anna - an East Indian denomination of money; the 16th part of a rupee + annus (l) - year.

full score - Mus. a score in which the parts for all voices and instruments are given on separate staves.

bob - a shilling

tester - a shilling of Henry VII decreasing from 9 pence to 6 pence in Shakespere’s time.

groat - a denomination of coin which was recognized from the 13th c. in various countries of Europe. Its standard seems to have been in the 14th c. theoretically one-eighth of an ounce of silver.

dinar - a name given to various oriental coins: applied anciently to a gold coin, corresponding to the Byzantine denarius auri, or crown of gold, and to the gold mohr of later times.

jo - a gold Portuguese coin (18, 19 c.) + joe (Slang) - fourpenny piece + not for Joe (Anglo-Irish phrase) - definitely not (after song Not for Joseph, a 19th century music-hall song, sung and written by Arthur Lloyd, inspired by Joseph Baxter, a bus driver who was in the habit of exclaiming 'Not for Joe!').

dictito (l) - I say often

siuirin (shurin) (gael) - little sister + sisters

Joyce's note: 'God *C* 1st riddle'.

Joyce's note (notebook 1923): 'The O'Gorman Mahan. When is a man not a man? (LB)' (Charles James Patrick Mahon (The O'Gorman Mahon) was a 19th century colourful Irishman who served as a high-ranking officer in several armies around the world; LB is Leopold Bloom of Joyce's Ulysses) + REFERENCE 

take one’s time - not to hurry

Jungfer (ger) - girl, maid + Jungfrau (ger) - virgin + youngfry (Archaic) - child.

this day, Monday, Monday was (a), etc. fortnight - a fortnight from (this day, etc.) + The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, vol. I, 231: The Tale of Nur al-Din Ali and His Son: 'His day was as a month' (glossed in a footnote: 'He grew as fast in one day as other children in a month').

bittersweet - at once bitter and sweet

crab - the wild apple tree of northern Europe, the original of the common apple (generally known as "wild apple", "crab apple", "crabapple" or "crab"); the common name for decapod crustaceous animals of the tribe Brachyura, applied especially to the edible species found on or near the sea coast in most regions of the world.

(third of four ages (gold, silver, copper, iron), i.e. human age not started yet) + phrase time is money.

unminted - not minted + mint - to make (coin) by stamping metal.

shamayim (Hebrew) - heavens

quaker - one that quakes + crack - to make a sharp or explosive noise (said of thunder or a cannon) (chiefly dial.) + DRAFT TWO: One said when the heavens are rocking, another a second said when other lips, a third said when the fair land of Poland, the next one said when those angel faces smile, still another said when the wine is in, one of the youngest said when father papered the parlour, still one said when you are old & grey & full of tears sleep, and still another when we were boys, & another when you come down the vale, another et enim imposuit manus episcopas fecit illum altissimis § sacerdotem & one when pigs begin to fly. All were wrong, he said. So Shem took the cake himself, the correct solution being: when he is a sham.

BOHEMIA - Province, West Czech, subject of Balfe's opera, "The Bohemian Girl." Arlene, heroine of the opera is a high-born girl, stolen by gypsies, who dreams she dwells in marble halls and is restored to high place and faithful lover.

lip - to kiss + Balfe: The Bohemian Girl: song: Then You'll Remember Me: 'When other lips...'

hold hard - to pull hard at the reins in order to stop the horse, halt, stop

jiffy - a very short space of time

crawsick + gnostic (Slang) - a knowing fellow + agnostos (gr) - unknown, unknowable + gnostikos (gr) - of or having knowledge.

to be determined - to have come to a decision or definite resolve (to do something); to be  finally and firmly resolved.

to kick the bucket - to die

one + proverb When the wine is in the wit is out.

at one’s wits end - very confused

conk - to punch on the nose, to hit; to hit on the head (Slang) + Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin, Dublin Annals section 1822: 'Riot in the theatre, on the Marquess of Wellesley, the lord lieutenant's first visit thither, during which a bottle was flung into his Excellency's box' (by a woman during a performance of Oliver Goldsmith's 'She Stoops to Conquer') + Oliver Goldsmith: The Vicar of Wakefield, ch. 24: song 'When lovely woman stoops to folly'.

song 'When Papa papered the parlour You couldn't see him for paste; Pasty here and pasty there Paste and paper everywhere; My mother was stuck to the ceiling, The kids were stuck to the floor; You never saw a family That was so stuck up before'.

yeat = get + Genesis 3:5: 'in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened' (snake to Eve).

yabloko (Russian) - 'apple' + diablo (sp) - devil.

zmeya (Russian) - snake + smear

zelf (Dutch) - self

zo (Dutch) - so

zhuk (Russian) - beetle, bug

William Butler Yeats: 'When You Are Old': 'When you are old and grey and full of sleep And nodding by the fire, take down this book And slowly read, and dream of the soft look Your eyes had once, and of their shadows deep'

Naar vi døde vaagner (1899) - When We Dead Awaken, drama by Ibsen + deader (Slang) - corpse.

semi - - half, partly + civilized

manana - tomorrow, the day next after the present. Often taken as a synonym of easy-going procrastination as said to be found in Spanish-speaking countries: the indefinite future + to have a banana (Slang) - to have sexual intercourse with a woman + song 'Yes, we have no bananas / We have no bananas today'. 

intil - into, to, unto + when pigs begin to fly (phrase) - never.

Luft (ger) - air + loof (Dutch) - foliage.

to take the cake - to carry off the honours, rank first

rend - to split into parties or factions + Matthew 28:20: 'I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen' + Matthew 27:51: 'and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent' (when Jesus died) + Ragnarøkr (Old Norse) - destruction of the Norse gods + rocks (Slang) - testicles (i.e. castration, eunuch).

sham - a spurious imitation, a counterfeit + ashem (Hebrew) - guilty + {Jim was a shaman} + Sham, Shame - combines Shem and Ham. Suffering the first hangover, Noah dispossessed his black son, Ham, made him servant to his brothers, Shem and Japheth, who represented the Jews and the Gentiles. "Sham" represents a later time when Jews and blacks were alike dispossessed and "Shamrock" adds on the dispossessed Irish. Shaun, the Aryan supremacist, puts down his brother Shem by calling him "Sham," i.e., black and ham, a meat forbidden Jews. Wyndham Lewis is model for the Aryan supremacist. (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

creep - to advance or come on slowly, stealthily, or by imperceptible degrees; to insinuate oneself into + DRAFT TWO:  & his lowness came out first in foodstuffs.

via - through the medium of, by the way of

foodstuff - a substance with food value

Ibsen’s + (notebook 1924): 'Ibsen' + DRAFT TWO: So low was he that he preferred Lazenby's teatime salmon tinned, as inexpensive as pleasing, to the plumpest roeheavy lax or friskiest troutlet that ever was gaffed between Leixlip & Island Bridge & many was the time he said no fresh pineapple ever tasted like the chunks in Heinz's cans.

teatime - the customary time for tea + (notebook 1924): 'teatime sardines'.

tinned - preserved in air-tight tins, canned

inexpensive - not expensive or costly, cheap

plump - sufficiently fleshy or fat to show no angularity of outline, having the skin well filled or elastically distended.

roe - the mass of eggs contained in the ovarian membrane of a fish

lax - a salmon + (notebook 1922-23): 'speckled lax heavy with roe'.

frisk - full of life and spirit, brisk, lively

parr - a young salmon before it becomes a smolt + (notebook 1924): 'parr & smolt (young salmon)'.

smolt - bright, shining; smooth, polished; a young salmon in the stage intermediate between the parr and the grilse, when it becomes covered with silvery scales and migrates to the sea for the first time.

troutlet - a little or tiny trout

gaff - to seize or strike (a fish) with a gaff (a barbed fishing spear, a stick armed with an iron hook for landing large fish, esp. salmon).

many's the time - on many occasions, in many instances

botulism - poisoning caused by eating food, usu. imperfectly preserved, that contains botulinus toxin + (notebook 1922-23): 'botulism (coma)'.

smack - Of food: to taste (well or ill) + FDV: & many was the time he said no fresh pineapple ever tasted like the chunks in Heinz's cans.

whopper - something uncommonly large of its kind; a very big thing, animal, or person.

shake out - to produce by shaking, to cast out the contents of

Ananias - name of a man who, 'with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession and kept back part of the price'; used allusively for a liar.

Findlater, Adam - 19th-century Dubliner who made money in groceries and spent it in civic restoration. The Dublin Presbyterian chapel in Parnell Square was restored by him and is called Findlater's Church. 

Corner House - one of a number of large restaurants in London owned by J. Lyons and Co. Ltd.

Balaclava - Crimean village near Sevastopol, the site of a battle fought in the Crimean war.

stake = steak - a thick slice or strip of meat cut for roasting by grilling or frying + FDV: None of your nice long & thick bloody beefsteaks or juicy legs of melting mutton or fat belly bacon or greasy gristly pigs' feet or slice upon slice of luscious goose bosom with lump upon after lump of rich stuffing swamping in grand brown gravy for him + DRAFT TWO: None of your inchthick blueblooded beef steaks or juicejelly legs of molten mutton or greasilygristly pigs' feet or slice upon slab of luscious goose bosom with lump after load of plum pudding stuffing in a swamp of bogbrown gravy for him.  

jelly - good, worthy, excellent; a gelatinous substance of any kind; an article of food, consisting chiefly of gelatin, obtained from various animal tissues, as skin, tendons, bones, etc., by boiling and subsequent cooling, having a characteristic soft stiff homogeneous consistence, and usually semitransparent.

Greeks + greh (Serbian) - sin (cyrilic x = latinic h) + grex (l) - flock, crowd.

molten - dissolved (in a liquid); also, loosely, reduced to a partially liquid condition.

greasily - unctuously, slippery + gristly - pertaining to, or of the nature of gristle; consisting or full of gristle.

grunter - a pig

go upon - to attack, to take in hand + croupon - the croup or rump of a horse or other animal.

slab - a cake baked in a large rectangular tin

luscious - sweet and highly pleasant to the taste or smell

lump - a compact mass of no particular shape, a shapeless piece

load - a satisfying amount to eat, (one's) fill

plum pudding - a pudding containing plums

stuffing - Cookery. Forcemeat or other seasoned mixture used to fill the body of a fowl, a hollow in a joint of meat, etc., before cooking.

aswim - swimming