shamiana - an awning or flat tent-roof without sides; a flat awning or canopy; a material used for such awnings, a striped calico

imposture - a thing (or person) which is pretended to be what it is not + (notebook 1922-23): 'imposture book through the ages, revered more & more'.

palimpsest - a manuscript (usually written on papyrus or parchment) on which more than one text has been written with the earlier writing incompletely erased and still visible.

plagiarist - someone who uses another person's words or ideas as if they were his own + Pelagius (l) = Pelagios (gr) - "Of the sea": British or Irish-born heretic (360-420), his name being a Greek translation of Celtic Morgan ("Sea-born"); he denied original sin and stressed man's free will to do good without the assistance of divine grace + Joyce's note: 'plagiarist' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 123 (sec. 121): 'Among the innumerable words of recent formation in -ist may be mentioned... plagiarist'.

be that as it may - whether that is so or not, that may well be so: phrases used to indicate that a statement or act, etc., is perhaps true or right from one point of view but not from another, or that there are other factors to be taken into consideration.

but for - except for, were it not for

gnosis (gr) - knowledge + FDV: He was able to write in the gloom of his bottle only because of his noseglow nose's glow as it slid over the paper and while he scribbled & scratched nameless shamelessnesses about others everybody ever he met even under a slimy bridge out of a shower over & over his foul text he used to draw endless portraits of himself up and down the two margins as a strikingly handsome young man with lyrics in his eyes and a lovely pair of inky Italian moustaches. How unwhisperably low!

luciferously - affording illumination or insight; luminously, illuminating

red eye - coarse fiery whisky; a drink made from beer and tomato juice + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora I: 'the red eye of his fear is sad' (describing Cairbar who has murdered Cormac).

saddish - somewhat sad

ensign - to mark with a distinctive sign or badge

Joyce worked for Berlitz School in Trieste and Pola

madness + mathesis (gr) - act of learning; education + method in his madness.

educand - one who is to be or is being educated + educande (it) - girl boarders in convent schools.

hue - to form, fashion, figure, give an external appearance to; esp. (in later use) to colour + hue and cry (phrase).

amber + gember (Dutch) - ginger + ginger - having a bright orange-brown color.

Ingwer (ger) - ginger

gingembre (fr) - ginger + Conchobar - uncle of Cuchulainn.

zinzero (it) - ginger + Cicero.

cinnabar - a red colour like that of vermilion + zinziber (l) - ginger + Zinn (ger) - tin, pewter + ZANZIBAR - Former sultanate, British protectorate, now part of Tanzania, East Africa; Zanzibar is an island in Indian Ocean off North-East coast of Tanganyika.

tincture (Slang) - whiskey

ginger + gin contains juniper (violet berries).

nib - the point of a pen + SDV: Be that as it may, But for his nose's glow as it slid so close to the parchment he would never have penned a word to paper.

quill - to write (with a quill), to pen

seriph = serif - one of the fine cross-strokes at the top and bottom of a letter + (notebook 1924): 'seriph (fine line in letter)'.

sheepskin - the skin of sheep used for parchment

rosy - rose-coloured, rose-red

lampoon - a virulent or scurrilous satire upon an individual + lampion - a pot or cup, often of coloured glass, containing oil or grease with a wick, used in illuminations + (i.e. his nose).

effluvious - of the nature of an effluvium, passing off like an effluvium (a foul-smelling outflow or vapor, especially a gaseous waste).

simul (l) - at the same time + chronikos (gr) - of or concerning time.

flush - a glow of light or colour + flash in the pan (phrase) - something which disappoints by failing to deliver anything of value, despite a showy beginning (There's reason to believe that this phrase derives from the Californian Gold Rush of the mid 19th century. Prospectors who panned for gold supposedly became excited when they saw something glint in the pan, only to have their hopes dashed when it proved not to be gold but a mere 'flash in the pan'. This is an attractive and plausible notion, in part because it ties in with another phrase related to disappointment - 'it didn't pan out'. Nevertheless, gold prospecting isn't the origin of 'a flash in the pan'. The phrase did have a literal meaning, i.e. it derives from a real flash in a real pan, but not a prospector's pan. Flintlock muskets used to have small pans to hold charges of gunpowder. An attempt to fire the musket in which the gunpowder flared up without a bullet being fired was a 'flash in the pan'.)

pan - a vessel, of metal or earthenware, for domestic uses, usually broad and shallow, and often open + pen + (a flush of the toilet)

guinea - an English gold coin, not coined since 1813, first struck in 1663 with the nominal value of 20s., but from 1717 until its disappearance circulating as legal tender at the rate of 21s + gine (Armenian) - price.

girk - obs. form of jerk (a stroke with a whip or wand; fig. A lash of sarcasm; Involuntary spasmodic movements of the limbs or features, esp. resulting from religious excitement) + girk' (Armenian) - book.

scrabble = scribble + SDV: By that rosy lamp's effluvious burning he scribbled & scratched nameless shamelessness about everybody ever he met,

scratch - to scribble, write hurriedly or carelessly

scriobh (shkriv) (gael) - write + scriob (shkrib) (gael) - scratch.

scriven - to write as a scrivener (a professional penman, a scribe, copyist) does + skrev (Swedish) - wrote + Kenneth Grahame: The Wind in the Willoes (1908), ch. I, 'The River Bank': 'So he scraped and scratched and scrabbled and scrooged, and then he scrooged again and scrabbled and scratched and scraped'.

New York Times Book Review 28 May 1922, 6: 'James Joyce's Amazing Chronicle' (review of Ulysses by Joseph Collins): (of Joyce) 'It is not unlikely that... every person he has ever met... is to be encountered in the obscurities and in the franknesses of Ulysses'.

precipitation - sudden and hurried action; sudden haste or quickness

idlish - somewhat idle + Irish terrier - a large wire-haired terrier, with a sandy or reddish-coloured coat.

tarrier - one who tarries or delays; a lingerer, procrastinator; one who delays some one + (notebook 1923): 'the dogs' umbrella'.

showerproof - resistant to light rain + SDV: even sheltering for 5 minutes from a spring shower under the dogs' umbrella of a public wall,

rancid - having the rank unpleasant taste or smell characteristic of oils and fats when no longer fresh + (notebook 1924): 'rancid Joyce stuff' Sporting Times 1 Apr 1922, 4: 'The Scandal of Ulysses' (review of Ulysses by Aramis): 'a very rancid chapter of the Joyce stuff, which appears to have been written by a perverted lunatic who has made a specialty of the literature of the latrine'.

devoted - vowed, dedicated, enthusiastically loyal or faithful

Uldfada ("long beard") - mentioned in Fingal ['I fought with the great Ulfada'] + old father.

Sardanapalus - legendary last king of the Assyrian empire (charac. by luxuriously sensual nature). In Greek myth, he, faced with rebellion, burned up himself, wives, and palace.

stipple - to paint, engrave, or otherwise design in dots; to produce gradations of shade or colour in a design by means of dots or small spots + SDV: while all over & up & down the two margins of his foul text he the evilsmeller used to draw endless endlessly inartistic portraits of himself

James Joyce: A Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man 

Machiavelli - Italian writer and statesman, Florentine patriot, and original political theorist whose principal work, The Prince, brought him a reputation of amoral cynicism 

monologue + monologue intérieur (fr) - interior monologue.

interviewer - a journalist who interviews a person with the object of obtaining matter for publication

Hanno - several Carthaginian soldiers, rulers. One was Hanno, the navigator (fl. 500 B.C.), who wrote an account of a voyage along the west coast of Africa. Inscribed on a tablet in the Phoenician tongue, it was hung in the temple of Melkarth + William Shakespeare: Hamlet III.1.56: 'To be, or not to be - that is the question' (Italian essere o non essere, questo è il problema) + hanno o non hanno (it) - they have or have not. 

Nonnus (gr) - Greek poet of 5th century A.D. from Egypt

autore (it) - author + Sir Arthur.

Q.E.D. - 'what was to be demonstrated' + {i.e. we shall see one picture (of him) on each of the four margins, while text (about everyone he met) was in the middle; this theogamy shows text on two margins and picture in the middle}

heartbreakingly handsome (Joyce's note) Irish Independent 9 Feb 1924, 6/7: 'Brilliant Function. The Ward Hunt Ball. (From Our Lady Correspondent)': 'half the male element was red-coated... it's not often they get a turn of looking heart-breakingly handsome'.

paolo - an obsolete Italian silver coin, worth about fivepence sterling + Paolo - loved his brother's wife, Francesca, and when their love was discovered they died together. Dante meets them at the end of the 5th canto of The Inferno

lyric - a lyric poem

goyl (Cornish) - the sail of a ship + girls in his eyes.

Henrik Ibsen: "Little Eyolf" + SDV: as a strikingly handsome young man with love lyrics in his eyes

plaintiff - the party who brings a suit into a court of law; a complainant, prosecutor; opposed to defendant + plaintive - expressive of sorrow; mournful, sad

tanner - one whose occupation is to tan hides + SDV: a tiptop tenor voice,

jucal = jacal - an adobe house, a hut + SDV: an a [ducal] income of £20,000 a year [derived] from landed property,

income + inkomen (Dutch) - income.

drachma - the standard silver coin of modern Greece

BROKEN HILL - Silver mine and mining town, New South Wales, on Western border with South Australia. There is also a Broken Hill (copper mine and mining town) in central Rhodesia.  

stranded - that has been driven ashore; that has run aground

estate - the interest which any one has in lands, tenements, or any other effects

manning - the act of supplying with men; crew + Cambridge manners + SDV: Oxford manners, morals and,

cut a dash - to impress others, to make a display

brandnew - fresh from the manufacturer + SDV: a brandnew 3 guinea evening suit for a party,

guinea - a name for the sum of £1.05 (21s). The guinea is the ordinary unit for a professional fee and for a subscription to a society or institution; the prices obtained for works of art, racehorses, and sometimes landed property, are also stated in guineas.

dress suit - the more elaborate apparel proper to a public ceremony, a dinner, or an evening party

burled - striped

Oxford shirt - a shirt made from Oxford cloth (a heavy cotton cloth used for shirts)

Fursday - Sc. var. of Thursday

and a lovely + ALP.

inky - resembling ink, black + SDV: & a lovely pair of inky Italian Italian's moustaches. How unwhisperably low!

glister - to glitter, to be brilliant

boric - of or pertaining to boron, containing boron in chemical combination

frangipani - a perfume prepared from, or imitating the odour of, the flower of the red jasmine

puh = pooh - exp. of impatience or contemptuous disdain

unwhisperable - unmentionable even in a whisper + (notebook 1924): 'unmentionables inexplicables unwhisperables' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 249 (sec. 247): 'trousers... the very absurdity of the taboo, which made people invent no end of comic names (inexpressibles, inexplicables, indescribables, ineffables, unmentionables, unwhisperables... etc.)'.

Mrs O'Shea - Parnell's mistress (while married to Captain O'Shea) and later his wife

qui va pieno (it) - here goes a full one, here goes fullness + chi va piano, va sano (Italian proverb) - he who goes slowly, goes safely; slowly but surely.

brimstone - formerly the common vernacular name for sulphur. Now used chiefly when referring to its inflammable character, and to the biblical use.

infest - to attack, assail, annoy, or trouble (a person or thing) in a persistent manner

rap - a knock at a door + rats.

penname - a fictitious name assumed by an author, a literary pseudonym

Seth (Seth, Setekh, Sut, Sutekh, Sety) was one of the most ancient of the Egyptian gods and the focus of worship since the Predynastic Period. As part of the Ennead of Heliopolis he was the son of Nut and Geb and the brother of Osiris, Horus the elder, Isis and Nephthys.

sepia - the inky secretion of a cuttlefish

doorplate - a plate on a door of a house giving the name of the occupant

blind - a screen for a window, made of woven material mounted on a roller

sailcloth - canvas or other textile material such as is used for sails + Joyce sometimes wore a black eyepatch.

fuinneog (fwinyog) (gael) - window + pishogue (Anglo-Irish) - given to superstitious practices (from Irish piseog: witchcraft, sorcery, charm) + one window.

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: The Battle of Lora: (begins) 'Son of the distant land, who dwellest in the secret cell' + Paul Brunton (1898-1981) in his book A Search in Secret Egypt, describes how, when travelling in Egypt in the 1930s he resolved to spend a night alone in the King's Chamber inside the Great Pyramid... Hours passed slowly by and in the increasing cold of the chamber Bruton began to feel that there were hostile forces around him, eerie shadows crowded in on him from all sides and a dark apparition advanced menacingly towards him... Soon afterwards phantoms of a different aspect appeared - benevolent beings in the ceremonial dress of ancient Egyptian high priests... He was given various information by his ancient guides, including the fact that the Pyramid was built in the time of Atlantis, and that the Pyramid's secret chambers and ancient records were all contained within himself.

grope - to feel about in order to find one's way; to search blindly, tentatively, or uncertainly

deject - to depress in spirits, dishearten; to cast away, dismiss (obs.) + SDV: The house of Shem Shame, infested with the raps & known as the haunted inkbottle, in which he groped through life at the expense of the taxpayers, injected into day & night by 40 quacks grown day by day increasing exceeding in violent abuse of self & others, was the worst, it is practically believed even in our playboyish western world for pure filth.

Jesuits' bark - the medicinal bark of species of Cinchona + (notebook 1924): 'jesuits' powder (quinine)' + his bark is worse than his bite (phrase).

bitter - a bitter medicinal substance + the biter bit (phrase) - a person who has done harm has been harmed in a similar way ("bit" is used very colloquially as the p.p. of "to bite").

carbohydrate - an organic compound of carbon with oxygen and hydrogen in the proportion to form water + calico - a general name for cotton cloth of all kinds imported from the East.