heretical - of or pertaining to heresy or heretics

Marcion - 2d-century heretic of Sinope who believed in two gods and claimed to be Christ.

bulkily - stoutly, corpulently, clumsily; pompously (obs.)

shat - p. of shit + shot

ruction - a disturbance, riot, or tumult + Russian


foxy - a fox terrier

lupo (it) - wolf

blethering - volubly and foolishly talkative; despicable, contemptible.

malingerer - one that malingers (to pretend illness, or to produce or protract disease, in order to escape duty; said esp. of soldiers and sailors.)

collector - one who collects or gathers together; spec. one who gathers separate literary compositions, etc., into one book + Lamy: Commentarium in Librum Geneseos I.258 (l) - (of Cain) 'Facultates autem domesticas magna pecuniarum vi ex rapinis et violentia amplificans, et ad luxuriam ac latrocinia familiares suos invitans, magister illis exstitit ad pravam vitæ institutionem' (Latin 'But as he enlarged the powers of his household by the great force of his money from looting and violence, and instigated his close comrades to extravagance and robberies, he set them up in a degenerate way of life' (Genesis 4:17)).

general election - one in which representatives are elected by every constituency.

mealtime - the usual time at which a meal is served + meantime

hamil - belonging to home, domestic; home-grown, home-made + Hamilcar - Carthaginian general, 5th cent. B.C. + Hamilcar Barca ("Lightning") (270-228 B.C.) - Carthaginian general, First Punic War, father of Hanibal.

hatful - as much as hat will hold, a considerable amount

stew - Of meat, fruit, vegetables: Cooked by slow boiling in a closed vessel. 

suitcase - a piece of luggage in the form of an oblong case, usu. with a hinged side and a handle, for carrying clothes and other belongings.

coddle - to boil gently

Paris funds were Irish Nationalist deposits in Paris whose administration was disputed after the split oven Panell in 1890.

schemer - one who plots, or lays plans in an underhand manner + Scham (ger) - shame.

kitty - a girl of easy virtue; a pool into which each player in a card-game puts a certain amount of his winnings, to be used in meeting expenses, as for room-rent, refreshments, etc.' Also, the money (freq. placed in the centre of the table) taken by the winner of a game or round (the usual sense). So transf., earnings, liquid capital, a reserve fund; a sum of money  made up of contributions by people involved in a common activity + Kitty O'Shea + coax - to persuade or entice, to urge (a thing) by gentle means.

flexibly - in a flexible manner, with flexibility + flexible - yielding to pressure, pliable, pliant.

buttery - pantry, larder, a storeroom for liquors + (notebook 1922-23): 'buttery hatch' Daily Mail 5 Jan 1923, 6/5: 'Wayside Wines': 'Friends have travelled far to tase, with me, the nut-brown Audit, which flows from the buttery-hatch of Trinity, as precious as the learning that blossoms in her stately courts'.

yowl - to wail, howl

drop - to let fall (like a drop or drops). Also fig.

Joyce's note: 'poverty of mind' Times Literary Supplement 10 Apr 1919, 189/4: 'Modern Novels' (anonymous review of A Portrait and Ulysses (by Virginia Woolf)): 'for what reason a work of such originality yet fails to compare... with Youth or Jude the Obscure. It fails, one might say simply because of the comparative poverty of the writer's mind' (Deming: The Critical Heritage 126).

pledge - to deliver, deposit, or assign as security for the repayment of a loan or the  performance of some action, to pawn. 

whelp - to bring forth: often with contemptuous implication + help

pitre (fr) - clown + Peter

poule (fr) - hen + Paul

chicken grape - a stout tall growing grape + gape - an open mouthed stare.

siecle (fr) - the world; century, age + pas mal de (fr) - a fair amount of + pas mal de siècle (fr) - not a bad century.

by the by - in passing, incidentally, by the way

Reynaldo - one of Charlemagne's paladins

emetic - inducing to vomit; sickening, mawkish + (notebook 1924): 'ordinary emetic' Sporting Times 1 Apr 1922, 4: 'The Scandal of Ulysses' (review of 'Ulysses' by Aramis): 'it would also have the very simple effect of an ordinary emetic' (Deming: The Critical Heritage 194).

grenadier - Originally, a soldier who threw grenades. At first four or five were attached to each company, but, later, each battalion or regiment had a company of them. Though grenades went out of general use in the eighteenth century, the name of 'grenadiers' was retained for a company of the tallest and finest men in the regiment.

drip - nonsense, flattery, sentimental drivel; that which drips or falls in drops; Med. The continuous slow introduction of fluid into the body (esp. intravenously) involving its passage drop by drop through a chamber.

Hasdrubal - 1) son-in-law of Hamilcar Barca. 2) Hasdrubal Barca, son of Hamilcar Barca, Carthaginian general, brother of Hannibal, killed in battle against the Romans (207 B.C.). He was beheaded and his head thrown into Hannibal's camp + has (Hungarian) - belly. 

platinum - a somewhat rare metal (at first named platina)

thong - a narrow strip of hide or leather, for use as a lace, cord, band, strap, or the like; such a strip used as an instrument of flagellation.

excruciate - to subject to torture, put on the rack, etc.; to torture mentally, inflict extreme mental anguish upon + (notebook 1924): 'excruciated' Kinane: St. Patrick 211: (of Jesus) 'amid the most excruciating tortures, shed His Precious Blood'.

in honour - in allegiance to the moral principles which are imperative in one's position, or to some conventional standard of conduct, as a moral bounden duty.

crucifixion - the action of crucifying, or of putting to death on a cross.

spree - a lively or boisterous frolic; an occasion or spell of somewhat disorderly or noisy enjoyment (freq. accompanied by drinking). 

holinight - a night of festivity or pleasure; a night that is kept holy,as the eve of a festival (obs.) + (notebook 1924): 'Mon souper dans mon ventre Je voudrais qu'il fût nuit que dimanche vînt demain et fête après demain'.

Paraskeue (gr) - Preparation before the sabbath of Passover; the day Christ was crucified; Good Friday.

crow - to utter the loud cry of a cock + William Shakespeare: Hamlet I.1.157: (of the ghost of the King of Denmark) 'It faded on the crowing of the cock'.

Jonathan - a generic name for the people of the United States, and also for a representative United States citizen.

estomac (fr) - stomach + (notebook 1924): 'estomaqué' estomaqué (fr) - flabbergasted

simian - an ape or monkey

sentiment - a mental feeling, an emotion; an emotional thought expressed in literature or art.

secretion - that which is produced by the action of a secreting organ

cataract - a waterfall; a violent downpour or rush of water

Shem the Penman

oft - often + Thomas Moore: National Airs: song Oft, in the Stilly Night.

smelly - having a smell, stinking

wallow - to move about heavily or clumsily; to be immersed or engrossed in (some activity) + to wallow in riches - to live in abundance

clutch - tight grip or grasp + to clutch at a straw - to be willing to try anything to get out of a dangerous situation.

famish - to suffer the extremity of want of food; to be intensely hungry + Alfred Lord Tennyson: 'Break, Break, Break': 'But O for the touch of a vanish'd hand'.

bearded - having a beard

jezebel - an impudent, shameless or abandoned woman

sodden - saturated or soaked with water or moisture

encore - to go over again

airish - chilly, cool + Irish

na bac leis (na bok lesh) (gael) = naboclesh (Anglo-Irish) - pay no attention to him/it

Gates of horn and Ivory - NPN. False dreams pass through the Ivory Gate, those which come true through the Gate of Horn. Based on 2 puns in Gk: elephas, "ivory," and elephairo, "to cheat with empty hopes"; keras, "horn," and karanoo "to fulfil." Odyssey 19:5 62; Aeneid 6:894 ff. 192.27. 

reve = reave - to plunder, pillage, to rob + rêve (fr) - dream.

ruth - the quality of being compassionate; the feeling of sorrow for another.

companionate marriage (occas. mating) - a form of marriage which provides for divorce by mutual consent and in which neither partner has any legal responsibilites towards the other.

the fleshpots of Egypt - luxuries or advantages regarded with regret or envy.



dormer - a resting place; a projecting vertical window in the sloping roof of a house.

moonshee - a Hindu interpreter or language teacher + banshee - a supernatural being supposed by the peasantry of Ireland and the Scottish Highlands to wail under the windows of a house where one of the inmates is about to die. Certain families of rank were reputed to have a special 'family spirit' of this kind + shee (Anglo-Irish) = sídhe (Irish) - fairy.

serene - restful to the eye, expressive or suggestive of repose, calm, tranquil.

lit. Scheinwerfer (ger) - headlamps, searchlights

knicker = nicker - to neigh; to laugh loudly or shrilly

whinge - to whine; esp. to complain peevishly

to comport oneself - to behave oneself

incosistency - discrepancy between principles and practice, or between one action and another + ..."Where are the little apples we lock up in the little saltbox? Where is that little alimony nestegg"... (It all began in the first draft as an on the fly addition: "Where are the little apples we lock up in the little drawer?" (JJA 47:387). In the second draft "drawer" has become "saltbox" (JJA 47:389). The fair copy and the following two typescripts are all right, but the printer of This Quarter again takes the short route and drops a line, jumping from one "Where" (line 7) to the next (line 8).) (Robbert-Jan Henkes, 22 May 2002.) 

alimony - supply of the means of living

nestegg - a sum of money laid or set by as a reserve; something kept in reserve.

rainy day - a period of want or need

gainsay - to deny

cake eater - an effeminate party going dandy, a playboy + phrase have one's cake and eat it (phrase is used when somebody wants two things that are mutually exclusive: 'You can't have your cake and eat it too').

elegy - a song of lamentation, esp. a funeral song or lament for the dead + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora II: 'the souls of the dead could not be happy till their elegies were sung by a bard'.

templemound - a mound forming the foundation of a temple (as in Mayan and Aztec arch.) + ZION - Hill in North-East part of Jerusalem; Popularly called the "Temple Mount," but incorrectly since the Temple of Solomon was on nearby Mount Moriah; Also site of the alleged tomb of David.  

bundle - a collection of things bound or otherwise fastened together; a bunch.

baptized + bêtise (fr) - silliness; foolish act + balbettare (it) - to stutter.

haymaking - the process of cutting and drying grass for hay + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora: refers to the pre-Christian custom of naming persons only after they had performed some distinguishing work.