sixpenny - costing six pence; paltry, petty, worth only sixpence

stile = style - the manner of expression characteristic of a particular writer + Lady Dufferin: song Lament of the Irish Emigrant: 'I'm sitting on the stile, Mary'.

(notebook 1922-23): 'unfrocked'

Sackfriar - a member of a mendicant order of the 13th and early 14th c., who were clothed in sackcloth + Black friar - a member of the order of Dominican friars, founded at the beginning of the 13th century by St. Dominic, so called from the colour of their dress.

for the love of - for the sake of, on account of


Semitic - of or pertaining to the Semites (In recent use often spec. = Jewish.)

serendipitist - one who finds valuable or agreeable things not sought for + The word "serendipity" was coined from H Walpole's fairy tale "The Three Princes of Serendip."

Affe (ger) - monkey + afer (l) - African + Joyce's note: 'Europasianised afferyank'

drowner - one who drowns, or suffer drowning + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal IV: 'The dagger... which he loved. Nine times he drowned it in Dala's side'.

at daggers drawn - on (or to) the point of fighting or quarrelling; in a state of open hostility.

liege - the superior to whom one owes feudal allegiance and service

lit. bis jetzt (ger) - until now

front yard - an area in front of a house + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal II: (of Degrena, the spouse of fallen Crugal) 'She is a stranger in the hall of her grief' (glossed in a footnote: 'Crugal had married Degrena but a little time before the battle').

heal - health, well being; healing, cure

gob - a lump or large mouthful of food

gap (Swedish), (Danish gab) - open mouth

gulp - as much as is swallowed at a gulp

gorger - a wimple, neckerchief; a person or animal that gorges or eats to repletion, a glutton.

orison - a prayer


novena - a devotion consisting of special prayers or services on nine successive days.

NOVARA - Avenue in Bray, County Wicklow 

Patris podex (l) - Father's arse, Father's bum + patrimonium (l) - paternal estate

bummel - a leisurely stroll or journey + am (ger) - at the + Bummel (ger) - stroll

oaf - an elf's child, a goblin child, a supposed changeling left by the elves or fairies; a deformed or mentally defective child.

out of work - having no work to do + (notebook 1922-23): 'out-of-works' + Daily Sketch 21 Dec 1922, 2/2: 'Stink-Bomb Plot Nipped in the Bud': 'Organised coercion of the public by the "Red" corrupters of the unemployed... an S.O.S. was spread among the out-of-works asking for men with a knowledge of chemistry'.

remove - a step or stage in gradation of any kind; esp. in phr. but one remove from

unwashed - not cleaned; ignorant, plebeian

on one's keeping - on one's guard ("...Henceforth, be at your keeping well." "...To be more upon their keeping, to prevent treachery", "...He was already, as they say in Ireland, 'on his keeping'; that is to say, a hunted man.") + on his keeping (Anglo-Irish) - in flight from authorities, on the run from the police, fugitive (from Irish: ar a choimhéad) + Genesis 4:9: 'Am I my brother's keeper?'

pose - to put or set forth, propound; to suppose (obs.) + song Zip Coon: 'O ole Zip Coon he is a larned skoler, / Sings posum up a gum tree an conny in a holler.... / I pose you heard ob de battle New Orleans, / Whar ole Gineral Jackson gib de British beans;'.

possum - opossum

cause - because of, because

haint - have not

like a possum up a gum-tree - contented, completely happy, in the best of spirits and contentment + no gumtree option.

immaculatus (l) - unstained

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal I: 'Carril of other times' (i.e. old).

celestine - celestial (rel. to the sky, heaven, angels, etc.); one of a sect (called also Celestians) named after Cælestius, an associate of Pelagius, in the 5th c. According to the Tripartite Life, Celestine I gave Patrick his name, Patricus, but sent Palladius to convert Ireland, thus disappointing Patrick + caelestinus (l) - heavenly.  

sped - p. of speed (to go or move with speed; to succeed or prosper)

aloft - in heaven, to heaven

physician - one who practises the healing art, including medicine and surgery

seduce - to lead astray in conduct or belief

selfwilling - spontaneous + selfwilled - governed by one’s own will.

caelebs (l) - unmarried

winning - attractive, charming

feuille (fr) - leaf, page

lotetree - the jujube-tree, identified with the tree that bore the mythical lotus-fruit + lottery

chum - a habitual companion, an associate, an intimate friend

angelet - a little angel, a cherub

Joyce's note: 'Youth wanted'

petit (fr) - small

game - having a resolute unyielding spirit

Earp, T. W. ("Tommy") - writer, special friend of Wyndham Lewis in the late 1920s. 

kindergarten - a school for the instruction of young children according to a method devised by Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852), for developing the intelligence of children by interesting object-lessons, exercises with toys, games, singing, etc. + Joyce's note: 'kindergarten' Sporting Times 1 Apr 1922, 4: 'The Scandal of Ulysses' (review of 'Ulysses' by Aramis): (an extract from Nausicaa) 'displays Joyce in a mood of kindergarten delicacy' (Deming: The Critical Heritage 193). 


bring + (notebook 1924): 'let you nurse my dolly Lend my scooter 'tend you're my big brudder ask yr Mother let you come & play Please!'

scooter - a child's toy consisting of a footboard mounted between two tandem wheels with a long handle attached to the front wheel, operated by resting one foot on the footboard while pushing with the other and steering by the handle.

dad + død (Danish) - dead

terrify - to make much afraid, to fill with terror; to torment, harass, annoy, tease (dial).

musk - Short for musk apple, pear

from hand to hand - from one person to another, through a series or succession of hands.

smothered - suppressed, concealed, restrained, kept down or under in some manner + (notebook 1924): 'mothersmothered'.

goodlooker - one who has a good looks

toilette - dress, costume, 'get up'

daybreak - dawn

donning - pres. p. of don - to put on, dress in, to clothe

to lay low - to bring to the ground, to overthrow in fight, to stretch lifeless; fig.: To abase, humble.

meddle - medley (combat, conflict; a mixture, a mixed company) + song 'One Fine Day in the Middle of the Night Two dead men got up to fight'.

bosom friend - an especially good friend

muss - to make untidy; to crumple, to ruffle; to smear, mess; to entangle, confuse

speller - a spelling-book + Muspell (Old Norse) - name of the realm of life.

frontispiece - an illustration facing the title-page of a book or division of a book

innards - 'entrails'; fig. the inside (of anything)

great grandfather - a grandfather's or grandmother's father; a remote male ancestor

Babbo - colloquial Italian "papa," what Giorgio and Lucia Joyce called their father, the name he signed in letters to them.  

bourgeois (fr.) - town + meister = master + Burgermeister (ger) - mayor.

Himmel (ger) - sky, heaven

at the point of - on the very verge of, just about to do something + punt (Dutch) - point, full stop, tip.

wishywashy - trifling, unsubstantial, trashy