anna - an East Indian denomination of money; the 16th part of a rupee + annus (l) - year + *A*.
full score - Mus. a score in which the parts for all voices and instruments are given on separate staves + (28+1 = *Q*).
lira - italian coin + lorette (French Slang) - whore + *I*.
bob - a shilling + *O*.
tester - a shilling of Henry VII decreasing from 9 pence to 6 pence in Shakesperes time + *X* (with ass).
groat - a denomination of coin which was recognized from the 13th c. in various countries of Europe. Its standard seems to have been in the 14th c. theoretically one-eighth of an ounce of silver.
dinar - Serbian or Arabic coin; also, name given to various oriental coins (applied anciently to a gold coin, corresponding to the Byzantine denarius auri, or crown of gold, and to the gold mohr of later times) + Dinah (*K*).
jo - a gold Portuguese coin (18, 19 c.) + joe (Slang) - fourpenny piece + not for Joe (Anglo-Irish phrase) - definitely not (after song 'Not for Joseph', a 19th century music-hall song, inspired by Joseph Baxter, a bus driver who was in the habit of exclaiming 'Not for Joe!') + Joe (*S*).
dictito (l) - I say often
siuirin (shurin) (gael) - little sister + dictated to all of his little brethren and sisters.
God *C* 1st riddle (Joyce's note)
The O'Gorman Mahan. When is a man not a man? (LB) (notebook 1923) → Charles James Patrick Mahon (The O'Gorman Mahon) was a 19th century colourful Irishman who served as a high-ranking officer in several armies around the world; LB is Leopold Bloom of Joyce's Ulysses + Maurice Mahon (Tubhan) + REFERENCE
take ones time - not to hurry
Jungfer (ger) - girl, maid + youngfry (Archaic) - child.
this day, Monday, Monday was (a), etc. fortnight - a fortnight from (this day, etc.)
bittersweet - at once bitter and sweet
crab - the wild apple tree of northern Europe, the original of the common apple (generally known as "wild apple", "crab apple", "crabapple" or "crab"); the common name for decapod crustaceous animals of the tribe Brachyura, applied especially to the edible species found on or near the sea coast in most regions of the world + according to Greek mythology, Juno took Cancer (the Crab) to be a constellation in heaven as a reward for dying while biting Hercules's foot, when the latter was fighting the Hydra of Lerna.
copper age - third of four ages (gold, silver, copper, iron), i.e. human age not started yet + time is money (phrase).
unminted - not minted + mint - to make (coin) by stamping metal + (for it was in a time before mints or money).
DRAFT TWO (SDV): One said when the heavens are rocking, another a second said when other lips, a third said when the fair land of Poland, the next one said when those angel faces smile, still another said when the wine is in, one of the youngest said when father papered the parlour, still one said when you are old & grey & full of tears sleep, and still another when we were boys, & another when you come down the vale, another et enim imposuit manus episcopas fecit illum altissimis § sacerdotem & one when pigs begin to fly. All were wrong, he said. So Shem took the cake himself, the correct solution being: when he is a sham.
shamayim (Hebrew) - heavens + (thirteen wrong answers).
quaker - one that quakes + crack - to make a sharp or explosive noise [said of thunder or a cannon] (chiefly dial.) + Quakers (HERESY).
BOHEMIA - Province, West Czech, subject of Balfe's opera, "The Bohemian Girl." Arlene, heroine of the opera is a high-born girl, stolen by gypsies, who dreams she dwells in marble halls and is restored to high place and faithful lover + meandro (Italian) - labyrinth (i.e. Daedalus) + Bohemian Protestants (HERESY).
lip - to kiss + Balfe: The Bohemian Girl: Then You'll Remember Me (song): 'When other lips...' + (babbling, second stage of Viconian cycle) + SDV: another a second said when other lips,
hold hard - to pull hard at the reins in order to stop the horse, halt, stop
jiffy - a very short space of time
crawsick + gnostic (Slang) - a knowing fellow + agnostos (gr) - unknown, unknowable + gnostikos (gr) - of or having knowledge + Gnostics (HERESY).
to be determined - to have come to a decision or definite resolve (to do something); to be finally and firmly resolved + (age of heroes) + Arminians (HERESY) + SDV: a third said when the fair land of Poland,
kick the bucket - to die + kiss the book of life + SDV: the next one said when those angel faces smile,
one + When the wine is in the wit is out (proverb).
at ones wits end - very confused + SDV: still another said when the wine is in,
conk - to punch on the nose, to hit on the head + Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin, Dublin Annals section 1822: 'Riot in the theatre, on the Marquess of Wellesley, the lord lieutenant's first visit thither, during which a bottle was flung into his Excellency's box' (by a woman during a performance of Oliver Goldsmith's 'She Stoops to Conquer') + Oliver Goldsmith: The Vicar of Wakefield, ch. 24: song 'When lovely woman stoops to folly'.
Sem (French) - Shem
song: 'When Papa papered the parlour / You couldn't see him for paste; / Pasty here and pasty there / Paste and paper everywhere; / My mother was stuck to the ceiling, / The kids were stuck to the floor; / You never saw a family / That was so stuck up before' + SDV: one of the youngest said when father papered the parlour,
yeat = get + Genesis 3:5: 'in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened' (snake to Eve).
yabloko (Russian) - 'apple' + diablo (sp) - devil.
zmeya (Russian) - snake + smear + (snake hissing).
zelf (Dutch) - self
zo (Dutch) - so
zhuk (Russian) - beetle, bug + (when he ate the apple and saw himself so taken).
William Butler Yeats: 'When You Are Old': 'When you are old and grey and full of sleep / And nodding by the fire, take down this book / And slowly read, and dream of the soft look / Your eyes had once, and of their shadows deep' + SDV: still one said when you are old & grey & full of tears sleep,
Naar vi døde vaagner (1899) - When We Dead Awaken, drama by Ibsen + deader (Slang) - corpse + SDV: and still another when we were boys,
semi- - half, partly + civilized + circumcised + SDV: & another when you come down the vale,
manana - tomorrow, the day next after the present. Often taken as a synonym of easy-going procrastination as said to be found in Spanish-speaking countries: the indefinite future + have a banana (Slang) - to have sexual intercourse with a woman + song: 'Yes, we have no bananas / We have no bananas today' + ananas - the pineapple + SDV: another et enim imposuit manus episcopas fecit illum altissimis § sacerdotem
intil - into, to, unto + when pigs begin to fly (phrase) - never + SDV: & one when pigs begin to fly.
Luft (ger) - air + loof (Dutch) - foliage.
take the cake - to carry off the honours, rank first + SDV: All were wrong, he said. So Shem took the cake himself, the correct solution being: when he is a sham.
rend - to split into parties or factions + Matthew 28:20: 'I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen'.
rocks (Slang) - testicles (i.e. castration, eunuch) + Matthew 27:51: 'and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent' (when Jesus died) + Ragnarøkr (Old Norse) - destruction of the Norse gods.
sham - a spurious imitation + shaman (Jim is shaman) → ''Over the past twenty years, I have written a series of books about my apprenticeship with a Mexican Yaqui Indian sorcerer, don Juan Matus. I have explained in those books that he taught me sorcery but not as we understand sorcery in the context of our daily world: the use of supernatural powers over others, or the calling of spirits through charms, spells, or rituals to produce supernatural effects. For don Juan, sorcery was the act of embodying some specialized theoretical and practical premises about the nature and role of perception in molding the universe around us. Following don Juan's suggestion, I have refrained from using shamanism, a category proper to anthropology, to classify his knowledge.'' (Carlos Castaneda: The Art Of Dreaming) + ''...my teacher and mentor don Juan Matus, a Yaqui Indian shaman from Mexico. He belonged to a lineage of shamans that traced its origins all the way back to the shamans who lived in Mexico in ancient times.'' (Carlos Castaneda: The Wheel Of Time)
creep - to advance or come on slowly, stealthily, or by imperceptible degrees; to insinuate oneself into + SDV: & his lowness came out first in foodstuffs.
via - through the medium of, by the way of
foodstuff - a substance with food value
Ibsen’s + (notebook 1924): 'Ibsen' + SDV: So low was he that he preferred Lazenby's teatime salmon tinned, as inexpensive as pleasing, to the plumpest roeheavy lax or friskiest troutlet that ever was gaffed between Leixlip & Island Bridge & many was the time he said no fresh pineapple ever tasted like the chunks in Heinz's cans.
teatime - the customary time for tea + (notebook 1924): 'teatime sardines'.
tinned - preserved in air-tight tins, canned
inexpensive - not expensive or costly, cheap
plump - well rounded or filled out
roe - the mass of eggs contained in the ovarian membrane of a fish
lax - a salmon + (notebook 1922-23): 'speckled lax heavy with roe' → Daily Mail 14 Dec 1922, 8/5: 'Salmon No. 23': 'a female fish of about 8lb., heavy with roe'.
frisk - full of life and spirit, brisk, lively
parr - a young salmon before it becomes a smolt + (notebook 1924): 'parr & smolt (young salmon)'.
smolt - a young salmon in the stage intermediate between the parr and the grilse, when it becomes covered with silvery scales and migrates to the sea for the first time
troutlet - a little or tiny trout
gaff - to seize or strike (a fish) with a gaff (a barbed fishing spear, a stick armed with an iron hook for landing large fish, esp. salmon)
Leixlip ('salmon leap') - village in north-east County Kildare, Ireland, east of the midlands of Ireland, situated on the confluence of the River Liffey and the Rye Water
Island Bridge - bridge over Liffey at point where becomes tidal
many's the time - on many occasions, in many instances
botulism - poisoning caused by eating food, usu. imperfectly preserved, that contains botulinus toxin + (notebook 1922-23): 'botulism (coma)'.
smack - to have a slight taste or flavor, to be tinctured with any particular taste + FDV: & many was the time he said no fresh pineapple ever tasted like the chunks in Heinz's cans.
whopper - something uncommonly large of its kind; a very big thing, animal, or person
shake out - to produce by shaking, to cast out the contents of
Ananias - name of a man who tried to deceive apostles (Acts 5:1-6): 'with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession and kept back part of the price'; Used allusively for a liar + ananas.
Findlater, Adam - 19th-century Dubliner who made money in groceries and spent it in civic restoration. The Dublin Presbyterian chapel in Parnell Square was restored by him and is called Findlater's Church.
Corner House - one of a number of large restaurants in London owned by J. Lyons and Co. Ltd.
Balaclava (literally 'fish pond') - Crimean village near Sevastopol, the site of a battle fought in the Crimean war
stake = steak - a thick slice or strip of meat cut for roasting by grilling or frying
jelly - anything brought to a gelatinous condition; a viscous, translucent substance in a condition between liquid and solid
Greeks + greh (Serbian) - sin (cyrilic 'x' = latinic 'h') + grex (l) - flock, crowd.
molten - dissolved (in a liquid); also, loosely, reduced to a partially liquid condition
greasily - unctuously, slippery + gristly - pertaining to, or of the nature of gristle; consisting or full of gristle; difficult to chew.
grunter - a pig + FDV: None of your nice long & thick bloody beefsteaks or juicy legs of melting mutton or fat belly bacon or greasy gristly pigs' feet or slice upon slice of luscious goose bosom with lump upon after lump of rich stuffing swamping in grand brown gravy for him.
go upon - to attack, to take in hand + croupon - the croup or rump of a horse or other animal.
slab - a cake baked in a large rectangular tin
luscious - sweet and highly pleasant to the taste or smell
lump - a compact mass of no particular shape, a shapeless piece
load - a satisfying amount to eat, (one's) fill
plum pudding - a pudding containing plums
stuffing - Cookery. Forcemeat or other seasoned mixture used to fill the body of a fowl, a hollow in a joint of meat, etc., before cooking.
aswim - swimming