souse - a drunkard; to intoxicate thoroughly + sosie (fr) - double, counterpart + scusi (it) - beg your pardon.

crux (l) - cross + come across - to come upon or meet obliquely, indirectly, or unintentionally + FDV: If ever in the public interest delicate hints were put to him during a conversazione [by wellwishers pleading with him to be a man] such as: What is the meaning of that foreign word if you ever came across it, we think it is canaille?:

transpicious - transparent, clearly understood

canaille - the lowest class of people, the mob; a member of the canaille + canaille (fr) - rabble, mob; scoundrel (literally 'pack of dogs') + (notebook 1924): 'How wd you say canaille?' (on a Joyce's notebook page with several entries from Crépieux-Jamin's Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles).

kennel - a house for dogs; a pack of dogs; canaille + FDV: or: do did you ever anywhere captain, in your tales of travels happen to meet a gentleman named by the name of something like [Low] Bugger who lives on loans & is 35 yrs of age? :

gullible - capable of being gulled or duped; easily cheated, befooled + Gulliver's Travels - a novel by Jonathan Swift (ISAAC BICKERSTAFF).

troubadour - to act the part of a troubadour

whimper - to complain pulingly, to utter in a low and whining tone + SDV: or: Did you anywhere, captain, in your tales of travel happen to meet stumble over upon a gentleman by answering to the name of something like Low Bugger who lives on loans and is 35 years of age?:

lives on loans & is 35 (notebook 1924) Crépieux-Jamin: Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles 288: 'his great defects have propelled him and his family into a black misery. He lives on loans, on begging, and he is thirty-five'.

prig - a conceited or self-important and didactic person + Joyce's note: 'prig' + pig.

pull a face - to draw the countenance into a grimace, to distort the features

landlubber - a sailor's term of contempt for a landsman + FDV: he would begin without a sign of haste like a first class supreme prig [with a vacant [landlubber] look] to tell all the persons in the conversazione the whole lifelong story of his low existence

pensile - hanging, pendant + pencil

outer - an outer garment or the outer part of a garment + on the outer - penniless; out of favour, excluded.

lauschen (ger) - to eavesdrop + Lauscher (ger) - listener + {put a pencil in his ear}

prunella - material used for academic robes + Parnell + prattling parnel - an old name for the plant London Pride (Saxifraga umbrosa). 

kill time - to consume or spend (time, or any portion of time), so as to bring it to an end + SDV: & then, with what closely approached a lie lisping to kill time,

swat - to sweat, to study hard and constantly

canopy - a covering over a shrine, or over the Host when borne in procession

Jansen - opposed Jesuits and gave rise to a heresy (Jansenism) + Jesus Christ.

ALBION - Oldest name of Britain, rentined as poetical name of England + Albigensian heresy + English gentleman.

bin = been

lent - the action of lending; loan

hint - an occasion that can be taken advantage of, opportunity

intelligentsia - the class of society regarded as possessing culture and political initiative; irresponsible middle-class with ideas (term originated in pre-revolutionary Russia) [ (notebook 1923): 'intelligentsia'] + intelligentia (l) - information, news, tidings.

Tommelise (Danish) - 'Thumbelina' (Danish tomme: thumb)

samtale (Danish) - conversation + aisy (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - easy + Tamil and Santali are Indian languages (of different families).

conclamation - a loud calling out of many together + conclamazione (it) - acclamation + conversazione (it) - conversation.

physician - one who practises the healing art, including medicine and surgery

law merchant - a special system of rules for the regulation of trade and commerce, differing in some respects from the Common Law + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 65: 'I am now more than seventy-one years old, and in a short time I shall be in my grave. I shall have to give an account of what I now say. Well, it is in the presence of my great Judge, with my tomb before my eyes, that I declare to the world that very few—yes, very few—priests escape from falling into the pit of the most horrible moral depravity the world has ever known, through the confession of females. I do not say this because I have any hard feelings against those priests; God knows that I have none. The only feelings I have are of supreme compassion and pity. I do not reveal these awful things to make the world believe that the priests of Rome are a worse set of men than the rest of the innumerable fallen children of Adam; no; I do not entertain any such views; for everything considered, and weighed in the balance of religion, charity and common sense—I think that the priests of Rome are far from being worse than any other set of men who would be thrown into the same temptations, dangers, and unavoidable occasions of sin. For instance, let us take lawyers, merchants, or farmers, and, preventing them from living with their lawful wives, let us surround each of them from morning to night, by ten, twenty, and sometimes more, beautiful women and tempting girls, who would speak to them of things which would pulverize a rock of Scotch granite, and you will see how many of those lawyers, merchants, or farmers would come out of that terrible moral battlefield without being mortally wounded.'

belfry - a bell-tower + politique de clocher (fr) - petty narrow-minded local politics (literally 'belfry politics') + (notebook 1924): 'belfry politics' → Gorce: Saint Vincent Ferrier 235: 'Within these five States were plenty of pettinesses, plenty of belfry politics, plenty of anarchies'.

agricolous - agricultural (Latin agricola: farmer)


sacristan - an officer of the church who has the care of the utensils or movables, and of the church in general; a sexton

philantropy - love to mankind; practical benevolence towards men in general

board - food served at the table; daily meals provided in a lodging or boarding-house

panesthesia - sum total of individual's perception at a given moment

carnal - bodily, fleshly, material + Like Joyce, Shem emigrates to Europe (Joyce stayed at the Hotel Corneille in Paris 1902-3) + corna (it) - horns (i.e. cuckold) + canaille + SDV: begin to tell all the persons intelligentsia in at the conversazione consciously the whole lifelong story of his entire low existence,

deceased ancestors (Joyce's note)

odds - chances + the odds are - chances are.

Ta Ra Ra Boom De Ay (song) + Tara - ancient capital of Ireland.

blundering - confusion, the making of gross mistakes

poh - an ejaculation of contemptuous rejection

farfamed - widely and favorably known + (notebook 1924): 'reputed father of Jesus' Kinane: St. Patrick 16: (of Jesus) 'St. Joseph, His reputed father, and next to Mary in power and glory'.

poppa (Colloquial) - papa, father

humhum - a coarse cotton cloth imported from India + hum - an inarticulate exclamation uttered with the lips closed, either in a pause of hesitation or embarrassment, or as expressing slight dissatisfaction, dissent, etc. 

sept - a branch of a family esp. one which all members are believed to have descended from a single ancestor

debt - that which is owed or due + up to date

Heavens hear how

vice versa - with a reversal or transposition of the main items in the statement just made

cruach (Irish) - conical heap + cracher (French) - to spit + cracking.

three cheers - three successive cheers in unison, freq. for someone or something + Joyce's note: '3 jeers!'

pah - a natural exclamation of disgust

paper beg + Pepper's ghost - theatrical illusion + beg (Anglo-Irish) - little.

Himmel-Schimmel! (ger) - (expletive) + Ham, Shem.

blighty - affected with blight, blighted, blasted

reeky - reeking

lighty - bright, shining; enlightened, well-informed + light - characterized by levity, frivolous, unthinking.

scrapy - producing a harsh grating noise + scrappy - inclined to scrap or fight, pugnacious; made up of odds and ends, disjointed, unconnected.

babbly - chattering

ninny - a simpleton, a fool

Aeschylus: The Seven against Thebes

bottom sawyer - a worker at a saw pit who stands below the timber + Mark Twain: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.

no one

unsolicited - not asked for

testimony - personal or documentary evidence or attestation in support of a fact or statement; hence, any form of evidence or proof

on behalf of - in the name of, as the agent or representative of, on account of, for, instead of

glib - speaking smoothly and with flippant rapidity + SDV: giving unsolicited testimony on behalf of others as glib as eaves' water

semantic - (the study or analysis of) the relationships between linguistic symbols and their meanings + (notebook 1924): 'semantic' → Boulenger & Thérive: Les Soirées du Grammaire-Club 156: 'is it better, yes or no, to know our language, vocabulary, syntax, even semantic, from the inside, with the help of Latin, and by ceaselessly going back to that dark past?'.

smicker - to smile or smirk + snicker - a half suppressed broken laugh.

drivel - to flow as saliva from the mouth

fish features

inkstand - a small vessel for holding ink (to dip the pen into); also, a device for holding ink and writing materials + instance

meticulosity - over-carefulness about minute details

bordering - that borders, on the border + Joyce's note: 'border on insane'

misused - improperly used, violated, abused + FDV: explaining the meanings of all the other foreign words he used and telling every lie imaginable about all the other people in the story whom he met except the simple word and person they had asked him about until they were completely undeceived.

cuttlefish - Used allusively in reference to the animal's habit of darkening the water when alarmed (obs.) + cultivating.

unshrinkable - uncapable of being shrunk + SDV: explaining the various senses of all the foreign words he misused and telling every lie imaginable unthinkable about all the other people in the story