sweet-tempered (Si) (Joyce's note) Collins: The Doctor Looks at Literature 49: (of Ulysses) 'Mr. Dædalus is a sweet-tempered, mealy-mouthed man given to strong drink and high-grade vagrancy'.

gunpowdered - charged with gunpowder; fig. Readily inflamed or excited.

didst - arhaic do + dust unto dust + SDV: the reducing of records to ashes, the destruction of customs by fire, the return of green powdered dust to dust,

struck

mudhead - one of a Zuni ceremonial clown fraternity appearing in tribal rites in mud daubed masks symbolizing an early stage in the development of man; stupid person, a fool (Slang).

obtund - to deprive of sharpness or vigour, render obtuse + obtunditas (l) - bluntness, dulness + obtundo (l) - I thump.

pest - any thing or person that is noxious, destructive, or troublesome; a bane, 'curse' + I Corinthians 15:55: 'O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?'

chop - to cut into pieces, to mince

turnip - widely cultivated plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root

slit - to make a clean cut through

murphy - a potato

bullbeef - the flesh of bulls

butch - to cut up, hack (obs.) + (notebook 1924): 'butch (knife)' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 176 (sec. 173): 'butcher is the French boucher, derived from bouc 'a buck, goat' with no corresponding verb, but in English it has given rise to the rare verb to butch and to the noun a butch-knife'.

crackerhash - biscuits and salt meat + hack - to cut with heavy blows in an irregular or random fashion + SDV: but it never struck your mudhead's obtundity that the more carrots you chop, the more turnips you slit, the more spuds you peel, the more onions you sliver, the more mutton you hash crackerhash, the more bacon you rasher, the more potherbs you pound, the hotter the fire & the longer the spoon & the harder you gruel it more & more the merrier reeks your Irish stew.

potherb - wild greens gathered for food + ..."mutton you ^cracker^hash, the more bacon you rasher, ^the more potherbs you pound^"... (Not only typists and typesetters miss lines, Joyce too, although in his case we'll never know with absolute certainty if it was on purpose or by accident. Here's a nice bunch of five words that didn't even make it into the second draft, let alone the first fair copy or the innumerable stages of Work in Progress still to follow. Maybe, one (I) would like to think, Joyce skipped "the more bacon you rasher" because 'rasher' sounds too much like 'hash' from his previous item "crackerhash". But this can't be the case, because "crackerhash" Joyce immediately in the next draft, not more than a few weeks later, changes into "crackerhack", and the 'bacon'-extension is left out. Now nothing sounds like 'hash' or 'rasher' anymore, whereas one of them could have been allowed to stand. Nevertheless, Joyce doesn't copy the 'bacon'-phrase, so it is up to the textual geneticists to make these authentic Joycean words known to the world.) (Robbert-Jan Henkes, 22 May 2002). 

pound - to break down and crush by beating, to reduce to pulp or powder

He who sups with the devil hath need of a long spoon (proverb)

gruel - to feed with gruel (broth or pottage of oatmeal in which chopped meat has been boiled)

elbow grease - hard physical work + more power to your elbow! (Anglo-Irish phrase) - (encouragement).

Irish stew - a dish composed of pieces of mutton, potatoes, and onions stewed together

utmost - that is of the greatest or highest degree

politeness - polished manners, courtesy, refinement

ordinarily - under normal conditions

birthright - the rights, privileges, or possessions to which one is entitled by birth; inheritance, patrimony (specifically used of the special rights of the first-born)

fall in with - to harmonize with, to coincide with

nationals - persons belonging to the same nation

nationist - a representative of a nation + (You were designed to fall in with a Plan, as all Irish nationalists must, perform certain duties that I cannot tell you about to earn your threepenny bit and earn from the nation its true thanks).

Holy Office - the Inquisition + James Joyce: The Holy Office.

pro anno (l) - for the year, per year + SDV: You were designed to do a certain office (what I will not tell you) in a certain office (nor will I tell you where) during certain office hours from such a year to such a year at so & so much a year per year & do yr little threepenny bit right here, same as we, long of us

Guinness - the proprietary name of a brand of stout manufactured by the firm of Guinness; a bottle or glass of this + Joyce's father urged James to seek a clerkship in Guinness's (Father Butt in Joyce's 'Stephen Hero' thought similarly; so did Stanislaus).

gulp - the action or an act of gulping or swallowing in large portions + 'Guinness is good for you' (advertisement).

scales - deposits that form on the insides of boilers and have to be cleaned off periodically

boiler - a vessel in which water or any liquid is boiled + remove the scales from someone’s eyes - to undeceive someone.

Boskop - of or belonging to the early type of man indicated by the skull of the late Pleistocene period found at Boskop + doodskop (Dutch) - death skull.

Yorick's skull (Hamlet V.1.169) + bishop of York.

threepenny bit - threepence; fig. Something very small.

burden - a load of labour, duty, responsibility, blame, sin, sorrow, etc. + place of birth.

bourne - the ultimate point aimed at, or to which anything tends; destination, goal + William Shakespeare: Hamlet III.1.79-80: 'from whose bourn No traveller returns'.

travail - journeying, a journey; bodily or mental labour or toil, especially of a painful or oppressive nature

ville - a town or village + vale of tears - the world regarded as a place of trouble, sorrow, misery, or weeping + separate the wheat from the tares (phrase).

prodigence - extravagance; waste; lavishness, profuseness + divine providence - the foreknowing and beneficent care and government of God (or of nature, etc.); divine direction, control, or guidance.

gasp - a convulsive catching of the breath from distress, exertion, or the lessening of vital action + watergap - a break or opening in a range of mountains which is deep enough to serve as the course of a stream + (notebook 1924): 'where I breathe first breath of life'.

crypt - an underground cell, chamber, or vault; esp. one beneath the main floor of a church, used as a burial-place + Once bitten, twice shy (proverb).

Armenia (Christian) occupied by (Muslim) Turks from 1405; nationalism in 19th and 20th centuries met with systematic massacres.

tailcoat - a coat with tails; esp. a dress or swallow-tailed coat

paraffin - a colourless (or white), tasteless, inodorous, crystalline, fatty substance, subsequently used for making candles

smoker - something which emits smoke + SDV: when you pull set fire my coat tailcoat & I'll pull yours and I'll hold the parafin lamp under yours

slackly - without due vigour or force, slowly, loosely

shirk - to evade

every bullet has its billet - fate determines who shall be killed; more generally: fate plays a part in all human affairs

beat it - to go away + to bend backwards - to go to the opposite extreme + SDV: & you have slackly shirked shirking the job both billet and bullet & beat it to sing your songs of alibi

boulengier (fr) - baker + Boulanger, George (1837-91) - French general with whom Irish revolutionists conspired. 

Walk backward r & restore / blades of grass to position (Joyce's note) Black Thinking 350: The Valomotwa can crawl on their bellies flat year in and year out, under the trunks of trees felled to purposely Hoodwink strangers. Breaking through grass, they walk backwards and restore each blade to its natural position, defying wit of man to know where they have gone. Breaking through grass, they walk backwards and restore each blade to its natural position, defying wit of man to know where they have gone.  

I'll Sing Thee Songs of Araby (song) + (notebook 1923): 'sing me an alibi'.

Cuthona ("mournful sound of waves") - heroine of the Ossianic "Conlath and Cuthona" 

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal VI: 'A thousand dogs fly off at once, gray-bounding through the heath'.

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Carric-Thura: 'slow-rolling eyes'.

Ovid's Metamorphoses

oozy - damp (with moisture) + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora I: 'Foldath stands, like an oozy rock'.

parapan (gr) - altogether, absolutely + pangelios (gr) - thoroughly ridiculous + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: The War of Inis-thona: 'Waves lash the oozy rocks'.

praeposterus (l) - reversed, inverted, perverted + praeposteriora (l) - before the posteriors.

mooner - one who abstractedly wanders or gazes about, as if moonstruck

Antinous - leader of Penelope's suitors in the Odyssey, represented in 'Ulysses' by Mulligan and Boylan + antinoos (gr) - opposite in character + anti nos (l) - against us. 

scatophily + skat (gr) - dung.

thoroughpaced - thorougly trained, accomplished, complete + Joyce's note, Eumeus: 'thoroughpaced'.

prosody - the rhythmic aspect of language, the patterns of stress and intonation in a language + proselyte - a new convert (especially a gentile converted to Judaism).

mus = muss - mouth + mus (l) - mouse + sum

the wrong way - the way or method least conducive to a desired end or purpose + SDV: emigrant in the wrong direction

sit on - to sit on judgement or council, to deliberate; to hold back, to keep to oneself without acting upon

crooked - having or marked by bends or angles + There was a Crooked Man (nursery rhyme) [mentions 'crooked sixpence' and 'crooked stile'].