass
against his stride) to sing us a song of alibi, (the cuthone call over
the greybounding slowrolling amplyheaving metamorphoseous
that oozy rocks parapangle their preposters with) nomad, mooner
by lamplight, antinos, shemming amid everyone's repressed
laughter to conceal your scatchophily by mating, like a thorough-
paste prosodite, masculine monosyllables of the same numerical
mus, an Irish emigrant the wrong way out, sitting on your crooked

sixpenny stile, an unfrillfrocked quackfriar, you (will you for
the laugh of Scheekspair just help mine with the epithet?) semi-
semitic serendipitist, you (thanks, I think that describes you)
Europasianised Afferyank!
    Shall we follow each others a steplonger, drowner of daggers,
whiles our liege, tilyet a stranger in the frontyard of his happi-
ness, is taking, (heal helper! one gob, one gap, one gulp and
gorger of all!) his refreshment?
    There grew up beside you, amid our orisons of the speediest
in Novena Lodge, Novara Avenue, in Patripodium-am-Bummel,
oaf, outofwork, one remove from an unwashed savage, on his
keeping and in yours, (I pose you know why possum hides is
cause he haint the nogumtreeumption) that other, Immaculatus,
from head to foot, sir, that pure one, Altrues of other times,
he who was well known to celestine circles before he sped
aloft, our handsome young spiritual physician that was to be,
seducing every sense to selfwilling celebesty, the most winning
counterfeuille on our incomeshare lotetree, a chum of the
angelets, a youth those reporters so pettitily wanted as game-
fellow that they asked his mother for ittle earps brupper to
let him tome to Tindertarten, pease, and bing his scooter
'long and 'tend they were all real brothers in the big justright
home where Dodd lives, just to teddyfy the life out of him
and pat and pass him one with other like musk from hand to
hand, that mothersmothered model, that goodlooker with not
a flaw whose spiritual toilettes were the talk of half the town, for
sunset wear and nightfallen use and daybroken donning and
nooncheon showing and the very thing for teasetime, but him
you laid low with one hand one fine May morning in the Meddle
of your Might, your bosom foe, because he mussed your speller
on you or because he cut a pretty figure in the focus of your
frontispecs (not one did you slay, no, but a continent!) to find
out how his innards worked!
    Ever read of that greatgrand landfather of our visionbuilders,
Baaboo, the bourgeoismeister, who thought to touch both him-
mels at the punt of his risen stiffstaff and how wishywashy sank

the waters of his thought? Ever thought of that hereticalist Marcon
and the two scissymaidies and how bulkily he shat the Ructions
gunorrhal? Ever hear of that foxy, that lupo and that monkax
and the virgin heir of the Morrisons, eh, blethering ape?
    Malingerer in luxury, collector general, what has Your Low-
ness done in the mealtime with all the hamilkcars of cooked
vegetables, the hatfuls of stewed fruit, the suitcases of coddled
ales, the Parish funds, me schamer, man, that you kittycoaxed so
flexibly out of charitable butteries by yowling heavy with a
hollow voice drop of your horrible awful poverty of mind so as
you couldn't even pledge a crown of Thorne's to pawn a coat
off Trevi's and as how you was bad no end, so you was, so whelp
you Sinner Pitre and Sinner Poule, with the chicken's gape and
pas mal de siècle, which, by the by, Reynaldo, is the ordinary
emetic French for grenadier's drip. To let you have your plank
and your bonewash (O the hastroubles you lost!), to give you
your pound of platinum and a thousand thongs a year (O, you
were excruciated, in honour bound to the cross of your own
cruelfiction!) to let you have your Sarday spree and holinight sleep
(fame would come to you twixt a sleep and a wake) and leave to
lie till Paraskivee and the cockcock crows for Danmark. (O
Jonathan, your estomach!) The simian has no sentiment secre-
tions but weep cataracts for all me, Pain the Shamman! Oft in
the smelly night will they wallow for a clutch of the famished
hand, I say, them bearded jezabelles you hired to rob you, while
on your sodden straw impolitely you encored (Airish and naw-
boggaleesh!) those hornmade ivory dreams you reved of the
Ruth you called your companionate, a beauty from the bible, of
the flushpots of Euston and the hanging garments of Maryle-
bone. But the dormer moonshee smiled selene and the light-
throwers knickered: who's whinging we? Comport yourself,
you inconsistency! Where is that little alimony nestegg against
our predictable rainy day? Is it not the fact (gainsay me, cake-
eater!) that, while whistlewhirling your crazy elegies around
Templetombmount joyntstone, (let him pass, pleasegood-
jesusalem, in a bundle of straw, he was balbettised after hay-

making) you squandered among underlings the overload of
your extravagance and made a hottentot of dulpeners crawsick
with your crumbs? Am I not right? Yes? Yes? Yes? Holy wax
and holifer! Don't tell me, Leon of the fold, that you are not a
loanshark! Look up, old sooty, be advised by mux and take your
medicine. The Good Doctor mulled it. Mix it twice before re-
pastures and powder three times a day. It does marvels for your
gripins and it's fine for the solitary worm.
    Let me finish! Just a little judas tonic, my ghem of all jokes, to
make you go green in the gazer. Do you hear what I'm seeing,
hammet? And remember that golden silence gives consent, Mr
Anklegazer! Cease to be civil, learn to say nay! Whisht! Come
here, Herr Studiosus, till I tell you a wig in your ear. We'll do a
whisper drive, for if the barishnyas got a twitter of it they'd tell
the housetops and then all Cadbury would go crackers. Look!
Do you see your dial in the rockingglass? Look well! Bend down
a stigmy till I! It's secret! Iggri, I say, the booseleers! I had it
from Lamppost Shawe. And he had it from the Mullah. And Mull
took it from a Bluecoat schooler. And Gay Socks jot it from
Potapheu's wife. And Rantipoll tipped the wink from old Mrs
Tinbullet. And as for she was confussed by pro-Brother Thaco-
licus. And the good brother feels he would need to defecate
you. And the Flimsy Follettes are simply beside each other.
And Kelly, Kenny and Keogh are up up and in arms. That a
cross may crush me if I refuse to believe in it. That I may rock
anchor through the ages if I hope it's not true. That the host
may choke me if I beneighbour you without my charity! Sh!
Shem, you are. Sh! You are mad!
    He points the deathbone and the quick are still. Insomnia,
somnia somniorum. Awmawm.

    MERCIUS (of hisself): Domine vopiscus! My fault, his fault,
a kingship through a fault! Pariah, cannibal Cain, I who oathily
forswore the womb that bore you and the paps I sometimes
sucked, you who ever since have been one black mass of jigs and
jimjams, haunted by a convulsionary sense of not having been
or being all that I might have been or you meant to becoming,

bewailing like a man that innocence which I could not defend
like a woman, lo, you there, Cathmon-Carbery, and thank Movies
from the innermost depths of my still attrite heart, Wherein
the days of youyouth are evermixed mimine, now ere the comp-
line hour of being alone athands itself and a puff or so before
we yield our spiritus to the wind, for (though that royal one
has not yet drunk a gouttelette from his consummation and the
flowerpot on the pole, the spaniel pack and their quarry, retainers
and the public house proprietor have not budged a millimetre
and all that has been done has yet to be done and done again,
when's day's woe, and lo, you're doomed, joyday dawns and,
la, you dominate) it is to you, firstborn and firstfruit of woe, to
me, branded sheep, pick of the wasterpaperbaskel, by the
tremours of Thundery and Ulerin's dogstar, you alone, wind-
blasted tree of the knowledge of beautiful andevil, ay, clothed
upon with the metuor and shimmering like the horescens, astro-
glodynamonologos, the child of Nilfit's father, blzb, to me
unseen blusher in an obscene coalhole, the cubilibum of your
secret sigh, dweller in the downandoutermost where voice only
of the dead may come, because ye left from me, because ye
laughed on me, because, O me lonly son, ye are forgetting me!,
that our turfbrown mummy is acoming, alpilla, beltilla, ciltilla,
deltilla, running with her tidings, old the news of the great big
world, sonnies had a scrap, woewoewoe! bab's baby walks at
seven months, waywayway! bride leaves her raid at Punchestime,
stud stoned before a racecourseful, two belles that make the
one appeal, dry yanks will visit old sod, and fourtiered skirts
are up, mesdames, while Parimiknie wears popular short legs,
and twelve hows to mix a tipsy wake, did ye hear, colt Cooney?
did ye ever, filly Fortescue? with a beck, with a spring, all her
rillringlets shaking, rocks drops in her tachie, tramtokens in
her hair, all waived to a point and then all inuendation, little
oldfashioned mummy, little wonderful mummy, ducking under
bridges, bellhopping the weirs, dodging by a bit of bog, rapid-
shooting round the bends, by Tallaght's green hills and the
pools of the phooka and a place they call it Blessington and

slipping sly by Sallynoggin, as happy as the day is wet, bab-
bling, bubbling, chattering to herself, deloothering the fields on
their elbows leaning with the sloothering slide of her, giddy-
gaddy, grannyma, gossipaceous Anna Livia.
    He lifts the lifewand and the dumb speak.



Jim + Shem, son of Noah + FDV: Shem is short for Shemus as Jim is jokey for Jacob. A few are found still who say that Originally of respectable connections his back life simply won't stand being written about;

Cain - Ham (Shem) - Esau - Jim the Penman / wellknown for violent abuse of self & others. lives at expense of ratepayers in haunted inkbottlehouse infested with the raps [the worst, it is believed, in the western word for pure filth.] boycotted, local publican refuse to supply books, papers, synthetic ink, foolscap, makes his own from dried dung sweetened with spittle (indelible ink) writes universal history on his own body (parchment) hospitality, all drunk & rightly indignant. (Joyce had a great deal of difficulty evolving this character, as witness the disorganized state of his first draft)

shamus - a police officer; a private detective + Shemus - man in Yeats' Countess Cathleen who sells his soul to devil + James

DRAFT TWO: Shem is as short for Shemus as Jim is joky for Jacob. A few toughnecks are still found scattered who say that originally very originally he was of respectable connections (- - -  was among his cousins) but every honest to goodness man in the land of today knows that his back life will not stand being written about. Putting truth and lies together some shot may be made at how this hybrid actually looked.

joky - jocular

Jacobus (Low Latin) - James

roughneck (Slang) - a cruel and brutal fellow

getatable - approachable, accessible

pretend - to put forward as an assertion or statement, to allege; now esp. to allege or declare falsely or with intent to deceive

aboriginally - from the very beginning, in the earliest times or conditions known to the history or science

stemming - originating from (the action of the verb stem: to derive or take origin from)

outlet - issue + lex (l) - law + outlaw - one put outside the law and deprived of its benefits and protection + (illegitimate child).

Ragnar Lodbrok ("shaggy breeches") - Viking, saga hero who, tradition says, died in Ireland 

Bluebeard - a personage of popular mythology, so called from the colour of his beard. References are frequent in literature to the locked turret-chamber, in which hung the bodies of his murdered wives + blau (ger) - blue + barbe (fr) - beard.

Harald Fair Hair (Haarfager) (850-933) - first king of Norway, annexed Scottish isles + horrid. 

warfare + there's hair, like wire! (phrase) - there's a girl with a lot of long and stiff hair! (catch-phrase of the early 20th century).

inlaw - a relative by marriage. This term was used in a much broader sense than it is today, referring to any relationship created by legal means (normally a marriage). For example, a stepfather was normally called a father-in-law + [(notebook 1924): 'an in-law of'].

Sir George Birdwood: Sva (1910), xxi: 'there must be wars, and in the earlier stages of the evolution of humanity from savagery to barbarism... there was war in heaven; Michael and his angels, against the Dragon and his angels'  [114.13]

de trop (fr) - superfluous

Bloggs - mock English working-class name + {became an in-law [brother] to the respectable de Trop Blogg [Shaun]} 

distant relations (notebook 1924) → Sullivan: The Book of Kells 41: 'the zoomorphic, or animal, forms introduced in the decoration of the Manuscript... distant relations, as it were, of the lion, the calf, and the eagle, of the Evangelical symbols'.

honest to goodness - real, true, genuine

black and white - simple and direct + in black and white - in writing or in print.

put two and two together (phrase)

shot - a single photographic exposure, snapshot

get up - general composition or structure, outfit, costume

adze - an edge tool used to cut and shape wood + "In the stars of the Great Bear the Egyptians saw an adze or a fore-leg... The constellation of the Great Bear is the sign of Seth, as Orion is the star of Osiris and Sirius the star of Isis" H. Te Velde: Seth, God of Confusion + Adzehead - St Patrick was so called by the Irish, probably because of the shape of his tonsure. Prophecy of the Druids: "Adzehead will come and build cities." [(notebook 1924): 'adzehead with crookhead staff' Bury: The Life of St. Patrick 79: 'Adze-head will come with a crook-head staff'].  

gull + Tailcenn (talken) (gael) - Adze-head (name for St. Patrick, from tonsure or miter) + FDV: 1 eye halfopen, 1 arm, 42 hairs on his head, 17 on upper lip, 5 on chin, the wrong shoulder high [then the right], 3 teeth, all ears, no feet, 10 5 thumbs, ½ a buttock, ½ & ½ a testicle, - - when is man not a man? A forger, can imitate all styles, some of his own. 1st copies of most original masterpieces even the most venerated impostures were not spared slipped from his plagiarist pen. Sings hymn: lingua Lingua mea calamus scribae, veliciter scribentis.

eye + DRAFT TWO: His bodily makeup getup, it seems, included 1 halfopen an of an eye, 1 arm, 42 hairs on to his crown, 18 on from his upper lip, 5 on from his chin, the wrong shoulder higher than the right, all ears, no feet, 5 a handful of thumbs, 2 fifths of a 2 buttocks, a testicle stone & a half, so much so that in the very dawn of history even Shem himself seeing himself, when playing with words in the his garden nursery asked of his brothers brethren & sisters the first riddle of the universe: When is a man not a man?: offering a prize of a crabapple to the winner.

lark's eye - mischievous eye

the whole of = all + hole.

have something up one's sleeve - to have something in reserve, or at one's disposal

uncrown - to deprive of a crown, dethrone; to uncover, to display + one crown + Uncrowned king of Ireland - Parnell. 

mock - sham, counterfeit, pretended

trio - a group of three

barbel (OF) - 'little beard' + barbel - a filament hanging from the mouths of some fishes + DRAFT TWO (SDV): 1 arm, 42 hairs on to his crown, 18 on from his upper lip, 5 on from his chin,

mega- (gr) - great- + meigead (Irish) - goat's chin and beard + Ulysses.15.3369: 'THE NANNYGOAT (bleats) Megeggaggegg!' + goatee - a small chin beard trimmed into a point [named for its resemblance to a goat's beard (Joyce had one at different times)].

saumon (French) - salmon

all ears (phrase)

not a leg to stand on - with no support whatever; with no chance of getting away with it + SDV: all ears, no feet, 5 a handful of thumbs,

handful - a quantity that fills the hand; a small quantity or amount. (Usually depreciative) + phrase: handful of thumbs (awkward).

loose - not rigidly or securely attached or fixed in place

fifth - one of five equal parts into which a quantity may be divided + FDV: ½ a buttock, ½ & ½ a testicle, + SDV: 2 fifths of a 2 buttocks, a testicle stone & a half,

116 + gleet - sticky or greasy filth + steen - an earthenware container for liquids or foods + stone (Slang) - testicle + 1 stone = 14 pounds + Gladstone.

avoirdupois - weight, degree of heaviness; the standard system of weights used, in Great Britain, for all goods except the precious metals, precious stones, and medicines.

manroot - an herpaceous california vine with an enormous root + (notebook 1924): 'manroot ginseng' Perry: The Origin of Magic and Religion 153: (of the initiation rituals of the Ojibwa) 'use is made of ginseng, "man root," which is supposed to be of "divine" origin' + manroot (Slang) - penis.

I Timothy 6:10: 'the love of money is the root of all evil'

(salmon) kelts (notebook 1924) Irish Statesman 30 Aug 1924, 800/1: 'Salmon by the Million. A New View': 'The killing of kelts by the poacher is evidently not such a serious matter as we thought, for if the salmon as a rule only spawns once, the kelt as a rule will not return to the river' + kelt - a salmon or sea trout after spawning and before returning to the sea.

eel's blood - bad (notebook 1924)

distended + (trice distended) + Tristan.

debouch - to issue from a narrow or confined place, as a defile or a wood, into open country; hence gen. to issue or emerge from a narrower into a wider place or space.

protohistory - a period between prehistory and history, during which a culture or civilization has not yet developed writing, but other cultures have already noted its existence in their own writings.

thistlebird - goldfinch (bird) + thistle - čičak.

nursery - a place for young animals

grifo (it) - snout + brefotrofio (it) - foundlings' home, orphanage.

Threadneedle Street, London (Bank of England), once called Pig Street

pilling - plundering, robbing; removal of the skin, bark, etc. + pill - trans. To dose with pills + feeling + *VYC* + pounds, shillings and pence.

anna - an East Indian denomination of money; the 16th part of a rupee + annus (l) - year + *A*.

full score - Mus. a score in which the parts for all voices and instruments are given on separate staves + (28+1 = *Q*).

lira - italian coin + lorette (French Slang) - whore + *I*.

bob - a shilling + *O*

tester - a shilling of Henry VII decreasing from 9 pence to 6 pence in Shakespere’s time + *X* (with ass).

groat - a denomination of coin which was recognized from the 13th c. in various countries of Europe. Its standard seems to have been in the 14th c. theoretically one-eighth of an ounce of silver.

dinar - Serbian or Arabic coin; also, name given to various oriental coins (applied anciently to a gold coin, corresponding to the Byzantine denarius auri, or crown of gold, and to the gold mohr of later times) + Dinah (*K*).

jo - a gold Portuguese coin (18, 19 c.) + joe (Slang) - fourpenny piece + not for Joe (Anglo-Irish phrase) - definitely not (after song Not for Joseph, a 19th century music-hall song, inspired by Joseph Baxter, a bus driver who was in the habit of exclaiming 'Not for Joe!') + Joe (*S*).

dictito (l) - I say often + dictated to all of his.


siuirin (shurin) (gael) - little sister + sisters

God *C* 1st riddle (Joyce's note)

The O'Gorman Mahan. When is a man not a man? (LB) (notebook 1923) Charles James Patrick Mahon (The O'Gorman Mahon) was a 19th century colourful Irishman who served as a high-ranking officer in several armies around the world; LB is Leopold Bloom of Joyce's Ulysses + Maurice Mahon (Tubhan) + REFERENCE 

take one’s time - not to hurry

Jungfer (ger) - girl, maid + youngfry (Archaic) - child.

this day, Monday, Monday was (a), etc. fortnight - a fortnight from (this day, etc.) + The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, vol. I, 231: The Tale of Nur al-Din Ali and His Son: 'His day was as a month' (glossed in a footnote: 'He grew as fast in one day as other children in a month').

bittersweet - at once bitter and sweet

crab - the wild apple tree of northern Europe, the original of the common apple (generally known as "wild apple", "crab apple", "crabapple" or "crab"); the common name for decapod crustaceous animals of the tribe Brachyura, applied especially to the edible species found on or near the sea coast in most regions of the world + according to Greek mythology, Juno took Cancer (the Crab) to be a constellation in heaven as a reward for dying while biting Hercules's foot, when the latter was fighting the Hydra of Lerna.

copper age - third of four ages (gold, silver, copper, iron), i.e. human age not started yet + time is money (phrase).

unminted - not minted + mint - to make (coin) by stamping metal + (for it was in a time before mints or money).

DRAFT TWO (SDV): One said when the heavens are rocking, another a second said when other lips, a third said when the fair land of Poland, the next one said when those angel faces smile, still another said when the wine is in, one of the youngest said when father papered the parlour, still one said when you are old & grey & full of tears sleep, and still another when we were boys, & another when you come down the vale, another et enim imposuit manus episcopas fecit illum altissimis § sacerdotem & one when pigs begin to fly. All were wrong, he said. So Shem took the cake himself, the correct solution being: when he is a sham.

shamayim (Hebrew) - heavens + (thirteen wrong answers).

quaker - one that quakes + crack - to make a sharp or explosive noise [said of thunder or a cannon] (chiefly dial.) + Quakers (HERESY).

BOHEMIA - Province, West Czech, subject of Balfe's opera, "The Bohemian Girl." Arlene, heroine of the opera is a high-born girl, stolen by gypsies, who dreams she dwells in marble halls and is restored to high place and faithful lover + meandro (Italian) - labyrinth (i.e. Daedalus) + Bohemian Protestants (HERESY).

lip - to kiss + Balfe: The Bohemian Girl: Then You'll Remember Me (song): 'When other lips...' + (babbling, second stage of Viconian cycle) + SDV: another a second said when other lips,

hold hard - to pull hard at the reins in order to stop the horse, halt, stop

jiffy - a very short space of time

crawsick + gnostic (Slang) - a knowing fellow + agnostos (gr) - unknown, unknowable + gnostikos (gr) - of or having knowledge + Gnostics (HERESY).

to be determined - to have come to a decision or definite resolve (to do something); to be finally and firmly resolved + (age of heroes) + Arminians (HERESY) + SDV: a third said when the fair land of Poland,

kick the bucket - to die + kiss the book of life + SDV: the next one said when those angel faces smile,

one + When the wine is in the wit is out (proverb).

at one’s wits end - very confused + SDV: still another said when the wine is in,

conk - to punch on the nose, to hit on the head + Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin, Dublin Annals section 1822: 'Riot in the theatre, on the Marquess of Wellesley, the lord lieutenant's first visit thither, during which a bottle was flung into his Excellency's box' (by a woman during a performance of Oliver Goldsmith's 'She Stoops to Conquer') + Oliver Goldsmith: The Vicar of Wakefield, ch. 24: song 'When lovely woman stoops to folly'.

Sem (French) - Shem

song: 'When Papa papered the parlour You couldn't see him for paste; Pasty here and pasty there Paste and paper everywhere; My mother was stuck to the ceiling, The kids were stuck to the floor; You never saw a family That was so stuck up before' + SDV: one of the youngest said when father papered the parlour,

yeat = get + Genesis 3:5: 'in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened' (snake to Eve).

yabloko (Russian) - 'apple' + diablo (sp) - devil.

zmeya (Russian) - snake + smear + (snake hissing).

zelf (Dutch) - self

zo (Dutch) - so

zhuk (Russian) - beetle, bug + (when he ate the apple and seemed so shaken).

William Butler Yeats: 'When You Are Old': 'When you are old and grey and full of sleep / And nodding by the fire, take down this book / And slowly read, and dream of the soft look / Your eyes had once, and of their shadows deep' + SDV: still one said when you are old & grey & full of tears sleep,

Naar vi døde vaagner (1899) - When We Dead Awaken, drama by Ibsen + deader (Slang) - corpse + SDV: and still another when we were boys,

semi- - half, partly + civilized + circumcised + SDV: & another when you come down the vale,

manana - tomorrow, the day next after the present. Often taken as a synonym of easy-going procrastination as said to be found in Spanish-speaking countries: the indefinite future + have a banana (Slang) - to have sexual intercourse with a woman + song: 'Yes, we have no bananas / We have no bananas today' + ananas - the pineapple + SDV: another et enim imposuit manus episcopas fecit illum altissimis § sacerdotem 

intil - into, to, unto + when pigs begin to fly (phrase) - never + SDV: & one when pigs begin to fly.

Luft (ger) - air + loof (Dutch) - foliage.

take the cake - to carry off the honours, rank first + SDV: All were wrong, he said. So Shem took the cake himself, the correct solution being: when he is a sham.

rend - to split into parties or factions + Matthew 28:20: 'I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen' + Matthew 27:51: 'and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent' (when Jesus died) + Ragnarøkr (Old Norse) - destruction of the Norse gods + rocks (Slang) - testicles (i.e. castration, eunuch).

sham - a spurious imitation + shaman (i.e. Jim is shaman) + Sham, Shame - combines Shem and Ham. Suffering the first hangover, Noah dispossessed his black son, Ham, made him servant to his brothers, Shem and Japheth, who represented the Jews and the Gentiles. "Sham" represents a later time when Jews and blacks were alike dispossessed and "Shamrock" adds on the dispossessed Irish. Shaun, the Aryan supremacist, puts down his brother Shem by calling him "Sham," i.e., black and ham, a meat forbidden Jews. Wyndham Lewis is model for the Aryan supremacist. (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

creep - to advance or come on slowly, stealthily, or by imperceptible degrees; to insinuate oneself into + SDV: & his lowness came out first in foodstuffs.

via - through the medium of, by the way of

foodstuff - a substance with food value

Ibsen’s + (notebook 1924): 'Ibsen' + SDV: So low was he that he preferred Lazenby's teatime salmon tinned, as inexpensive as pleasing, to the plumpest roeheavy lax or friskiest troutlet that ever was gaffed between Leixlip & Island Bridge & many was the time he said no fresh pineapple ever tasted like the chunks in Heinz's cans.

teatime - the customary time for tea + (notebook 1924): 'teatime sardines'.

tinned - preserved in air-tight tins, canned

inexpensive - not expensive or costly, cheap

plump - well rounded or filled out

roe - the mass of eggs contained in the ovarian membrane of a fish

lax - a salmon + (notebook 1922-23): 'speckled lax heavy with roe' Daily Mail 14 Dec 1922, 8/5: 'Salmon No. 23': 'a female fish of about 8lb., heavy with roe'.

frisk - full of life and spirit, brisk, lively

parr - a young salmon before it becomes a smolt + (notebook 1924): 'parr & smolt (young salmon)'.

smolt - a young salmon in the stage intermediate between the parr and the grilse, when it becomes covered with silvery scales and migrates to the sea for the first time

troutlet - a little or tiny trout

gaff - to seize or strike (a fish) with a gaff (a barbed fishing spear, a stick armed with an iron hook for landing large fish, esp. salmon).

Leixlip ('salmon leap') - village in north-east County Kildare, Ireland, east of the midlands of Ireland, situated on the confluence of the River Liffey and the Rye Water.

Island Bridge - bridge over Liffey at point where becomes tidal

many's the time - on many occasions, in many instances

botulism - poisoning caused by eating food, usu. imperfectly preserved, that contains botulinus toxin + (notebook 1922-23): 'botulism (coma)'.

smack - to have a slight taste or flavor, to be tinctured with any particular taste + FDV: & many was the time he said no fresh pineapple ever tasted like the chunks in Heinz's cans.

whopper - something uncommonly large of its kind; a very big thing, animal, or person

shake out - to produce by shaking, to cast out the contents of

Ananias - name of a man who tried to deceive apostles (Acts 5:1-6): 'with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession and kept back part of the price'; Used allusively for a liar + ananas.

Findlater, Adam - 19th-century Dubliner who made money in groceries and spent it in civic restoration. The Dublin Presbyterian chapel in Parnell Square was restored by him and is called Findlater's Church. 

Corner House - one of a number of large restaurants in London owned by J. Lyons and Co. Ltd.

Balaclava (literally 'fish pond') - Crimean village near Sevastopol, the site of a battle fought in the Crimean war.

stake = steak - a thick slice or strip of meat cut for roasting by grilling or frying

jelly - anything brought to a gelatinous condition; a viscous, translucent substance in a condition between liquid and solid.

Greeks + greh (Serbian) - sin (cyrilic 'x' = latinic 'h') + grex (l) - flock, crowd.

molten - dissolved (in a liquid); also, loosely, reduced to a partially liquid condition

greasily - unctuously, slippery + gristly - pertaining to, or of the nature of gristle; consisting or full of gristle; difficult to chew.

grunter - a pig + FDV: None of your nice long & thick bloody beefsteaks or juicy legs of melting mutton or fat belly bacon or greasy gristly pigs' feet or slice upon slice of luscious goose bosom with lump upon after lump of rich stuffing swamping in grand brown gravy for him.

go upon - to attack, to take in hand + croupon - the croup or rump of a horse or other animal.

slab - a cake baked in a large rectangular tin

luscious - sweet and highly pleasant to the taste or smell

lump - a compact mass of no particular shape, a shapeless piece

load - a satisfying amount to eat, (one's) fill

plum pudding - a pudding containing plums

stuffing - Cookery. Forcemeat or other seasoned mixture used to fill the body of a fowl, a hollow in a joint of meat, etc., before cooking.

aswim - swimming

swamp - a piece of wet spongy ground; a marsh or bog

bogoak - oak that has become dark from long burial in a peat bog + (notebook 1923): 'bog oak' →  Flood: Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars 112: (the Cross of Cong) 'is made of oak covered with plates' + gravy - the fat and juices which exude from flesh during and after the process of cooking.

chicken hearted - timorous and cowardly as a chicken, faint-hearted + Greek, Jew (Leopold Bloom in 'Ulysses').

Jude (ger) - Jew + SDV: None of your inchthick blueblooded beef steaks or juicejelly legs of molten mutton or greasilygristly pigs' feet or slice upon slab of luscious goose bosom with lump after load of plum pudding stuffing in a swamp of bogbrown gravy for him.

rosbif - roast beef, beef roasted in the English manner

ZEALAND (SEALAND, SJAELLAND) - largest of the islands of Denmark (contains Copenhagen) + Fielding: 'Oh! the roast beef of old England' + New Zealand.

attouch - to touch (lightly)

somato- - body, corpse + -phage - one that eats + scatophage - a scatophagous (feeding upon dung) insect or animal + somatophagos (gr) - body-devourer, corpse-eater.

merman - an imaginary marine creature with a man's head and trunk, and a fish's or cetacean's tail instead of the lower limbs

take someone’s fancy - to cause a person to develop a liking for something + {See what happens when you mate a merman with a swan?}

virga (l) - twig, switch, rod + virgin + vegetarian

run away with - to accept, believe (an idea, etc.), hurriedly, without due reflection

hun (Danish) - she

pharsun (farsun) (gael) - parson + (notebook 1924): 'farsoonerite' + far (Danish) - father + sønner (Danish) - sons + forsone (Danish) - to atone.

muddle through - to blunder through, to succeed in one's object in spite of one's lack of skill and foresight

hash - a dish consisting of meat which has been previously cooked, cut small, and warmed up with gravy and sauce or other flavouring

lentils - the seed of a leguminous plant (Ervum lens, Lens esculenta); also the plant itself, cultivated for food in European countries + Esau sold his birthright for a mess of pottage of lentils (Genesis 25:34).

meddle - to concern or busy oneself, to deal with

split pea - rhyming slang for 'tea' + SDV: He preferred the mess hash of Europe's lentils lentils in Europe to Ireland's tight little pea. Once when in a state of helplessly hopeless intoxication he tried to lift the peel of a citron to either nostril and hiccupped, apparently impromptu, that he could live all his days by the smell, as the citr, as the cedron, as the cedar, of the founts, on the mountains, with lemon on, of Lebanon.

piscivorous - feeding on fishes

citron - a fruit resembling a lemon, but larger, and pleasantly aromatic

impromptu - to compose off-hand; to improvise, extemporize + (notebook 1924): 'apparently impromptu'.

habit + hiba (Hungarian) - defect, deformity, fault + hibat (Persian) - giving, bestowing.

glottal stop - a sound produced by the sudden opening or shutting of the glottis with an emission of breath or voice

kukka (Finnish) - flower + FDV: Once when in a state of helplessly hopeless inebriation he tried to lift the peel of a citron to his nostrils & hiccupped apparently impromptu he could live all his days on the smell of it, as the citr, as the cedron, as the cedar on the founts on the mountains, lemon on, of Lebanon. The O, the lowness of him was beyond all that was ever known sunk to.

flourish - Of persons: To prosper, do well + (notebook 1922-23): 'live on the smell' + Psalms 92:13: 'The innocent man will flourish as the palm tree flourishes; he will grow to greatness as the cedars grow on Lebanon' + James Joyce, Dubliners: 'Ivy Day in the Committee Room': 'He'd live on the smell of an oil-rag'.

KEDRON - Stream and valley, in Jordan, between Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives + Cedar of Lebanon - An evergreen coniferous tree growing up to 40 m tall, with a trunk up to 2.5 m diameter; it is native to the mountains of the Mediterranean region, Lebanon, western Syria and south central Turkey. 

fount - a spring, source

firewater - any strong liquor or ardent spirits

firstshot - weak poteen of first distillation + shot - a small drink of liquor + first come, first served (phrase).

gullet - the throat, neck

Barett (ger) - beret + W.C. Barrett and Company, distillers, Dublin + FDV: No firewater or first shot or gutburning gin or honest red or brown beer. (SDV: honest ruddy beer either.)

jester - a person given to uttering jests or witticisms, a joker; any professed maker of amusement, esp. one maintained in a prince's court or nobleman's household.

sob - to soak, saturate, sop

wheywhig - a beverage made of whey flavoured with herbs

rhubarb - plant having long green or reddish acidic leafstalks growing in basal clumps; stems (and only the stems) are edible when cooked, leaves are poisonous + (red).

mandarin - a small flattened deep-coloured orange; a colour resembling that of the mandarin orange + (7 colours of rainbow).

blue funk - extreme nervousness, tremulous dread + funkel- (ger) - sparkle + funkle (Danish) - sparkle.

windigo - In the folklore of the northern Algonquian Indians: a cannibalistic giant, the transformation of a person who has eaten human flesh + indigo

apllejack - brandy derived from cider

grapefruit (Joyce's note) + sour grapes (phrase) + grape juice (i.e. wine).  

sedimental - of the nature of sediment + FDV: No. O no. But he botched up sobbed himself sick on some kind of a wheywhinging rhubarbarous yallagreen decoction of sour soured grapes & according to to hear him retching off in his sentimentality cups to his disreputable with swillers who [when they found they cd not carry another drop] were rightly indignant at his hospitality it came straight from the noble white fat, the most noble wide sat her white hide that, from the winevat of the lovely exquisite archduchess, Fanny Urinia.

betwixt the cup and the lip - while a thing is yet in hand and on the very point of being achieved + There's many a slip 'twixt the cup and the lip (proverb) - Implies that between the time we decide to do something and the time we do it, things often go wrong + cupshot (Slang) - drunk.

gulf down - to swallow in large draughts or morsels hastily or with greediness

gourd - a bottle or cup

retch - to stretch (oneself); to make efforts to vomit, to throw up in vomiting [(notebook 1922-23): 'retch off'].

swill - to drink freely, greedily, or to excess, like hogs devouring 'swill' or 'wash' + compotores (l) - drinking companions (literally 'withdrinkers'). 

indignant - moved by an emotion of anger mingled with scorn or contempt + (notebook 1924): 'offended by his hospitality'.

wretch - a vile, sorry, or despicable person, a mean or contemptible creature

drop - a small quantity of drink or intoxicating liquor

jo - used informally to address a man whose name the speaker does not know, guy, fellow + jo (Hungarian) - good, nice, pleasant + jo (Danish) - yes (as a reply to a negative question or assertion).

winevat - a vat in which the grapes are pressed in wine-making

majesty + magyar (Hungarian) - Hungarian.

archdiocese - the diocese of an archbishop + One night drinking with Ottocaro Weiss, who had returned from the army in January 1919, Joyce sampled a white Swiss wine called Fendant de Sion. This seemed to be the object of his quest, and after drinking it with satisfaction, he lifted the half-empty glass, held it against the window like a test tube, and asked Weiss, 'What does this remind you of?' Weiss looked at Joyce and at the pale golden liquid and replied, 'Orina.' 'Si,' said Joyce laughing, 'ma di un'arciduchessa' ('Yes, but an archduchess's'). From now on the wine was known as the Archduchess.

duchess - a lady holding in her own right a position equal to that of duke; a woman of  imposing demeanour or showy appearance (slang) + douche (fr) - shower + (duke, duchess).

fever + fervour - warmth or glow of feeling, passion, vehemence, intense zeal; an instance of the same + feherbor (Hungarian) - white wine.


fanny - buttocks; the female genitals; a tin for holding anything to be drunk

Urania - muse of astronomy, planet, Aphrodite as spiritual love + urine + Orion + Urania - the muse of astrology (Greek mythology) + {what are you grinning at, you could fancy it [was her urine]}.

swell - stylish, 'great', 'fine'

pea-mengro (Gipsy) - drunkard

any God's quantity - abundance, large amount + (notebook 1923): 'any dog's quantity'.

ooze out - to emit or give forth (moisture, etc.) slowly or gradually

black beetle - beetle (coleopterous insect) of black colour + blacking - the action of making black by applying some substance + bottle.

tulach (tulokh) (gael) - hill

cold blood - coolly, without excitement

Kodak - the proprietary name of a range of cameras produced by Kodak Ltd. + "Where the photograph, taken through the open-eyed lens of the camera lucida (171.32), seeks to freeze the plentitude of the present in all its fleeting detail, the Wakean "scotograph," taken through "blackeye lenses" (183.17) kept as firmly "SHUT" beneath "a blind of black sailcloth" (182.32-33) as those of the eyes in sleep, seeks to capture only the absent." (John Bishop: Joyce's Book of the Dark).

as yet - up to this time, hitherto; nevertheless, notwithstanding

unremunerated - unrewarded, not compensated (for a work done)

apostate - a person who has renounced a religion or faith + New York Times Book Review 28 May 1922, 6: 'James Joyce's Amazing Chronicle' (review of Ulysses by Joseph Collins): (of Bloom's thoughts) 'the product of the unconscious mind of a moral monster, a pervert and an invert, an apostate to his race and his religion'.

gunshy - afraid of a gun + FDV: Lowness visibly oozed out from this dirty little beetle for the very first instant the Thornton girl with her Kodak saw him the as yet unremunerated national apostate who was genuinely guns gun & camera shy, walking taking a short cut when returning from a funeral into a Patatapapaveri's fruiterer & florist by the wrong [goods] entrance, she knew he was of a bad fast man by his walk on the spot.

camerashy - not liking to be photographed or filmed, fearful of cameras

fondly - affectionately, lovingly, tenderly. Also, with show of affection, caressingly.

short cut - a path or a course taken between two places which is shorter than the ordinary road

caer (Cornish) = caer (Welsh) - town, castle + Caer, worshipped by Aengus, was obliged to change into a swan every winter.


steam ship - a ship propelled by steam

Prydwen - King Arthur's ship in The Spoils of Annwfn

bury the hatchet - to put away strife, settle a quarrel; to cease from hostilities

exeunt - (Latin: "they go out") a stage direction signifying that at this point two or more actors leave the stage + {he tried to escape to South America via the goods exit of a fruit shop}

nummer = number

desh ta trin (Gipsy) - thirteen + tren (sp) - train + tren (Turkish) - railway + tren (Serbian) - moment, jiffy.

patata (it) - potato + papaveri (it) - poppies (Latin papaver: poppy) + Foster, Vere (1819-1900) - English philanthropist who helped Irish emigration in the famine. According to Ulysses (705), he put out a "handwriting copybook".  

fruiterer - a dealer in fruit, a fruit-seller + SDV: Talk about lowness! Any dog's quantity of It visibly oozed out thickly from this dirty black beetle for the very first instant the Kenny Turnbull girl with her kodak saw the as yet unremunerated national apostate who was cowardly gun & camera shy taking what he fondly thought was a short cut [after having buried a friend not long before] by the wrong goods entrance into Patatapapaveri's, fruiterer's & musical florist florists', she knew he was a bad fast man by his walk on the spot.

florist - one who raises flowers for sale, or who deals in flowers + Joyce's note: 'florist' Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin (1929), 1189: (heading under Dublin and Suburbs Trades' Directory, listing twenty establishments) 'Fruiterers and Florists'.

ciao - An informal Italian greeting or farewell (derived from Venetian Italian Dialect sciavo: (your) slave).

chiavi (it) - keys + schiavi (it) - slaves + chavi (Gipsy) - girl, child, daughter.

saor sinn (ser shin) [?] (gael) - free us + sar shin (Gipsy) - how are you?

shillipen (Gipsy) - cold

vice - evil, immoral, or wicked person

bridewell - jail, prison + Bridewell - prison, Dublin.

fast - Of persons: extravagant in habits; devoted to pleasure, dissipated; usually implying a greater or less degree of immorality (a fast woman) + Belfast man.

on the spot - at once

john - guy, fellow, chap; cop, policeman + Shaun + (notebook 1924): 'Abel butcher' Lamy, Commentarium in Librum Geneseos I.248: 'Undoubtedly Abel slaughtered the first-born of his flock in honour of God' (Genesis 4:4).

next time

cattleman - a rearer of cattle on a ranche or run + Wyndham Lewis: Cantleman's Spring-mate (anti-feminine story).

spring - the season of the year when plants begin to vegetate and grow + Spring wheat - any kind of wheat sown in the spring + (time/space, wheat/meat).

divorce - to separate, part

fatten - to feed (animals) for market, make fit to kill

hang - Of flesh: To be suspended or fastened up in the air to dry, mature or become 'high'

draw - to draw out viscera or intestines of, to disembowel

quarter - to cut into quarters

John 21:15-17: 'Feed my lambs... Feed my sheep' (Christ's command)

spatiality - spatial character, quality, or property + speciality

communicate - to transmit thoughts or feelings; to receive Communion (in the Catholic church) + excommunicate - (Eccl.) To cut off from communion; to exclude, by an authoritative sentence, from participation in the sacraments and services of the church, or from religious rites in general + Joyces' note: '.(Communicated)(Eol)'.

moreover - besides, in addition + morava (Gipsy) - to kill, to slay + Morava - river in Serbia + Moravia - a Czech country.

for love or money - at any price, by any means + luvvo (Gipsy) - money, currency.

mortician - an undertaker, one who arranges funerals

turn out - to come to be, become ultimately + (notebook 1922-23): 'son turned out badly'.

pulmonary - occurring in or affecting the lungs

T.B. - tuberculosis + Joyce's note: 'suspected pulmonory TB'

do for - to ruin, destroy + to do for himself (Slang) - to commit suicide.

dandy - very good, fine

nay - Used to introduce a more correct, precise, or emphatic statement than the one first made.

pelting - raging, furious; insignificant, paltry + pelt - to cast, hurl, or throw repeatedly with some missile; to rain heavily.

blanketed - covered with a blanket + FDV: It was generally hoped when he got into debt heavily locally he wd develop suspected hereditary pulmonary T.B. and one pelting night bedded blanketed folk hearing a coarse song & splash thought all was over but of course not even there was he true to type: Low! Whole continents rang with his lowness.

song & splash (Joyce's note) → Freeman's Journal 20 Dec 1923, 8/5: 'Song's Tragic End. Mystery of the Liffey in the Early Morning': 'two seamen who were on the deck of the steamer Senda lying alongside George's quay heard a man singing a short distance away from the ship along the river side. The singing suddenly ceased, and a moment later a loud splash was heard'.

Eden - paradise + Eden Quay - one of the Dublin quays on the banks of the River Liffey in Dublin. The quay runs the bank between O'Connell Bridge and Butt Bridge.

quay - an artificial bank or landing-place, built of stone or other solid material, lying along or projecting into a navigable water for convenience of loading and unloading ships.

roll - to turn over; to turn over (a matter) in the mind, consider, meditate upon (something)

all is up - all is over + SDV: About that time it was generally hoped or suspected he would develop hereditary pulmonary T.B. and one pelting [night] blanketed folk hearing a coarse song and splash off Eden Quay thought all was safely over but, though he fell heavily & locally into debt, of course not even then was could he he be true to type but cheated even death.

debit - a debt (obs.) + to fall into debt - to fall under obligation to pay something + (notebook 1924): 'got into debt locally' Freeman's Journal 10 Jan 1924, 7/3: '"No Volition of His Own". Novel Defense of Man Charged with Forgery': 'His pay as a clerk was totally inadequate, and he got into debt locally'.

antinomian - one who maintains that, under the gospel dispensation, the moral law is of no use or obligation, but that faith alone is necessary to salvation + antinomianus (l) - believer that faith, not law, is the means of salvation.

true to type - consistent with, exactly agreeing with, 'faithful to'

cerebrum - the brain

explaudo (l) - to clap off (the stage); to drive out, to dissaprove + explode

pneuma (gr) - wind, breath, spirit + pneumatikos (gr) - of wind; inflated; breathing; spiritual + pneumantikos (gr) - prophetic by means of wind or spirit.

suffocate + 'Shem, down but not out, refuses, much to Shaun's annoyance, to accept saffron-cakes, symbols of death [in The Book of the Dead ch. XVII, saffron cakes stand for 'Osiris' or 'heaven and earth']' (Hart, Clive / Structure and motif in Finnegans wake).

sod - a piece or slice of earth together with the grass growing on it + 4 elements (fire, water, air, earth)

leave - permission asked for or granted to do something

fraid - afraid

fraud - one who is not what he appears to be, an impostor, a humbug

diddle - to cheat or swindle 

anzi (it) - on the contrary

cable - to transmit (a message), to send cables, wires, or telegrams

take the words out of one's mouth - to anticipate what another was about to say

guardacoste (it) - coast-guard + quanto costa? (it) - how much? + guarda-costas (Portuguese) - bodyguard.

Leporello - servant to Don Giovanni in Mozart's opera

szazas (Hungarian) - hundred

krajcar (Hungarian) - Kreuzer, an obsolete copper coin + Jesus Christ!

Nea polis (gr) - "New city": Naples (Vico) + Neapolitanus (l) - of Naples: Neapolitan wireless + Neapolitan - of of pertaining to Naples in Italy + near a pub.

Jonathan - (esp. in phrase Brother Jonathan.) A generic name for the people of the United  States, and also for a representative United States citizen + for a jonathan to his brother + REFERENCE

here today gone tomorrow - present for only very short time (used to suggest that someone treats people in a very careless manner); someone remaining in a place for a short time + Tokay - a sweet Hungarian wine.

splice - to unite, as two ropes, or parts of a rope, by a particular manner of interweaving the strands + splash - to cause (something) to scatter fluid in flying masses + (we are broke).

fireless - having no fire; without energy, life, or animation + wireless

inconvinient - not befitting the case or circumstances, inappropriate

trickle - to pass as through pores, and so slowly, gradually, or imperceptibly

freaky - of the nature of a freak, grotesque

the long and the short of it - the sum and the substance + Treacle Tom & Frisky Shorty [039.16-.18].

bardic - rel. to bard and his poetry

low - inferior in station or quality + SDV: You see he was low.

condign - worthily deserved, merited, fitting, appropriate; adequate [(notebook 1922-23): 'condign satisfaction'] + FDV: He treasured all unkind words with condign satisfaction. + SDV: All the time he kept on treasuring with condign satisfaction to himself all unkind words

crumb - a very small particle or portion (of something immaterial), a 'scrap'

backtalk - a retort or reply which is regarded as superfluous or impertinent; insulting speech, altercation + trek - a long journey or expedition (from Afrikaans) + trek (Dutch) - appetite + Dreck (ger) - dirt, filth, dung + (notebook 1924): 'treasured unkindly words'.

covetous - having an ardent or excessive desire of (or for) anything + Exodus 20:17: 'thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife' (9th Commandment, according to Roman Catholic tradition).

Munda - of or pertaining to the Mundas (pre Aryan people of India); a group of East Indian languages (including Santali) + Munda - Caesar's last and most costly victory + munda cor meum (l) - cleanse my heart (Mass) + Monday.

conversazione - intellectual gathering for discussion of arts or sciences + conversazione (Italian) - conversation, assembly for discussion or recreation + Joyce's note: 'conversazione'.

commote - to put into commotion, disturb + commited + (notebook 1924): 'commote'.

tippit - a game of chance, played by two parties of two or three a side; in one of the hands on one side a coin is hidden, and a player on the opposite side has to guess in which hand it is, touching the hand and saying tip it + titbit - a brief and isolated interesting item of news or information + FDV: delicate hints

wellwisher - one who wishes well to another + SDV: and if ever, during a conversazione in the nation's interest delicate hints were put thrown out to him about it, by some wellwisher in vain pleading with him to be a man such as:

scriptural - biblical + (notebook 1924): 'by scriptural arguments'.

opprobrious - conveying opprobrium or injurious reproach, abusive + (notebook 1924): 'opprobrium' Outlook 29 Apr 1922, 339: 'James Joyce's Ulysses' (review by Arnold Bennett): 'Is the staggering indecency justified by the results obtained?... For myself I think that in the main it is not... but I must plainly add, at the risk of opprobrium, that in the finest passages it is'.

papist - an adherent of the pope; esp. an advocate of papal supremacy; a Roman Catholic + Joyce's note: 'papist'.

brace up - to cheer up, enliven, raise the morale of; to pull oneself together for an effort

kudos - glory, fame, renown (Greek kydos: glory, renown) + kígyó (Hungarian) - snake (Pronunciation 'kidoo').

scaly wag - a disreputable fellow, a good-for-nothing

dem - damn

scrounger - one who lives at the expense of others, one who sponges + (notebook 1924): 'scrounger'.

dash it all - damn it all!

souse - a drunkard; to intoxicate thoroughly + sosie (fr) - double, counterpart + scusi (it) - beg your pardon.

come across - to come upon or meet obliquely, indirectly, or unintentionally + crux (l) - cross + FDV: If ever in the public interest delicate hints were put to him during a conversazione [by wellwishers pleading with him to be a man] such as: What is the meaning of that foreign word if you ever came across it, we think it is canaille?:

transpicious - transparent, clearly understood

canaille - the lowest class of people, the mob; a member of the canaille + canaille (fr) - rabble, mob; scoundrel (literally 'pack of dogs') + (notebook 1924): 'How wd you say canaille?' (on a Joyce's notebook page with several entries from Crépieux-Jamin's Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles).

kennel - a house for dogs; a pack of dogs; canaille + FDV: or: do did you ever anywhere captain, in your tales of travels happen to meet a gentleman named by the name of something like [Low] Bugger who lives on loans & is 35 yrs of age? :

Gulliver's Travels - a novel by Jonathan Swift (ISAAC BICKERSTAFF) + gullible - capable of being gulled or duped; easily cheated, befooled.

troubadour - to act the part of a troubadour

whimper - to complain pulingly, to utter in a low and whining tone + SDV: or: Did you anywhere, captain, in your tales of travel happen to meet stumble over upon a gentleman by answering to the name of something like Low Bugger who lives on loans and is 35 years of age?:

lives on loans & is 35 (notebook 1924) Crépieux-Jamin: Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles 288: 'his great defects have propelled him and his family into a black misery. He lives on loans, on begging, and he is thirty-five'.

prig - a conceited or self-important and didactic person [Joyce's note: 'prig']

pull a face - to draw the countenance into a grimace, to distort the features

landlubber - a sailor's term of contempt for a landsman + FDV: he would begin without a sign of haste like a first class supreme prig [with a vacant [landlubber] look] to tell all the persons in the conversazione the whole lifelong story of his low existence

pensile - hanging, pendant + pencil

outer - an outer garment or the outer part of a garment + on the outer - penniless; out of favour, excluded.

lauschen (ger) - to eavesdrop + Lauscher (ger) - listener + {put a pencil in his ear}

prattling parnel - an old name for the plant London Pride (Saxifraga umbrosa) + Parnell. 

kill time - to consume or spend (time, or any portion of time), so as to bring it to an end + SDV: & then, with what closely approached a lie lisping to kill time,

swat - to sweat, to study hard and constantly

canopy - a covering over a shrine, or over the Host when borne in procession

Jansen - opposed Jesuits and gave rise to a heresy (Jansenism) + Jesus Christ.

ALBION - Oldest name of Britain, rentined as poetical name of England + Albigensian heresy.

bin = been

lent - the action of lending; loan

hint - an occasion that can be taken advantage of, opportunity

intelligentsia - the class of society regarded as possessing culture and political initiative; irresponsible middle-class with ideas (term originated in pre-revolutionary Russia) [ (notebook 1923): 'intelligentsia'] + intelligentia (l) - information, news, tidings.

Tommelise (Danish) - 'Thumbelina' (Danish tomme: thumb)

samtale (Danish) - conversation + aisy (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - easy + Tamil and Santali are Indian languages (of different families).

conclamation - a loud calling out of many together + conclamazione (it) - acclamation + conversazione (it) - conversation.

physician - one who practises the healing art, including medicine and surgery

law merchant - a special system of rules for the regulation of trade and commerce, differing in some respects from the Common Law + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 65: 'I am now more than seventy-one years old, and in a short time I shall be in my grave. I shall have to give an account of what I now say. Well, it is in the presence of my great Judge, with my tomb before my eyes, that I declare to the world that very few—yes, very few—priests escape from falling into the pit of the most horrible moral depravity the world has ever known, through the confession of females. I do not say this because I have any hard feelings against those priests; God knows that I have none. The only feelings I have are of supreme compassion and pity. I do not reveal these awful things to make the world believe that the priests of Rome are a worse set of men than the rest of the innumerable fallen children of Adam; no; I do not entertain any such views; for everything considered, and weighed in the balance of religion, charity and common sense—I think that the priests of Rome are far from being worse than any other set of men who would be thrown into the same temptations, dangers, and unavoidable occasions of sin. For instance, let us take lawyers, merchants, or farmers, and, preventing them from living with their lawful wives, let us surround each of them from morning to night, by ten, twenty, and sometimes more, beautiful women and tempting girls, who would speak to them of things which would pulverize a rock of Scotch granite, and you will see how many of those lawyers, merchants, or farmers would come out of that terrible moral battlefield without being mortally wounded.'

belfry - a bell-tower + (notebook 1924): 'belfry politics' politique de clocher (fr) - petty narrow-minded local politics (literally 'belfry politics').

agricolous - agricultural (Latin agricola: farmer)


sacristan - an officer of the church who has the care of the utensils or movables, and of the church in general; a sexton

philantropy - love to mankind; practical benevolence towards men in general

board - food served at the table; daily meals provided in a lodging or boarding-house

panesthesia - sum total of individual's perception at a given moment

carnal - bodily, fleshly, material + Like Joyce, Shem emigrates to Europe, staying at the Hotel Corneille in Paris + corna (it) - horns (i.e. cuckold) + canaille + SDV: begin to tell all the persons intelligentsia in at the conversazione consciously the whole lifelong story of his entire low existence, .

deceased ancestors (Joyce's note)

odds - chances + the odds are - chances are.

Ta Ra Ra Boom De Ay (song) + Tara - ancient capital of Ireland.

blundering - confusion, the making of gross mistakes

poh - an ejaculation of contemptuous rejection

farfamed - widely and favorably known + (notebook 1924): 'reputed father of Jesus' Kinane: St. Patrick 16: (of Jesus) 'St. Joseph, His reputed father, and next to Mary in power and glory'.

poppa (Colloquial) - papa, father

humhum - a coarse cotton cloth imported from India + hum - an inarticulate exclamation uttered with the lips closed, either in a pause of hesitation or embarrassment, or as expressing slight dissatisfaction, dissent, etc. 

sept - a branch of a family esp. one which all members are believed to have descended from a single ancestor

debt - that which is owed or due + up to date

Heavens hear how

vice versa - with a reversal or transposition of the main items in the statement just made

cruach (Irish) - conical heap + cracher (French) - to spit + cracking.

three cheers - three successive cheers in unison, freq. for someone or something + Joyce's note: '3 jeers!'

pah - a natural exclamation of disgust

paper beg + Pepper's ghost - theatrical illusion + beg (Anglo-Irish) - little.

Himmel-Schimmel! (ger) - (expletive) + Ham, Shem.

blighty - affected with blight, blighted, blasted

reeky - reeking

lighty - bright, shining; enlightened, well-informed + light - characterized by levity, frivolous, unthinking.

scrapy - producing a harsh grating noise + scrappy - inclined to scrap or fight, pugnacious; made up of odds and ends, disjointed, unconnected. quarrelsome.

babbly - chattering

ninny - a simpleton, a fool

Aeschylus: The Seven against Thebes

bottom sawyer - a worker at a saw pit who stands below the timber + Mark Twain: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.

no one

unsolicited - not asked for

testimony - personal or documentary evidence or attestation in support of a fact or statement; hence, any form of evidence or proof

on behalf of - in the name of, as the agent or representative of, on account of, for, instead of

glib - speaking smoothly and with flippant rapidity + SDV: giving unsolicited testimony on behalf of others as glib as eaves' water

semantic - (the study or analysis of) the relationships between linguistic symbols and their meanings [(notebook 1924): 'semantic'].

smicker - to smile or smirk + snicker - a half suppressed broken laugh.

drivel - to flow as saliva from the mouth

fish features

inkstand - a small vessel for holding ink (to dip the pen into); also, a device for holding ink and writing materials + instance

meticulosity - over-carefulness about minute details

bordering - that borders, on the border + Joyce's note: 'border on insane'

misused - improperly used, violated, abused + FDV: explaining the meanings of all the other foreign words he used and telling every lie imaginable about all the other people in the story whom he met except the simple word and person they had asked him about until they were completely undeceived.

cuttlefish - Used allusively in reference to the animal's habit of darkening the water when alarmed (obs.)

unshrinkable - uncapable of being shrunk + SDV: explaining the various senses of all the foreign words he misused and telling every lie imaginable unthinkable about all the other people in the story

leave out - to omit

foreconscious = preconscious - not present in consciousness but capable of being recalled without encountering any inner resistance (PICTURE).

word and place and person + SDV: except the simple word & person they had cornered him about until they were completely undeceived about him.

snoozer - a fellow, a chap

undeceive - to free (a person) from deception or mistake; to deliver from an erroneous idea [Joyce's note: 'undeceived'].

off the reel - without stopping, in an uninterrupted course or succession

recital - an enumeration or detailed account of a number of things, facts, etc.

rigmarole - a succession of incoherent statements, an unconnected or rambling discourse, a long-winded harangue of little meaning or importance + Desmond MacCarthy: Criticism (1932): (of Work in Progress) 'rigmaroles' [183.22] [189.04]

SDV: It went without saying that he disliked anything anyway approaching a plain common straightforward standup or knockdown row & once when he was called in to umpire an octagonal argument among slangwhangers the low accomplished washout always agreed rubbed shoulders with the last speaker and agreed to every word as soon as half uttered with all his heart and then at once turned focussed his whole unbalanced attention to on the next octagonist who managed to catch a listener's eye, asking & imploring him out of his piteous one blinker winker whether there was anything in the wide world he cd do for to please him & to overflow his tumbler for him yet once more.

that goes without saying - 'that is a matter of course'

cull - a dupe, silly fellow, simpleton, fool; a man, fellow, chap

straightforward - free from duplicity or concealment; frank, honest

stand up - Pugilism. Of a contest: In which the combatants stand up fairly to one another without wrestling, flinching or evasion; esp. in (a fair, square, etc.) stand-up fight.

knock down - a stand up or free fight + "A collision with someone was the type of blunder which no sorcerer, much less a nagual, should ever make." (Carlos Castaneda: The Power of Silence)

row - a noisy dispute or quarrel + (notebook 1923): 'from anything whatsoever approaching a row' ('ever' not clear).

umpire - to settle or decide (a matter in dispute) as as umpire or arbitrator

octagonal - eight-sided

slangwhanger - a noisy or abusive talker or writer

accomplished - highly skilled, complete in acquirements usually as the result of training

washout - one who fails in a course of study; a complete failure, a useless person, a person eliminated from a course of training + (notebook 1922-23): 'She is a washout' + 'a washout'.

rub shoulders with - to come into contact, to associate, with others + Joyces' note: 'rub shoulders with' Irish Times 30 Dec 1922, 9/2: 'Resignation of Trinity's Chief Steward': 'We have kept Mr. Marshall's acquaintance with Royalty to the last. He rubbed shoulders (literally) with them on various occasions'.

meanly disagreed with last speaker'  + 'cf opinion of the last speaker' (notebook 1924).

clasp hands - to join one's hands by interlocking the fingers; also, to close or firmly join hands with another

Your servant! (Joyce's note) → Kinane: St. Patrick 17: (a prayer) 'From my hidden sins cleanse me, O Lord, and from those of others spare Thy servant'.


to think that ...! - introducing a statement of a fact thought of as remarkable or surprising.


also, gut (ger) - quite so

quaeso (old latin) - please + quite so.

muchas gracias (sp) - many thanks

is there Gaelic on you? (Anglo-Irish) - do you understand Gaelic?

sulphur - pungent talk, 'sulphurous' language + honour

unbiased - not unduly or improperly influenced or inclined; unprejudiced, impartial + SDV: and then at once turned focussed his whole unbalanced attention to on the next octagonist who managed to catch a listener's eye,

piteous - deserving or inciting pity, sorrowful, mournful

eyewinker - eyelash or eyelid + SDV: asking & imploring him out of his piteous one blinker winker

hemoptysis - expectoration of blood from some part of respiratory tract + haimoptysia (gr) - a state of blood-spitting + diadymenos (gr) - slipping through + haimoptysma diadyomenon (gr) - evading bloody sputum.

overflow - to fill (a vessel) so full that it runs over

tantalizer - a tormentor who offers something desirable but keeps it just out of reach + FDV: & asking imploring him out of his piteous eyes to fill up his glass tumbler for him.

FDV: Of course he disliked a good sensible row and once when he was called in as umpire in an octagonal argument among the low mean evilsmelling wretch washout agreed always rubbed shoulders with the last speaker & quite fully agreed [with all his heart] with every word as soon as uttered & absorbed while he nudged the one octagonist who was speaking at once turned his attention to the next octagonist who managed to speak nudging him & asking imploring him out of his piteous eyes to fill up his glass tumbler for him.

FDV: One night As recently as 20 years ago he was alternately kicked through the deserted village from 82 Dublin Square as far as the lefthand corner of Europe Europa Parade by two groups of argumentalists who finally went home disgustedly, thought they had better be going home disgustedly one & all, reconciled to a friendship, fast & furious, solely on account of his perfect lowness. It was [thus] hoped that people might, after giving him a roll in the dust, pity & forgive him but —

SDV: One holiday kailkannon night as recently as 20 years ago he was therefore kicked alternately through the deserted village from 82 Dublin square as far as the lefthand corner of Europa Parade by rival teams of argumentalists who finally as they had been detained out rather late thought they had better be going streaking for home disgustedly one and all, reconciled to a friendship, fast & furious, which only merely arose out of his perfect lowness.

halcyon days - fourteen days of calm weather, anciently believed to occur about the winter solstice when the halcyon was brooding + colcannon (Anglo-Irish) - potatoes mashed with butter and milk and chopped cabbage and chopped scallions, traditional Anglo-Irish dish for All Hallow's Eve.

attended - accompanied

downpour - a pouring down; esp. a heavy, continuous fall (of rain, etc.) + (notebook 1924): 'snows = years downpours = day'.

as recently as yesterday (notebook 1922-23)

snows = years downpours = day (Joyce's note) → Chateaubriand: Œuvres Choisies Illustrées I.35, Atala: 'il y aura sept fois dix neiges, et trois neiges de plus, que ma mère me mit au monde' (French 'it will be seven times ten snows, and three snows more, since my mother brought me into the world') (glossed in a footnote: 'Neige pour année, soixante-treize ans' (French 'Snow for year, seventy-three years')) + Otto Muck came to the conclusion that the final breaking up of Atlantis occurred on June 5, 8498 B.C.

soccer - the game of football as played under Association rules + soccered (i.e. kicked) + soggarth (Anglo-Irish) - priest.

unsuspectingly - without suspicions

Oliver Goldsmith: The Deserted Village [.31]

Dublin on the Liffey (notebook 1924)

VANHOMRIGH HOUSE - Bartholomew Vanhomrigh (father of Swift's Vanessa) lived in Celbridge when Swift visited his daughter Esther there. Earlier the Vanhomrighs lived in central Dublin, on the South bank of the Liffey in the vicinity of the present George's Quay. The Ballast Office Journal for 20 Feb 1707-08 records the opinion that the channel of the Liffey should be dredged and banked "from Mr. Mercer's (formerly Vanhomrigh's) house directly with Green Patch, a little without Ringsend point" (Haliday, 235). Finnegans Wake moves Vanhomrigh's house across the river to Mabbot's Mill. 

Ulysses.15.1287: 'ZOE. No, eightyone. Mrs. Cohen's' + Ulysses.17.2055: 'Mrs Bella Cohen, 82 Tyrone Street, lower'. 

bis (French) - Indicating a second unit at the same adress + Haliday: The Scandinavian Kingdom of Dublin 234n: 'River tried from Mr. Vanhomrigh's house to Ringsend point... Channel should run from Mr. Mercer's (formerly Vanhomrigh's) house directly with Green Patch... made good the bank as far as opposite Mabbot's mill... The bank at the west end of Cock (or Cockle) Lake called Salmon Pool bank, running southwards to the Brickfields is very high' (advice of an early 18th century committee on the forming of a new channel for the river Liffey).

MABBOT'S MILL - In the 17th and early 18th centuries it stood on North bank of Liffey, about the present Talbot Street. Built by Gilbert Mabbot, whose name survived in Mabbot Lane and Mabbot (now Corporation) Street, in the heart of the (erstwhile) brothel district.  

mall - a sheltered walk serving as a promenade; in some towns adopted as a proper name + FDV: from 82 Dublin Square as far as the lefthand corner of Europe Europa Parade

GREEN PATCH - A pool and anchorage in Dublin Bay just off Ringsend, before the South Wall was extended in the 18th cent. About 1710 it was decided that the South Wall should run "from Mr Mercer's (formerly Vanhomrigh's) house to Green Patch".

brickfield - a place where bricks are made + BRICKFIELDS - Area between Merrion and Sandymount, so-called in the 17th and 18th centuries; aka Lord Merrion's Brickfields. According to early records quoted by Haliday, "The bank at the west end of Cock (on Cockle) Lake called Salmon Pool bank, running southwards to the Brick Fields is very high." 

SALMON POOL - Channel of the Liffey between the Dodder River and Poolbeg; an anchorage before the South and North Walls were built into Dublin Bay. Haliday, 237n: "The bank at the west end of Cock Lake cabled Salmon Pool bank, running Southwards to the Brick Fields..."  

counter - a table or board on which money is counted and over which business is transacted; a long, narrow table or bench, on which goods are laid for examination by purchasers, or on which they are weighed or measured.

quicklime - a white crystalline oxide. On treatment with water it gives putty-like substance, and is used in finish coats of plastering; to treat with quicklime + James Joyce: The Shade of Parnell: 'The citizens of Castlecomer threw quicklime in his eyes' + FDV: by two groups of argumentalists

Egan O'Rahilly - 18th century Irish poet + Persse [.28] O'Reilly

detain - to keep from proceeding or going on, to delay

latish - somewhat late + SDV: who finally as they had been detained out rather late


streak - to rush swiftly + striking + SDV: thought they had better be going streaking for home disgustedly one and all,

AUBURN - Oliver Goldsmith's poem, "The Deserted Village" ("Sweet Auburn! loveliest village of the plain"), is about Auburn, an idealized village set in England but based on memories from the poet's Irish childhood.

rugger - Slang or colloquial alteration of Rugby (in the sense of 'Rugby football').


reconcile - to restore to friendship + Joyce's note: 'alighted disgustedly'.

cullion - testis; a mean or base fellow, rascal + curious

truffle - any one of several kinds of roundish, subterranean fungi, usually of a blackish color

noxious - injurious to physical or mental health

pervert - a person whose behavior deviates from what is acceptable especially in sexual behavior

contemptible - worthy only of being despised and rejected + Old Contemptibles - British Expeditionary Force, 1914.

delouse - to remove lice from; to free from something unpleasant

pleb - plebeian, one of the common people

Wicklow + SDV: Again there was a hope that people treating him with comparative contempt might, after first giving him a roll in the dust pity & forgive him but he was born low and sank lower till he sank out of sight.

alow - to lower, bring down, lessen

stank - p. of stink

Belial - the spirit of evil personified: used from early times as a name for the Devil or one of the fiends, and by Milton as the name of one of the fallen angels; Semitic god of the underworld, identified with Satan.

nichil - nothing + (Mick had beaten Nick 1:0) + (Saint Michael and Lucifer).

(Eve from Adam's rib) [003.04-.14]

blood and thunder - bloodshed and violence + (Adam and Eve after Fall from the Garden of Eden).

emp - abbr. of emperor, empress + Emperor from Corsica (Napoleon).

arth (Welsh) - bear + Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.

Angleterre (French) - England + Engel (ger) - angel + (Museyroom) [008.09]

Sachsen (ger) - 'Saxons' + (Mutt and Jute) [016.10]          

judder - to shake or vibrate rapidly and intensively + Jude (ger) - Jew + Jyder (Danish) - 'Jutlanders' + Jute on the mound [015.29]

sound (misunderstanding)

witchy - resembling or characteristic of a witch + Ast (Greek: Isis): throne & nbt or Hwt (Greek: Nephthys): Lady of the House + (Prankquean) [021.15] + mishe mishe (voice from afire).

warre - war

strike fire - to produce (fire, a spark) by percussion, esp. by the percussion of flint and steel + "heather on Howth often on fire" (Ulysses.13.1139).


arcobaleno (it) - rainbow (symbol of peace)

forespeak - to foretell, predict; to speak forth, to proclaim

peace upon earth (Noah and God) + "rory end to the regginbrow was to be seen ringsome on the aquaface".

cleftfooted - having a cloven foot + leftfooted - awkward, clumsy.

Himmel (ger) - heaven

Tumpel (ger) - pool, puddle + tumble (i.e. Lucifer falls).

blameful - guilty

bound - destined, certain + (Adam falls).

from the egg to the apples (Latin: 'ab ovo usque ad mala') - From first to last. The Romans began their “dinner” with eggs, and ended with fruits called “mala”; “Ab ovo” (Latin: 'from the beginning, the origin, the egg') is a reference to one of the twin eggs of Leda and Zeus disguised as a swan from which Helen was born. Had Leda not laid the egg, Helen would not have been born, so Paris could not have eloped with her, so there would have been no Trojan War etc.

poursuivre (fr) - to pursue, follow

"When a warrior has acquired patience he is on his way to will. He knows how to wait. His death sits with him on his mat, they are friends. His death advises him, in mysterious ways, how to choose, how to live strategically. And the warrior waits! I would say that the warrior learns without any hurry because he knows he is waiting for his will; and one day he succeeds in performing something ordinarily quite impossible to accomplish. He may not even notice his extraordinary deed. But as he keeps on performing impossible acts, or as impossible things keep on happening to him, he becomes aware that a sort of power is emerging. A power that conies out of his body as he progresses on the path of knowledge. At first it is like an itching on the belly, or a warm spot that cannot be soothed; then it becomes a pain, a great discomfort. Sometimes the pain and discomfort are so great that the warrior has convulsions for months, the more severe the convulsions the better for him. A fine power is always heralded by great pain. When the convulsions cease the warrior notices he has strange feelings about things. He notices that he can actually touch anything he wants with a feeling that comes out of his body from a spot right below or right above his navel. That feeling is the will, and when he is capable of grabbing with it, one can rightfully say that the warrior is a sorcerer, and that he has acquired will. (Carlos Castaneda: A Separate Reality)

Humpty Dumpty (nursery rhyme): 'Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall' + Where there's a will there's a way (proverb) + "The obvious technical and artistic mastery of Early Kingdom temples presupposes clear thinking of some sort. But what kind of 'logic' dictates a preference for working with difficult material? To comprehend the motives of the Egyptians, we must look away from logic...What could that reason be? The Egyptian artist was not free to choose his material or his subject. Thus, it would seem that
those in command deliberately chose difficult mediums in order to create difficulties for their artists. As I have mentioned, it is universal law, dictated by the necessities of number, that achievement takes place only in the face of commensurate opposition." (John Anthony West: Serpent In The Sky The High Wisdom Of Ancient Egypt)

still - a calm, stillness, a still pool (obs.); an aparatus for distillation, a distillery

millstream - a stream whose flow is utilized to run a mill

lap - to drink greedily up (like an animal)

bier - beer + "Rot a peck of pa's malt had Jhem or Shen brewed by arclight"

rill - a small stream; a brook, runnel, rivulet + rill's trill.

liff = live + laughs

His Majesty

daft - of unsound mind, crazy, insane, mad

laff = laugh

TORY ISLAND - Island, 7 miles off North coast of County Donegal; ancient haunt of pirates, esp. "Balor of the Baleful Eye," who had one eye whose glance could kill. The island was noted for its various clays, used for heat-resistant pottery.  

douze = douse - to plunge vigorously in water, to throw water over + douze (fr) - twelve + dozen (*O*).

dumm (ger) - dumb, stupid

railler (French) - jeer at; jest

hip - an exclamation used (usually repeated thrice) to introduce a united cheer


chirp - to talk in sprightly and lively tones, to give utterance to cheerful feelings

ballat = ballad

perce = perceive; pierce + perce-oreille (French) - earwig.

oreille - a pillow + Ballad of Persse O'Reilly [044.24]

fortunous - fortuitous, fortunate, successful + O fortuna casualis (l) - O accidental fate + O fortunata causalitas (l) - O lucky causality + O Fortunatus Casus (l) - O Fortunate Fall (continuation of hymn celebrating Adam's fall [O felix culpa] because it elicited the Incarnation).

lefty - left handed

take the cake - to carry off the honours, rank first; often used ironically + cherub - an angel of the second order whose gift is knowledge; usually portrayed as a winged child.

cloven hoof - ascribed in pagan mythology to the god Pan, and thence in Christian mythology to the Devil, and often used allusively as the indication of Satan, Satanic agency, or temptation.

darky = darkie - negro + FDV: He never could be got dragged to play rational national flesh & blood games such as hat in the ring, Shiela Harnett & the her cow, here's the fat to grease the priest's boots & it's now notoriously known that how when on that surprisingly bloody Sunday when the grand germogall fight battle all star bout was gaily raging between those fighting men extraordinary & Irish eyes [of blue] were smiling he fled for his bare life corked himself up in his inkbottle much badly the worse for drink and hid under a bedtick with his face enveloped in an overcoat semiparalysed by [all] the shemozzle where under the sacred shield of coward with his face & trousers changing changed colour every time a rifle spoke gat croaked.

tug - to move by pulling hard, to drag + SDV: No force could tug him out Darkie never done tug that fellow out to play flesh & blood children of nature's rational games like pickanninny hat in the ring, Sheila Harnett & her cow, put the wind up the other fellow, Healy Baba & the 40 Thieves, here's the fat to grease the priest's boots, and it is now notoriously known how on that surprisingly bloody Unity Sunday when the grand germogall all star bout was gaily the rage between our fighting men extraordinary & eyes of Irish blue were smiling up their sleeves rank funk getting the better of him, the scut fled for his bare life, without striking having struck one blow, & corked himself up tight in his inkbottle house badly the worse for drink & when he hid under a bedtick with his face enveloped in an a dead warrior's overcoat moaning feebly that his punishment was more than a nigger man could bear, and hemiparalysed by all the shemozzle, his face cheeks & trousers changing colour every time a gat croaked. How is that for low, ladies and gentlemen laymen? Why, whole continents rang with his lowness!

coon - rakun; negro; a rustic, eccentric or undignified person

excretory - rel. to excretion (the action of casting out of the body that which has been separated by any of the organs; esp. evacuation of the bowels)

misoxene - a hater of strangers

gassy - characterized by 'gas' or empty talk + Ghazi Power - Irish journalist [521.22]

flash and blood - to be human, have human feelings or weaknesses

nescimus (l) - we do not know + nemo (l) - nobody + nescimus neminem (l) - we do not know nobody (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

piccaninny - Offensive term for a Black child

honey (Slang) - semen + rubber (Slang) - condom.

rubbers - In various games of skill or chance, a set of (usually) three games, the last of which is played to decide between the parties when each has gained one + children's game: hornies and robbers (i.e. cops and robbers).

element - the surroundings in which one feels at home, ordinary range of activity

*K* and *S*

tomtom = tamtam + Thonar or Thon - god worshipped in England and on the Continent, maybe a form of Thor because his name is that of the Teutonic word for "thunder" + 'Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin'.

thonder = thunder + "tauftauf thuartpeatrick".

put the wind up (a person) - to frighten someone

peeler - policeman; stripteaser; a plunderer, robber, thief

throw one's hat into the ring - to take up a challenge + Joyce's note 'hat in the ring'

prison - to put in prison

withers - In a horse, the highest part of the back, lying between the shoulder-blades + Joyce's note: 'piss up your legs & play with with the steam' Douglas: London Street Games 20: (quoting an argument between two children) 'Piss up yer leg, an play wiv the steam'. 

mikel = mickle - a large sum or amount + Michael.

nickel - a one cent piece partly made of nickel

slot - the opening in a slot-machine for the reception of a coin. Also (slang), a slot-machine.

sheila - a young woman, girl + Joyce's note: 'Sheila Harnett' Irish Times 6 Jan 1923, 5/6: 'County Kerry. Death Sentence. Several People Arrested': 'Peter O'Connell... who was tried... on a charge of taking part in an attack on National troops... was convicted and sentenced to death... Sheila Harnett... and... as well as... and... have been brought to Tralee from Kenmare, and lodged in the county jail'.

adam (Hebrew) - man + el (Hebrew) - god + AL (Chaldean) - Lit. "The"; a term for God, Great, Almighty. It is the technical title of Liber AL vel Legis (The Book of the Law) which was delivered to Crowley by Aiwaz in 1904.

ell - a measure of length varying in different countries. The English ell = 45 in; "L" + Douglas: London Street Games 89: (from the book's index) 'Adam and Ell, 55' 55: (listing girls' rope chants) 'Mademoiselle went to the Well (which is interesting because they have forgotten what 'mademoiselle' means and now call it Adam and Ell)'.

humble bee = bumble bee + Humpty Dumpty + Douglas: London Street Games 94: (from the book's index) 'Humble-bumble, 80'.

moggy - house cat, cow, calf + Douglas: London Street Games 96: (from the book's index) 'Moggies on the wall, 16' 16n: 'Moggies are cats' + By the Magazine Wall, zinzin, zinzin (motif) + Well, how are you Maggy? (motif).

Douglas: London Street Games 101: (from the book's index) 'Two's and three's, 25, 71'.

Douglas: London Street Games 89: (from the book's index) 'American jump, 26'.

Douglas: London Street Games 92: (from the book's index) 'Fox come out of your den, 6'.

Douglas: London Street Games 90: (from the book's index) 'Broken bottle, 21'

Punch - the name of the principal character, a grotesque hump-backed figure, in the puppet-show called Punch and Judy + Douglas: London Street Games 102: (from the book's index) 'Writing letter to Punch, 15' + Punch (periodical).

tiptop - top, summit, the highest class of society; excellent + Douglas: London Street Games 101: (from the book's index) 'Tip-top is a sweets store, 56' + tip, signal word for Kate; zin, signal word for Maurice.

crump - humpback; thump, blow; bomb

Douglas: London Street Games 98: (from the book's index) 'Postman's knock, 77'

Val Vousden: song: 'Are We Fairly Represented?'

Douglas: London Street Games 100: (from the book's index) 'Solomon silent reading, 16'

Douglas: London Street Games 89: (from the book's index) 'Apple-tree, peartree, etc., 47' 47: 'Appletree, peartree, plumtree pie, How many children before I die?'.

Douglas: London Street Games 94: (from the book's index) 'I know a washerwoman, etc., 32' 32: 'I know a washerwoman, she knows me, She invited me to tea, Guess what we had for supper -- Stinking fish and bread and butter'.

Douglas: London Street Games 94: (from the book's index) 'Hospitals, 56'

Douglas: London Street Games 89: (from the book's index) 'As I was walking, etc., 28' 28: 'As I was walking through the City Half past eight o'clock at night, There I met a Spanish lady Washing out her clothes at night'.

Drumcolliher - "Hazelwood Ridge": Town, Co Limerick, South of Newcastle West. Percy French's song "Drumcolliher" praises Drumcolliher as a town which everyone should visit: "There's only one house in Drumcolliher / For hardware, bacon, and ten." 

Douglas: London Street Games 89: (from the book's index) 'Battle of Waterloo, 79'

Douglas: London Street Games 91: (from the book's index) 'Colours, 26' 26: 'some of the best girls' games are with skipping ropes. They have... Colours'.

Douglas: London Street Games 92: (from the book's index) 'Eggs in the bush, 68'

haberdasher - a dealer in small articles appertaining to dress, as thread, tape, ribbons, etc.; Formerly also a drink-seller + Douglas: London Street Games 93: (from the book's index) 'Haberdasher isher, etc., 55' 55: 'Haberdasher Isher Asher Om Pom Tosh'.

Douglas: London Street Games 100: (from the book's index) 'Telling your dream, 81'

Douglas: London Street Games 102: (from the book's index) 'What's the time, 79'

Douglas: London Street Games 96: (from the book's index) 'Nap, 6'

duck - avoid, evade, to plunge under water

mammy = mamma + Douglas: London Street Games 91: (from the book's index) 'Ducking mummy, 72, 88'.

Douglas: London Street Games 95: (from the book's index) 'Last man standing, 79'

Ali Baba - the name of the principal character in Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves, from the Arabian Nights + baboon - as a term of abuse; cf. ape + Punch (July 2, 1887) calls the Parliamentary Parnellites "The Forty Thieves"; with Tim Healy; Teague is a common name for an Irishman, like Paddy

forky - divided in two or more branches

fickle - inconstant, uncertain, unreliable

futile - useless, ineffectual, vain + ficke eyes and fusiliers

handmaid - a personal maid or female servant + Barnaby Finegan (song): 'I married but once in my life, / But I'll never commit such a sin again' + (masturbated).

zip - to move or act with speed, to close or open with zipper + Old Zip Coon (song).

in the straw - in childbed, lying in (childbearing); (of corn) not yet threshed + Turkey in the Straw (song).

lusty - pleasing, pleasant (obs.) + song: 'Here we go gathering nuts in May, / On a cold and frosty morning... / This is the way we wash our hands'.

Millikin, Richard (1767-1815) - author of 'The Groves of Blarney' + Finnegan's Wake, chorus: 'Lots of fun at Finnegan's Wake'.

tooth-brush moustache - a bristly moustache (humorous)

Ulysses.7.403: 'It was Pat Farrell shoved me, sir'

graze - to scrape gently + grease - to smear or anoint with grease + Joyce's note: 'O lay by the fat for to grease the priest's boots' Irish Independent 8 Jan 1924, 6/5: 'The Shoe-Black Artists': 'city people only used polish. In the country boots were greased, and goose grease being the most fashionable and highly thought of was used by the clergy. An old ballad begins: "Oh! lay by the fat to grease the priest's boots"' + The Priest in His Boots (song).

Rembrandt - Dutch painter + Enniscorthy (song): 'and the steam was like a rainbow round McCarthy'.

notoriously - to a notorious degree

bludgeon - a short stout stick or club; to hit with a bludgeon, beat + (notebook 1922-23): 'surprisingly nice day' + FDV: it's now notoriously known that how when on that surprisingly bloody Sunday

Trinity Sunday - the Sunday next after Whit-Sunday (a festival in honour of the Trinity) + Joyce's note: 'bloody Sunday' → Bloody Sunday: 21/11/1920, when Black and Tans murdered civilians at Croke Park [.24]

Grand-Guignol - Paris theatre noted for scenes of horror + The Letter: "grand funeral".

gall (Irish) - foreigner + FDV: when the grand germogall fight battle all star bout was gaily raging between those fighting men extraordinary

all star - composed of stars or of outstanding players or performers

bout - a contest or match esp. of boxing or wrestling; attack + Joyce's note: 'star bout'.


Finnegan's Wake 4 (song): 'Shillelagh law was all the rage' [originally, Poole: Tim Finigan's Wake: 'Shillalah-law was all the rage,']

Wellingtons + Tom + Tommy (Colloquial) - a private in the British army + (Joyce's note): 'fighting man extraordinary'

thick - a thick-headed or stupid person + Dick + paddywhack (Slang) - Irishman + "petty lipoleum".

aisy (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - easy + La Marseillaise (song).

speak or look daggers - to speak or look fiercely, savagely or angrily + When Irish Eyes Are Smiling (song) + FDV: & Irish eyes [of blue] were smiling + SDV: & eyes of Irish blue were smiling up their sleeves

rot, weiss und blau (ger) - red, white and blue (French tricolour)

noir, blanc et rouge (French) - black, white and red (pre-1918 German tricolour)

green, white and gold (Irish tricolour)

Black and Tans - popular name for an armed force specially recruited to combat the Sinn-Feiners in 1921, so named from the mixture (black and khaki) of constabulary and military uniforms worn by them. 

categorically - absolutely, positively, unconditionally

imperative - expressive of command, authoritatively or absolutely directive + Kant defined an imperative as any proposition that declares a certain action (or inaction) to be necessary. A hypothetical imperative compels action in a given circumstance: if I wish to quench my thirst, I must drink something. A categorical imperative, on the other hand, denotes an absolute, unconditional requirement that asserts its authority in all circumstances, both required and justified as an end in itself. It is best known in its first formulation: "Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law."

maxim - a rule or principle of conduct

rank - unreasonably high in amount, ecessive

funk - cowering fear, a state of panic or shrinking terror

get the better of - to win a victory over

scut - a contemptible fellow

fit - the manner in which clothing fits a wearer

pyjamas - loose drawers or trousers, usually of silk or cotton, tied round the waist, worn by both sexes in Turkey, Iran, India, etc., and adopted by Europeans in those countries, especially for night wear.

leveret - a young hare, strictly one in its first year

for dear life - so as to save, or, as if to save, one's life + Joyce's note: 'fly for his life'

talvi (Finnish) - winter

a hon (Hungarian) = a haza (Hungarian) - the fatherland + ahany haz annyi szokas (Hungarian proverb) - as many countries as many customs + honn (Hungarian) - at home + haza (Hungarian) - homeward + ochone! (Anglo-Irish) = ochón! (Irish) - alas!

without striking a blow - without a struggle

pistol + pig (Slang) - sixpence + Meillet & Cohen: Les Langues du Monde 142: 'Example (in Afar): ala yo-k bata wah ani-k ramili yo utuq: camel me to was lost I miss I am because sand me throw. "Throw me some sand, since I cannot find the camel that I have lost"' (sand throwing is a form of divination for finding lost items).

lag - to linger, loiter, steal; to serve as convict, to deport as convict (Slang) + to leg it - to use the legs, to walk fast or run.

dust (Slang) - money

shook (Slang) - stole, robbed.

Koskenkorva - a Finnish vodka + Meillet & Cohen: Les Langues du Monde 141: 'Couchitique' (French 'Cushitic'; Afar is an Eastern Cushitic language of North-East Africa) + FDV: corked himself up in his inkbottle much badly the worse for drink

go from bad to worse - to become worse + (notebook 1922-23): 'the worse for drink' Leader 11 Nov 1922, 319/1: 'Current Topics (on 'the drink evil')': 'poor fellows... make their way home as best they can in the small hours of the morning much the worse of drink... the constable arrived back at the barrack the worse of drink!'

boose - alcoholic drink, chiefly beer; U.S. esp. spirits

afar - far, far away, at or to a distance

box - to fight with fists; now mostly of purely athletic practice with boxing-gloves

fortepiano - loud than immediately soft (direction in music); An early name of the pianoforte (a musical instrument producing tones by means of hammers, operated by levers from a keyboard, which strike metal strings, the vibrations being stopped by dampers).

bump - to strike heavily or firmly

bedtick - a large flat quadrangular bag or case, into which feathers, hair, straw, chaff, or other substances are put to form a bed

SWITZER'S - Long-established deptartment store on Grafton Street [Joyce's note: 'Switzers'] + Switzerland (neutral in World War I) + SDV: hid under a bedtick with his face enveloped in an a dead warrior's overcoat

almanac - an annual publication containing tabular information in a particular field or fields arranged according to the calendar of a given year + Telemachus - Odysseus's son + Thelema - a religious philosophy that was developed by the early 20th century British writer and ceremonial magician Aleister Crowley based upon a religious experience that he had in Egypt in 1904. By his account, a possibly non-corporeal being that called itself Aiwass contacted him and dictated a text known as The Book of the Law or Liber AL vel Legis, which outlined the principles of Thelema. Franciscan monk François Rabelais in the 16th century used Thélème, the French form of the word, as the name of a fictional Abbey in his novels, Gargantua and Pantagruel. The only rule of this Abbey was "fay çe que vouldras" ("Fais ce que tu veux," or, "Do what thou wilt").


sunbonnet - a light bonnet with a projection in front and a cape behind to protect the head and neck from the sun + somnus (l) - sleep.

whot = hot


stoke - supply with a fuel or something resembling fuel + store + "A warrior cannot be helpless," he said. "or bewildered or frightened; not under any circumstances. For a warrior there is time only for his impeccability; everything else drains his power. Impeccability replenishes it." (Carlos Castaneda: The Tales of Power)

Marian - pertaining to the Virgin Mary, or characterized by special devotion to her + The Awful Disclosures of Maria Monk (Ulysses.10.585) + Mon Khmer language [178.15-.16]

monothematic - having a single dominative theme + monothema (gr) - sole treasure, horoscope; solitary tomb + monotone.

tarn - (ger) - camouflage, mask + Yankee Doodle (song): 'I see another snarl of men / A digging graves they told me, / So 'tarnal long, so 'tarnal deep, / They 'tended they should hold me... / ...And every time they shoot it off, / It takes a horn of powder, / and makes a noise like father's gun, / Only a nation louder.'

ampullar - resembling or rel. to an ampulla (a small nearly globular flask or bottle, with two handles) + ampulla (l) - flask.

padre - 'father': a title applied in Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Spanish America, to the regular clergy + Padraig (padrig) (gael) - Patrick + Patrick's Purgatory - a cave on an island in Lough Derg, which Christ revealed to St Patrick, saying that whoever spent a day and a night there would witness hell's torments, heaven's bliss. It was a favorite resort of pilgrims, but was closed by the pope's order on St Patrick's Day, 1497. Also, according to legend it was the last stronghold of the devil in Ireland until St Patrick drove the devil out by 40 days of fasting and prayer).

bloke - man, chap, fellow + Genesis 4:13: 'And Cain said unto the Lord, My punishment is greater than I can bear' + knickerbocker + SDV: moaning feebly that his punishment was more than a nigger man could bear,

tong - a deep sound given out by a large bell; a secret society esp. among chinese formerly notorious for gang warfare and associated with racketeering, gambling and drugs; attrib., esp. in tong war.

shemozzle - a confused situation or affair, mess, quarrel, row [Joyce's note: 'shemozzle']

Hail Mary + Daily Mail (newspaper).

joss (Pidgin) - God + Litany of Blessed Virgin Mary: 'Hail Mary, full of grace. Holy Mary, mother of God'.

his trousers changed colour (notebook 1923) + (shitting himself in fright) + "The mystery or the secret of the sorcerers' explanation is that it deals with unfolding the wings of perception." He put his hand over my writing pad and said that I should go to the bushes and take care of my bodily functions, and after that I should take off my clothes and leave them in a bundle right where we were. (Carlos Castaneda: The Tales of Power)

gat - a revolver or other gun (gangsters' slang, 1920s) + FDV: his face & trousers changing changed colour every time a rifle spoke gat croaked.

croak - to utter a deep, hoarse, dismal cry, as a frog or a raven + (notebook 1924): 'croak with a gat (shoot)' + SDV: hemiparalysed by all the shemozzle, his face cheeks & trousers changing colour every time a gat croaked.

"At one moment I had an inconceivable sensation. I was fully and soberly aware that I was standing on the edge of the rock with don Juan and don Genaro whispering in my ears, and then in the next instant I was looking at the bottom of the ravine." (Carlos Castaneda: The Tales of Power)

laity - the body of the people not in orders as opposed to the clergy; unprofessional people, as opposed to those who follow some learned profession, to artists, etc. + SDV: How is that for low, ladies and gentlemen laymen?

Christian + ...who allegedly had heard him blaspheme Muhammad, whereupon the Turk is reported to have said: "That dog of a Christian shall die by my hand." + Crossguns Bridge, Dublin.

continents rang (Joyce's note)

Karakorum - ancient capital of Mongolia, established by Genghis Khan + Cairo + Koran - the sacred book of the Muslims, consisting of revelations orally delivered at intervals by Muhammad, and collected in writing after his death + koira (Finnish) - dog.

Sheol - the underworld; the abode of the dead or departed spirits, conceived by the Hebrews as a subterranean region clothed in thick darkness, return from which is impossible + shoal - a large number of persons thronging together, a troop, crowd.

houri - a nymph of the Muslim Paradise. Hence applied allusively to a voluptuously beautiful woman.

chemise - the under-garment, usually of linen, worn by females + Joyce's note: 'chem(ise)' Freeman's Journal 23 Jun 1924, 1/6: 'CLERYS SOME WONDERFUL BARGAINS FOR THIS SUMMER': (of chemises) 'Useful Chem. In good quality Longcloth, daintly trimmed Swiss work with V or square shaped neck. Bargain Price 1/11'.

divan - Oriental couch

stella (l) - star + stella (it) - star + Swift's Stella and Vanessa.

vespertine - rel. to evening, blossoming in the evening + revolsae stellae vespertinae (l) - violated stars of the evening.

scaly - having the body covered or partially covered with thin horny plates, as some fish and reptiles + "You must fix your gaze on the nagual" he said. "All thoughts and words must be washed away." He repeated it five or six times. His voice was strange, unknown to me. It gave me the actual feeling of the scales on the skin of a lizard. That simile was a feeling not a conscious thought. Each of his words peeled, like scales. There was such an eerie rhythm to them. They were muffled; dry; like soft coughing; a rhythmical murmur made into a command. (Carlos Castaneda: The Tales of Power)

ribald - rogue, rascal + ryba (Russian, Polish) = riba (Serbian) - fish.

police + poisse (French Slang) - bad luck + poisson (French) - fish.

SDV: But would anyone believe it out short of a madhouse believe it? Nero or Nabuchadonosor himself never nursed such a spoiled opinion of his monster marvellosity as did this mental defective who bragged was known to brag on one occasion to an interlocutor he used to pal around with in a gipsy's bar that he was aware of no other person either exactly unlike or precisely the same as what he fancied or guessed he was himself he himself was.

New York Times Book Review 28 May 1922, 6: 'James Joyce's Amazing Chronicle' (review of Ulysses by Joseph Collins): (of Joyce) 'He is the only individual that the writer has encountered outside of a madhouse who has let flow from his pen random and purposeful thoughts just as they are produced'.

cherubim - one of the second order of angels of the Dionysian hierarchy, reputed to excel specially in knowledge (as the seraphim in love); In modern art, a cherub is usually represented as a beautiful winged child; Applied to persons: a beautiful and innocent child + Joyce's note: 'clean little cherubs' Sporting Times 1 Apr 1922, 4: 'The Scandal of Ulysses' (review of Ulysses by Aramis): 'Joyce is more than a bit like that himself. Lenehan and Boylan are clean little cherubs compared with him'. 

Nero - the fifth Roman emperor (AD 54-68). He became infamous for his personal debaucheries and extravagances and, on doubtful evidence, for his burning of Rome and persecutions of Christians.

Nebuchadrezzar II - the second and greatest king of the Chaldean dynasty of Babylonia (reigned c. 605 - 561 BC). He was known for his military might, the splendour of his capital, Babylon, and his important part in Jewish history + no book is honester + (notebook 1924): 'Nobookishonester (Nabucco)' Nebuchadnezzar II was subject of Verdi's Nabucco.

nurse - to hold in one’s heart or mind, keep in memory or consideration

New York Times Book Review 28 May 1922, 6: 'James Joyce's Amazing Chronicle' (review of Ulysses by Joseph Collins): (of Bloom's thoughts) 'the product of the unconscious mind of a moral monster'.

defective - a person who is subnormal physically or mentally + detective + (notebook 1923): 'mental defective'

Vanessa + quintessence + Nephthys is the Greek form of an epithet (transliterated as Nebet-het, and Nebt-het, from Egyptian hieroglyphs). The origin of the goddess Nephthys is unclear but the literal translation of her name is usually given as "Lady of the House," which has caused some to mistakenly identify her with the notion of a "housewife," or as the primary lady who ruled a domestic household. This is a pervasive error repeated in many commentaries concerning this deity. Her name means quite specifically, "Lady of the [Temple] Enclosure" which associates her with the role of priestess. She is the sister of Isis and companion of the war-like deity, Set. As the primary "nursing mother" of the incarnate Pharaonic-god, Horus, Nephthys also was considered to be the nurse of the reigning Pharaoh himself.

lowness + love-nest.

grogner (fr) - to grunt, grumble + FDV: Nabuchadonosor himself had not such a high & mighty opinion of himself as had this mental defective who bragged on one occasion to an interlocutor in a bar that he was aware of no other person either exactly unlike or precisely the same as what I know or imagine I am myself.

grognard (French) - a grouser, a grumbler

interlocutor - one who takes part in a dialogue, conversation, or discussion

a latere (l) - from the side, aside; in intimate association with + (notebook 1924): 'a latere †i' a latere Christi (l): from the side of Christ (a term applied to a type of highly-ranked papal legate; usually just 'a latere').

pal - keep company, to become pals + to fool around - to 'hang about' aimlessly.

kavehaz (Hungarian) - cafe, coffee-house + SDV: to an interlocutor he used to pal around with in a gipsy's bar

davy - affidavit

Castor and Polux - twin sons of Leda and Jove, hatched out of one egg (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

hambone - a performer doing an imitation of negro dialect; negro in American comic strip + hambone (Slang) - amateur. 

pseudo - false, counterfeit, pretended, spurious

agnomen - additional name subsequently acquired + give a dog a bad name and hang him (phrase).

BEDDGELERT - "Gelert's Grave"; village in North Wales, named after the legend of the hound Gelert, who was left by his master King Llewelyn to guard his infant son. Returning to find Gelent covered with blood, his master slew him before he discovered the body of the wolf Gelert had killed in protecting the baby. "Beth-Gelert" is a doggerel poem on the subject by William Robert Spencer (1769-1834) + {with that private secretary, Davy Brown-Nowlan [Bruno of Nola], his twin with the pseudonym Bethgelert [a dog's grave]}

archway - an arched or vaulted passage, the arched entrance to a castle, etc. + porch - an exterior structure forming a covered approach to the entrance of a building.

Gipsy Bar, Paris, frequented by Joyce

blaspheme - to utter profane or impious words, talk profanely

Holy Writ - holy writings collectively; spec. the Bible or Holy Scriptures

billy - fellow, companion; brother + Joyce's note: 'Bully!' The Four Million, 'After Twenty Years' 214: "[...] How has the West treated you, old man?" "Bully; it has given me everything I asked it for. You've changed lots, Jimmy.[...]" (MS 47474-27v, LPS: every lust of the mouth ^+lass of nexmouth bully, ^+Bully,+^+^ | JJA 47:408 | 1924-5 | ).

manjack - individual man, single one, man

congregant - one that congregates with others, a member of a congregation + (notebook 1924): '1 congregant'.

sou (French) - a five centimes coin

last next month + nex (l) - murder + MS 47474-27v, LPS: every lust of the mouth

bolly - a bogy, hobgoblin

as sure as there's a tail on a cat (phrase)

a taste - a little + taste - a trying, testing; a trial, test, examination.

story + storico (it) - historic + starik (Russian) - old man + Stoics' fortitude.


ony - any + only

minny - minnow (a sort of fish) + minutes

moe - more

bully - good friend, fine fellow, brother, companion, 'mate'

Jean Baptiste Poquelin Molière: Le Malade Imaginaire

dub - to invest with a dignity or title

water clock - an instrument designed to measure time by the fall or flow of water + waterclosets + In 1917, Joyce was approached by a man called Jules Martin to rewrite a screenplay entitled 'Wine, Women, and Song' (obviously so named after J.H. Voss: 'wine, women and song').

guy = Guy Fawkes - an effigy habited in grotesquely ragged and ill-assorted garments and traditionally burnt on the evening of November the Fifth, usu. with a display of fireworks.

fink - squeal, inform + thinks and talks + fucks.

batty - the buttocks or anus; mad, crazy, silly; resembling a bat + Woon, Basil - asked Joyce to write on "What you feel and do when you are going blind?" (Letters, I, 237).

maistre = master

plume (fr) - feather, pen + Thackeray: Diary of C. Jeames de la Pluche, Esq. (contains letters with many comical misspellings).


Shakespeare + “Ah, there’s only one man he’s got to get the better of now, and that’s that Shakespeare!” (Nora Joyce).

exactly + (notebook 1924): 'exactly unlike or precisely the same as what I know or imagine myself to be' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 139 (sec. 135): (quoting Charles Dickens) 'they are exactly unlike. They are utterly dissimilar in all respects'.

polar - directly opposite in character, action or tendency

antithesis - an opposition or contrast of ideas; the direct opposite, the contrast

same + Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 136 (sec. 133): 'More than in anything else the richness of the English language manifests itself in its great number of synonyms, whether we take this word in its strict sense of words of exactly the same meaning or in the looser sense of words with nearly the same meaning... Sometimes the Latin word is used in a more limited, special or precise sense than the English, as is seen by a comparison of identical and same'.

woops - exp. of mild apology, surprise or dismay + (hiccup).

(fancies himself a Shakespeare) + SDV: that he was aware of no other person either exactly unlike or precisely the same as what he fancied or guessed he was himself he himself was.

greet = great

scoot - a drunken spree, a bout of drunkenness + Tom + Scott, Sin Walter (1771-1832) - Scottish poet, novelist + Scott, Dickens and Thackeray.

ducking - prompt bowing or bending of the head or body + Dick

thuggery - the system of robbery and murder practised by the Thugs + Harry

foxed - cheated + fixed

face to face

bunny - a pet name for a rabbit + bunny (Slang) - vulva.

Roger - Used as a generic or special name for persons + rod (Slang) - penis + to roger (Slang) - to fuck + Charles Dickens: Barnaby Rudge.

teashop - tearoom, lunchroom, cafe + bishop.

lioness (Slang) - prostitute + Wyndham Lewis: The Lion and the Fox (1927, about Shakespeare).

humdrum - dullness, monotony + Lom-drom (Loumdrum) (gael) - Bare-ridge + drum (Slang) - brothel + Dundrum - district of Dublin + London + {with all the teashop lions of London up against him}

Ivanhoe - novel by Sir Walter Scott

up against - against + gaga - crazy.

lapsus linguæ - a slip of the tongue + linquo (l) - I leave + lapsi (Finnish) - child.

rovidebb (Hungarian) - shorter

short temper + -empa (Finnish) - (comparative; e.g. Finnish vanhempa: older).

Meillet & Cohen: Les Langues du Monde 328: (of East Caucasian languages, such as Chechen) 'all the nouns are divided among several "classes" or grammatical genders, of which the number sometimes reaches up to six... Each gender is characterised by a consonant'.

Algernon Charles Swinburne: A Ballad of Francis Villon: 'Villon our sad bad glad mad brother's name'

nad (Serbian) - above (shorter of iznad)

Vanity Fair - a place or scene where all is frivolity and empty show; the world or a section of it as a scene of idle amusement and unsubstantial display + vanha (Finnish) - old + vanhat (Finnish) - the old ones + "bear" - Ursa Major [Maurice Behan] + Vanity Fair - novel by William Makepeace Thackeray (1848).

casuality - chance; the state of being 'casual'; a chance or casual occurrence, contingency; esp. an unfortunate occurrence, accident, casualty

pester - to annoy, trouble, plague; to entangle, embarrass, obstruct the movements of (obs.)

crossword - a puzzle in which a pattern of chequered squares has to be filled in from numbered clues with words which are written usu. horizontally and vertically

post postition - placing (as a particle) after a gram. related word (as ward in cityward) + Meillet & Cohen: Les Langues du Monde 164: (of Finnish) 'most postpositions are formed with the genitive'.

scruff - the nape of the neck; to seize (a person) by the nape of the neck; Applied to what is worthless or contemptible; refuse, litter; spec. base money + Meillet & Cohen: Les Langues du Monde 167: (of Finnish) 'this comparative can also be applied to a noun: Finnish ranta "shore, bank", rannempana "closer to the shore"'.

ream - a large quantity of written matter; a quantity of paper (480 or 500 sheets) + without rhyme or reason (phrase).

it stands to reason (that) - it is quite clear (that), it is reasonable, it is natural or evident (that)

lanka (Finnish) - thread + life line (palmistry).

wipe - to put all to death, destroy completely, exterminate + wipe arse [.07]

Halley's Comet - the best-known of the short-period comets, visible from Earth every 75 to 76 years

spook - to inhabit or visit as a spook, scare, frighten + Ally Sloper - grotesque, disreputable figure in a late-19th-century comic paper + 'spooky speaker'.  

metaphorically - in a metaphorical sense; by the use of metaphor + multi-phonetically + phone (gr) - sound, voice + pohjoinen (Finnish) - the north.

face of the earth - surface of the earth + Erse - Irish + Asar, Ausar, Wsir, Wesir - Original (Kemetic) name of Osiris.

FDV: After bloody Sunday, though every door in muchtried Lucalizod was smeared with generous gore and the every cobbleway slippery with the blood of heroes, the low waster never had the pluck to venture out while everyone else [of the city throng,] slashers and sliced alike, waded about on their usual avocations for the only once he took a peep through his keyhole to find out whether conciliation was forging ahead or falling back and why he found himself looking into the barrel of an irregular revolver at point blank range at point blank range of an irregular revolver [of the bulldog pattern] of some unknown quarreler [who supposedly had been told off to shade Shem should he come stir out [awhile] to be creased]

SDV: After the thorough fright he got that bloody Sunday, though every doorpost in muchtried Lucalizod was smeared with generous gore & every cobbleway free for all slippery with the blood of heroes, the low waster never had the common baa lamb's pluck to stir out & about while everyone else of the city throng, slashers & sliced alike, waded around on their daily bonafide avocations or some others stonestepped stonestepping across the human bridge on their usual quest for after higher things, across the human bridge set up over the slop by Messrs the charitable government, for the only once he took a tompeep through a 3 draw telescope through his westernmost keyhole with an eachway hope in his [shivering] soul to find out whether conciliation was forging ahead or falling back & why he found himself at point blank range blinking into the barrel of an irregular revolver of the true bulldog pattern handled by and unknown quarreler who supposedly had been told off to shade & shoot shy Shem should the shit show his shiny nose out awhile to look facts in the face before he got hosed & creased by 1 or 2 of the playboys.

thorough - applied to or affecting every part or detail, complete + (notebook 1923): 'thoroughly afraid'.

Saint Swithin's Day - 15 July + Whitsunday - the seventh Sunday after Easter, observed as a festival of the Christian Church in commemoration of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost + Sunday.

doorpost - the post on each side of a door-way, on one of which the door is hung + Exodus 12:7: 'and they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses' (Passover).

tried - proved or tested by experience or examination

erst (ger) - first + eerstgeboren (Dutch) - firstborn (Passover).

gore - blood in the thickened state that follows effusion. In poetical language often: Blood shed in carnage (blood and gore, bloody gore)

free for all - unrestricted as to entries, participants or users

cobble - a water-worn rounded stone, esp. of the size suitable for paving + Joyce's note: 'stepping stones slippery with blood of heroes'.

welkin - sky, the heavens + to the welkin - 'to the skies' + (notebook 1924): 'blood calls for blood cry to heaven' Lamy: Commentarium in Librum Geneseos I.253: 'The voice of thy brother's blood crieth, a personification to indicate the atrocity of the crime. Crieth unto me, desiring heavenly vindication' (Genesis 4:10)).

cul vert (fr) - green arse + culvert - a canal or drain of masonry conveying water beneath a road or embankment + (notebook 1924): 'noah = culvert'.

agush - in a gushing state, gushing

waster - one who lives in idleness and extravagance; one who wastefully dissipates or consumes his resources, an extravagant spender, a squanderer, spendthrift

baalamb - Nursery equivalent of 'lamb' + Baal - Semitic fertility god.

pluck - the heart as the seat of courage; courage, boldness, spirit

stir - to pass from rest to motion, to begin to move, to move or walk about + stirabout - a kind of porridge + FDV: the low waster never had the pluck to venture out

compound - a union, combination, or mixture of elements; an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient) + Giza pyramid complex.

throng - a crowded mass of persons actually (or in idea) assembled together, a crowd.

slasher - a hero whose main power is some form of hand-to-hand cutting weapon

sliced - cut into slices

massa - master (southern negro speech) + en masse (fr) - as one body, overwhelmingly + massa (it) - crowd, mob.

waden (Dutch) - to wade (stem 'waad') + Wadjet - one of the oldest Egyptian goddesses. Her worship was already established by the Predynastic Period + FDV: while everyone else [of the city throng,] slashers and sliced alike, waded about on their usual avocations

baad (Danish) - boat + baden (Dutch) - to bathe (stem 'baad') + Bat - an ancient cow goddess of Upper Egypt.

yam (Hebrew) - sea + yam (Mon Khmer) - to die + p-yam (Mon Khmer) - to kill.

pan-p-yam (Mon Khmer) - killing, execution

Gillooly (notebook 1924) Kinane: St. Patrick 10: (quoting a letter of approbation from the Bishop of Elphin) 'Very sincerely yours... L. GILLOOLY, Bishop of Elphin'.

patriotic poetry + Paul/Peter.

pia et pura bella (l) - pious and pure wars (Vico) + O pura e pia bella (it) - O pure and pious fair one.

junk - a name for the common type of native sailing vessel in the Chinese seas + nunc et semper (l) - 'now, and always'.

sampan - a Chinese word meaning 'boat', applied by Europeans in the China seas to any small boat of Chinese pattern

sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper; et in saecula saeculorum (l) - As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be; world without end.

march head up (notebook 1924) 

bona fide - acting in good faith

avocation - an auxiliary activity; pl. Pursuits, duties, affairs which occupy one's time, usual employment + SDV: while everyone else of the city throng, slashers & sliced alike, waded around on their daily bonafide avocations

treat - an entertainment of any kind given gratuitously, esp. to children

stray - having gone astray, strayed, wandering (as, a strayhorse or sheep)

whizzer - something or someone extraordinary or wonderful, a 'stunner' + ("zinzin": sound of school bell).

sing out - to make a cry, call

intermediately - between things or times, indirectly + Intermediate Examination (Ireland) + intermittently - stopping or starting at intervals.

vying = pres p. of vie - to enter into, or carry on, rivalry; to contend or compete for superiority in some respect

avenge - to take vengeance, inflict retributive punishment, or retaliate on account of, or to exact satisfaction for

jobber - wholesaler, one on job or work + Majuba and Ladysmith - as Mrs Yoder says, battles in the Boer War + 'Avenge Majuba!' - rallying cry in Boer War. 

Isaac Bickerstaff - pseudonym of  Jonathan Swift; pretend author of Swift's Predictions for the Year 1708. Hewson, a cobbler, came to London, called himself Partridge, turned astrologer and almanack-maker and was much favored by William III because of vile denunciations of popery. Swift assumed the persona of a rival almanack-maker and predicted Partridge's death - "murdered a man by way of prophecy," as Hosty does in "The Ballad of Persse O'Reilly".

plonk - hollow, metallic or harsh sound

span - the distance from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the little finger; the space equivalent to this taken as a measure of length, averaging nine inches

ponte (it) - bridge + (rainbow after Flood) + SDV: or some others stonestepped stonestepping across the human bridge on their usual quest for after higher things, across the human bridge set up over the slop by Messrs the charitable government,

dei colori (l) - to the color of a god + ponte dei colori (it) - bridge of colours.

slop - a mud puddle, slush, soft mud; refuse liquid of any kind

war to end war (phrase) - World War I

MM the govt (Joyce's note) Leader 11 Nov 1922, 325/1: 'A Candid Critic on the Government': 'I have done something over the years towards making it possible for Messrs the Provisional Government Ministry to occupy their present exalted position'.

dia dos finados (Portuguese) - All Souls' Day, 2 November + dose (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - those.

peeping Tom - a person who gets pleasure, especially sexual pleasure, from secretly watching others + FDV: for the only once he took a peep through his keyhole

pipistrello (it) - bat + finestrella (it) small window + estrela (Portuguese) - star + Pip and Estella - characters in 'Great Expectations' by Charles Dickens.

Ulysses has three books and eighteen chapters + (notebook 1923): '3 draw telescope' + (having three withdrawable parts).

hawk - any diurnal bird of prey used in falconry; any bird of the family Falconidæ

dur-dicki mengri (Gipsy) - telescope (literally 'far-seeing thing') + dicky - of inferior quality, sorry, poor + dick - penis + FDV: through a 3 draw telescope through his westernmost keyhole with an eachway hope in his [shivering] soul to find out whether conciliation was forging ahead or falling back

luminous - full of light; emitting or casting light; Of a room: Well lighted

larboard - the side of a ship which is to the left hand of a person looking from the stern towards the bows; humorously used for: Left + Valery Larbaud assisted in the French translation of Ulysses.

Nassau Street, Dublin, used to have streetlamps on south side only

At the top of the southern shaft of the Queens Chamber, a small limestone block with two copper fittings was discovered. When an opening was drilled through this small limestone block and an endoscopic camera inserted, archaeologists discovered a narrow empty space terminated by a rough limestone block, thought to be part of the pyramid core. The shaft in the north side of the Queens Chamber is the same. The corridor ends in front of a white limestone block bearing the traces of two copper fittings. Quarry marks are still visible, along with the sign of the work-gang "wadi" ("the green ones"). and a sign thought to be the hieroglyph "prjj" ("to come out" of the tomb) + REFERENCE

spit - to eject saliva (at or on a person or thing) as a means of expressing hatred or contempt

impenetrable - that can not be penetrated, pierced or entered [(notebook 1924): 'impenetrable weather'].

wetter - dial. form of water + Wetter (ger) - weather.

porco (it) - pig; (fig.) dirty man

outono (Portuguese) - autumn

The two "air shafts" in the Queens Chamber were originally bricked up and not discovered until 1872. Averaging about twenty centimetres square, they rise from the north and south walls of the chamber and climb steeply up through the masonry above. The shafts are not entirely straight. The north shaft bends after about seventeen meters, possibly to curve around the grand galley. Similar shafts can also be found in the Kings Chamber.

account + akka (Finnish) - old woman

rules + kula (Serbian) - tower + kule (Selkup Samoyed) - crow + kuleag (Selkup Samoyed) - the two crows.

Massacre by Black and Tans of Irish leaving football game in Croke Park, Dublin, 1920 + parka (Finnish) - poor.

owing + ovum (l) - egg

code - a system or collection of rules or regulations on any subject = codex (obs.) + kokosh (Serbian) - hen + cod's eggs + cock's eggs.

Kalevala - Finnish national epic + kala (Finnish) - fish + tavala (Finnish) - in a way.

conciliation - conversion from a state of hostility or distrust

forge - to progress, advance

celestious - of or pertaining to the sky or material heavens; of or pertaining to heaven, as the abode of God (or of the heathen gods), of angels, and of glorified spirits.

intemperance - lack of moderation or temperance, excess; drunkenness

Devil sake + Duvvel (Gipsy) - God + duvel (Dutch) - devil + dove (Asat) + Sache (ger) - thing, cause.

'see me', 'my see' and 'my seeing' are literal translations of Selkup Samoyed constructions for 'I see' and 'what I see' [Meillet & Cohen: Les Langues du Monde 168: (of Selkup Samoyed) 'If it involves a concept that we express by the use of a verb... I see... he still says:... see-me... I can say: I see a horse... the Samoyed... says: see-my, that is: my act of seeing'] + (looking with two eyes, ˙׀˙)

corvo maggiore (it) - raven + korva (Finnish) - ear + {looking with one eye, ׀˙, and seeing curves of raven i.e. Nebthwt (Greek: Nephthys), [meaning "the Mistress of the House". The word "hwt" ("house") may refer to the sky (as in Hwt-hor, the "House of Horus": the name of Hathor)]}.

"decentest dozendest short of a frusker" [050.07] → Frisky Shorty and Decent Sort i.e. three soldiers lying low and looking at him.

layen - obs. pa. pple. of lie (v) + lyen oves (i.e. eggs)

charm - fascinating quality; charmingness, attractiveness

hic sunt leones (l) - here live lions (unexplored regions) + hic sunt lenones (l) - here are pimps + Judge Michael Lennon attacked Joyce in Catholic World, 1931, despite their seeming friendship (James Joyce: Letters I.395: letter 06/08/37 to Constantine P. Curran: 'my fellow-countrymen... on the map of their island there is marked very legibly for the moment Hic sunt Lennones') + James Joyce: L'influenza letteraria universale del rinascimento: 'The compiler of atlases in the high middle ages did not lose his composure when he was in a quandary. He would write on the doubtful area the words: Hic sunt leones. The idea of solitude, the terror of strange beasts, the unknown were quite sufficient for him' (originally in Italian).

point blank - close to a target, direct, blunt

barrel - the metal tube of a gun, through which the bullet or shot is discharged + Joyce's note: 'found himself looking into barrel of revolver'.

irregular - not in accordance with what is usual or normal, abnormal + All shafts [2 in Queens and 2 in King's Chamber] bend, often several times. In addition, all the shafts begin, at their lower ends, with horizontal sections about 2 meters in length. So there is no way light from any source could ever have penetrated from the outside into either of the chambers. In several parts of the shafts, with the exception of the lower southern one, we even found extreme angle fluctuations. It is therefore ridiculous for anyone to claim that the shafts could ever have pointed precisely to certain stars. Given the many angle fluctuations, the shafts could be construed to be pointing at some 100 different stars, especially if construction of the pyramid is gratuitously redated to match specific stellar constellations. (Scientific report about the investigation of the so-called "air shafts" inside the Great Pyramid of Cheops)

bulldog - a pistol or revolver esp. one of large caliber and short barrel + FDV: [of the bulldog pattern]

a tin with a purpose (notebook 1922-23) + SDV: & why he found himself at point blank range blinking into the barrel of an irregular revolver of the true bulldog pattern handled by and unknown quarreler

quarreller - one who quarrels + Unknown Warrior (grave, Paris) + "That  must be performed before you erase you thought, since only from that point everything is possible. At first you must create Void. Than project yourself to the outside, go to the Star, enter her and absorb her Energy. After that you will have to erase your being. You must be able to create Void and to be Void. After you accomplished that, propel yourself into the Black Tunnel. Don't look; there is nothing to be seen. Only Void in Dragon's convolutions. You know the Sign! Do it! Don't hesitate! Than recite fourth verse from the Third book: glance back and you will see Past, Present and Future. Than you must call Yog-Sothoth to show you the Way. He knows from where they came in past times and when He reveals the Key, the Door will open. Open the Door! When you reach behind you will meet One-who-has-no-Shape and who hides behind the Mask of Impersonal Chaos. Call him! Become him! When you summon him, you will know his Name and also yours since he Is and Is Not. He will become. Rise your spirit and become part of everything. Join with Ultimate Father, Create and BECOME! ... But beware! If you do this although you were not forced to do so you will turn against yourself. (Angor's ritual, combined II and III chapter of Shautenerom)

supposedly - by supposition, believed or reputed to be the case

tell off - to appoint to a particular task, object, position, or the like

shade - to cast one's shadow upon, to be close to

shiny - luminous, having a bright or glistening surface

look facts in face (notebook 1923)

hue and cry + hose - to water with a hose + crease - to make wrinkled or creased + FDV: of some unknown quarreler [who supposedly had been told off to shade Shem should he come stir out [awhile] to be creased]

Jack the Ripper - popular name for a murderer of women in London in 1888, who mutilated  the bodies of his victims + jack - to do for, ruin + Up, guards, and at them! + {prior to being slaughtered [or raped?]}

SDV: before he got hosed & creased by 1 or 2 of the playboys.

para (Portuguese) - for + par exemple (French) - for example.

sao (Portuguese) - saint + by Saint Paul! + Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Deucalion - in Greek legend, the son of Prometheus (the creator of mankind), king of Phthia in Thessaly, and husband of Pyrrha. When Zeus, the king of the gods, resolved to destroy all humanity by a flood, Deucalion constructed an ark in which, according to one version, he and his wife rode out the flood and landed on Mount Parnassus. Offering sacrifice and inquiring how to renew the human race, they were ordered to cast behind them the bones of their mother. The couple correctly interpreted this to mean they should throw behind them the stones of the hillside ("mother earth"), and did so. Those stones thrown by Deucalion became men, while those thrown by Pyrrha became women.

incensed - angered at something unjust or wrong 

privy - a small outbuilding with a bench having holes through which a user can defecate + Lares (l) [privy gods] - tutelary spirits of the Roman household, hearth and slaves' quarters.

licensed - provided with a license; privileged, recognized, regular

pantry - a small storeroom for storing foods or wines + Penates (l) [pantry gods] - guardian spirits of the larder in Roman households.

stator - sustainer, supporter (primarily an epithet of Jupiter) + Stator and Victor ("stand" and "vanquish") - epithets of Jupiter. 

cut and run - to cut mooring cables and sail before the wind, to hurry off + kut (Dutch) - vulva.

mesa - isolated hill or mountain; a moderate brown + mesa (sp) - a table + mesa redonda (Portuguese) - round table.

redonda (sp) - district, province

Lourençao (Portuguese) - Laurence + Saint Laurence O'Toole, patron of Dublin.

Atlas Mountains - a mountain range across a northern stretch of Africa extending about 2,500 km through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. The Atlas lion is often considered to be the heaviest of the lion subspecies. It survived in the wild in northwestern Africa in what is now current day Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco until about 100 years ago.

convocation - the action of calling together or assembling by summons; the state or fact of being called together + convocaçao (Portuguese) - convocation +  invencao (Portuguese) - invention.

disinteresting - not interesting

calumnious - slanderous, defamatory

column - fig. Support or prop

cloaca (l) - a sewer

Bengal fire - a kind of firework producing a steady and vivid blue-coloured light, used for signals + beacon - a signal; spec. a signal-fire.

bilis (l) - bile, anger, choler, ire + bilox (l) - bilious, angry.

Annamite - of or pertaining to Annam, a province of Vietnam, or its inhabitants

aper - the european wild boar; one that apes (to imitate, copy, mimic) + ape

atrocity + atrox (l) - dark, horrible, gloomy; cruel, savage.

precise - accurate, correct, punctilious in conduct or ceremony

quare (l) - how? why? + qualify + clarify.

SDV: What was this extremely low human type really engaged on? The answer is: a drug & drunkery addict megalomane at a loose end. This explains the litany of letters, honorific, highplaced, erudite, neoclassical which he loved to place after his name. It would have diverted much if ever seen the shuddersome spectacle of this zany in the grime of his den making believe to read his tattered eminently unreadable chapbook turning over 3 pages at a time sheets in the wind for what with the murky light, the botchy print, the tattered jacket the jigjagged page, [the itch jig in his ribs, the gush in his fundament,] the fumbling fingers, [the itch in his palm the tickle of his tail,] the scum in his eye, the drink in his pottle, the rats in his garret, the hullabaloo and the dust in his ears he was hardly fit to memorise more than a word a minute. Was there ever heard of such lowdown blackguardism?

diddy - teat, nipple (pl. diddies)

dedal - intricate, artistic, ingenious; an anglicized form of the proper name Dædalus; a skilful artificer or fabricator like Dædalus; a maze or labyrinth + dedal (Portuguese) - thimble + Stephen Dedalus.

flavoured - having been given flavor (as by seasoning) + favoured


elders - ancestors, predecessors + Elder Gods, "Dei Antichi" (Shautenerom)

popa (Portuguese) - poop (of a ship) + preta (Portuguese) - black (feminine).

navigo (l) - to sail, to go by sea + navio (Portuguese) - ship.

navvy - an unskilled laborer; a labourer employed in the excavation and construction of earth-works, such as canals, railways, embankments, drains, etc.

flicker - to move by flapping the wings

flinder - to break into flinders or pieces

drunkery - a place to get drunk in; a contemptuous appellation of a public-house or drink-shop + Joyce note: 'drunkery'.

addict - to devote, give up, or apply habitually to a practice + Joyce note: 'drug addict'

megalomania - the insanity of self-exaltation

loose - inexact, indefinite, indeterminate, vague + FDV: A drug addict, too, his manner when he was at a loose end was to write strings of honourable, learned, highplaced neoclassical initials after his name while, if you could only have seen into his den, whenever he made believe to read one of his tattered chapbooks he did nothing but turn over three or 4 pages at a time growling because what with the bad light the dirty print, the torn page, the scum in his eyes, the drink in his stomach, the rats in his garret and the hullabaloo in his ears he was not fit to memorise as much as a word a minute Was there ever heard of such low down blackguardism?

litany - a prayer consisting of a series of invocations by the priest with responses from the congregation; any long and tedious address or recital.

septuncial - of seven ounces, or seven parts of the whole + (notebook 1924): 'uncial' Sullivan: The Book of Kells 16: 'The text of the Gospel according to St. Matthew follows in large uncial and minuscule combined' (Matthew).

trumpet (notebook 1924)' Sullivan, The Book of Kells 15: (quoting Rev. Dr. Todd about the Monogram page) 'contains almost all varieties of design to be found in Celtic art... the divergent pattern known as the trumpet-pattern'.

honorific - conferring or showing honor or respect

highpitched - being lofty in tone or thought

erudite - learned, scholarly; Of literary productions, etc.: Characterized by erudition.

neoclassical - rel. to a revival or adaptation of classical style in literature

patricianly - in a patrician manner, aristocratically; related to the patricians of medieval Italy or ancient Rome; related to Saint Patrick

manuscribe - to write with one's (own) hand [Joyce's note: 'manuscribe']

divert - to turn away from any occupation, business, or study; to occupy in an agreeable, entertaining or pleasant fashion + SDV: It would have diverted much if ever seen the shuddersome spectacle

shuddersome - marked by or producing shudders

demented - out of one's mind, crazed, mad + (notebook 1924): 'semi demented' Nation and Athenæum 22 Apr 1922, 124/2: 'Mr. Joyce's Ulysses' (review of Ulysses by John M. Murry): 'an immense, a prodigious, self-laceration, the tearing-away from himself, by a half-demented man of genius, of inhibitions and limitations which have grown to be flesh of his flesh'.

zany - a fool, simpleton, 'idiot'; a comic performer attending on a clown, acrobat, or mountebank, who imitates his master's acts in a ludicrously awkward way; a poor, bad, feeble, or ludicrous imitator. 

inspissated - brought to a thick consistence, thickened + (notebook 1924): 'inspissated' Nation and Athenæum 22 Apr 1922, 125/1: 'Mr. Joyce's Ulysses' (review of  Ulysses by John M. Murry): 'Every thought that a super-subtle modern can think seems to be hidden somewhere in its inspissated obscurities'.

grime - foul matter, rubbed in dirt, deeply ingrained sullying blackness

glaucous - of a dull green passing into grayish blue; having a frosted look from a powdery coating (as on plants: "glaucous stems", "glaucous plums")

den - a small confined room or abode; esp. one unfit for human habitation

uselessly - in a useless or fruitless manner; ineffectually + Ulysess

blue book - a book bound in blue + (notebook 1924): 'bluebook' Manchester Guardian 15 Mar 1923, 39: 'Modern Irish Literature' (review of Ulysses by Stephen Gwynn): 'Seven hundred pages of a tome like a Blue-book are occupied with the events and sensations in one day of a renegade Jew'.

Eccles - town in Lancashire + Eccles Street, Dublin (Bloom's residence in Ulysses) + Kells.

édition de ténèbres (fr) - edition of darkness

Most Reverend + (not indifferent).

Ezra Pound, while editing the 'Calypso' chapter of Ulysses for publication in The Little Review, censorially deleted portions of the risqué text dealing with Bloom's visit to the privy.

bowlder - boulder + Bowdler, Thomas (1754-1825) - expurgated Shakespeare, Gibbon, and the Old Testament. 

censor - an official in some countries whose duty it is to inspect all books, journals, dramatic pieces, etc., before publication, to secure that they shall contain nothing immoral, heretical, or offensive to the government; an adverse critic, one given to fault-finding. 

three sheets in the wind - very drunk + SDV: turning over 3 pages at a time sheets in the wind

no (Portuguese) - in the + espelho (Portuguese) - mirror + mor (Portuguese) - bigger + mór (Irish) - great + {telling himself in the mirror}.

splurge - a showy display

vellum - a fine kind of parchment [Joyce's note: 'vellum']

blunder - to make a gross error or mistake + FDV: imagine telling himself fancying [over & over] that every splurge on the vellum he mumbled over was a vision more beautiful beauteousful than the last a rose cottage by the sea for nothing a year, or a ladies' hosiery sale at Arnott's, or a sewerful of pale gold wine or an entire theatre of noblewomen flinging all their clothes at him in wild enthusiasm for having sung the topnote in After the Ball or for seven & 1/2 minutes with a cocked hat & feathers on his head.

aisling - a poetical or dramatic description or presentation of a vision + aisling (ashlin) (gael) - vision, dream + (notebook 1924): 'aisling (vision)'.

tits - a woman's breasts 

"My Love and Cottage Near Rochelle" is a 2nd act aria in the opera "The Siege of Rochelle" by Balfe + Schelle (ger) - bell + FDV: a rose cottage by the sea

cottage - a dwelling-house of small size and humble character; In U.S. spec. A summer residence (often on a large and sumptuous scale) at a watering-place or a health or pleasure resort.

for nothing - without payment or cost, free + FDV: for nothing a year,

try on - the act of trying on a garment

hosiery - hose collectively

raffle - a form of lottery, in which an article is assigned by drawing or casting of lots to one person among a number who have each paid a certain part of its real or assumed value.

at liberty - free + Liberty's - London silk goods firm, named for its founder + The Liberties - district of Dublin + FDV: or a ladies' hosiery sale at Arnott's, 

sewer - an artificial channel or conduit, now usually covered and underground, for carrying off and discharging waste water and the refuse from houses and towns

guinea gold vine - evergreen vine widely cultivated for their large bright yellow single flowers + (Fendant [171.25]) + FDV: or a sewerful of pale gold wine

blancmange - a preparation of cornflour and milk, with flavouring substances + branco (Portuguese) - white + monge (Portuguese) - monk + puddingpie - a name for various forms of pastry; a tart made with pie-crust and custard.

billion - orig. and still commonly in Great Britain: A million millions; In U.S., and increasingly in Britain: A thousand millions.

bite - a piece bitten off (usually to eat), a mouthful

opera house - a theatre for the performance of operas

standing room - accommodation for persons or a person standing; also in phr. standing room only, esp. in a theatre or similar place of resort + stamp - to bring down the foot heavily.

prompt box - the prompter's box on the stage

neverthemore - no less, not in any way less, by no means less

queue - a line of people waiting for something + queue (fr. slang) - penis.

noblewoman - a woman of noble birth or rank

fling - to throw, cast, toss, hurl

coronet - a decorative part of a woman's head-dress, consisting of a plate or band of metal, or the like, encircling the front of the head + crimson - to turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame.

every stitch - all the clothes one is wearing, every available piece + FDV: an entire theatre of noblewomen flinging all their clothes at him

proscenium - the space between the curtain and the orcestra + proboskis (gr) - snout, trunk.

anima - Jung's term for the inner part of the personality or character, as opposed to the persona or outer part; also, the feminine component of a male personality + âmago (Portuguese) - pith, essence, heart + amago (sp) - threatening gesture + inamorated

justilho (Portuguese) - bodice, stays

Gaiety - the name of a former London theatre famous, esp. in the 1890s, for its musical shows, used attrib. of features characteristic of these shows

pantomimes at the Gaiety Theatre, Dublin + Pantheon.

egad - used as a mild oath

accordant - in keeping, being in agreement or harmony + acordár (Portuguese) - waken.

accounts + acoustic + Strick (ger) - rope, halter.

squeal - to utter (or give out) a more or less prolonged loud sharp cry, esp. by reason of pain or sudden alarm; to scream shrilly

squall - a discordant or violent scream + FDV: for having sung the topnote in After the Ball or for seven & 1/2 minutes

im (ger) - in the + im (Portuguese) - in.

Seamrog Eireann (shamrog erun) (gael) - Shamrock of Ireland + The Dear Little Shamrock [of Erin] (song) + Shem-lockup yelling.

geewhiz - exp. of enthusisam or surprise

you hear

ewer - a vase shaped pitcher or jug; udder + so pure.

sabao (Portuguese) - soap + Romans 9:29: 'Lord of Sabaoth' + sabaoth (Hebrew) - hosts, armies (part of God's title).

just like a bird

McGuckin, Barton - Dublin tenor who believed John Joyce's voice was better than his own + barato (Portuguese) - cheap + bariton + Glocken (ger) - bells.

scrumptious - first rate, 'glorious'

cocked hat - a hat with three corners + FDV: with a cocked hat & feathers on his head.

tangerine - a deep orange colour + Irish tricolour, green, white and orange.

trinity - any combination or set of three (persons, things, etc) forming a unity or closely connected trio

plume - a large or conspicuous feather, such as are used for personal adornment

amaryllis - bulbous plant having showy white to reddish flowers + amarelo (Portuguese) - yellow.

macfarlane - a heavy caped overcoat

Kersse (the Tailor) + best.

Spaniard - a native of Spain + poniard - dagger.

alpha (gr) - letter A + alphaino (gr) - to bring in, to yield, to incur + alfaiate (Portuguese) - tailor + alfinete (Portuguese) - pin.

punxit (l) - [he] has punctured, has stung (i.e. tailor) + pinxit (l) - painted (used on paintings with signature).

azure blue - the clear blue colour of the unclouded sky, or of the sea reflecting it + azul (Portuguese) - blue.

lenço de assoar (Portuguese) - handkerchief (literally 'sheet of nose-blowing')

blossom - an individual flower 

dean - a dignitary or presiding officer in certain ecclesiastical and lay bodies; esp., an ecclesiastical dignitary, subordinate to a bishop

crozier - a staff surmounted by a crook or cross carried by bishops as a symbol of pastoral office + Joyce's note: 'crozier' → Flood: Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars 113: 'The Irish artists who worked in metal have also left us many beautiful crosiers elaborately wrought'.

cardinal - one of the seventy ecclesiastical princes (six cardinal bishops, fifty cardinal priests, and fourteen cardinal deacons) who constitute the pope's council

Londonderry (Ulster)

Cork and Kerry (Munster) + riddle: 'Londonderry, Cork and Kerry, spell me that without a K'; answer: 'THAT' [089.18]

Saint Laurence O'Toole of Dublin (Leinster)

occidens (l) = occidente (it) - setting (of the sun); the west (Connacht) + accidentaccio! (it) - damn! + tacceo (l) - to say nothing, be silent.

Derby (horserace)

hurdle - a light movable barrier that competitors must leap over in certain races + Town of the Ford of the Hurdles, Dear Dirty Dublin.

odder - obs. form of other

and all that sort of thing [178.05]

murky - so shaded as to be dark or gloomy

botchy - poorly done, bungled, marked with botches + botch - a patch put on, or a part of a garment patched or mended in a clumsy manner; an embarrassing mistake; a piece of work, or a place in work, marred in the doing, or not properly finished + FDV: the dirty print,

tattered - torn or rent so as to hang in tatters, ragged + SDV: the tattered jacket,

zigzagged - having a zigzag form or marking + jagged - having the edge irregularly cut, gashed, or torn, into deep indentations and acute projections; torn or worn to a ragged or uneven edge + FDV: the torn page,

fumbling - showing lack of skill or aptitude, clumsy

foxtrot - a ballroom dance with a slow-slow-quick-quick rhythm; to dance a foxtrot + Joyce's note: 'foxtrotting fleas lieabed lice'.

lieabed - one given to rising late, a sluggard

scum - a film of impurities or vegetation that can form on the surface of a liquid

drop - tear drop + have a drop in one's eye - to show signs of having had a glass (of acohol).

a lump in one’s throat - a physical sensation caused by powerful emotions esp. sadness [Joyce's note: 'lump in his throat'].

pottle - a pot that holds 2 quarts

have an itching palm - to have a great desire for money and wealth

wail - a cry of pain or grief, esp. if loud and prolonged; a sound resembling a cry of pain

wind - 'air' or gas in the stomach or intestines + Joyce's note: 'wail of wind drip of nose'

grief - physical or mental pain, something that causes great unhappiness

..."the grief from his nose, the dig in his ribs, the age of his arteries, the weight of his breath, the fog"... (In typesetting Joyce's typescript the printer of This Quarter jumps down one line not finishing the one he is busy typesetting: from "from his" with still two words to go on line 21 he jumps down and picks up with "his breath" and then finishes the likewise two words he has to go on that line. In iceskating and any other sport that would be called cheating.) (Robbert-Jan Henkes, 22 May 2002) 

fag - that which causes weariness; hard work, drudgery

tic - a disease or affection characterized by spasmodic twitching of certain muscles, esp. of the face; a whim + (notebook 1924): 'La conscience avec son tic-toc Est la clochette de S Kolledoc' → Sauvé: Proverbes et Dictons de la Basse-Bretagne no. 190: 'La conscience avec son tic-toc Est la clochette de Saint-Kollédoc' (French 'Conscience with its tic-toc Is the little bell of Saint Kolledoc') [glossed in a footnote: 'In popular belief, St. Ke, also called St. Kolledoc, possessed a little bell that informed him of the good he had to do or of the evil he had to avoid'].

height - the highest point, the utmost degree (of something immaterial), summit, zenith + Joyce's note: 'weight of breath height of rage'.

gush - a copious or sudden emission of fluid + SDV: the itch jig in his ribs, the gush in his fundament,

fundament - the lower part of the body, on which one sits; the buttocks

gorge (fr) - throat

tail - penis

bane - that which causes ruin, or is pernicious to well-being, 'poison'

balls, bollocks + bolg (bulug) (gael) - belly.

squince - inflammation of the tonsils + squints + sins + FDV: the scum in his eyes,

soul + suil (sul) (gael) - eye.

rot - process of rotting, decay + rot (ger) - red + FDV: the drink in his stomach,

echo + yxo (cyrilic Serbian) = ukho (Russian) - ear.

earer - a ploughman + ear + hearers

totter - an unsteady or shaky movement or gait as of one ready to fall; wavering, oscillation

tetter - a general term for any pustular herpetiform eruption of the skin, as eczema, herpes, impetigo, ringworm, etc.

tummy - the stomach or intestine

rats - 'humbug', 'nonsense' + to have a rats - to be eccentric or insane + rats in the garret (Slang) = bats in the belfry (Slang) - eccentric, mad (refers to someone who acts as though he has bats careering around his topmost part, i.e. his head).

garret - floor consisting of open space at the top of a house just below roof (often used for storage); the head + Joyce's note: 'gubann no rats in his garret' [Anglo-Irish gubann: one who pretends to have deep knowledge, an unskilled tradesman (from Irish gobán: Jack of all trades)].

have bats in the belfry - to have strange ideas, be slightly mad + belfry - the head.

budgerigar - a small Australian parrot

bamboozle (Slang) - deceive

hullabaloo - tumultuous noise or clamour; uproar; clamorous confusion + SDV: the hullabaloo and the dust in his ears

steal a march - in military sense, to succeed in moving troops without the knowledge of the enemy; hence gen. to get a secret advantage over a rival or opponent.

hardset - hard pressed; barely or hardly able

hake - a gadoid fish, Merlucius vulgaris, resembling the cod; a hook, esp. a pot-hook + hawk + "As with Mantra, Hekau [Words of Power] will be effective only if understood fully and executed perfectly. Otherwise, a potential Word of Power can be said ten million times without the slightest result." (Robert Masters: The Goddess Sekhmet) + The Egyptian word for magic was "heka" (which literally means "using the Ka") and Heka was the personification of magic.

hawk → The name Horus is Greek. To the Egyptians he was "Heru" (sometimes Hor or Har), which is translated as "the distant one" or "the one on high" (from the preposition "hr" meaning "upon" or "above"). He was considered to be a celestial falcon, and so his name could be a specific reference to the flight of the falcon, but could also be seen as a more general solar reference. It is thought that the worship of Horus was brought into Egypt during the predynastic period. He seems to have begun as a god of war and a sky god who was married to Hathor, but soon became considered as the opponent of Set, the son of Ra, and later the son of Osiris. However, the situation is confused by the fact that there were many Hawk gods in ancient Egypt and a number of them shared the name Horus (or more specifically Har, Heru or Hor). Heru-ur (Horus the Elder, Haroeris) was worshiped as Khenty-khem ("foremost of khem"), the patron of the blind. When his "eyes" (the sun and the moon) were visible, he was known as Hor-Khenty-irty ("He who has two eyes on his brow"). But, when neither were visible he was known as Hor-khenty-en-irty ("He who has no eyes on his brow").

fisk - a state or royal treasury + hakefisk (Norwegian) - name of several fish, as the salmon or trout, with hooked under-jaws (literally 'hookfish') + Pre-dynastic worship of Seth was also evident in the 19th and 19th Nomes of Upper Egypt. The standard for the 11th Nome is topped by a Set animal, and the name of the main town, Sha-shtp, means "The pig (Set) is pacified", and Set was worshipped in his form as a fish in the capital of the 19th Nome. At this point in history, Set was clearly associated with Upper Egypt and was a popular and esteemed god. However, by the Third Intermediate Period was associated with the Hyksos (who saw a similarity between Set and Baal) and so became seen as a force for evil. He was then "rehabilitated" during the Nineteenth Dynasty only to be recast as an evil deity by Greek, Roman and Christian theologists. Set was the black boar who swallowed the moon each month, obscuring its light. He was also identified with the hippopotamus, crocodiles, scorpions, turtles, pigs and donkeys - all animals which were considered to be unclean or dangerous. Some fish were considered to be sacred to Set (most notably the Nile carp and the Oxyrynchus) as they had apparently eaten the penis of Osiris after Set had dismembered the dead king. However, he was most often depicted as a "Set animal" or a man with the head of a "Set animal". The Set animal (sometimes known as a 'Typhonian animal' because of the Greek identification with Typhon) is a dog or jackal like creature, but it is not clear whether it exactly represented an extinct species, or was a mythological beast uniquely associated with Set himself. 

can you beat it? - an expression of surprise or amazement

Wadjet (Wadjyt, Wadjit, Uto, Uatchet, Edjo, Buto) was one of the oldest Egyptian goddesses. Her worship was already established by the Predynastic Period, but did change somewhat as time progressed. She began as the local goddess of Per-Wadjet (Buto) but soon became a patron goddess of Lower Egypt. By the end of the Predynastic Period she was considered to be the personification of Lower Egypt rather than a distinct goddess and almost always appeared with her sister Nekhbet (who represented Upper Egypt). The two combined represented the country as a whole and were represented in the pharaoh´s "nebty" name (also known as "the two ladies") which indicated that the king ruled over both parts of Egypt. The earliest recovered example of the nebty name is from the reign of Anedjib of the First Dynasty.

bait - to feed, take nourishment; to allure, entice, to furnish with a bait + bait (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - beat + fish bait.

lowdown - very low, contemptible, base

blackguardism - behavior characteristic of a blackguard + Joyce's note: 'low blackguardism' + Ulysses.10.681: 'Wait awhile, Mr Dedalus said threateningly. You're like the rest of them, are you? An insolent pack of little bitches since your poor mother died... You'll all get a short shrift and a long day from me. Low blackguardism!'

woo - to 'invite', 'call', 'tempt' + voli (Serbian) - [it] loves + worries + (notebook 1922-23): 'woollies one'.

bumper - anything unusually large or abundant; a crowded 'house' at a theatre + sprinkler - a person who sprinkles (to disperse something over in small drops or particles) + Joyce's note: 'bumpersprinkling' + Thomas Moore: Fill the Bumper Fair (song): 'Fill the bumper fair! Every drop we sprinkle'.

min fader (Danish) - my father + mijn vader was een boer (Dutch) - my father was a farmer + James Clarence Mangan: 'If anyone can imagine such an idea as a human boa-constrictor, without his alimentative propensities, he will be able to form some notion of the character of my father'.

hoy - hail, shout, call + I

lexical - of or pertaining to a lexicon, lexicography, or words

parole - word of honour given or pledged 

blackboard - a large wooden board, a tablet of papier-maché, etc., painted black, and used in schools and lecture-rooms to draw or write upon with chalk.

stage - conventionalised, stereotyped

bring down the house - to evoke such demonstrative applause as threatens or suggests the downfall of the building

bravo - capital! excellent! well done!

Sir Charles Russell at Parnell inquiry trapped Pigott by asking him to spell 'hesitancy'.

letter perfect - correct to the smallest detail

colossal - magnificent, stupendous + cul (fr) - arse.

Lewis Waller played Prince Lucio (Satan) in adaptation of Marie Corelli's The Sorrows of Satan.

Sprache (ger) - language, speech + spache (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - speech.

toe - to kick with a toe + SDV: Yet he the bumpersprinkler used to boast aloud to himself how he had been put out of all the best families of the Klondykers who had settled in the capital city after its metropoliarchialisation ordered off the premises in nine cases out of ten on account of his smell which all the cookmaids objected to as resembling sinkwater the smell that came out of the sink.

shick (ger) - stylish + Schick (ger) - tact, due order + schicker (Yiddish) - drunk.

Klondike (gold mines)

pioupiou - a popular name for a French private soldier + Reich (ger) - country, kingdom + (notebook 1924): 'Pioupiouland Swabspays Land of Nod Shruggers Country Danubier pension - Home Barbaropolis'.

Pays Bas (fr) - Netherlands + swab (Slang) - uncouth fellow + Schwabia, Germany.

land of Nod - the state of sleep + Genesis 4:16: 'And Cain [after killing Abel] went out from the presence of the Lord, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden'.

shrug - to raise (and contract) the shoulders, esp. as an expression of disdain, indifference, disclaiming responsibility, etc.

pension (fr) - boarding-school, boarding-house + (notebook 1924): 'Pension Danubierheim'.

Austria, Hungary

Barbarou polis (gr) - Barbarian's city + barbarus (l) - foreign, savage

stratify - to divide or arrange into classes, castes or social strata

hebdomadary - occuring every seven days

metropolis (gr) - mother-city + archi- (gr) - chief + hebdomodary metropoliarchialisation (gr) - making-the-mother-city-a-capital (allusion to the Easter Week Rebellion of 1916) + (notebook 1924): 'metropoliarchialisation' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 161 (sec. 159): 'When we examine these coined words, we find that by far the greater number of them are framed on classical lines, for instance... metropoliarchy... deanthropomorphization'.

blister - to be or become covered with blisters + blistered (Slang) - drunk + (Sunday).

plaster - to treat medicinally with a plaster + plastered (Slang) - drunk + (Monday, day of the moon).

gory - covered with gore, stained with blood, bloody + gory-eyed (Slang) - drunk + (Tuesday, day of Mars).

wheedle - to entice or persuade by soft flattering words + reeling (Slang) - drunk + (Wednesday).

jovial - characterized by hearty mirth, humour, or good fellowship + jolly, joyous (Slang) - drunk + (Thursday, day of Jove).

lecherous - lustful, lewd + litch - body + lit (Slang) - drunk + (Friday, day of Venus).

full (Slang) - drunk + (Saturday).

order off - to dismiss, get rid of + FDV: Low wretched tutor that he was he used to boast that he had been put out of all the best Klondyker families who had settled in the capital city after its metropoliarchialisation generally in most cases on account of his smell which all cookmaids objected to.

cookmaid - a maid or female servant employed in cooking, or as assistant to a cook

eminent - exalted, dignified in rank or station

puzzo (it) - stench, stink

well - to issue or flow forth or out, to emanate out of


pozzo (it) - cesspool, privy

tutor - to give special or individual instruction to + FDV: In place of tutoring the these best outlander families plain wholesome handwriting (a thing he never possessed of his own) 

household - the inmates of a house collectively; an organized family, including servants or attendants, dwelling in a house.

pothook - a curved or hooked stroke made in writing, a scrawl; now usually applied to a hooked stroke, as an element of handwriting, made by children in learning to write 

Nigerian - of or pertaining to Nigeria or its inhabitants + niger (l) - black, wicked, false.

vulgarian - a vulgar person; freq., a well-to-do or rich person of vulgar manners

study with fruit (notebook 1924) + FDV: what do you think he did but copy studied with stolen fruit how to copy all their various styles of signature they had so as to utter large forged cheques in public for his own profit

cutely - in a cute (acute, clever, keen-witted) manner

Joyce imitated the styles of numerous authors in the 'Oxen of the Sun' episode of Ulysses.

James Townsend Saward, nicknamed Jim the Penman, forged signatures on money orders and cheques

epical - of the nature of an epic, or of epic poetry + (Finnegans Wake).

forged (Joyce's note) Freeman's Journal 10 Jan 1924, 7/3: '"No Volition of His Own". Novel Defense of Man Charged with Forgery': 'a charge of forging three cheques' + James Joyce: A Portrait V: 'to forge in the smithy of my soul the uncreated conscience of my race'.

on the public - publicly, openly; without concealment

dustbin - a bin or receptacle for the dust, ashes, and other refuse of a house + Dublin

scullerymaid - a maid concerned with the care of the plates, dishes, and kitchen utensils + James Joyce: A Portrait V: 'a church which was the scullerymaid of christendom'.

househelp - a domestic servant or 'help' + FDV: until, as just related, the Dublin United Scullerymaids & house helps kicked him the source of annoyance out of the place altogether in the heat of the moment on account of his stink? making some remark as they did so about the way he stunk.

sorority - a body or company of women united for some common object

sluttery - sluttishness, filthiness, dirtiness, untidiness + Slattery's Mounted Foot (song).

melted + owl (Slang) - prostitute.

Futt (ger, slang) - vagina

turn down - to reject, refuse to accept

taytotally (Anglo-Irish Dialect) - utterly, entirely

in the heat of the moment - without thought, while being influenced by excitement

conk - the nose

scrub - to clean (esp. a floor, wood, etc.) by rubbing with a hard brush and water + (notebook 1924): 'scrubwomen'.

Turk - a native or inhabitant of Turkey + Carlyle: 'the unspeakable Turk'.

Wilde on fox hunters: 'The unspeakable in full pursuit of the uneatable' + Armenia occupied by Turks from 1405.

whiff - to inhale, sniff; to smell

polecat - a small dark-brown coloured carnivorous quadruped

point to point - direct, straight, categorical

prospect - a thing considered to be suitable for a particular purpose; aspect, a view


aboon - above + about

SDV: Instead of tutoring those best families plain wholesome handwriting (a thing he never possessed of his own) what do you think he did but study with stolen fruit how best to copy all their various styles of signature so as one day to utter a colossal forged cheque in public for his own private profit until, as just related, the Dublin United Scullery maids' & Housekeeps' Sorority, treated him kicked the source of annoyance out of the place altogether in the heat of the moment, making some pointed remarks as they did so about the low way he stunk.

hear - to receive a message or letter from

wadmel - a coarse rough woolen fabric used for warm clothing

jumper - a sleevess dress or skirt with a bib for women worn usu. with a blouse or sweater

culotte - a divided skirt + culottes (fr) - woman's knickers.

William Shakespeare: Hamlet I.5.188-189: 'The time is out of joint. O cursed spite That ever I was born to set it right!' + In the Osirian mythology Set was married to Nephthys, but their marriage was not a happy one. However, Set had many other wives/concubines. According to one myth he lived in the Great Bear, a constellation in the northern sky - an area which symbolized darkness, and death. He was restrained with chains and guarded by his wife Taweret, the hippo goddess of childbirth. He was given the two foreign goddesses Anat and Astarte as wives in compensation for Ma´at´s (or Neith´s) ruling that Horus should rule Egypt. However, he had no children, despite being married to the goddess of childbirth and a Cannanite fertility goddess as well as Nephthys and Neith.

(he has a wife)

"The oldest [Hens] being always reckoned the best Sitters, and the youngest the best Layers."; "The hens are of a bad breed and are infrequent layers." 

get the boot - to 'kick out', dismiss + (she also lost her job).

advertisement + abortion.

status quo - the existing state of affairs + ante- - before + status quo ante (l) - the position in which [affairs were] before [some event] + SDV: One cannot even begin to imagine how really low such a creature really was.


excommunicate - (Eccl.) To cut off from communion; to exclude, by an authoritative sentence, from participation in the sacraments and services of the church, or from religious rites in general

Drumcondra - district of Dublin (Joyce spent part of his youth living there) + hypochondriac.

natus (l) - born + née (French) - born (feminine).

hamis (Hungarian) - false, base, counterfeit + Ham.

..."how many unsigned copies of original masterworks, how many pseudostylic"... (The same cheat, probably as the one in FW 180.21. The printer of This Quarter again jumps down before having finished his line. From line 22 of the typscript, with two and a half words to go, he surreptitiously cuts the corner after "how many" and continues, as if his nose bleeds (as we say in Holland: acting as though it's no concern of his), one lap down after the "how many" there and finishes the five words left on line 23. I don't think Joyce ever proofread with the old text next to the new, so these mistakes, that don't ruin the sentence grammatically, are not so easy to notice.)        Robbert-Jan Henkes, 22.05.2002 

pseudo- - false, pretended, counterfeit, spurious + FDV: Who knows how many unsigned first copies of original masterpieces, how many pseudostylous shamiana, how few of the most venerated public impostures, how very many palimpsests slipped from that plagiarist pen?

shamiana - an awning or flat tent-roof without sides; a flat awning or canopy; a material used for such awnings, a striped calico

imposture - a thing (or person) which is pretended to be what it is not + (notebook 1922-23): 'imposture book through the ages, revered more & more'.

palimpsest - a manuscript (usually written on papyrus or parchment) on which more than one text has been written with the earlier writing incompletely erased and still visible.

plagiarist - one who plagiarizes, one who is guilty of plagiarism + Pelagius (l) = Pelagios (gr) - "Of the sea": British or Irish-born heretic (360-420), his name being a Greek translation of Celtic Morgan ("Sea-born"); he denied original sin and stressed man's free will to do good without the assistance of divine grace + Joyce's note: 'plagiarist' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 123 (sec. 121): 'Among the innumerable words of recent formation in -ist may be mentioned... plagiarist'.

be that as it may - whether that is so or not, that may well be so: phrases used to indicate that a statement or act, etc., is perhaps true or right from one point of view but not from another, or that there are other factors to be taken into consideration.

but for - except for, were it not for

gnosis (gr) - knowledge + FDV: He was able to write in the gloom of his bottle only because of his noseglow nose's glow as it slid over the paper and while he scribbled & scratched nameless shamelessnesses about others everybody ever he met even under a slimy bridge out of a shower over & over his foul text he used to draw endless portraits of himself up and down the two margins as a strikingly handsome young man with lyrics in his eyes and a lovely pair of inky Italian moustaches. How unwhisperably low!

luciferously - affording illumination or insight; luminously, illuminating

red eye - coarse fiery whisky; a drink made from beer and tomato juice + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora I: 'the red eye of his fear is sad' (describing Cairbar who has murdered Cormac).

saddish - somewhat sad

ensign - to mark with a distinctive sign or badge

Joyce worked for Berlitz School in Trieste and Pola

madness + mathesis (gr) - act of learning; education + method in his madness.

educand - one who is to be or is being educated + educande (it) - girl boarders in convent schools.

hue - to form, fashion, figure, give an external appearance to; esp. (in later use) to colour + hue and cry (phrase).

amber + gember (Dutch) - ginger + ginger - having a bright orange-brown color.

Ingwer (ger) - ginger

gingembre (fr) - ginger + Conchobar - uncle of Cuchulainn.

zinzero (it) - ginger + Cicero.

cinnabar - a red colour like that of vermilion + zinziber (l) - ginger + Zinn (ger) - tin, pewter + ZANZIBAR - Former sultanate, British protectorate, now part of Tanzania, East Africa; Zanzibar is an island in Indian Ocean off North-East coast of Tanganyika.

tincture (Slang) - whiskey

nib - the point of a pen + SDV: Be that as it may, But for his nose's glow as it slid so close to the parchment he would never have penned a word to paper.

quill - to write (with a quill), to pen

seriph = serif - one of the fine cross-strokes at the top and bottom of a letter [(notebook 1924): 'seriph (fine line in letter)'].

sheepskin - the skin of sheep used for parchment

rosy - rose-coloured, rose-red

lampoon - a virulent or scurrilous satire upon an individual + lampion - a pot or cup, often of coloured glass, containing oil or grease with a wick, used in illuminations + (i.e. his nose).

effluvious - of the nature of an effluvium, passing off like an effluvium (outflow of material particles too subtle to be perceived by touch or sight; a stream of such outflowing particles).

simul (l) - at the same time + chronikos (gr) - of or concerning time.

flush - a glow of light or colour + flash in the pan (phrase) - something which disappoints by failing to deliver anything of value, despite a showy beginning (There's reason to believe that this phrase derives from the Californian Gold Rush of the mid 19th century. Prospectors who panned for gold supposedly became excited when they saw something glint in the pan, only to have their hopes dashed when it proved not to be gold but a mere 'flash in the pan'. This is an attractive and plausible notion, in part because it ties in with another phrase related to disappointment - 'it didn't pan out'. Nevertheless, gold prospecting isn't the origin of 'a flash in the pan'. The phrase did have a literal meaning, i.e. it derives from a real flash in a real pan, but not a prospector's pan. Flintlock muskets used to have small pans to hold charges of gunpowder. An attempt to fire the musket in which the gunpowder flared up without a bullet being fired was a 'flash in the pan'.)

pan - a vessel, of metal or earthenware, for domestic uses, usually broad and shallow, and often open + pen + (a flush of the toilet)

guinea - an English gold coin, not coined since 1813, first struck in 1663 with the nominal value of 20s., but from 1717 until its disappearance circulating as legal tender at the rate of 21s + gine (Armenian) - price.

girk - obs. form of jerk (a stroke with a whip or wand; fig. A lash of sarcasm; Involuntary spasmodic movements of the limbs or features, esp. resulting from religious excitement) + girk' (Armenian) - book.

scrabble = scribble + SDV: By that rosy lamp's effluvious burning he scribbled & scratched nameless shamelessness about everybody ever he met,

scratch - to scribble, write hurriedly or carelessly

scriobh (shkriv) (gael) - write + scriob (shkrib) (gael) - scratch.

scriven - to write as a scrivener (a professional penman, a scribe, copyist) does + skrev (Swedish) - wrote + Kenneth Grahame: The Wind in the Willoes (1908), ch. I, 'The River Bank': 'So he scraped and scratched and scrabbled and scrooged, and then he scrooged again and scrabbled and scratched and scraped'.

New York Times Book Review 28 May 1922, 6: 'James Joyce's Amazing Chronicle' (review of Ulysses by Joseph Collins): (of Joyce) 'It is not unlikely that... every person he has ever met... is to be encountered in the obscurities and in the franknesses of Ulysses'.

precipitation - sudden and hurried action; sudden haste or quickness

idlish - somewhat idle + Irish terrier - a large wire-haired terrier, with a sandy or reddish-coloured coat.

tarrier - one who tarries or delays; a lingerer, procrastinator; one who delays some one + (notebook 1923): 'the dogs' umbrella'.

showerproof - resistant to light rain + SDV: even sheltering for 5 minutes from a spring shower under the dogs' umbrella of a public wall,

rancid - having the rank unpleasant taste or smell characteristic of oils and fats when no longer fresh + (notebook 1924): 'rancid Joyce stuff' Sporting Times 1 Apr 1922, 4: 'The Scandal of Ulysses' (review of Ulysses by Aramis): 'a very rancid chapter of the Joyce stuff, which appears to have been written by a perverted lunatic who has made a specialty of the literature of the latrine'.

devoted - vowed, dedicated, enthusiastically loyal or faithful

Uldfada ("long beard") - mentioned in Fingal ['I fought with the great Ulfada'] + old father.

Sardanapalus - legendary last king of the Assyrian empire (charac. by luxuriously sensual nature). In Greek myth, he, faced with rebellion, burned up himself, wives, and palace.

stipple - to paint, engrave, or otherwise design in dots; to produce gradations of shade or colour in a design by means of dots or small spots + SDV: while all over & up & down the two margins of his foul text he the evilsmeller used to draw endless endlessly inartistic portraits of himself

James Joyce: A Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man 

Machiavelli - Italian writer and statesman, Florentine patriot, and original political theorist whose principal work, The Prince, brought him a reputation of amoral cynicism 

monologue + monologue intérieur (fr) - interior monologue.

interviewer - a journalist who interviews a person with the object of obtaining matter for publication

Hanno - several Carthaginian soldiers, rulers. One was Hanno, the navigator (fl. 500 B.C.), who wrote an account of a voyage along the west coast of Africa. Inscribed on a tablet in the Phoenician tongue, it was hung in the temple of Melkarth + William Shakespeare: Hamlet III.1.56: 'To be, or not to be - that is the question' (Italian essere o non essere, questo è il problema) + hanno o non hanno (it) - they have or have not. 

Nonnus (gr) - Greek poet of 5th century A.D. from Egypt

autore (it) - author + Sir Arthur.

Q.E.D. - 'what was to be demonstrated' + {i.e. we shall see one picture (of him) on each of the four margins, while text (about everyone he met) was in the middle; this PICTURE shows text on two margins and picture in the middle}

heartbreakingly handsome (Joyce's note) Irish Independent 9 Feb 1924, 6/7: 'Brilliant Function. The Ward Hunt Ball. (From Our Lady Correspondent)': 'half the male element was red-coated... it's not often they get a turn of looking heart-breakingly handsome'.

paolo - an obsolete Italian silver coin, worth about fivepence sterling + Paolo - loved his brother's wife, Francesca, and when their love was discovered they died together. Dante meets them at the end of the 5th canto of The Inferno

lyric - a lyric poem

goyl (Cornish) - the sail of a ship

Henrik Ibsen: "Little Eyolf" + SDV: as a strikingly handsome young man with love lyrics in his eyes

plaintiff - the party who brings a suit into a court of law; a complainant, prosecutor; opposed to defendant + plaintive - expressive of sorrow; mournful, sad

tanner - one whose occupation is to tan hides + SDV: a tiptop tenor voice,

jucal = jacal - an adobe house, a hut + SDV: an a [ducal] income of £20,000 a year [derived] from landed property,

income + inkomen (Dutch) - income.

drachma - the standard silver coin of modern Greece

BROKEN HILL - Silver mine and mining town, New South Wales, on Western border with South Australia. There is also a Broken Hill (copper mine and mining town) in central Rhodesia.  

stranded - that has been driven ashore; that has run aground

estate - the interest which any one has in lands, tenements, or any other effects


manning - the act of supplying with men; crew + SDV: Oxford manners, morals and,

cut a dash - to impress others, to make a display

brandnew - fresh from the manufacturer + SDV: a brandnew 3 guinea evening suit for a party,

guinea - a name for the sum of £1.05 (21s). The guinea is the ordinary unit for a professional fee and for a subscription to a society or institution; the prices obtained for works of art, racehorses, and sometimes landed property, are also stated in guineas.

dress suit - the more elaborate apparel proper to a public ceremony, a dinner, or an evening party

burled - striped

Oxford shirt - a shirt made from Oxford cloth (a heavy cotton cloth used for shirts)

Fursday - Sc. var. of Thursday

and a lovely + ALP.

inky - resembling ink, black + SDV: & a lovely pair of inky Italian Italian's moustaches. How unwhisperably low!

glister - to glitter, to be brilliant

boric - of or pertaining to boron, containing boron in chemical combination

frangipani - a perfume prepared from, or imitating the odour of, the flower of the red jasmine

puh = pooh - exp. of impatience or contemptuous disdain

unwhisperable - unmentionable even in a whisper + (notebook 1924): 'unmentionables inexplicables unwhisperables' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 249 (sec. 247): 'trousers... the very absurdity of the taboo, which made people invent no end of comic names (inexpressibles, inexplicables, indescribables, ineffables, unmentionables, unwhisperables... etc.)'.

Mrs O'Shea - Parnell's mistress (while married to Captain O'Shea) and later his wife

qui va pieno (it) - here goes a full one, here goes fullness + chi va piano, va sano (Italian proverb) - he who goes slowly, goes safely; slowly but surely.

brimstone - formerly the common vernacular name for sulphur. Now used chiefly when referring to its inflammable character, and to the biblical use.

infest - to attack, assail, annoy, or trouble (a person or thing) in a persistent manner

rap - a knock at a door + rats.

penname - a fictitious name assumed by an author, a literary pseudonym

Seth (Seth, Setekh, Sut, Sutekh, Sety) was one of the most ancient of the Egyptian gods and the focus of worship since the Predynastic Period. As part of the Ennead of Heliopolis he was the son of Nut and Geb and the brother of Osiris, Horus the elder, Isis and Nephthys.

sepia - the inky secretion of a cuttlefish

doorplate - a plate on a door of a house giving the name of the occupant

blind - a screen for a window, made of woven material mounted on a roller

sailcloth - canvas or other textile material such as is used for sails + Joyce sometimes wore a black eyepatch + Paul Brunton (1898-1981) in his book A Search in Secret Egypt, describes how, when travelling in Egypt in the 1930s he resolved to spend a night alone in the King's Chamber inside the Great Pyramid... Hours passed slowly by and in the increasing cold of the chamber Bruton began to feel that there were hostile forces around him, eerie shadows crowded in on him from all sides and a dark apparition advanced menacingly towards him... Soon afterwards phantoms of a different aspect appeared - benevolent beings in the ceremonial dress of ancient Egyptian high priests... He was given various information by his ancient guides, including the fact that the Pyramid was built in the time of Atlantis, and that the Pyramid's secret chambers and ancient records were all contained within himself.


window + fuinneog (fwinyog) (gael) - window + pishogue (Anglo-Irish) - given to superstitious practices (from Irish piseog: witchcraft, sorcery, charm, spell, superstition).

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: The Battle of Lora: (begins) 'Son of the distant land, who dwellest in the secret cell'.

grope - to feel about in order to find one's way; to search blindly, tentatively, or uncertainly

deject - to depress in spirits, dishearten; to cast away, dismiss (obs.) + SDV: The house of Shem Shame, infested with the raps & known as the haunted inkbottle, in which he groped through life at the expense of the taxpayers, injected into day & night by 40 quacks grown day by day increasing exceeding in violent abuse of self & others, was the worst, it is practically believed even in our playboyish western world for pure filth.

Jesuits' bark - the medicinal bark of species of Cinchona + (notebook 1924): 'jesuits' powder (quinine)' + his bark is worse than his bite (phrase).

bitter - a bitter medicinal substance + the biter bit (phrase) - a person who has done harm has been harmed in a similar way ("bit" is used very colloquially as the p.p. of "to bite").

carbohydrate - an organic compound of carbon with oxygen and hydrogen in the proportion to form water + calico - a general name for cotton cloth of all kinds imported from the East.

zolfo (it) - sulphur + At one stage of the war Hitler was on 28 different medications a day, among a plethora of drugs that reached a total of 82. Although Morell had medical training and was licensed as a general practitioner in Germany long before he met Hitler, following World War II there were investigations into his practice along with interrogation by the Allies and he came to be widely regarded as a quack. Historians have speculated his treatment contributed to Hitler's ill health.

scoppia la mina (it) - the mine blows up + scoppia l'anima (it) - the soul bursts + Joyce was treated with scopolamine, which he disliked, for his eyes.

QUI SI SANA - In dreaming of owning his own home, Bloom aspires to more than "a terracehouse or semidetached villa, described as Rus in Urbe or Qui si Sana. Apparently an accepted name (Lat, "who would be healthy") for a country on suburban house + quasi sano (it) - nearly healthy + qui si sana (it) - here one is healthy (name of many nursing-homes) + SDV: injected into day & night by 40 quacks grown day by day increasing exceeding in violent abuse of self & others,

Coue, psychologist, had his devotees repeat: 'Every day in every way I am getting better and better'

playboy - a selfish pleasure-seeker + Playboy - Christie Mahon of Synge's Playboy of the Western World

the worst, it is believed, in the western world, for filth (Joyce's note) + SDV: was the worst, it is practically believed even in our playboyish western world for pure filth.

brag - to vaunt, talk boastfully, boast oneself

brass - a yellow-coloured alloy of copper and zinc + In Le Fanu's The House by the Churchyard, which is laid in Chapelizod, central characters (mysterious Dangerfield and Mervyn, respectively) live in the Brass Castle, on the north bank of the Liffey, and in the Tiled House in Ballyfermot, across the river from Chapelizod.

tyle = tile + tiled - covered, roofed, lined, or laid with tiles.

Ballyfermot - village south of Chapelizod

nix - nothing; not possibly

en stank som ingen stank (Danish) - a stink like no other stink + ting som ingen ting (Danish) - thing like no thing + Nixnixundnix/Tingsomingenting (Ondt and the Grasshopper).

puzzone (it) - stinker, stinky

to the letter - implicitly, to the fullest extent + rotte (Danish) - rat + personal to the writer.

as matter of fact

Edam - a dutch pressed cheese + Killarney (song): 'Angels often pausing there Doubt if Eden were more fair'.

reek - to smell strongly and unpleasantly, to stink

my word! - an ejaculation of surprise + wud - insane, mad.

warped - bent, contorted, or twisted out of shape + REFERENCE

flooring - the inside lower horizontal surface (as of a room or hallway); material for the construction of a floor or floors

lair - the habitation of wild animals

thereof - of that, of it

upright - a vertical piece of timber in a building

impost - the top member of a pillar, pier, wall, etc., upon which the weight of an arch rests

persiana (it) - shutter + Montesquieu: Persian Letters (1721) + SDV: The warped floor flooring of his lair was persianly carpeted literatured with burst letters loveletters citizens' throwaways, [telltale stories,] stickyback snapshots, cockroaches bullcockroaches, dated postdated doubtful eggshells, you owe mes, fluefallen fluefoul smut, fallen lucifers, vestas which had served, borrowed brogues, cutthroat ties, reversible jackets, blackeyed glasses, neverworn breeches, Godforsaken scapulars, falsehair shirts, twisted goose quills, ejaculated seedy ejaculations, crocodiles' tears, spilt ink, blasphematory spits, stale chestnuts, girls schoolgirls young ladies' peasant maidens' city married wives' merry widows' 3 nuns' womens' workwomens' fat abbess's prudent virgins' wedable impudent whores' silent sisters' Charleys aunts' grandmothers' mothers-in-laws' fostermothers' godmothers' garters, snotworms worms of snot, counterfeit francs good best intentions, new quotatoes, limerick damns, stale once current puns, [unquestionable issue papers, messes of mottage,] princess promises, lees of wine, broken wafers, showered ornaments, unloosed shoe latchets, deoxidised carbons, crushed straight waistcoats, globules of mercury, undeleted glete, toothsome pickings, dam fireproof fireworks, ohs ouis sees gras jas neys thaws ahs yeses and yeses and yeses, tress clippings. To which [if one has the stomach] add [the] breakages, upheavals, inversions, distortions, of [all] this chambermade music & one [stands a fair chance of] actually sees seeing the whirling dervish, exiled in upon his ego, [noonday terrorized by an ineluctable shadow,] writing the history of himself in furniture.

literature - literary work or production; the activity or profession of a man of letters

burst - exploded, torn open + burst (french) letters + SDV: carpeted literatured with burst letters loveletters citizens' throwaways,

telltale - informing, revealing, betraying + every picture tells a story (phrase) + REFERENCE

stickyback - a small photograph or poster with a gummed back; also attrib. or as adj. + Ulysses.4.67: 'Stamps: stickyback pictures'.

snap - a snapshot, record on photographic film

eggshell - a relatively rough paper (rougher than vellum); the shell covering of an egg + SDV: cockroaches bullcockroaches, dated postdated doubtful eggshells,

boucher - prehistoric hand axe + butcher's - short for butcher's hook, rhyming slang for 'look' + (Ancient Egyptian ceremony of the opening of the mouth of the deceased with an iron hook). 

flint - a massive, somewhat impure variety of quartz, in color usually of a gray to brown or nearly black, breaking with a conchoidal fracture and sharp edge. It is very hard, and strikes fire with steel.

borer - a drill for penetrating rock

puffer - any of numerous marine fishes whose elongated spiny body can inflate itself with water or air to form a globe

amygdaloid - almond shaped

rindless - without rind or bark

verbage - A deliberate misspelling and mispronunciation of 'verbiage' (overabundance of words) that assimilates it to the word 'garbage'

vivifical - life-giving, enlivening, vivifying + Biblical - of, relating to, or contained in, the Bible.

via - a road or way + bias - a leaning of the mind, propensity toward an object or view, inclination.

obiter dictum - an expression of opinion on a matter of law, given by a judge in court in the course of either argument or judgement, but not forming an essential part of the reasons determining the decision, and therefore not of binding authority; hence gen. Anything said by the way, an incidental statement or remark.

visus (l) - sight + visus undique (l) - seen from all sides, seen completely + visus ambigue (l) - seen doubtfully.

ahem - an exclamation to attract attention to the speaker

ineffable - that cannot be expressed or described in language

unsyllabled - not formed into, not expressed in, syllables

mes = mass; mess + me

Henrik Ibsen: "Little Eyolf"

fluefull - full to the flue, brimful + flue - chimney; a smoke-duct in a chimney + James Joyce: A Portrait III: 'The sootcoated packet of pictures which he had hidden in the flue of the fireplace' + SDV: fluefallen fluefoul smut, 

smut - soot or sooty matter

Lucifer - the rebel archangel whose fall from heaven was supposed to be referred to in Isa. xiv. 12; Satan, the Devil + lucifers - matches.

vesta - a kind of wax match + Ulysses.10.403: 'The vesta in the clergyman's uplifted hand consumed itself in a long soft flame and was let fall'.

shower - to wet with rain showers; to bestow lavishly; to weep, to shead tears

ornament - a decoration, embellishment

brogue - a rude kind of shoe, generally made of untanned hide, worn by the inhabitants of the wilder parts of Ireland and the Scotch Highlands + Ulysses.2.253: 'I never borrowed a shilling in my life. Can you feel that? I owe nothing. Can you? Mulligan, nine pounds, three pairs of socks, one pair brogues'.

reversible - a cloth which is faced on both sides, so as to allow of its being turned

SDV: blackeyed glasses,

horsehair - fabric made from horsehair fibers

godforsaken - neglected in appearence, miserable, wretched

scapular - Eccl. A short cloak covering the shoulders

cutthroat - murderous, merciless

counterfeit - spurious, sham, forged

frank - a mark or stamp on a piece of mail indicating postage paid + SDV: counterfeit francs good best intentions,

curry - to employ flattery or blandishment, so as to cajole or win favour

note - a short letter or written communication of an informal kind

latten - iron tinned over, tin-plate + Latin

tintack - tack or small nail of tinned iron + syntax + Joyce's note: 'upset tintacks,'

millstone - one of a pair of circular stones used for grinding corn in a mill + Joyce's note: 'millstones' Dublin Review Sep 1922, 113: 'Some Recent Books. Ulysses' (review of Ulysses by Domini Canis (Shane Leslie)): (of the Holy Church) 'Her inquisitions, her safeguards and indexes all aim at the avoidance of the scriptural millstone, which is so richly deserved by those who offend one of her little ones'.

stepping stone - a stone for stepping upon; a stone placed in the bed of a stream or on muddy or swampy ground, to facilitate crossing on foot

quill - the feather of a large bird (usually a goose) formed into a pen by pointing and slitting the lower end of the barrel + SDV: twisted goose quills,

magnifying glass - a glass lens, or combination of lenses, used to increase the apparent size of any object seen through it + wineglass - a small drinking-glass for wine + Joyce's note: 'magnifying wineglasses'.

goblin - a mischievous and ugly demon

current - genuine, prevalent, in general circulation, in general use, in vougue

pun - a humorous play on words + currant buns.

mashed potatoes - potatoes beaten or crushed to a mash + quash - to break or dash in pieces + quotations + SDV: new quotatoes,

a mess of pottage - proverbially current in allusions to the story of Esau's sale of his birthright 'for a mess of pottage' + pottage - a thick soup, oatmeal porridge + mots (fr) - words.

unquestionable - indisputable, certain; not liable to question

issue - the act of issuing printed materials + tissue paper - thin, translucent paper used for packing, wrapping, or protecting delicate articles.

seedy - abounding in seeds; lacking in vitality or strength + SDV: ejaculated seedy ejaculations,

Limerick - town and county in Ireland

damn - the utterance of the word 'damn' as a profane imprecation

crocodile tears - false or affected tears

cry over the spilt milk - to cry because of a loss that cannot be put right

blasphematory - blasphemous

spit - the act of spitting; saliva, spittle

chestnut - a story that has been told before, an old joke or story 

young lady - a female shop assistant or clerk of good appearance and manners

milkmaid - a woman employed on a dairy farm or in a diary

shopkeeper - one who carries on business in a shop

merry widow - an amorous or designing widow

a couple of ex-nuns (notebook 1924)

vice- - With personal designations, especially titles of office, indicating that the person so called acts temporarily or regularly in place of, in the absence of, or as assistant to, another  who properly holds the office or bears the title or name, as vice-abbot.

abbess - the female superior of a nunnery or convent of women, having the same authority over nuns that an abbot has over monks + abbess (Slang) - bawd, procuress.

pro- - prior to, taking the place of

Charley - night watchman + Charley's Aunt - play by Brandon Thomas, a transvestite comedy. To the Elizabethans, "aunt" meant "whore."  

fostermother - a woman who nurses and brings up another's child

godmother - a female sponsor considered in relation to her god-child + 4 x 4 types of "garters", obviously predominant type of record (hyieroglyph) on the walls of this inner chamber REFERENCE

garter - a band worn round the leg, either above or below the knee, to keep the stocking from falling down + SDV: girls schoolgirls young ladies' peasant maidens' city married wives' merry widows' 3 nuns' womens' workwomens' fat abbess's prudent virgins' wedable impudent whores' silent sisters' Charleys aunts' grandmothers' mothers-in-laws' fostermothers' godmothers' garters,

tress - a plait or braid of the hair of the head, usually of a woman + press

clipping - an excerpt cut from a newspaper or magazine + (notebook 1922-23): 'clip - haircut' Leader 28 Oct 1922, 277/2: 'Our Ladies' Letter': 'he went into a new barber's (Mickey I'm saying), and he had to pay 1/6 for the clip'.

word of god - the divine wisdom; gospel + snot - the mucus of the nose + SDV: snotworms worms of snot,

toothsome - pleasant to the taste, savoury, palatable + toothpick

picking - something that is picked up, eatable fragments esp. form refuse

Swiss - rel. to Switzerland

bilk - a hoax, cheat, deception (obs.) + milk

highbrow - highly cultured or educated, intellectual + eyebrow lotion.

lotion - any of various cosmetic preparations that are applied to the skin; alcoholic drink (slang.) + notions.

antipode - the exact opposite of a person or thing + kiss my arse.

borrowed plumes - fine clothes, social advantages, a reputation etc. that person has no right to possess + plume (fr) - pen.

relaxable - capable of being relaxed

handgirps - close and usu. critical or desperate struggle + handgrip - a handshake.

lees - sediment deposited from wine

whine - a low somewhat shrill protracted cry, usually expressive of pain or distress + SDV: lees of wine,

CO2 + deoxidize - to remove the oxygen from (an oxide or other compound).

convertible - designed to be changed from one use or form to another

divil (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - devil + devil you care.

doffer - in a carding machine, a comb or revolving cylinder which 'doffs' or strips off cotton or wool from the 'cards'

wafer - a very light thin crisp cake

unloose - to moderate or relax the strain of, to loosen the ties of

latchet - a thong used to fasten a shoe; a (shoe-)lace + John 1:27: 'whose shoes' lachet I am not worthy to unloose'.

crooked - irregular in shape or outline + Isaiah 40:4: 'the crooked shall be made straight' + SDV: crushed straight waistcoats,  

strait waistcoat - a garment for the upper part of the body, made of strong material and admitting of being tightly laced, used for the restraint of violent lunatics or prisoners, and sometimes as a means of punishment.

Hades - the lower world, the abode of departed spirits or shades

globule - a spherical body of small size; a round drop (of water, etc.)

mercury is an old remedy for syphilis [184.09]


glete = gleit (v.) - to glitter, shine + gleet - slimy matter, sticky or greasy filth; a morbid discharge of thin liquid from a wound, ulcer, etc. (now rare.)

*C* glass eyes (notebook 1924) + Joyce had eye surgery and dental extractions done on him in 1923.

gloss - superficial lustre; an explanation or definition of an obscure word in a text (i.e. 'tooth' is glossed as 'teeth') + Joyce's note: 'false teeth for a tooth' + CASTANEDA: I have come to understand sorcery in terms of Talcott Parsons' idea of glosses. A gloss is a total system of perception and language. For instance, this room is a gloss. We have lumped together a series of isolated perceptions--floor, ceiling, window, lights, rugs, etc.--to make a totality. But we had to be taught to put the world together in this way. A child reconnoiters the world with few preconceptions until he is taught to see things in a way that corresponds to the descriptions everybody agrees on. The world is an agreement. The system of glossing seems to be somewhat like walking. We have to learn to walk, but once we learn we are subject to the syntax of language and the mode of perception it contains.

war loans

longsuffering - patient endurance of provocation or trial + SDV: dam fireproof fireworks, ohs ouis sees gras jas neys thaws ahs yeses and yeses and yeses,

longstanding - continuance for a long time in a settled and recognized position, rank, etc.; Chiefly in phr. of long standing.

oui (fr) - yes

si (it) - yes

ja (ger) - yes

jo (Swedish) - yes

già (it) - yes

ney (gr) - yes

tá (Irish) - yes

breakage - the action or fact of breaking; the results of breaking; Mus.The change in the quality of the voice in passing from one 'register' to another.

upheaval - a state of violent disturbance and disorder; Geol. A rise of land to a higher elevation.

distortion - twisting out of natural or regular shape; an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good image

inversion - a turning upside down; reversal of the order of words; Mus. The action of inverting an interval, chord, phrase, or subject.

chamber music - that class of music specially fitted for performance in a private room, as distinguished from a concert-room, church, etc.

stand a fair chance - to be likely to meet with some (specified or implied) piece of fortune, some good or ill luck

grain - the smallest possible quantity

There is one outstanding example of pure dance: that of the whirling dervishes, an art that has been practiced for more than seven centuries. The procedure is part of a Muslim ceremony called the dhikr, the purpose of which is to glorify God and seek spiritual perfection. Not all dervish orders dance; some simply stand on one foot and move the other foot to music. Those who dance or, rather, whirl are the Mawlawi dervishes, an order that was founded by the Persian poet and mystic Jalal ad-Din ar-Rumi at Konya, in Anatolia, in the 13th century. The performance, for which all of the participants don tall, brown, conical hats and black mantles, takes place in a large hall in the tekke, the building in which the dervishes live. The dervishes sit in a circle listening to music. Then, rising slowly, they move to greet the shaykh, or master, and cast off the black coat to emerge in white shirts and waistcoats. They keep their individual places with respect to one another and begin to revolve rhythmically. They throw back their heads and raise the palms of their right hands, keeping their left hands down, a symbol of giving and taking. The rhythm accelerates, and they whirl faster and faster. In this way they enter a trance in an attempt to lose their personal identities and to attain union with the Almighty. Later they may sit, pray, and begin all over again. The dhikr ceremony always ends with a prayer and a procession + Blavatsky: Isis Unveiled I.xxviii: 'Dervishes, or the "whirling charmers"... the Mohammedan devotee... will never reach beyond his second class of occult manifestations'.

tumult - great disturbance or agitation of mind or feeling; confused and violent emotion + Christ called James and John Boanerges ('sons of thunder', Mark 3:17).

selfexiled - exiled by one's own wish or decision + Joyce's note: 'self exiled' Irish Statesman 2 Feb 1924, 664/1: 'Gossip of an Irish Book Lover': 'George Evans Bruce... plaintiff in a famous suit for libel... rather than pay... he self-exiled himself to Brussels and never returned'.

nightlong - through the whole night

red + redd (Norwegian) - afraid + Shem as a priest of Black Temple (3D Time, 1D Space) is "noondayterrorised" by White Temple (3D Space, 1D Time; Shaun) and Red Temple (Intersection of two hyperspheres; Red Dragon HCE defined as "Tesseract"). Interestingly enough, fallen Man is Maurice Mahan [Behan], who was original dweller in Great Bear (cult of Black Temple, original Typhonian current), before constellation was taken by Shem (Seth). Draconian current which has its source in cult of Red Temple, although seems to be connected with constellation Draco, is really connected with Orion and original host(y) is HCE; myths of Orion, Osiris and Tristan are projections of original theme given in FW.

horrors + 'Red Terror' - Communist government repression in Hungary, 1919, followed by similar anti-Communist 'White Terror'.

noonday - the middle of the day; mid-day + Psalms 91:5-6: 'Thou shalt not be afraid... for the destruction that wasteth at noonday'.

skin and bone - denoting extreme emaciation or leanness + to the bone - to the inmost point + Joyce's note: 'bone & shadow' Nation and Athenæum 22 Apr 1922, 125/1: 'Mr. Joyce's Ulysses' (review of Ulysses by John M. Murry): 'he seems to have dropped the illusion of truth for the truth, the effect of truth for the fact, which is, in art, to drop the bone for the shadow'.

ineluctable - impossible to avoid or evade + Joyce's note: 'ineluctable' → Crépieux-Jamin: Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles 190: 'the link between depression and inhibition, so common among the diseased, is not ineluctable; they are two different phenomena' + Ulysses.3.412: 'I throw this ended shadow from me, manshape ineluctable, call it back'.

shaper - the Creator or Maker [of the universe] (obs.) + "The Great Deep One, the Great Illusionist of Shape, had not been shaped still, for he existed after the nothingness of the Naxyr. Later, he was called Yog-Sothoth, the shapeless Demon, who is master of all shapes. He is the reverse thirteen, the inverted triangle, the Nemesis of life which is not unlife." (Frank G. Ripel: The Magick of Atlantis: Sauthenerom, the Source of the Necronomicon)

mercery - a term for expensive fabrics (initially referred to silk, linen, and fustian textiles imported to England in the 12th century) + mercury + mercy.

history + SDV: To which [if one has the stomach] add [the] breakages, upheavals, inversions, distortions, of [all] this chambermade music & one [stands a fair chance of] actually sees seeing the whirling dervish, exiled in upon his ego, [noonday terrorized by an ineluctable shadow,] writing the history of himself in furniture.

future + (i.e. writing in 3D Time).

valet - a manservant performing duties chiefly relating to the person of his master; to wait upon, to attend or serve, as a valet + No man is a hero to his valet (proverb) - a valet of a famous person or celebrity will not have the same high views of their boss as the general public.

get up - to prepare, make ready, organize, work up, generate, bring into existence

STOURBRIDGE - Town, West of Birmingham, England (known for fire-clay and fire-brick works)

kitchenette - a room combining a very small kitchen and a pantry, with the kitchen conveniences compactly arranged, sometimes so that they fold up out of sight and allow the kitchen to be made a part of the adjoining room by opening folding doors

lithargyros (gr) - monoxide of lead + galena (gr) - lead ore; dross left after smelting lead + Galen, Chaudius (b.130) - cebebrated ancient medical writer + gallina (it) - hen + galeno (sp) - doctor. 

fowlhouse - henroost, henhouse + FDV: Furthermore the low creature was a selfvaletter, having got up a kitchenette & fowlhouse for the sake of the eggs in what was meant for a closet

for the sake of - on account of one's interest in; out of desire for, in order to attain + SDV: Of course the our low creature hero was & had to be a selfvaleter so he got up what whatever is meant by a kitchenette & fowlhouse for the sake of eggs in what was meant for a closet.

eggs + Nun, the primordial, dark, everlasting, inert limitless ocean is not creative nor created. It has been always there and it will always be there. There is no escaping from it. It permeates every thing, and creation as a whole. The gods themselves have to deal with it. After the First Time, degeneration is thus inevitable, and if left by itself, creation would relapse into high-entropy (disorder of absolute chaos). Every energy or process of nature is doomed to be depleted without the quasi-eternal, limitless power of genesis, the moment between the hatching of Atum and the emergence of the first land. Atum, the genetic potential, actualizes as genesis, the First Time before actual creation. He is creative nor created, but self-created. Contrary to Nun, the Egyptians envisaged Atum in two possible modes : "floating in Nun", as a diffused, passive and dormant genetic potential, versus "hatching out of his egg", as a contracted, active, one-pointed, solitary creator-god, causa sui, one who is awake and conscious.

The apple does not fall far from the tree (proverb)

dumper - one who 'dumps' or deposits rubbish, etc. + appletree + Humpty Dumpty (nursery rhyme).

moro- (gr) - foolish-, silly- + melodos (gr) - musical + moromelodos (gr) - foolishly musical + moro (it) - black + Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies.

jokesmith - a manufacturer of jokes + jig - a lively, rapid, springy kind of dance; a rapid lively dance-tune; a joke, a sportive trick or cheat + 'The Harmonious Blacksmith', harpsichord music by Handel. 

in defiance of - with daring disregard of, setting at nought

preservation - the activity of protecting something from loss or danger

game - wild animals or birds such as are pursued, caught or killed in the chase

poultry - domestic fowls collectively

Lalla Rookh - title, heroine of Thomas Moore's poem

cookerybook - a book of receipts and instructions in cookery + Ben Travers: Rookery Nook (play) + rookery - a place where rooks nest or breed; a colony of rooks.

dodginess - evasivenes, artfulness

lantern - a transparent case, e.g. of glass, horn, talc, containing and protecting a light; magic lantern (an optical instrument by means of which a magnified image of a picture on glass is thrown upon a white screen or wall in a darkened room) + Diogenes, Cynic philosopher, looked with a lantern for an honest man.

brool - a low roar, a murmur + broil - to grill + brûler (fr) - to burn.

cock - to strut, swagger, to turn up + cooked

potch = poach - to cook in a liquid kept just below the boiling point

athanor - a digesting furnace used by the alchemists, in which a constant heat was maintained by means of a tower which provided a self-feeding supply of charcoal 

white - the translucent viscous fluid surrounding the yolk of an egg

whote = wit (v.) + (this is the truly eternal cycle of Atum, each time rising and setting as the creator of a new universe).

Fruhling (ger) - spring + frullino (it) - egg whisk + frula (Serbian) - pipe, flute → "He thought of the ancient legends of Ultimate Chaos, at whose centre sprawls the blind idiot god Azathoth, Lord of All Things, encircled by his flopping horde of mindless and amorphous dancers, and lulled by the thin monotonous piping of a demoniac flute held in nameless paws." (H.P. Lovecraft: The Haunter Of The Dark)

freddon - to hum, warble, quaver + fredonner (fr) - to hum (tune).

mas blanca que la blanca hermana (Spanish) - whiter than the white sister + Meyerbeer: Les Huguenots (opera): song: Plus blanche que la blanche hermine (French 'Whiter than the white ermine').

amarilla (Spanish) - yellow; a gold coin + Giulio Caccini: Amarilli, mia Bella (song) + {whites whiter than his white sister and the yolk like a gold coin}

muy bien (Spanish) - very good, very well

cinnamon - the inner bark of an East Indian tree, dried in the sun, and used as a spice 

locust - grasshopper + Matthew 3:4: 'his meat was locusts and wild honey'.

beeswax - the wax secreted by bees as the material of their combs

liquorice - deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves, widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots

carrageen - a kind of seaweed, also called Irish moss, common on the British coasts, of a cartilaginous texture and a purplish colour, becoming yellowish-white when dried. It yields on boiling a nutritive demulcent jelly, used for food and in medicine.

blaster - one who blows; one who blights or ruins + plaster of Paris.

Swift's Stella and Vanessa both had name Esther

Huster (ger) - cougher + Hastur.

mixture + micturio (l) - to make water + (cough mixture).

embrocation - a liquid used for bathing or moistening any diseased part + Elliman's Universal Embrocation (yellow).

Reverend Pilkington - friend of Swift [.25] and Sheridan [.24]

patty - a thin, round piece of food, such as a hamburger patty or a peppermint patty

stardust - innumerable minute stars, likened, as seen in the telescope, to particles of dust

accordant to - agreeing, consonant, conformable + akures (gr) - unfortunate + cure-dent (fr) - toothpick.

Sheridan, Thomas (1687-1738) - R.B. Sheridan's grandfather, "a punster, a quibbler, a fiddler and a wit," author of The Art of Punning

panning - cooking in a pan

regale - a choice or sumptuous repast, feast

The Girl I Left behind Me (song) + legs (French) - legacy.

leven (Dutch) - life; to live + Laetitia Van Lewen became Mrs Pilkington, friend of Swift; Delany called her 'Letty'.

cantrap - a witch's trick, a spell of necromancy

abracadabra - a cabalistic word, formerly used as a charm, and believed to have the power, when written in a triangular arrangement, and worn round the neck, to cure agues, etc. Now often used in the general sense of a spell, or pretended conjuring word.

kaluptra (gr) - veil, head-dress, bride's veil + colubra (l) - snake

culorum (l) - of the posteriors

oeufs à la (fr) - eggs in the style of

Église de Saint-Gabriel, Paris

Auge (ger) - eye + avga (Modern Greek) - eggs.

mein (ger) - my + Felde (ger) - field.

Eier (German) = eiers (Dutch) - eggs

usque ad mala (l) - until the apples (dessert at meals) + ab ovo usque ad mala (l) - from the egg to the apples: from the beginning to the end (of a Roman feast) + usque ad mala (l) - even as far as evils (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

pomme de terre (fr) - potato + ciel (fr) - sky.

oves (l) - sheep (pl.) + ovum, pl. ova (l) - egg, pl. eggs

uova (it) - eggs + ubh (Irish) - egg + uova sode (it) - hard-boiled eggs + uvo (Serbian) - ear.

Sade, Marquis de (1740-1814) - French author of Juliette, Justine, etc. + sulphate de soude (fr) - sodium sulphate (a.k.a. Glauber's salt) + soude (fr) - soda.

ochiuri (Rumanian ) - poached eggs + occhio (it) - eye + ochi (Serbian) - eyes.

sauté (fr) - tossed in the pan

saumon (fr) - salmon

monseigneur (French) - monsignor

suffusion + soufflé - light fluffy dish of egg yolks and stiffly beaten egg whites mixed with e.g. cheese or fish or fruit.

oog (Dutch ) - eye + eggs

sonka (Hungarian) - ham + some cat on toast.

tojas (Hungarian) - egg + toast - slices of bread that have been toasted. 

POULARD, MERE - Hotel and 1-star restaurant, at Mont-Saint-Michel, North-West France; its specialty is Omelette "Mere Poulard"  

Carême - French gastronome + Carême (French) - Lent. 

closet - a room for privacy or retirement, esp. such a room as the place of private devotion; 'water-closet'

infant - to give birth to (also fig.)

Mathew, Father Theobald (1790-1856) - Irish temperance advocate. He always doubles with Matt Gregory (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake). 

le père (fr) - the father

Nobel - lion in Reynard cycle (emblem of the evangelist Mark)

Pastor Lucas (l) - the Shepherd Luke

padre (it) - father, priest

águila (sp) - eagle (emblem of the evangelist John)

Baldwin - ass in the Reynard cycle + baudet (French) - ass. 

costive - retaining fecal matter in the bowels, having too slow a motion of the bowels, constipated

antimonian - containing antimony in combination

manganese - a hard brittle grey polyvalent metallic element that resembles iron but is not magnetic

limo- - 'clayey and ...' + limus (l) - mud + limo- (gr) - hunger- + litos (gr) - simple + limolitos (gr) - hungrily frugal + litmus paper (for acidity testing).

SDV: Naturally he never needed such an alcove alcohove for his purpose and when George W Robber, the paper stat paper king, boycotted him of all stationery & muttonsuet candles for any purpose he went away & made synthetic ink for & unruled foolscap parchment for it himself with out of his wits' ends. How? Let [the manner & the matter of] it [for these [our] sporting times] be veiled cloaked up in the language of blushing blushfed cardinals lest that [the] Anglican cardinals cardinal, [not] reading his own words rude speech, [may always] behold the scarlet [brand] on the brown of the her of Babylon yet feel not the pink one in his [own damned] cheek Primum ...

alcove - an arched recess or niche in the wall of any building or apartment, a recessed portion of a room or a small room opening into a larger one

MAUNSELL AND CO - Printing firm in Parliament Street, publisher of the Daily Express and other newspapers. George Roberts, the managing director, had bitter disputes with Joyce over deletions after the sheets of Dubliners were printed, and in September 1912 the sheets were destroyed by the printer, John Falconer; Joyce said by burning, Roberts said by "guillotining and pulping." 

pulping - the destruction of paper records by dissolving them in a liquid reagent. The product of pulping, a raw paper fiber slurry, is recycled into new paper based products + pulpit + public + SDV: when George W Robber, the paper stat paper king, 

nudge - to touch or push (one) slightly with the elbow for the purpose of attracting attention

codex - a system or collection of rules or regulations on any subject + codex (Slang) - blockhead.

podex - the fundament, the rump, posterior, arse (slang)

benefaction - an act intending or showing kindness and good will + benediction - the act of praying for divine protection.

pastor - a shepherd of souls, bishop, priest

flammeus (l) - flaming, fiery

falconer - one who hunts with falcons; a keeper and trainer of hawks + John Falconer - Dublin printer. 

boycott - to combine in refusing to hold relations of any kind, social or commercial, public or private, with (a neighbour), on account of political or other differences, so as to punish him for the position he has taken up, or coerce him into abandoning it.

muttonfat candle - a candle made of mutton-fat

home rule + SDV: boycotted him of all stationery & muttonsuet candles for any purpose he went away & made synthetic ink for & unruled foolscap parchment for it himself with out of his wits' ends.

stationery - materials for writing (paper, pens, ink, etc.)

wing - to use one's wings, fly; to sail + (Icarus).

wild goose chase - a pursuit after something unattainable, a futile chase

kathartic = cathartic - cleansing, purifying, purging + "katharsis" (James Joyce: The Holy Office).

synthetic sugar (Joyce's note)

sensitive paper - paper prepared for photographic purposes

waste - refuse matter, any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted

Sam Hill - a euphemism for hell; used especially in expressions of impatience or irritation preceded by in or the with an interrogative word + where in Sam Hill (United States phrase) - 'where in the world' (popular 19th century expression).

sporting - characterized by sport or sportsmanlike conduct + SPORTING TIMES - The weekly "chronicle of racing, literature, art, and the drama," known as "The Pink 'un," published in London 1865-1931; had a hostile review of Ulysses in April 1922.

cloak - to hide under a false appearance

porporate - clad in purple + corporates (P/K split) + purpurandus (Vatican Latin Slang) - one fit to be purpled, i.e. made a cardinal + SDV: Let [the manner & the matter of] it [for these [our] sporting times] be veiled cloaked up in the language of blushing blushfed cardinals

Anglican - English; of or peculiar to the English ecclesiastically + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional (offers some extremely sexually-explicit extracts from the alleged writings of Catholic theologians in the Latin only, supposedly to shield his readership from the smut; the book is mentioned in Ulysses.15.2548).

ordinal - a book containing directions for roman catholic services every day in the year (in full, 'The Anglican Ordinal') + cardinal and ordinal numbers SDV: lest that [the] Anglican cardinals cardinal, [not] reading his own words rude speech,

Dönsk tunga (Icelandic) - Danish tongue + teanga (t'one) (gael) - tongue, language.

scarlet - a brilliant vivid red colour, inclining to orange + Revelation 17:4-5: 'the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour... and upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS' (Puritans applied this to the Roman Catholic Church).

whore of Babylon - Church of Rome + SDV: [may always] behold the scarlet [brand] on the brown of the her of Babylon yet feel not the pink one in his [own damned] cheek

The Pink 'Un - subtitle of Sporting Times + (so that no-one is embarrassed).

cheek - insolence in speaking to any one + Luke 6:41: 'and why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye?'

opifex (l) - artificer + REFERENCE

alt (German) - old + Altus Prosator - a hymn attributed to Saint Columcille.

prosator (l) - a prose writer (in Dante and Renaissance latinits) + (notebook 1924): 'Altus Prosator'  James Joyce: A Portrait V (l) - 'Old father, old artificer'.

prosy - lacking wit or imagination

crap - excrement, defecation

Joyce's note: 'noir animal (sterco)' [.19]

Litany of Blessed Virgin Mary: 'vas honorabile' (Latin: 'honourable vessel')

Medard and Gildard - twin French saints, invoked for rain + Gogarty. 

Vulgate Psalms 45:2: 'Lingua mea calamus scribae velociter scribentis': 'My tongue is the pen of a scribe writing swiftly'.

exonerate - to relieve, in a moral sense, as of a charge, obligation, or load of blame resting on one + (mistranstlates Latin dejectiones and exoneratus [.18-.19]).

Orion + orina (l) - urine.

fake - to plunder, steal; to feign or simulate + fecit Orionis (mistranstlates Latin fecit and Orionis [.24-.25]).

indelible ink - ink that cannot be deleted, blotted out, or effaced + SDV: (made O'Ryan the devil's own ink).

pius Aeneas (l) - dutiful Aeneas (frequent formula in Vergil's Aeneid)

conformant - in accordance with a set of specifications

fulminant - flashing forth like lightning; occurring suddenly, rapidly, and with great severity or intensity

firman - an edict or order issued by an Oriental sovereign, esp. the Sultan of Turkey; a royal order or grant + fir (Irish) - men.

enjoin - to give instructions to or direct somebody to do something 

tremolous - trembling, quivering or shaking

nychtemeros (gr) - lasting a night and a day + nightmare + nychthemeron - period of twenty-four hours ('Ulysses' spans one day and one night) + hemera (gr) - day (i.e. 'nonday' → "This nonday diary, this allnights newseryreel" [489.35]) + Apollonius of Thyana: Nychthemeron (an occult treatise which contains some reference to Ourania) + America.

unheavenly - not heavenly, sinful

uncertain - about which one cannot be certain or assured; subject to doubt

obscene - disgusting, repulsive, filthy; expressing or suggesting unchaste or lustful ideas; impure, indecent, lewd

kopros (gr) - dung + copyright ('Ulysses' was not protected by copyright in the United States and pirated editions appeared).

Ouranian - of or pertaining to heaven or the upper regions + Urania - muse of astronomy, planet, Aphrodite as spiritual love + Ourania (gr) - 'Heavenly', muse of astronomy + ouron (gr) - urine (Orion was originally named Ourion because generated from Greek ouron: urine).

dood (Dutch) - dead; death

bethank - to thank

bedung - to befoul with dung

double dye - to dye twice + double-dyed villain (phrase) + SDV: With the double dye he wrote minutely, appropriately over every part of the only foolscap available, his own body, till one integument slowly unfolded universal history the [varied progressive] reflection from his [individual] person of lived life unlivable transaccidentated in the slow fire of consciousness into a dividual chaos, perilous, potent, common to all flesh, mortal only, & that self which he hid from the world grew darker & darker in its outlook.   

blood heat - the ordinary heat of blood in the healthy human body

gallic acid - a white crystalline acid. With iron salts it gives a deep blue-black colour, the basis of writing ink. 

iron ore - the ore of iron; any crude form in which iron is found in the earth + solution of gallic acid & solution of a ferrous salt = blue-black ink.

misery - distress caused by privation or poverty; a condition characterized by a feeling of extreme unhappiness; miserable or wretched state of mind + (notebook 1924): 'thro' bowels of Thy Mercy' Kinane: St. Patrick 134: 'O God, through the bowels of Thy mercy... grant me a love of prayer'.

flashly - in a flash manner, handsomely, elegantly

faithly - with fidelity, faithfully, steadfastly

nastily - in a nasty ill-tempered manner

appropriately - in a manner properly suited; fittingly


Menshevik - a member of the political group or party forming the smaller part of the Russian Social-Democratic Party after the split with the Bolsheviks in 1903 and denounced as counter-revolutionaries after the 'October' Revolution of 1917 + chovek (Serbian) - man + mensch (Dutch) - man + havik (Dutch) - hawk.

alchemist + Shem. 

foolscap - a writing paper made in sheets, ordinarily 16 x 13 inches, and folded so as to make a page 13 x 8 inches

corrosive sublimate - mercury(II) chloride, an poisonous compound of mercury once used as a photographic intensifier. When applied to a negative, the mercury(II) chloride whitens and thickens the image, thereby increasing the opacity of the shadows and creating the illusion of a positive image.

integument -  hard outer covering; the skin as the natural covering of the body [Joyce's note: 'integument'].

Marivaux, Pierre Carbet de Chamblain de (1688-1763) - French writer who created a fantastic style, introduced to each other "words which have never made acquaintance, and which think they will not get on together." He also translated Homer.

cycle - to move or revolve in cycles + wheel - to move like a point in the circumference of a wheel + Vico's cycles of history.

reflect - to turn one's thoughts (back) on, to ponder, meditate on

unlivable - unfit to live in, that can not be lived + SDV: till one integument slowly unfolded universal history the [varied progressive] reflection from his [individual] person of lived life unlivable

transaccidentation - theological doctrine that the eucharistic bread and wine are changed into body and blood of Jesus Christ at the moment of their consecration; a transmutation of the accidents of the bread and wine in the Eucharist, as distinguished from transubstantiation, in which the substance alone is changed.

dividual - capable of being divided into parts, divisible; divided into parts, fragmentary

perilous - fraught with danger

potent - powerful, possessed of great power

squid - a cuttlefish

squirt - a small quantity of liquid that is squirted, a small jet or spray + screen - to hide from view as with a screen, to shelter from observation or recognition.

crystalline - clear and transparent like crystal

wane - to become gradually less in degree, to decline in intensity

chagrin - strong feelings of embarrassment + (notebook 1924): '(peau de) Chagrin *C*' → chagrin, peau de chagrin (French): shagreen (a species of rough leather, made from horse, ass, shark, seal, etc., skin, frequently dyed green; Balzac's novel Le Peau de Chagrin (1831), tells of a wish-granting piece of shagreen, shrinking and shortening the owner's life with each wish).

The Picture of Dorian Gray - novel by Oscar Wilde

dud - an event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual + dødhud (Danish) - dead skin + hud (Welsh) - magic, illusion, charm + SDV: & that self which he hid from the world grew darker & darker in its outlook.

Meillet & Cohen: Les Langues du Monde 358: (an example of a Dravidian sentence) 'maram und eNDu kangiReN: "a tree exists having said I see"'.

dal (Santali - East Indian language) - to strike

dapal (Santali) - to strike each other; to cover

danapal (Santali) - covering

agglomerative - tending to agglomerate or collect together + Meillet & Cohen: Les Langues du Monde 403: (of Munda languages, such as Santali) 'the Munda languages... resemble the so-called agglutinating languages, such as Turkish'.

arklas (Lithuanian) - plough

arklys (Lithuanian) - horse + Arglist (ger) - deceit, artifice + putting the cart before the horse (phrase).

misappearence - failure to appear, not appearence; appearence in a perverted form

opposite of 'squaring the circle'

fête - the festival of the saint after whom a person is named; in Roman Catholic countries observed as the birthday is in England

ingnis (l) - fire + Saint Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) - founder of the Society of Jesus. 

poisonivy - climbing plant with ternate leaves and greenish flowers followed by white berries; yields an irritating oil that causes a rash on contact + 'Ivy Day in the Committee Room' + Joyce's note (notebook 1923): 'poison ivy' The Four Million, 'An Adjustment of Nature' 105: "Caesar had his Brutus – the cotton has its bollworm, the chorus girl has her Pittsburger, the summer boarder has his poison ivy [...]" (MS 47474-78v, PrMT: for the deathfe^te of Saint Ignaceous Poisonivy | JJA 47:477 | probably Aug-Sep 1928 | ) (Note: In the proofs for Transition 7 we find the marginal note in Joyce's hand: "imprimez ici entre l'e et la 't' un accent circonflexe au niveau de la ligne: ^^. Insert here between the "e" and the "t" an accent circumflex on a level with the line.)

fickle - marked by erratic changeableness in affections or attachments + 'A Little Cloud'.

sixth day of October - Ivy Day [.13], anniversary of the death of Parnell in 1891 + REFERENCE

kilim (Aramaic) - pig

lay low - to bring to the ground; to lay in the ground, to bury; to abase

brandish - to flourish, wave about (a sword, spear, etc.) by way of threat or display, or in preparation for action

ball bearing - a low-friction bearing type, with rotating parts, that has an inner and an outer race which are separated by steel spheres or balls, which give it its name

stylo - a pen with a fine tube with a wire inside instead of a conventional nib, similar to a modern drafting pen + stylo à bille (fr) - ballpoint pen + {brandishing his pen [or bottle?], the blond policeman who thought it contained ink was out of his depth, but right in the main}

keyman - a person doing a work of vital importance + (notebook 1924): 'shining keyman of door'.

winds of change - force of changes

what is sauce for the goose is the sauce for the gander - what is acceptable or pleasing for one person is acceptable or pleasing to another or others; In the United States, "What's sauce for the goose . . . gander" has traditionally been used to mean that whatever applies to a woman should apply to a man as well. The saying goes back long before the women's movement. Its literal meaning comes from cooking poultry: male and female geese would be served with the same sauce.

zasis (Lithuanian) - goose

souse - various parts of a pig or other animal, esp. the feet and ears, prepared or preserved for food by means of pickling

zasinas (Lithuanian) - gander + Zosimos of Panopolis - Egyptian or Greek alchemist and Gnostic mystic from the end of the 3rd and beginning of the 4th century AD. He was born in Panopolis, present day Akhmim in the south of Egypt, ca. 300. He wrote the oldest known books on alchemy.

cop - a policeman + SDV: So perhaps when he last at his last public disappearance the blond cop, who thought it was ink, was out. Petty constable Sigurdsen, it was, who had been detailed to save him from the effects of lynch law & mob mauling that greeted him the tenderfoot just as he was butting in with a hideful through his door, saying as usual: Where ladies have they that a dogmean herring sortherring? Search me, the other incapable said & in he shot skittled.

out of one’s depth - beyond the limit of one’s mental capability, in situation that one cannot control or understand because of not having enough knowledge, skill, etc.

bright - displaying great intelligence; quick-witted, clever. (In standard English used chiefly in speaking of children or one's inferiors.) + right.

in the main - for the most part, in all essential points

FDV: And hear this more. At the time of his last disappearance in public petty constable Sigurdsen, who had been detailed to save him from lynch law & mob mauling, ran after greeted him just as he was butting in through the door with a hideful saying as usual: Wherefore have they that a dog here mean herring? All Shem said was: Search me.

Petty Constable - an officer of the peace having power as a conservator of the public peace, and bound to execute the warrants of judicial officers + (notebook 1924): 'petty constable - treason' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 86 (sec. 84): 'most of the terms pertaining to the law are of French origin... Petty (Fr. petit) was, I suspect, introduced by the jurists in such combinations as... petty constable... petty treason'.

Sickerson ('S) + The Sisters: 'And what do you think but there he was, sitting up by himself in the dark in his confession-box, wide-awake and laughing-like softly to himself?' → "Dear sister, are you ready to begin your confession?" [The answer was that the Rev. Mr.—- was dying, and... REFEERENCE]

Ku Klux Klan + kruis (Dutch) - cross + kroon (Dutch) - crown + kroon - the basic monetary unit of Estonia + kraal - a village of Southern or Central African native peoples (from Afrikaans).

parochial - of, belonging, or pertaining to a parish

watch - one who watches for purposes of guarding and protecting life and property; esp. a watchman who patrolled and guarded the streets of a town, proclaimed the hour, etc.

detail - to appoint or tell off for a particular duty + (notebook 1922-23): 'bailiff specially detailed'.

pollute - defiled, rendered impure or unclean; intoxicated, drunk

stotis (Lithuanian) - station + duties + police station + Sopdet ("skilled woman", also known as Sothis) represented by star Sirius.

quemquem (l) - whoever, whatsoever + (from being pelted).

quum (old latin) = cum (l) - when, as, while

ligature - to bind with a ligature or bandage; anything used in binding or tying; a band, bandage, tie. Writing and Printing. Two or more letters joined together and forming one character or type; a monogram + liable - subject to the operation of (any agency), likely to undergo (a change of any kind).

foul play - unfair conduct in a game; transf. unfair or treacherous dealing, often with the additional notion of roughness or violence + 'Clay'.

clot - a hardened lump of earth + 'A Little Cloud' + SDV: detailed to save him from the effects of lynch law & mob mauling

encountered + 'An Encounter' + FDV: ran after greeted him

evening + 'Eveline'.

omnium gatherum - gathering of all sorts + 'Ivy Day in the Committee Room'.

County Mayo + Anyone searching the map of Ireland for "Knockmaree, Comty Mea" [186.25] seeks in vain; the direction is to the "Blessed" Issy, pregnant ("knocked up"), a successor to the "Cunty Kate" of the Circe scene in Ulysses (Benstock, Bernard / Joyce-again's wake: an analysis of Finnegans wake).

tenderfoot - a name given, originally in the ranching and mining regions of the western U.S., to a newly arrived immigrant, unused to the hardships of pioneer life; a greenhorn; hence, a raw, inexperienced person. 

reel - to move unsteadily or with a weaving or rolling motion

lurch - to move abruptly

proto- - first in time, original; first in rank or importance, chief, principal

stp - abbr. of stop

arch - chief, principal, prime

arcus (l) - bow, rainbow; arch + Iris (l) - goddess of the rainbow; rainbow + arco-íris (Portuguese) - rainbow.

smecknamn (Swedish) - nickname

mergyte (Lithuanian) - little girl + Maggy.

butt in - to burst in, to thrust oneself unceremoniously and uninvited into (an affair, discussion, etc.)

go or come round the corner - to pass round a corner into another road, street, etc.; to pass round the corner of a race-course, esp. the last corner before the finish; fig. to pass a critical point or stage, to start recovering from an illness + rand - a border, margin or brink.

have a hideful (Slang) - be drunk + SDV: that greeted him the tenderfoot just as he was butting in with a hideful through his door,

bethel - house of worship, temple, church + bordel - a house of prostitution + Bethel - a place mentioned repeatedly in the Bible (e.g. Genesis 28:19; from Hebrew Beth El: House of God).

bordel house - a house of prostitution, bordel + 'The Boarding House'

Fenster (ger) - window + {as he was coming round the corner drunk after climbing from the brothel window}

grazioso (it) - gracious, graceful + grazus (Lithuanian) - beautiful.

ora (l) - border, brim, edge; sea-coast + ora (l) - pray! + hora (l) - hour + oras (Lithuanian) - weather, air + gracious whores.

Hvorledes har De det i dag, min sorte herre? (Danish) - How are you today, my dark sir? + FDV: Wherefore have they that a dog here mean herring? + SDV: Where ladies have they that a dogmean herring sortherring? 

sir + sergot (fr. slang) - policeman.

search me - Used (chiefly in response to a question) to imply that the speaker has no knowledge of some fact or no idea what course to take + Joyce's note: 'search me' Leader 4 Nov 1922, 305/1: 'As Others See Us': 'What they're striking about - well, search me, but I expect it don't matter a row of pills'.

incapable - lacking the necessary skill or knowledge etc. + SDV: Search me, the other incapable said & in he shot skittled.  

repartee - to make witty or smart replies [Joyce's note: 'repartee']

self evident - evident without proof or argument + evite - to shun, avoid + evitans (l) - shunning, avoiding.

subtlety - craftiness, cunning, esp. of a treacherous kind; a refinement or nicety of thought, speculation, or argument

spurious - plausible but false; intended to deceive

grace - an instance or manifestation of favour + 'After the Race' + 'Grace'.

christmas - evergreens used for decorations at christmas

Portia - heroine of The Merchant of Venice

prance - the act of prancing (Of a horse: To rise by springing from the hind legs) + prince.

fandango - a provocative Spanish courtship dance in triple time (performed by a man and a woman playing castanets)

siltas (Lithuanian) - warm

saltas (Lithuanian) - cold

silpnas (Lithuanian) - weak

stiprus (Lithuanian) - strong

skittle - a bowling pin of the type used in ninepins; to play skittles + (notebook 1923): 'Skittled out' + scuttle - to run with quick, hurried steps.

sveikas (Lithuanian) - hello


palpably - clearly, obviously, manifestly

Baltic - of, pertaining to, designating or bordering upon Baltic Sea + baltas (Lithuanian) - white + Lithuanian is a Baltic language.

stemming - In linguistic morphology, stemming is the process for reducing inflected (or sometimes derived) words to their stem, base or root form, which is generally a written word form + stumm (ger) - dumb + Stimmung (ger) - mood, atmosphere.

literally - without metaphor or exaggeration

astonished + James Joyce: A Portrait V: 'Is that called a tundish in Ireland? asked the dean. I never heard the word in my life'.

sake - end, purpose + case + 'A Painful Case'

burst - to break out into sudden action or forcible expression of feeling

souch = such + Meillet & Cohen: Les Langues du Monde 403: (of Santali) 'the phrase hâpân-in-e dal-ket'-ta-ko-tin-a "my son has hit theirs"... therefore means literally "him my son has hit theirs, him who is mine"'.

thereto - to that; besides, also, moreover


DUBLINERS) The Sisters, An Encounter, Araby, Eveline, After the Race, Two Gallants, The Boarding House, A Little Cloud, Counterparts, Clay, A Painful Case, Ivy Day in the Committee Room, A Mother, Grace, The Dead.

Caledonian - of ancient Caledonia; of Scotland + Kaledos (Lithuanian) - Christmas.

Lietuviskas (Lithuanian) - Lithuanian + lieutenant + whiskey.

caftan - a garment worn in Turkey and other eastern countries, consisting of a kind of long under-tunic or vest tied at the waist with the girdle + captain.

wineskin - a beg made from entire skin of an animal and used for holding wine; fig. one who 'fills his skin' with wine, a tippler

looked his astonishment (notebook 1924)

det blev sagt ham (Danish) - he was told (literally 'it was said him')

aciu (Lithuanian) - thanks

fun - to hoax, tease, joke, trick + for

outgive - to outdo in giving, give more than; to give out, come to an end + utgift (Norwegian) - expense + gift (Norwegian) - married; poison + Ausgabe (German) = uitgaaf (Dutch) - edition (literally 'out gift').

'The Dead'

med (Danish) - with

arrah (Anglo-Irish) - but, now, really + 'Araby'.

conspue - to spurn with contempt if by spitting upon + congruent.

Dominical - of or relating to Sunday as the Lord's Day; of or relating to or coming from Jesus Christ + Bruno belonged to Dominican Order (1563-76).

noblish - to ennoble + noble

permit - permission, leave (esp. formally given)

namely - to wit, that is to say, videlicet + FDV: The peace officer was literally astounded at the capaciousness of the wineskin & even more so when informed by the human outcome of drink & dirt that he was merely bringing home 2 gallons of porter to his mother.

coon - a sly, knowing fellow; a 'fellow' + kun at bringe hjem (Danish) - only to bring home.

gallon - a vessel for holding liquids + "Two Gallants"


till - to + til (Danish) - to.

mother + 'A Mother'.

nip - to snatch, catch, seize or take smartly; a sip or small draught, esp. a draught of intoxicating liquor

nab - to catch (a person) and take into custody, to arrest; to bite gently, to nibble + Up, guards, and at them!

poltergeist - a ghost that announces its presence with rapping and the creation of disorder + Poltergeist (ger) - hobgoblin.

kotzen (ger) - to vomit, to puke

donder (Dutch) - thunder + donder op! (Dutch) - get the hell out of here! + Donner und Blitz (ger) - thunder and lightning.

exploits + hoplite - a heavily-armed foot-soldier of ancient Greece.

kiek (Lithuanian) - how much?

(What mother? Whose father? Which twins? Why only one girl?) + SDV: What mother? Whose porter? Why merely?


protested + plutor (l) - he who sends rain.

base - having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality

printing (the printer of Dubliners refused to print it) + FDV: But enough of such imperial lowness too base for words. We cannot stay here all day discussing Mr. Shem the Penman's thirst.

perpend - to weight carefully in the mind

Patch Purcell - Irish mailcoach owner

stoane = stone

silde (Danish) - herrings + Zuider Zee, Netherlands.

hareng (fr) - herring + Herring the King (song): 'Herring our king' + King Harry.

dez (Portuguese) - ten + December

John Philip Sousa - American composer, known particularly for his marches + January, February, March.

mercy and justice are contrasted in Portia's speech in Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice IV.1.182-203

lova (Lithuanian) - bed

labas rytas (Lithuanian) - good morning + labyrinthos (gr) - labyrinth (created by Daedalus)

rest of our existence

Tamsta (Lithuanian) - sir, your grace + SDV: What mother? Whose porter? Why merely? But enough of such black lowness too base for words! But we We cannot stay here for the rest of the day discussing Mr. Ham of Tenman's thirst.

Ham, son of Noah + Amsterdam.

justus (l) - that does what is morally right; just, upright, righteous + justice.

his brother

brawn - fleshy part, muscle; esp. the rounded muscles of the arm, leg and thumb + Shaun + Browne (Browne/Nolan [.28]).

breit (ger) - broad + sweat

brune - burning, a burn + brown (Slang) - to fire indiscriminately at; to bugger + brain - to kill by smashing someone's skull.

bird (Slang) - girl; harlot

Brown Bess - The name familiarly given in the British Army to the old flint-lock musket + Brown Bess (Slang) - harlot.

bung - a plug used to close a hole in a barrel or flask; anus (slang)

bandy - Of legs: Curved laterally with the concavity inward

bruise - to maul as a boxer or prize-fighter

braise - to beat small, to crush to powder

bas (bas) (gael) - death + bauz! (ger) - smash! (interjection if something falls).

nay - no + Odysseus (etymologysed 'no-man Zeus') + SDV: REFERENCE

oblique - not going straight to the point, indirectly stated or expressed

inspired - blown on or into, inflated (obs.); having the character of inspiration + (notebook 1924): 'I shall not follow him any longer through the inspired form of a 3rd person but address myself to him directly'.

deponent - having a passive form with an active meaning, as certain Latin and Greek verbs; one who deposes or testifies under oath; one who gives evidence


vendetta - a family blood-feud, usually of a hereditary character, as customary among the inhabitants of Corsica and parts of Italy; a similar blood-feud, or prosecution of private revenge, in other communities + vindictive - characterized by a desire for revenge.

boldly - courageously, daringly

jolly - to encourage to feel pleasant or cheerful + jollied her (notebook 1923) → O. Henry: The Four Million 254: 'The Brief Début of Tildy': 'None of them bantered her gaily to coquettish interchanges of wit. None of them loudly "jollied" her of mornings... accusing her... of late hours in the company of envied swains'.

Zwilling (ger) - twin + swilling - the drinking of large mouthfuls rapidly. 

talking to - a lengthy rebuke + SDV: Stand forth come boldly in your true colours [& move me to scorn & laughter] ere you be put back for ever till while I give you your talking-to! 

Michael John you know me & I know you (notebook 1924) Freeman's Journal 29 Dec 1923, 5/2: 'Home on Leave': 'Buckley said: "Michael John, you know me and I know you"'.

Mac Adam(ise) (notebook 1924) Macadamisation: method for making or repairing roads invented by J.L. McAdam + son of Adam (Cain) + son of Adam's son (Enoch).

schemery - scheming practices + scheming - planning, contrivance (esp. underhand or with sinister motive) + (notebook 1924): 'Shemeries' Sunday Express 28 May 1922, 5: 'Beauty - and the Beast' (review of 'Ulysses' by James Douglas): 'if Ireland were to accept the paternity of Joyce and his Dublin Joyceries... Ireland would indeed... degenerate into a latrine and a sewer'.

..."where have you been (all) this (quite a while) ^hell of a time^, my tooraladdy? How have you been enjoying yourself"... (Not only the This Quarter printer skips lines, also the typist retyping the first typescript after Joyce's last fair copy misses a line. After "Where have you been" he continues one line down after "how have you been". The addition "in the uterim," (sentence from probably June 1925 was: "Where have you been enjoying yourself") appears in writing in the proofs for transition 7, September 1927, JJA 47:497.) (Robbert-Jan Henkes, 22.05.2002).

in the interim - in the meantime, meanwhile + uterus (l) - the womb + uterim (l) - in the womb + SDV: How have you been all this while, my touriladdy?

where have you been enjoying yrself all the morning Every where (notebook 1924)

wet bed = bed wetter - one who urinates in bed + (notebook 1924): 'deathbed confession SP' → Fleming: The Life of St. Patrick 20: ''This is my Confession before I die,' are the concluding words of the Saint's 'Confession''.

conceal - to hide + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 191: 'I was invited... to conceal myself... in an adjoining room, where we could hear everything without being seen'.

Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 194: 'his words have stuck to my heart as the leech put to the arm of my little friend'.

Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 193: 'As I have said a moment ago, I was against my own daughter going to confession'.

nightlong - during the whole night

homely - such as belongs to home or is produced or practised at home, having a feeling of home; cozy and comfortable

confiteor - a form of prayer, or confession of sins (Confiteor Deo Omnipotenti: "I confess to Almighty God," etc.) used in the Latin Church at the beginning of the mass, in the sacrament of penance, and on other occasions

avick (Anglo-Irish) = a mhic (avik) (gael) - son, my boy

forty-five + (a fine of forty and a pope's bill for attendance in my confessional booth).

bill of attainder - a legislative act finding a person guilty of treason or felony without a trial + attender - one who gives heed or attention; an observer.

to boot - in addition

pray + pry - to spy. 

Confiteor: 'in thought, word and deed'

cur (l) - why + quicquid (l) - whoever + ubi (l) - where, how + quomodo (l) - in what manner, how + quoties (l) - how often, how many times + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 142: 'Lest the confessor should indolently hesitate in tracing out the circumstances of any sin, let him have the following versicle of circumstances in readiness: "Quis, quid, ubi, quibus auxiliis, cur, quomodo, quando. Who, which, where, with whom, why, how, when."'

quibus auxiliis (l) - with whose helps, with the helps of what persons + Cur, quicquid, ubi, quomodo, quoties, quibus auxiliis? - standard questions to be answered in Confession to establish the circumstances and the gravity of each sin.

fatten - to grow or become fat

two Easters in Irel (R.C & ortho Greek) (notebook 1923) → Fitzpatrick: Ireland and the Making of Britain 228: 'In the controversy which raged around the observance of Easter, Ronan was a zealous defender of the Roman view, which had long before been adopted by people in the southern half of Ireland, but which was strongly opposed by those who clung to the tradition of Columcille'.

piejaw (Slang) - admonition, moral advice + in the view of - in the sight of, within the sight of.

hilarious - boisterously joyous or merry, rollicking + SDV: You were bred & fed, & fostered & fattened in a land of this 2 easters island on a rollicking heaven & roaring hell

blunder - a gross mistake; an error due to stupidity or carelessness + Alfred Lord Tennyson: The Charge of the Light Brigade iii: 'Cannon to right of them, Cannon to left of them'.

catch as catch can - the Lancashire style of wrestling (utilizing any available means)

forsooth - in truth, truly + Joyce's note: 'forsooth' → Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 206n (sec. 204): (quoting from the Spectator) 'a set of readers [of prayers at church] who affect, forsooth, a certain gentleman-like familiarity of tone, and mend the language as they go on, crying instead of pardoneth and absolveth, pardons and absolves'.

nigger + noga (Serbian) - leg → "In the stars of the Great Bear the Egyptians saw an adze or a fore-leg" (H. Te Velde: Seth, God of Confusion).

blanc (fr) - white + blanke (Afrikaans) - white man + blankards (Slang) - bastards.

dastard - characterized by mean shrinking from danger, showing base cowardice + Joyce's note: 'a dastard century'.

twosome - a group of two persons or things, couple + SDV: and you have become a doubter of all known gods and, condemned fool egoarch, anarch & heresiarch, you have reared your kingdom upon the void of your very more than doubtful soul.

twi- - two, double, twice + twiminded - having two minds or thoughts (about something) + be in two minds (phrase) - vacillate between two options, be in doubt.

forenenst - over against, opposite to

condemned - pronounced guilty, wrong, etc.

anarch - rebel, anarchist + Joyce's note: 'Anarch Egoist' Nation and Athenæum 22 Apr 1922, 124/2: 'Mr. Joyce's Ulysses' (review of Ulysses by John M. Murry): 'He is the egocentric rebel in excelsis, the arch-esoteric... His intention, as so far as he has any social intention, is completely anarchic'.

egoarches (gr) - I-leader, self-leader, ego-leader

heresiarch - a leader or founder of a heresy + Tiresias (bisexual seer).

rear - to build up, create, bring into existence

disunite - divide, separate, to alienate in spirit + United Kingdom.

a dog in the manger - a person who stops others from doing or enjoying something that he does not want or does not use himself + Luke 2:11-12: 'Christ the Lord... Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger'.

pay the piper (phrase) + by the by (phrase).

nerve - to get ready for something difficult or unpleasant + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 27: 'I intend, at some future day, if God spares me and gives me time for it, to make known some of the innumerable things which the Roman Catholic theologians and moralists have written on this question. It will form one of the most curious books ever written; and it will give unanswerable evidence of the fact that, instinctively, without consulting each other, and with an unanimity which is almost marvellous, the Roman Catholic women, guided by the honest instincts which God has given them, shrink from the snares put before them in the confessional-box; and that everywhere they struggle to nerve themselves with a superhuman courage, against the torturer who is sent by the Pope, to finish their ruin and to make shipwreck of their souls.'

equip - to provide with (something) usually for a specific purpose

Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 24: 'the horrible necessity of speaking of things, on which they would prefer to suffer the most cruel death rather than to open their lips'.

Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 44: 'Dear sister, are you ready to begin your confession?'

slough off - to cast off, throw off, to get rid of + REFERENCE

tremor - a nervous thrill caused by emotion or excitement

swine + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 30: 'I had to believe in spite of my own conscience and intelligence, that it was good, nay, necessary, to put those polluting, damning questions. My infallible Church was mercilessly forcing me to oblige those poor, trembling, weeping, desolate girls and women, to swim with me and all her priests in those waters of Sodom and Gomorrah, under the pretext that their self-will would be broken down, their fear of sin and humility increased, and that they would be purified by our absolutions.'.

Sodom - an ancient city near the Dead Sea that (along with Gomorrah) was destroyed by God for the wickedness of its inhabitants

Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 81: 'Ah! would to God that all the honest girls and women whom the devil entraps into the snares of auricular confession, could bear the cries of distress of those poor priests whom they have tempted—forever destroyed! Would to God that they could see the torrents of tears shed by so many priests, because, from the hearing of confessions, they had forever lost the virtue of purity! They would understand that the confessional is a snare, a pit of perdition, a Sodom for the priest; and they would be struck with horror and shame at the idea of the continual, shameful, dishonest, degrading temptations by which their confessor is tormented day and night—they would blush on account of the shameful sins which their confessors have committed—they would weep over the irreparable loss of their purity—they would promise before God and men that the confessional-box should never see them any more—they would prefer to be burned alive, if any sentiment of honesty and charity remained in them, rather than consent to be a cause of constant temptations and damnable sins to that man. Would that respectable lady go any more to confess to that man, if, after her confession, she could hear him lamenting the continual, shameful temptations which assail him day and night, and the damning sins which he had committed, on account of what she has confessed to him? No! —a thousand times, no!'

covered - of concealed or ambiguous meaning (obs.) + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 35: 'With some half-covered words, he made a criminal proposition, which I accepted with covered words also' REFERENCE.

solemnity - a formal or ceremonial observance of an occasion or event + King Solomon.

While Bathsheba's husband, Uriah the Hittite, was away in battle, David saw her bathing and summoned her to his quarters. Without apparent protest, she joined the king in adultery and married him after he arranged for Uriah to be killed in battle. + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 28: 'Was the heart of David pained and horror-struck at the sight of the fair Bath-sheba, when, imprudently, and too freely, exposed in her bath? Was not that holy prophet smitten, and brought down to the dust, by that guilty look? Was not the mighty giant, Samson, undone by the charms of Delilah? Was not the wise Solomon ensnared and befooled in the midst of the women by whom he was surrounded?'.

inharmonious - not harmonious in relation, action, or sentiment

caldor (l) - warmth, heat + candour - the quality of being honest and straightforward in attitude and speech.

gee - exp. of enthusiasm or surprise + gee (Dublin Slang) - vulva.

apropos - with regard to + opprobrium - the disgrace or evil reputation attached to conduct considered shameful + approbro (l) - I reproach, I upbraid.

underslung - having the principal bulk below the point of support (understrung bowl of a pipe)

pipe (Slang) - penis

puerile - merely boyish or childish, juvenile

tubsuit - a suit of washing material

selfraising (notebook 1924)

feeder - an instrument, organ, or appliance for feeding + Joyce's note: 'twin feeders'

monsieur - mister

Abgott (ger) - idol

in one’s heart of hearts - in the deepest part of one’s mind or feelings

to one’s cost - to one’s disadvantage or loss

penal law - criminal law + SDV: At the age of While yet an adolescent (what do I say?) while still puerile you received a present of that syringe and feeder (you know as well as I do what I the mechanism I am alluding to)

poke - to search or inquire in a meddlesome way

wheeze - a joke or comic gag introduced into the performance of a piece by a clown or comedian, esp. a comic phrase or saying introduced repeatedly; hence, (gen. slang or colloq.) a catch phrase constantly repeated; more widely, a trick or dodge frequently used; also, a piece of special information, a 'tip'.

bould (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - bold

stroke - an act of striking; a single complete movement; a vigorous attempt to attain some object; a movement of the pen; an act of copulation (slang. rare.) + Mrs Centlivre: Bold Stroke for a Wife (play, 1717).

christen - to baptize and give a Christian name to + (notebook 1924): 'May you be as fine as the P.P. baptised you' Sauvé: Proverbes et Dictons de la Basse-Bretagne no. 478: 'May God make thee, dear child, grow as big As the priest who baptised thee'.

sonny - a young boy

douth - virtue, excellence; good deed, manhood + in blessing of the baptismal water on Holy Saturday, the celebrant dips the paschal candle into it.

count up - to find the whole sum of by counting, to reckon up

progeny - the offspring

hungered - oppressed with hunger, very hungry

angered - provoked to wrath, irritated, inflamed + SDV: that you might repopulate the land & count up your progeny by the hundred & the hundred thousand  

thwart - to hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of

pious wish + pish - exp. of disdain or contempt + pis (pish) (gael) - vulva + SDV: but you have thwarted the simple wish of the godmother who gave you it & them

co- - 'joint' + godparent - godmother, godfather (a man who sponsors a person at baptism).

sophist - one of a class of men who taught eloquence, philosophy, and politics in ancient Greece; especially, one of those who, by their fallacious but plausible reasoning, puzzled inquirers after truth, weakened the faith of the people, and drew upon themselves general hatred and contempt.

elench - a specious but fallacious argument, a sophism + elencho (gr) - to cross-examine; to convict or prove.

malice - a depraved inclination to mischief + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 45: (priest speaking to Mary in the confessional) '"My dear sister," I answered, were I free to follow the voice of my own feelings I would be only too happy to grant your request; but I am here only as the minister of our holy Church, and bound to obey her laws. Through her most holy Popes and theologians she tells me that I cannot forgive your sins if you do not confess them all, just as you have committed them. The Church tells me also that you must give the details which may add to the malice or change the nature of your sins'.

transgression - the violation of a law or a duty or moral principle

alternate - to reverse, as of direction, attitude, or course of action

morosity - sullen melancholy + Ulysses.3.385: 'Morose delectation Aquinas tunbelly calls this' + SDV: & have reckoned added the morosity of your delectations

delectation - a feeling of extreme pleasure or satisfaction + Desmond MacCarthy: Criticism (1932): (of Ulysses) 'a morose delectation in dirt' [174.04] [183.22]

philtre - to charm with a philtre or love-potion; fig. to bewitch + the love philtre drunk by Tristan and Isolde.

tryst - to engage (a person) to meet one at a given place and time + 'And every evening, by Brangien’s counsel, Tristan cut him twigs and bark, leapt the sharp stakes and, having come beneath the pine, threw them into the clear spring; they floated light as foam down the stream to the women’s rooms; and Iseult watched for their coming, and on those evenings she would wander out into the orchard and find her friend. Lithe and in fear would she come, watching at every step for what might lurk in the trees observing, foes or the felons whom she knew, till she spied Tristan; and the night and the branches of the pine protected them.' (M. Joseph Bédier: The Romance of Tristan and Iseult)

tantrum - an outburst or display of petulance or ill-temper; a fit of passion

small "ps"

PENMARK - Village and peninsula in Brittany, France M. Joseph Bédier: The Romance of Tristan and Iseult: 'But at Carhaix Tristan lay and longed for Iseult’s coming. Nothing now filled him any more, and if he lived it was only as awaiting her; and day by day he sent watchers to the shore to see if some ship came, and to learn the colour of her sail. There was no other thing left in his heart. He had himself carried to the cliff of the Penmarks, where it overlooks the sea, and all the daylight long he gazed far off over the water.' + penn = pen.

sponsibility - responsibility, respectability

passibility - capability of suffering, aptness to feel or suffer

stability - fixity of resolution or purpose; firmness, steadfastness + prostabilis (l) - able to stand forth, able to project; able to prostitute one's self.

Sir John Lubbock: The Pleasures of Life + SDV: among the to Lubbock's pleasures of life — —


Butler's Lives of the Saints

extrude - to urge or force out, to thrust out

strabismal - squinting; (fig.) displaying perversity of intellectual perception

apologia - an apology or a defense, justification of the acts of a persons life

legibly - so as to be easily read + Joyce's note: 'legible depressed' (may be two separate units) Crépieux-Jamin: Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles 283: (of a handwriting sample) 'of the commonplace calligraphic kind that we call official because it is imposed by administrations in order to ensure greater legibility'; 288: 'the small thread-like strokes of the depressed'.

depressed - pressed down, put or kept down by preasure or force; in low spirits

popeyed - having bulging or prominent eyes; wide-eyed (with amazement, etc.) + Popeye - of "Thimble Theatre", American comic strip + Joyce's note: 'popeyed world'.  

scribblative - hastily written writing + Joyce's note: 'scribblative' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 125 (sec. 123): 'Adjectives are formed in -ative:... scribblative'.

cantred - a hundred (an obsolete Welsh territorial unit, a district containing a hundred townships) + (notebook 1923): 'cantred (hundred)' → Fitzpatrick: Ireland and the Making of Britain 66: 'The secular education of Ireland was reorganized by this parliament which erected a chief bardic seminary or college for each of the five kingdoms, and under each of these mother establishments a group of minor schools, one in each tuath or cantred, all liberally endowed'.

Cathleen, Countess - title heroine of Yeats's play, who sells her soul to the devil so that starving Irish can be fed. The Irish found this an insult to Ireland and rioted at the Abbey Theatre + colleen (Anglo-Irish) - girl. 

mannish - masculine, resembling a man + (having a lion's mane).

manful - brave, resolute + Minne (ger) - love + minne (Dutch) - love; wet nurse.

congest - to collect or gather into a mass or aggregate, to bring together

rood - a superficial measure of land, properly containing 40 square poles or perches, but varying locally

pole - 3014 square yards; a perch, a rod

perch - a superficial measure of land, equal to a square of which each side is a lineal perch; a square perch or pole (normally 1160 of an acre).

fluctuant - moving like a wave, varying and unstable


accomplished - complete, perfect; esp. in acquirements, or as the result of training + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 31: 'In the beginning of my priesthood, I was not a little surprised and embarrassed to see a very accomplished and beautiful young lady, whom I used to meet almost every week at her father's house, entering the box of my confessional.'

educandus (l) - fit to be educated + educande (it) - girl-boarders in convent schools + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 105: 'I purposely say "the rich and well-educated woman," for I know that there is a prevalent opinion that the social position of her class places her above the corrupting influences of the confessional, as if she were out of the reach of the common miseries of our poor fallen and sinful nature. So long as the well-educated lady makes use of her accomplishments to defend the citadel of her womanly self-respect against the foe—so long as she sternly keeps the door of her heart shut against her deadly enemy—she is safe.'

arrivisme - the attitude or behaviour of an arriviste (a pushing or ambitious person, a self-seeker) + arrivisme (fr) - unscrupulous ambition + Edward Moore (1712-57): The Gamester II.2: 'rich beyond the dreams of avarice'.

deterred - inhibited + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 71: 'A young educanda was in the habit of going down, every night, to the convent burying-place, where, by a corridor which communicated with the vestry, she entered into a colloquy with a young priest attached to the church. Consumed by an amorous passion, she was not deterred by bad weather or the fear of being discovered.'

amorous - affected with love towards one of the opposite sex

possess - to put in possession of, to take possession of

bush - (A bushy growth of) pubic hair (slang).

Sorge - acconding to some medieval romances, the son of Tristan and Isolde of Ireland + Sorge (ger) - worry, sorrow.

King Anguish - father of Isolde, according to Malory

solus cum sola - alone with an unchaperoned woman + solus cum sola sive cunctim cum omnibus (l) - [a man] alone with [a woman] alone or else collectively with everybody + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 228 (l) - (quoting Saint Jerome in Latin) 'Solus cum sola, secreto et absque arbitrio, vel teste, non sedeas... Never sit in secret, alone, in a retired place, with a female who is alone with you'.

best man - the only or principal groomsman at a wedding ceremony

vying - competing eagerly so as to gain something + eyeing + mutely saying 'yes'.

(marriage) + SDV: and this with cantreds of overplussing sisters congested round & about you for acres, roods & poles & or perches mutely braying what for what would not cost you the price of a pang one the oldest song in the wide wide world accompanied by a plain gold band.

obituary - a notice of someone's death + debit (l) - he [she, it] owes + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 290 (l) - 'imo ut non servetur debitum vas, sed copula habeatur in vase præpostero' (Latin 'even if the obligatory vessel is not observed, but the bond is had in the wrong vessel'; i.e. sodomy).

bolivar - monetary unit of Venezuela

collarwork - work in which a horse has to strain hard against the collar, as in drawing a heavy load or going up hill; fig. Severe and close work.

lilt - a song or tune, esp. one of a cheerful or merry character

trill - to utter or sing (a note, tune, etc.) with tremulous vibration of sound

an old song - a very small or trifling sum, amount or value

woo - to entreat or solicit alluringly + wide wide world.

'tu-whit, tu-whoo!' (owl's cry) → 'Then nightly sings the staring owl / Tu-whoo! / Tu-whit! tu-whoo! A merry note! / While greasy Joan doth keel the pot.' (William Shakespeare: Love's Labours Lost)

(notebook 1923): 'the plain gold band' (i.e. ring) O. Henry: The Four Million 207: 'Sisters of the Golden Circle': 'Thus does one sister of the plain gold band know another... bride knoweth bride at the glance of an eye. And between them swiftly passes comfort and meaning'.

Morna - as Mr Senn says, mother of Fingal, Finn MacCool James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal II: 'Thy spouse, high-bosomed heaving fair!' (referring to Cuthullin's wife); Fingal I: (of Fingal's mother) 'Morna, fairest among women' (glossed in a footnote: 'a woman beloved of all'). 

gladsome - experiencing or expressing gladness or joy

take share of - to share (something) with another

groom - short for bridegroom

carrion - the dead and rotting body of an animal

premature - uncommonly early or before the expected time

gravedigger - one whose employment it is to dig graves; one who digs up or violates graves + (notebook 1924): '*C* 1st gravedigger' → Cain was the first gravedigger, having killed and buried Abel.

fast - to abstain from food, or to restrict oneself to a meagre diet, either as a religious observance or as a ceremonial expression of grief + (notebook 1924): 'who sleeps on the vigil & fasts on the feast'.


- separated at the joint [(notebook 1924): 'dislocated reason *C*'].

Japhet - one of the sons of Noah

blind - destitute of the sense of sight

pore - to look intently or fixedly, to gaze

scald - a burn or injury to the skin or flesh by some hot liquid (or by steam)

blister - an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid

impetiginous - scabby, pustular (from 'impetigo': a pustular skin disease) + (notebook 1924): 'impetiginous disorders'.

sore - a wound or bruise that become infected, ulcer

pustule - a small conical or rounded elevation of the cuticle, with erosion of the cutis, inflammatory at the base and containing pus

auspice - an observation of birds for the purpose of obtaining omens; a sign or token given by birds

raven - of the color raven black, intensly dark or gloomy + Nephthys (*J*).

augury - the practice of divining from the flight of birds

dynamitism - destruction by the use of dynamite and similar explosives

colleague - one who is associated with another (or others) in office, or special employment + SDV: Sniffer of carrion, you have foretold death & disaster the dynamitising of friendship friends,

record - an account of some fact or event preserved in writing or other permanent form; a document, monument, etc., on which such an account is inscribed + Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin, Dublin Annals section 1304: 'A great fire in which most of the public records were burned in St. Mary's-abbey'.

reduced to ashes (Joyce's note) → Schuré: Woman the Inspirer 23: (letter from Richard Wagner to Mathilde Wesendonck) 'Once more I inhale the magic perfume of those flowers that thou didst pluck for me in the garden of thy heart... In olden times they were strewn over the hero's body, before it was reduced to ashes by the flames'.

The Custom House, Dublin, was burned down in 1921 + Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin, Dublin Annals section 1833: 'A dreadful fire broke out in the Custom House stores, on the 9th of August, by which property to a large amount was destroyed'.

sweet-tempered (Si) (Joyce's note) Collins: The Doctor Looks at Literature 49: (of Ulysses) 'Mr. Dædalus is a sweet-tempered, mealy-mouthed man given to strong drink and high-grade vagrancy'.

gunpowdered - charged with gunpowder; fig. Readily inflamed or excited.

dust unto dust + didst - arhaic do + SDV: the reducing of records to ashes, the destruction of customs by fire, the return of green powdered dust to dust,


mudhead - one of a Zuni ceremonial clown fraternity appearing in tribal rites in mud daubed masks symbolizing an early stage in the development of man; stupid person, a fool (Slang).

obtund - to deprive of sharpness or vigour, render obtuse + obtunditas (l) - bluntness, dulness + obtundo (l) - I thump.

pest - any thing or person that is noxious, destructive, or troublesome; a bane, 'curse' + I Corinthians 15:55: 'O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?'

chop - to cut into pieces, to mince

turnip - widely cultivated plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root

slit - to make a clean cut through

murphy - a potato

bullbeef - the flesh of bulls

butch - to cut up, hack (obs.) + (notebook 1924): 'butch (knife)' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 176 (sec. 173): 'butcher is the French boucher, derived from bouc 'a buck, goat' with no corresponding verb, but in English it has given rise to the rare verb to butch and to the noun a butch-knife'.

SDV: but it never struck your mudhead's obtundity that the more carrots you chop, the more turnips you slit, the more spuds you peel, the more onions you sliver, the more mutton you hash crackerhash, the more bacon you rasher, the more potherbs you pound, the hotter the fire & the longer the spoon & the harder you gruel it more & more the merrier reeks your Irish stew.

crackerhash - biscuits and salt meat + hack - to cut with heavy blows in an irregular or random fashion + ..."mutton you ^cracker^hash, the more bacon you rasher, ^the more potherbs you pound^"... (Not only typists and typesetters miss lines, Joyce too, although in his case we'll never know with absolute certainty if it was on purpose or by accident. Here's a nice bunch of five words that didn't even make it into the second draft, let alone the first fair copy or the innumerable stages of Work in Progress still to follow. Maybe, one (I) would like to think, Joyce skipped "the more bacon you rasher" because 'rasher' sounds too much like 'hash' from his previous item "crackerhash". But this can't be the case, because "crackerhash" Joyce immediately in the next draft, not more than a few weeks later, changes into "crackerhack", and the 'bacon'-extension is left out. Now nothing sounds like 'hash' or 'rasher' anymore, whereas one of them could have been allowed to stand. Nevertheless, Joyce doesn't copy the 'bacon'-phrase, so it is up to the textual geneticists to make these authentic Joycean words known to the world.) (Robbert-Jan Henkes, 22 May 2002). 

potherb - wild greens gathered for food

pound - to break down and crush by beating, to reduce to pulp or powder

He who sups with the devil hath need of a long spoon (proverb)

gruel - to feed with gruel (broth or pottage of oatmeal in which chopped meat has been boiled)

elbow grease - hard physical work + more power to your elbow! (Anglo-Irish phrase) - (encouragement).

Irish stew - a dish composed of pieces of mutton, potatoes, and onions stewed together

utmost - that is of the greatest or highest degree

politeness - polished manners, courtesy, refinement

ordinarily - under normal conditions

birthright - the rights, privileges, or possessions to which one is entitled by birth; inheritance, patrimony (specifically used of the special rights of the first-born)

fall in with - to harmonize with, to coincide with

nationals - persons belonging to the same nation

nationist - a representative of a nation + (You were designed to fall in with a Plan, as all Irish nationalists must, perform certain duties that I cannot tell you about to earn your threepenny bit and earn from the nation its true thanks).

Holy Office - the Inquisition + James Joyce: The Holy Office.

pro anno (l) - for the year, per year + SDV: You were designed to do a certain office (what I will not tell you) in a certain office (nor will I tell you where) during certain office hours from such a year to such a year at so & so much a year per year & do yr little threepenny bit right here, same as we, long of us

Guinness - the proprietary name of a brand of stout manufactured by the firm of Guinness; a bottle or glass of this + Joyce's father urged James to seek a clerkship in Guinness's (Father Butt in Joyce's 'Stephen Hero' thought similarly; so did Stanislaus).

gulp - the action or an act of gulping or swallowing in large portions + 'Guinness is good for you' (advertisement).

scales - deposits that form on the insides of boilers and have to be cleaned off periodically

boiler - a vessel in which water or any liquid is boiled + remove the scales from someone’s eyes - to undeceive someone.

Boskop - of or belonging to the early type of man indicated by the skull of the late Pleistocene period found at Boskop + doodskop (Dutch) - death skull.

Yorick's skull (Hamlet V.1.169) + bishop of York.

threepenny bit - threepence; fig. Something very small

burden - a load of labour, duty, responsibility, blame, sin, sorrow, etc. 

bourne - the ultimate point aimed at, or to which anything tends; destination, goal + William Shakespeare: Hamlet III.1.79-80: 'from whose bourn No traveller returns'.

travail - journeying, a journey; bodily or mental labour or toil, especially of a painful or oppressive nature

ville - a town or village + vale of tears - the world regarded as a place of trouble, sorrow, misery, or weeping.

separate the wheat from the tares (phrase)

divine providence - the foreknowing and beneficent care and government of God (or of nature, etc.); divine direction, control, or guidance

prodigence - extravagance; waste; lavishness, profuseness

gasp - a convulsive catching of the breath from distress, exertion, or the lessening of vital action + watergap - a break or opening in a range of mountains which is deep enough to serve as the course of a stream + (notebook 1924): 'where I breathe first breath of life'.

Once bitten, twice shy (proverb)

crypt - an underground cell, chamber, or vault; esp. one beneath the main floor of a church, used as a burial-place

Armenia (Christian) occupied by (Muslim) Turks from 1405; nationalism in 19th and 20th centuries met with systematic massacres.

tailcoat - a coat with tails; esp. a dress or swallow-tailed coat

paraffin - a colourless (or white), tasteless, inodorous, crystalline, fatty substance, subsequently used for making candles

smoker - something which emits smoke + SDV: when you pull set fire my coat tailcoat & I'll pull yours and I'll hold the parafin lamp under yours

slackly - without due vigour or force, slowly, loosely

shirk - to evade

every bullet has its billet - fate determines who shall be killed; more generally: fate plays a part in all human affairs

beat it - to go away + to bend backwards - to go to the opposite extreme + SDV: & you have slackly shirked shirking the job both billet and bullet & beat it to sing your songs of alibi

boulengier (fr) - baker + Boulanger, George (1837-91) - French general with whom Irish revolutionists conspired. 

Walk backward r & restore / blades of grass to position (Joyce's note) Black Thinking 350: The Valomotwa can crawl on their bellies flat year in and year out, under the trunks of trees felled to purposely Hoodwink strangers. Breaking through grass, they walk backwards and restore each blade to its natural position, defying wit of man to know where they have gone. Breaking through grass, they walk backwards and restore each blade to its natural position, defying wit of man to know where they have gone.  

I'll Sing Thee Songs of Araby (song) + (notebook 1923): 'sing me an alibi'.

Cuthona ("mournful sound of waves") - heroine of the Ossianic "Conlath and Cuthona" 

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal VI: 'A thousand dogs fly off at once, gray-bounding through the heath'.

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Carric-Thura: 'slow-rolling eyes'.

Ovid's Metamorphoses

oozy - damp (with moisture) + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora I: 'Foldath stands, like an oozy rock'; The War of Inis-thona: 'Waves lash the oozy rocks'.

parapan (gr) - altogether, absolutely + pangelios (gr) - thoroughly ridiculous.

praeposterus (l) - reversed, inverted, perverted + praeposteriora (l) - before the posteriors.

mooner - one who abstractedly wanders or gazes about, as if moonstruck

Antinous - leader of Penelope's suitors in the Odyssey, represented in 'Ulysses' by Mulligan and Boylan + antinoos (gr) - opposite in character + anti nos (l) - against us. 

scatophily + skat (gr) - dung.

thoroughpaced - thorougly trained, accomplished, complete

prosody - the rhythmic aspect of language, the patterns of stress and intonation in a language + proselyte - a new convert (especially a gentile converted to Judaism).

mus = muss - mouth + mus (l) - mouse + sum

the wrong way - the way or method least conducive to a desired end or purpose + SDV: emigrant in the wrong direction

sit on - to sit on judgement or council, to deliberate; to hold back, to keep to oneself without acting upon

crooked - having or marked by bends or angles + There was a Crooked Man (nursery rhyme) [mentions 'crooked sixpence' and 'crooked stile'].

sixpenny - costing six pence; paltry, petty, worth only sixpence

stile = style - the manner of expression characteristic of a particular writer + Lady Dufferin: Lament of the Irish Emigrant (song): 'I'm sitting on the stile, Mary'.

unfrocked (notebook 1922-23) → unfrocked: (of a cleric) deprived of office by stripping him of his gown.

Sackfriar - a member of a mendicant order of the 13th and early 14th c., who were clothed in sackcloth + Black friar - a friar of the Dominican order, so named because wearing the black mantle of the Dominicans + quack - an untrained person who pretends to be a physician and who dispenses medical advice + SDV: sitting on a crooked sixpenny style [you (will you [just] help me with the word?)] unfullfrocked blackfriar [(that describes you)], Europasianised Afferyank!

for the love of - for the sake of, on account of


Semitic peoples: Akkadians (migrated into Mesopotamia in the late 4th millennium BC and amalgamate with non-Semitic Mesopotamian (Sumerian) populations into the Assyrians and Babylonians of the Late Bronze Age), Phoenicians (founded Mediterranean colonies including Carthage), Sabaeans of Yemen, Arabs, Hebrews...

serendipitist - one who finds valuable or agreeable things not sought for

Affe (ger) - monkey + afer (l) - African + Joyce's note: 'Europasianised afferyank' + (Europeanised African-American).

drowner - one who drowns, or suffer drowning + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal IV: 'The dagger... which he loved. Nine times he drowned it in Dala's side'.

liege - the superior to whom one owes feudal allegiance and service

lit. bis jetzt (ger) - until now

front yard - an area in front of a house + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal II: (of Degrena, the spouse of fallen Crugal) 'She is a stranger in the hall of her grief' (glossed in a footnote: 'Crugal had married Degrena but a little time before the battle').

heal - health, well being; healing, cure + 'Heil Hitler! Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer' (Nazi slogan).

gob - a lump or large mouthful of food

gap (Swedish) = gab (Danish) - open mouth

gulp - as much as is swallowed at a gulp

gorger - someone who eats food rapidly and greedily

orison - a prayer + origin of species.

novena - a devotion consisting of special prayers or services on nine successive days

NOVARA - Avenue in Bray, County Wicklow 

Patris podex (l) - Father's arse, Father's bum + patrimonium (l) - paternal estate.

am (ger) - at the

bummel - a leisurely stroll or journey + Bummel (ger) - stroll.

oaf - an elf's child, a goblin child, a supposed changeling left by the elves or fairies

out of work - having no work to do + (notebook 1922-23): 'out-of-works' + Daily Sketch 21 Dec 1922, 2/2: 'Stink-Bomb Plot Nipped in the Bud': 'Organised coercion of the public by the "Red" corrupters of the unemployed... an S.O.S. was spread among the out-of-works asking for men with a knowledge of chemistry'.

remove - a step or stage in gradation of any kind; esp. in phr. but one remove from + removed.

unwashed - not cleaned; ignorant, plebeian

on one's keeping - on one's guard ("Henceforth, be at your keeping well," "To be more upon their keeping, to prevent treachery") + on his keeping (Anglo-Irish) - in flight from authorities, on the run from the police, fugitive (from Irish: ar a choimhéad) + Genesis 4:9: 'Am I my brother's keeper?' + SDV: There grew up beside you, on his keeping & in yours,

pose - to put or set forth, propound; to suppose (obs.) + Zip Coon (song): 'O ole Zip Coon he is a larned skoler, / Sings posum up a gum tree an conny in a holler.... / I pose you heard ob de battle New Orleans, / Whar ole Gineral Jackson gib de British beans.'

possum - opossum

cause - because of, because + possum feigns death to avoid capture.

haint - have not

like a possum up a gum-tree - contented, completely happy, in the best of spirits and contentment + gumption - fortitude and determination, courage.

immaculatus (l) - unstained


James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal I: 'Carril of other times' (i.e. old).

celestine - celestial (rel. to the sky, heaven, angels, etc.); one of a sect (called also Celestians) named after Cælestius, an associate of Pelagius, in the 5th c. The Celestine heresy was derived from the Pelagian heresy. According to the Tripartite Life, Celestine I gave Patrick his name, Patricus, but sent Palladius to convert Ireland, thus disappointing Patrick + caelestinus (l) - heavenly.  

sped - p. of speed (to go or move with speed; to succeed or prosper)

aloft - in heaven, to heaven + SDV: that other, that pure one, he who was well known in heaven heavenly circles above long before he arrived there,

physician - one who practises the healing art, including medicine and surgery + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 102: 'Her most happy hours are when she is at the feet of that spiritual physician, showing him all the newly-made wounds of her soul, and explaining all her constant temptations, her bad thoughts, her most intimate secret desires and sins.'

seduce - to lead astray in conduct or belief

selfwilling - spontaneous + selfwilled - governed by one’s own will.

caelebs (l) - unmarried

winning - attractive, charming

counterfoil - the part of a check that is retained as a record, stub paper connected to the note retained by issuer authority for record keeping + feuille (fr) - leaf, page.

lotetree - the jujube-tree, identified with the tree that bore the mythical lotus-fruit + Koran 56:52: (a description of hell) 'Amid thornless lote-trees' + lottery.

chum - a habitual companion, an associate, an intimate friend

angelet - a little angel, a cherub + SDV: the a chum of the angels,

Youth wanted (Joyce's note)

Reporters - in Islam, two angels who record good and evil deeds and words of every man

petit (fr) - small

game - having a resolute unyielding spirit; an amusement or pastime

little + (notebook 1924): 'let you nurse my dolly Lend my scooter 'tend you're my big brudder ask yr Mother let you come & play Please!'

Earp, T. W. ("Tommy") - writer, special friend of Wyndham Lewis in the late 1920s. 

kindergarten - a preschool for children age 4 to 6 to prepare them for primary school + Joyce's note: 'kindergarten' Sporting Times 1 Apr 1922, 4: 'The Scandal of Ulysses' (review of Ulysses by Aramis): (an extract from Nausicaa) 'displays Joyce in a mood of kindergarten delicacy'. 


scooter - child's two-wheeled vehicle operated by foot

dad + død (Danish) - dead

terrify - to make much afraid, to fill with terror; to torment, harass + teddy - plaything consisting of a child's toy bear (usually plush and stuffed with soft materials) + {children squeeze him like a teddy bear}

musk - Short for musk apple, pear + Mohammed on death: 'the soul cometh out like the smell of the best musk, so that verily it is handed from one angel to another'.

from hand to hand - from one person to another, through a series or succession of hands

smothered - suppressed, concealed, restrained, kept down or under in some manner + (notebook 1924): 'mothersmothered'.

goodlooker - one who has a good looks

toilette - dress, costume, 'get up' + SDV: a flawless model whose spiritual toilette was the talk of the town, a youth they wanted up in heaven,

daybreak - dawn + Donnybrook - district of Dublin

donning - pres. p. of don (to put on, dress in, to clothe)

nuncheon - afternoon snack (light meal between lunch and dinner)

teatime - a light midafternoon meal of tea and sandwiches or cakes + five set times of day for Muslim prayer: just after sunset, at nightfall, at daybreak, just after noon and in mid afternoon.

lay low - to bring to the ground, to overthrow in fight, to stretch lifeless; fig.: To abase, humble + (Cain slaying Abel).

meddle - medley (combat, conflict; a mixture, a mixed company) + 'One Fine Day in the Middle of the Night Two dead men got up to fight' (song).

bosom friend - an especially good friend

muss - to make messy or untidy

speller - a spelling-book + Muspell (Old Norse) - name of the realm of life.

frontispiece - an illustration facing the title-page of a book or division of a book

innards - internal organs collectively (especially those in the abdominal cavity) + SDV: & him you laid low with one hand one fine day to find out how his innards worked.

great grandfather - a grandfather's or grandmother's father; a remote male ancestor

Babbo - colloquial Italian 'papa,' what Giorgio and Lucia Joyce called their father and the name he signed in letters to them

bourgeois (fr.) - town + meister = master + Burgermeister (ger) - mayor.

Himmel (ger) - sky, heaven + Osiris-Orion

punt - an open flat-bottomed boat used in shallow waters and propelled by a long pole + at the point of - on the very verge of, just about to do something + punt (Dutch) - point, full stop, tip.

wishywashy - trifling, unsubstantial + mishe/tauf (motif).

heretical - characterized by departure from accepted beliefs or standards

Marcion - 2d-century heretic of Sinope who believed in two gods and claimed to be Christ + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 234: 'Auricular confession originated with the early heretics, especially with Marcion... let us hear what the contemporary writers have to say on the question. "Certain women were in the habit of going to the heretic Marcion to confess their sins to him. But, as he was smitten with their beauty, and they loved him also, they abandoned themselves to sin, with him"'.

*IJ* + schism (heresy).

bulkily - stoutly, corpulently, clumsily; pompously (obs.) + Buckley.

shat - p. of shit + shot.

ruction - a disturbance, riot, or tumult + Russian.

gonorrhea + General.

foxy - a fox terrier

lupo (it) - wolf + The Wolf, the Fox, and the Ape (Aesop's fable): A WOLF accused a Fox of theft, but the Fox entirely denied the charge. An Ape undertook to adjudge the matter between them. When each had fully stated his case the Ape announced this sentence: "I do not think you, Wolf, ever lost what you claim; and I do believe you, Fox, to have stolen what you so stoutly deny." [The dishonest, if they act honestly, get no credit].

blethering - volubly and foolishly talkative; despicable, contemptible + FDV: Ever hear of the monkey & the virgin heir of Claremorns*, eh, [blethering] ape?

malingerer - someone shirking their duty by feigning illness or incapacity

luxury (Joyce's note) Lamy: Commentarium in Librum Geneseos I.258 (l) - (of Cain) 'Facultates autem domesticas magna pecuniarum vi ex rapinis et violentia amplificans, et ad luxuriam ac latrocinia familiares suos invitans, magister illis exstitit ad pravam vitæ institutionem' (Latin 'But as he enlarged the powers of his household by the great force of his money from looting and violence, and instigated his close comrades to extravagance and robberies, he set them up in a degenerate way of life' (Genesis 4:17)).

collector - one who collects or gathers together; spec. one who gathers separate literary compositions, etc., into one book

general election - one in which representatives are elected by every constituency

mealtime - the usual time at which a meal is served + meantime

hamil - belonging to home, domestic; home-grown, home-made + Hamilcar - Carthaginian general, 5th cent. B.C. + Hamilcar Barca ("Lightning") (270-228 B.C.) - Carthaginian general, First Punic War, father of Hanibal.

hatful - as much as hat will hold, a considerable amount + SDV: Malingerer out of work, what have you done with all the baskets babyprams of stewed fruit, the dishfuls of cooked vegetables, 

stew - Of meat, fruit, vegetables: Cooked by slow boiling in a closed vessel. 

suitcase - a portable rectangular traveling bag for carrying clothes

coddle - to boil gently + SDV: the bags of poached coddled eggs you cozened out of charitable kitchens by piping your eye & saying howling as how you suffered no end from chicken's gapes & mal de siecle.

Paris funds were Irish Nationalist deposits in Paris whose administration was disputed after the split oven Panell in 1890 (Parnell was accused of misappropriating them).

schemer - one who plots, or lays plans in an underhand manner + Scham (ger) - shame.

kitty - young domestic cat; a girl of easy virtue; the cumulative stake in a game (such as poker), the combined stakes of the betters + coax - to persuade by gentle, insinuating courtesy, flattering, or fondling + Kitty O'Shea.

flexibly - in a flexible manner, with flexibility

buttery - a storeroom for liquors, pantry, larder + (notebook 1922-23): 'buttery hatch' Daily Mail 5 Jan 1923, 6/5: 'Wayside Wines': 'Friends have travelled far to taste, with me, the nut-brown Audit, which flows from the buttery-hatch of Trinity, as precious as the learning that blossoms in her stately courts'.

yowl - to wail, howl

drop - to fall in drops + (drip, drip, drip of the syphilitic prick [.15])

poverty of mind (Joyce's note) Times Literary Supplement 10 Apr 1919, 189/4: 'Modern Novels' [anonymous review of A Portrait and Ulysses (by Virginia Woolf)]: 'for what reason a work of such originality yet fails to compare... with Youth or Jude the Obscure. It fails, one might say simply because of the comparative poverty of the writer's mind'.

pledge - to leave in possession of another as security (as, "to pledge one's watch")

Christ's crown of thorns

Christ's robe is supposedly preserved in Trèves Cathedral 

whelp - to bring forth: often with contemptuous implication + help

pitre (fr) - clown + Peter

poule (fr) - hen + Paul

chicken grape - a stout tall growing grape + gape - an open mouthed stare + SDV: & saying howling as how you suffered no end from chicken's gapes & mal de siecle.

siecle (fr) - the world; century, age + pas mal de (fr) - a fair amount of + pas mal de siècle (fr) - not a bad century.

by the by - in passing, incidentally, by the way

Reynaldo - one of Charlemagne's paladins

emetic - inducing to vomit; sickening, mawkish + (notebook 1924): 'ordinary emetic' Sporting Times 1 Apr 1922, 4: 'The Scandal of Ulysses' (review of Ulysses by Aramis): 'it would also have the very simple effect of an ordinary emetic'.

grenadier - Originally, a soldier who threw grenades. At first four or five were attached to each company, but, later, each battalion or regiment had a company of them. Though grenades went out of general use in the eighteenth century, the name of 'grenadiers' was retained for a company of the tallest and finest men in the regiment.

drip - a falling or letting fall in drops + Some Die of Drinking Water (song): 'Some die of drinking water / And some of drinking beer / Some die of constipation / And some of diarrhea. / But of all the world's diseases / There's none that can compare / With the drip, drip, drip of the syphilitic prick / Of a British Grenadier.'

Hasdrubal - 1) son-in-law of Hamilcar Barca. 2) Hasdrubal Barca, son of Hamilcar Barca, Carthaginian general, brother of Hannibal, killed in battle against the Romans (207 B.C.). He was beheaded and his head thrown into Hannibal's camp + has (Hungarian) - belly. 

platinum - a somewhat rare metal (at first named platina)

thong - leather strip that forms the flexible part of a whip; a thin strip of leather, often used to lash things together + things.

excruciate - to subject to torture, put on the rack, etc.; to torture mentally, inflict extreme mental anguish upon + (notebook 1924): 'excruciated' Kinane: St. Patrick 211: (of Jesus) 'amid the most excruciating tortures, shed His Precious Blood'.

in honour - in allegiance to the moral principles which are imperative in one's position, or to some conventional standard of conduct, as a moral bounden duty

crucifixion - the action of crucifying, or of putting to death on a cross

spree - a lively or boisterous frolic; an occasion or spell of somewhat disorderly or noisy enjoyment (freq. accompanied by drinking) + Saint-Esprit (French) - Holy Ghost.

holinight - a night of festivity or pleasure; a night that is kept holy, as the eve of a festival (obs.) + (notebook 1924): 'Mon souper dans mon ventre Je voudrais qu'il fût nuit que dimanche vînt demain et fête après demain' → Sauvé: Proverbes et Dictons de la Basse-Bretagne no. 37: 'Mon souper dans mon ventre je voudrais qu'il fût nuit, Que dimanche vint demain et fête après demain' (French 'My supper in my belly I wish it would be night, tomorrow Sunday and the day after a holiday') [.19-.22].

Paraskeue (gr) - preparation before the sabbath of Passover; the day Christ was crucified; Good Friday

crow - to utter the loud cry of a cock + William Shakespeare: Hamlet I.1.157: (of the ghost of the King of Denmark) 'It faded on the crowing of the cock'.

Jonathan - a generic name for the people of the United States, and also for a representative United States citizen + Jonathan Swift.

estomac (fr) - stomach + (notebook 1924): 'estomaqué' estomaqué (fr) - flabbergasted.

simian - an ape or monkey

sentiment - a mental feeling, an emotion

secretion - that which is produced by the action of a secreting organ + (monkeys don't cry).

cataract - a waterfall; a violent downpour or rush of water

Shem the Penman

oft - often + Thomas Moore: National Airs: Oft, in the Stilly Night (song).

smelly - having a smell, stinking

wallow - to move about heavily or clumsily; to be immersed or engrossed in (some activity) + to wallow in riches - to live in abundance.

clutch - tight grip or grasp + to clutch at a straw - to be willing to try anything to get out of a dangerous situation.

famished - extremely hungry + Alfred Lord Tennyson: 'Break, Break, Break': 'But O for the touch of a vanish'd hand'.

bearded - having a beard

jezebel - an impudent, shameless or abandoned woman

sodden - saturated or soaked with water or moisture

encore - to request an encore (from a performer) + {while on your sodden mattress you snored}

airish - chilly, cool + Irish

na bac leis (na bok lesh) (gael) = naboclesh (Irish) - pay no attention to him/it

False dreams pass through the Ivory Gate, those which come true through the Gate of Horn. Based on 2 puns in Gk: elephas, "ivory," and elephairo, "to cheat with empty hopes"; keras, "horn," and karanoo "to fulfil." Odyssey 19:5 62; Aeneid 6:894 ff. 192.27. 

reve = reave - to plunder, pillage, to rob + rêve (fr) - dream.

ruth - the feeling of sorrow for another

companionate marriage (occas. mating) - a form of marriage which provides for divorce by mutual consent and in which neither partner has any legal responsibilites towards the other

fleshpots of Egypt - luxuries or advantages regarded with regret or envy

hanging gardens of Babylon + Euston and Marylebone - London railway stations.

dormer - a projecting vertical window in the sloping roof of a house

moonshee - a Hindu interpreter or language teacher + banshee - a supernatural being supposed by the peasantry of Ireland and the Scottish Highlands to wail under the windows of a house where one of the inmates is about to die. Certain families of rank were reputed to have a special 'family spirit' of this kind + shee (Anglo-Irish) = sídhe (Irish) - fairy.

serene - completely clear and fine + Selene (gr) - moon-goddess.

lit. Scheinwerfer (ger) - headlamps, searchlights (literally 'light-throwers')

knicker = nicker - to neigh; to laugh loudly or shrilly + snicker - to laugh slyly, to laugh in one's sleeve.

whinge - to whine; esp. to complain peevishly

comport oneself - to behave oneself

incosistency - discrepancy between principles and practice, or between one action and another + ..."Where are the little apples we lock up in the little saltbox? Where is that little alimony nestegg"... (It all began in the first draft as an on the fly addition: "Where are the little apples we lock up in the little drawer?" (JJA 47:387). In the second draft "drawer" has become "saltbox" (JJA 47:389). The fair copy and the following two typescripts are all right, but the printer of This Quarter again takes the short route and drops a line, jumping from one "Where" (line 7) to the next (line 8).) (Robbert-Jan Henkes, 22 May 2002.) 

alimony - supply of the means of living

nestegg - a sum of money laid or set by as a reserve; something kept in reserve

rainy day - a period of want or need + SDV: Where are the little apples we lock up in the little drawer? Where is that little [alimony] nestegg for our [predictable] rainy day?

gainsay - to deny

cake eater - an effeminate party going dandy, a playboy + to have one's cake and eat it - Phrase used when somebody wants two things that are mutually exclusive: 'You can't have your cake and eat it too'.

elegy - a song of lamentation, esp. a funeral song or lament for the dead + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora II: 'the souls of the dead could not be happy till their elegies were sung by a bard'.

templemound - a mound forming the foundation of a temple (as in Mayan and Aztec arch.) + ZION - Hill in North-East part of Jerusalem, site of the alleged tomb of David; Popularly called the "Temple Mount," but incorrectly since the Temple of Solomon was on nearby Mount Moriah. 

Jerusalem + Jesus. 

bundle - a collection of things wrapped or boxed together

baptized + bêtise (fr) - silliness; foolish act + balbettare (it) - to stutter.

haymaking - the process of cutting and drying grass for hay + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora: refers to the pre-Christian custom of naming persons only after they had performed some distinguishing work.

squander - to spend lavishly or wastefully on + SDV: Is it not a the fact (contradict gainsay me, cakeater!) that you shared with underlings the overload of your extravagance?

underling - someone subject to the authority or control of another

overload - an excessive load

Hottentot - a member of a native South African race, the first met by the Dutch; in Dutch 'Hottentot' is supposed to mean 'stutterer or stammerer', and was applied to them because of the frequency of clicks in their speech

Dubliners + dull pen.

craw (Slang) - stomach + crawsick (Anglo-Irish) - sick and thirsty after night's drinking, hungover + (notebook 1924): 'hottentot sick' Sporting Times 1 Apr 1922, 4: 'The Scandal of Ulysses' (review of Ulysses by Aramis): 'The main contents of the book are enough to make a Hottentot sick'.

crumb - a small particle of bread (or other friable food)

Readers, am I right (Joyce's note)

leon = lion + Matthew 6:28: 'lilies of the field'.

loanshark - one who lends money to individuals at extortionate (excessive) interest rates

Old Sooty - the Devil [Joyce's note: 'old sooty (devil)']

mux - a state of disorder, mess + muxa (gr) - discharge from the nose, snot + Mookse/Gripes [.08] + me

take his medicine silently (Joyce's note) + SDV: Am I not right? Look up, old son, [& take yr medicine!]

mull - to grind to powder + Mulligan.

repasture - food, a repast

powder - to sprinkle powder upon, to treat with powder

gripes - acute abdominal pain + (Hitler suffered from acute stomach pains).

worm - a grief or passion that preys stealthily on a man's heart or torments his conscience + (Serpent).

Judas - the name of the disciple who betrayed Jesus Christ; hence allusively: One who treacherously betrays under the semblance of friendship; a traitor of the worst kind.

tonic - a medicine that strengthens and invigorates; a sweet drink containing carbonated water and flavoring

gem of all jokes (notebook 1924) + James Joyce.

gazer - one who gazes or looks steadily, esp. from motives of curiosity + (face).



silence is golden + silence gives consent + (notebook 1924): 'Again remember that silence is guilt, Mr Haverly'.

anklegazer (Joyce's note) Daily Mail 30 Nov 1922, 8/5: 'Long-Skirt Menace by Dorothy Richardson': 'Those funny poor dears, the ankle-gazers, who shriek out against current immodesties... will remain themselves whatever the fashion' + SDV: And remember silence means consent, Mr Anklegazer.  

nay - no + Isaiah 1:16-17: 'cease to do evil; Learn to do well'.

whisht - An exclamation enjoining silence: Hush!

Studiosus, Herr - Mrs Christiani says, "a derogatory nickname of Ibsen's"; also, ironical phrase to describe a zealous student

wig in your ear - gossip + a word in your ear - a brief message for you in confidence + earwig + Earwicker.

barishnya (Russian World War I Slang) - unmarried girl (from Russian: barushnya) Hargrave: Origins and Meanings of Popular Phrases & Names 354: 'BARISHNYA. Strictly an unmarried lady. To Tommy, any "bird"' + baryshnya (Russian) - landowner's daughter (19th century).

twitter - a shred, a fragment + to get the better of - to obtain a position of superiority or advantage over another person.

proclaim, declare or cry on or from the housetop(s) - to make public, to proclaim so that everyone knows

Canterbury tale or story - a long tedious story, a 'friar's tale', a cock-and-bull story + Cadbury - Enghish chocolate and cocoa. 

crackers - crazy, mad; infatuated → Hargrave: Origins and Meanings of Popular Phrases & Names 359: 'CRACKERS. Going mad' + Ulysses.1.146: 'cracked lookingglass of a servant'.

dial - a sun-dial + (notebook 1924): 'You look in the mirror'.

stigma (gr) - tattoo-mark, mark + stigmê (Modern Greek) - moment.

iggri - hurry up! → Hargrave: Origins and Meanings of Popular Phrases & Names 364: 'IGGRI. Quickly. Arabic. (Cf. "Iggri corner," near Bullecourt, so named by the Australian troops)'.

booziliers (Slang) - fusiliers → Hargrave: Origins and Meanings of Popular Phrases & Names 356: 'BOOZILIER. Fusilier'.

lamppost - a post, usually of iron, used to support a street-lamp + lamppost (Slang) - tall thin person + Alfred Shaw - English cricketer.

mullah - a learned teacher of the religious law and doctrines of Islam + mullach (mulokh) (gael) - top, summit + Johnny Mullagh - Aboriginal cricketer.

mull (mul) (gael) - heap, eminence + mull (Slang) - simpleton + Mulligan.

bluecoat school - English charity school whose students wear long blue coats + Blue Coat School, Dublin (King's Hospital).

schooler = scholar + shooler (Anglo-Irish) - wanderer, vagrant, beggar.

Guy Fawkes + Boylan in 'Ulysses' wears socks with sky-blue clocks.

jot - to write briefly or hurriedly

Potiphar's wife - tempted Joseph and falsely accused him (Genesis, 39) + pot-au-feu - beef stew (typically French). 

rantipole - a wild reckless person

tip the wink - to give a hint, suggestion or signal by or as by wink

catholicus (l) - universal, relating to all

as for - as it regards, so far as it concerns

confessed + confused.

defecate - to clear from dregs or impurities; to purify, clarify, refine

flimsy - frail, 'delicate' (obs.)

folletto - goblin, fairy + follette (fr) - merry, gay, wild + *IJ* & *VYC* in next line.

beside oneself - out of one's wits, out of one's senses

up in arms - aroused and ready to undertake hostilities

Host is supposedly able to choke guilty

neighbour - to come near to, to approach

I Corinthians 13:13: 'faith, hope, charity'

sh - hush! + (Joyce's note): 'mad (you are)' + {Let me whisper something to you: Shem, you are mad!}

deathbone - Austral., a bone pointed at a person and intended to cause his death

quick - pl. (Without article or -s.) Living persons. (Chiefly in echoes of Acts x. 42 or the Apostles' Creed, in phr. quick and dead).

insomnia - inability to sleep, sleeplessness + insomnia, somnia somniorum (l) - sleepnessness, dreams of dreams + (notebook 1930): 'insomnia, somnia somniorum' + per omnia saecula saeculorum, amen (l) - for ever and ever, amen (liturgy).

of oneself - spontaneously, without the instigation or aid of another + hisself - himself + (Mauritius-Magravius-Michael: "Time" speaking!) → "Florinda explained that when she or her peers talked about time, they were not referring to something which is measured by the movement of a clock. Time is the essence of attention. The Eagle's emanations are made out of time, and properly, when one enters into any aspect of the other self, one is becoming acquainted with time." (Carlos Castaneda: The Eagle's Gift

Domine (l) - O Lord + vopiscus (l) - survivor of a pair of twins (born alive after premature death of other) + Vopiscus, Flavius - One of the six authors of Augustan History (AD. 117 - 284) + Dominus vobiscum (l) - the Lord [be] with you.

kingship - the dominion or territory of a king + William Shakespeare: King Richard III V.5.7: 'A horse! a horse! my kingdom for a horse!' + Confiteor: 'through my fault, through my own fault, through my own most grievous fault'.

pariah - outcast, a person who is rejected (from society or home)

Cain - The proper name of the first fratricide and murderer + Joyce's note: 'cannibal Cain'.

forswear - to abandon or renounce on oath or in a manner deemed irrevocable

pap - a teat or nipple + Luke 11:27: 'Blessed is the womb that bore thee, and the paps that gave thee suck'.

ever since - throughout all the time before or after a specified date

one mass of (Joyce's note) + SDV: Pariah, Cannibal Cain, you oathily forswore the womb that bore you & the paps you sometime sucked and ever since you have had have been one black mass of jigs & jimjams, haunted by a sense of not being or having been having been or not being all you might be or might have been:

jig - a piece of sport, a joke, a sportive trick or cheat + jigs (Slang) - delirium tremens.

jimjams - delirium tremens, a markedly nervous condition + James Joyce.

convulsionary - rel. to convulsion (an affection marked by involuntary contractions or spasms of the muscles, alternating with relaxation, and producing violent irregular motion and agitation of a limb or of the whole body) + compulsory.

bewail - to express great sorrow for; to lament loudly, mourn + (notebook 1924): 'SD wept like a man for the innocence which he cd not defend like a W' → when Boabdil, last Moorish king of Granada, went into exile after losing his kingdom because he rebelled against his father [193.32], his mother said 'You do well to weep like a woman over what you could not defend like a man'.

lo - Used to direct attention to the presence or approach of something, or to what is about to be said; = Look! See! Behold!

Cathmon-Carbery - as Mr Senn says, contrasting brothers in the Ossianic Temora. Cairbar, lord of Atha, is bad, Cathmon is good.  

movie - a moving-picture show; a cinema + SDV: and so, thank God from the innermost depths of your heart,

attrite - repentant through fear of punishment, not through love of God + attritus (l) - shameless.

mimine - rel. to a family of american birds + mine + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora III: (Fingal says of Connal) 'His days of youth were mixed with mine'.

compline - In Catholic ritual: The last service of the day, completing the services of the canonical hours; also, the hour of that service.

attend - to accompany as a circumstance or follow as a result + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora I: (opening words of argument) 'Cairbar... lord of Atha in Connaught'.

puff - a short light gust of air; a slow inhalation (as of tobacco smoke)

spiritus - breath, spirit + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Conlath and Cuthona: 'I saw the ghost who embroiled the night' (glossed in a footnote: 'It was long thought, in the north of Scotland, that storms were raised by the ghosts of the deceased. This notion is still entertained by the vulgar; for they think that whirlwinds, and sudden squalls of wind are occasioned by spirits, who transport themselves, in that manner, from one place to another').

gouttelette (fr) - droplet

consummation - the act of consummating

pack - company of hounds kept for hunting

quarry - the animal pursued or taken by hounds or hunters

retainer - a dependent or follower of some person of rank or position

budge - to stir, to move from one's place

Monday's Child (nursery rhyme): 'Wednesday's child is full of woe'

jeudi (French) - Thursday

la - Used for emphasis or surprise + la (la) (gael) - day.

firstfruit - the earliest product, effect or result + (notebook 1924): 'Abel kills 1st born fat 1st fruits' Lamy: Commentarium in Librum Geneseos I.248: 'And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof... The Israelites were directed to offer up to God the first fruits of the earth and the first-born of humans and animals' (Genesis 4:4).

love + John Milton: Paradise Lost I.1-3: 'Of Mans First Disobedience, and the Fruit Of that Forbidden Tree, whose mortal taste Brought Death into the World, and all our woe'.

branded - marked with hot iron; marked with infamy, stigmatized + black sheep - a bad character + SDV: it is to you blacksheep,

pick - that which is selected; the best or choicest portion or example of anything + SDV: to you, pick of the waste paper basket,

wastepaper basket - a basket (or box) into which waste paper is thrown + (notebook 1923): 'waste paper bucket'.

tremour = tremor - a tremulous or vibratory movement caused by some external impulse; a vibration, shaking, quivering. 

thundery - of or pertaining to thunder; ominous, threatening + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora II: 'O Trenmor! High dweller of eddying winds! where the dark-red thunder marks the trouble clouds!'

Orion - name of a large and brilliant constellation south of the zodiac + ULERIN - In Macpherson's Temora, the star which guided sailors to the coast of Ulster. Temora states: "Ulerin, the Guide to Ireland, a star known by that name in the days of Fingal, and very useful to those who sailed by night from the Hebrides or Caledonia to the coast of Ulster." 

dogstar - the star Sirius, in the constellation of the Greater Dog, the brightest of the fixed stars + Campbell: 'Lord Ullin's Daughter' + Ripel claims that dogstar is Orion, associated with Sahu, or Magnificent Body. However, Orion is in South, while dog-headed Anubis and Seth are in North constellation of Great Bear. Also, in Second Ring of Power Castaneda describes how Dona Soledad with her dog accomplished transition of his consciousness to Other Self, i.e. Time Body. Dona Soledad is North Wind.

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora V: 'all its trees are blasted with winds'.

Genesis 2:9: 'the tree of knowledge of good and evil'

meteor - a luminous body seen temporarily in the sky + metuor (l) - I am feared + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora II: 'Trenmor, clothed with meteors' + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: frequently mentions meteors as vehicles for ghosts.

horrescens (l) - beginning to tremble, growing afraid, shuddering + Horus.

astrologous - pertaining to astrology + dynamo- (gr) - power- + mono- (gr) - sole-, solitary- + logos (gr) - word, wisdom.

nil [nihil] fit (l) - nothing is made + Nebthwt (Nebhhwt or Nebthet) - Nephthys, daughter of Geb and Nut and the sister of Osiris, Isis and Horus and the sister and wife of Seth + Nekhbet (Nekhebet, Nechbet) was the patron of Upper Egypt, appearing as one of the "Two ladies" in the Nebty name of the pharaoh (with her counterpart Wadjet). She was often called "Hedjet" (White Crown) in reference to the crown of Upper Egypt. There is evidence that she was already popular in Predynastic Egypt but was specifically associated with the town of Nekheb ( her name actually means "she of Nekheb"). However, by the Early Dynastic Period Nekheb and Nekhen (cult center of Horus the Elder) had merged and she and Wadjet were combined to form the Nebty name of the pharaoh; her position as a representative of Upper Egypt was fully established.

Beelzebub (spelled like JHWH, Jehovah; literally 'Lord of Flies') + Pre-Dynastic Horus God Kings: 1) Geb; 2) Ausar (Osiris); 3) Setekh (Set); 4) Hor (Horus); Hor gods, 300 years; 5) Djehuty (Thoth), 7,726 years; 6) Ma'at, 100 years; 7) Hor (Horus); 8) Hor (Horus) [Source: Turin Papyrus]

blusher - one that blushes + SDV: ay, to you, unseen blusher of an obscene coalhole,

obscene - designed to incite to indecency or lust, offensive to the mind + (notebook 1924): 'obscene' [on a notebook page quoting from reviews of 'Ulysses'].

coalhole - a small store-place for coals, a coal-cellar + (i.e. somewhere in general direction of constellations of Draco & Great Bear).

cubile (l) - bed + bum (Slang) - buttocks + cubilibus (l) - to or by beds + Thomas Moore: song: Fairest! Put on Awhile [air: Cummilum].

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal III: 'The daughter of Lochlin overheard. She left the hall of her secret sigh!'

down and out - so weakened or disabled as to be ineffective, absolutely 'done'

turf - a slab or block of peat dug for use as fuel

mummy - A child's word for mother + SDV: that your coalblack turfbrown mummy is acoming,

acome - to come to, attain, reach

tidings - new information about specific and timely events


sonny - a small boy, a young boy

scrap - quarrel, fight

bab - A former nursery word for dad or papa

raid - a rush, charge, hurried movement + bride - bridegroom, spouse.

PUNCHESTOWN - Racecourse, County Kildare, 3 miles South-East of Naas; site of annual Kildare and Nat Hunt Race Meeting.  

stud - a stallion

stoned - drunk, extremely intoxicated; Of a male animal (esp. a horse): Having testicles, not castrated.

racecourse - a piece of ground laid out with a track for horse-racing + ricorso (Vico).

belle - a handsome woman, esp. one who dresses so as to set off her personal charms

make an appeal - to be attractive + appeal - a criminal charge or accusation

drei (ger) - three + dry - Of persons: Wanting drink, thirsty.

Yank - Colloq. abbreviation of Yankee

the old sod - one's native district or country; spec., Ireland

tiered - having, or arranged in, tiers (successively overlapping ruffles or flounces on a  garment); formerly chiefly in parasynthetic comb., as high-tiered, three-tiered, triple-tiered.

mesdames - pl. of madam

Knie (German) = knie (Dutch) - knee

mix - to prepare (a compound) by putting various ingredients together

tipsy cake - a cake soaked in wine or brandy

colt - a young or inexperienced person; the young of the horse

did you ever? - did you ever see or hear the like? would you believe it? + ye - you.

filly - a young lively girl; a young mare, a female foal

fortescue - an Australian scorpion fish; the proper name

beck - a mute signal, a bow, a nod

spring - a bound, jump or leap

rill - a small stream, rivulet + ringlet - a curled lock or tress of hair.

drop - a pendant of metal or precious stone, as an ear-drop

Tasche (ger) - pocket; handbag

tram - silk thread + tramtickets (floating in river).

waive - to wave, move to and fro in the wind; to be tossed about

inundation - an overflow of water, a flood; an overspreading or overwhelming in superfluous abundance + innuendo (l) - by nodding, by intimating.

duck - to bend or stoop quickly so as to lower the body or head

bellhop - to work as a bellhop (someone employed as an errand boy and luggage carrier around hotels) + SDV: little old fashioned mummy, little wonderful -------- running with her tidings, all the news of the [greatbig] world, skipping bellhopping the weirs,

weir - a barrier or dam to restrain water, esp. one placed across a river or canal in order to raise or divert the water for driving a mill wheel

dodge - to make a sudden movement in a new direction

bog - wet spongy ground of decomposing vegetation

rapid - moving with a great speed + shoot - to rush on + Joyce's note: 'rapidshooting'.

TALLAGHT - Town, South-West of Dublin; Taimhleacht, Ir. "plague-grave." According to legend, the Parthalonians, one of the peoples to invade Ireland, all died of plague and were buried in a mass-grave at Tallaght. The Red Cow inn was South of Tallaght, Green Hills is to the North.  

phooka - a mischievous or malignant goblin or specter in the form of a horse who haunts bogs and marshes + POULAPHUCA - Picturesque waterfall of the Liffey below the dam of present Blessington Reservoir, County Wicklow; Poll an Phuca, Ir. "Goblin's Hole."

BLESSINGTON - Town, County Wicklow, 15 miles South-West of Dublin. The Liffey River and King's River join at Blessington.

slip - to move quickly and softly, without attracting notice

SALLYNOGGIN - Residental area just South of Dun Laoghaire and West of Dalkey; it is nowhere near the Liffey River + SDV: ducking under bridges, rapidshooting round the corners, by the hills of Tallaght & the Pool of the phooka & [places called] Blessington & Sallynoggin,  

as happy as the day is long - extremely happy

babble - to utter inarticulate or indistinct sounds, transf. of streams, brooks, etc. [Joyce's note: 'babbling']

bubble - to form bubbles (as a running stream); to emit the sounds due to the formation and bursting of bubbles

chatter - Of human beings: To talk rapidly, incessantly, and with more sound than sense.

deluthering (Anglo-Irish) - deluding, deceiving in a fawning manner

sloothering - cajoling, wheedling; coaxing, artful

slide - the act of sliding or gliding

giddy - causing or apt to produce dizziness or swimming in the head, rendering dizzy

gaddy - given to gadding or roving about + SDV: babbling, bubbling, chattering to herself, gidgaddy giddygaddy grandmamma, gossipaceous, Anna Livia.

gossipaceous (notebook 1924) Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 125 (sec. 123): 'Adjectives are formed... in -aceous: gossipaceous'.

Amnis Livia (l) - the River Liffey

Luke 11:14: (Jesus) 'was casting out a devil, and it was dumb. And it came to pass, when the devil was gone out, the dumb spake'.

quick + quoi (fr) - what + quack (ducks).