Mormon - 4th-century prophet 

Thames - The name of the river on which London is situated

be = by

quest - to go about in search of something; to search or seek 

handsel - to inaugurate the use of; to use for the first time; to be the first to test, try, taste.

hop, step and jump - the action of making these three movements in succession

deep end - the end of a swimming-pool at which the water is deepest; so in colloq. fig. phr. to go (in) off the deep end, etc.: to give way to emotion or anger; to 'let oneself go'.

berth = birth - product, creation; that which is born, offspring, child + births in the Daily Mail (Daily Mail).

toil and moil - toil, labour, drudgery; to work hard, to work in wet and mire + moil - toil, labour, drudgery.

swallower - one who or that which swallows

zwolf (ger) - twelve

gutter snipe - the common snipe, Gallinago cælestis; a gatherer of refuse from street gutters; a child brought up 'in the gutter', one of the lowest class, an urchin. 

peck - Of birds: To take (food) with the beak

croc - crocodile; a hook + crops + crocs (fr. slang) - teeth.

hungerstrike - the action of a person, esp. a prisoner, who refuses food in order to induce someone to yield to his demands + (notebook 1922-23): 'hunger strike (Irish-Uncle W)'.

doomsday - the judgement day, a day of final dissolution, as at the end of the world + Henrik Ibsen, Et Vers (A Verse): 'At digte, - det er at holde Dommedag over sig selv': 'To write, - that is to hold Doomsday over oneself' (Norwegian).

hunselv (Dutch, Danish) - she herself

dree one’s weird - to endure one’s fate

with (one’s) dander up - to become very angry

fringe - a portion of the front hair brushed forward and cut short + Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 62 (sec. 59): (quoting from an Old English private letter) ''it is a shame for all of you to give up the English customs of your fathers... when you dress shamefully in Danish wise with bared neck and blinded eyes' (with hair falling over the eyes?)'.

eyes + (notebook 1924): 'hariblinded eye (Dane)' + (notebook 1924): 'battle of eye & egg' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 68 (sec. 69): 'Caxton... gives us a graphic description of the struggle between the native ey and the Scandinavian egg'.

drom = drum - Of birds and insects: to make a loud hollow reverberating sound + droomen (Dutch) - to dream. Therefore droming → dreaming.

on loft - aloft; in a high voice, loudly + Joyce's note: 'on loft' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 69 (sec. 70): 'on lofte, now aloft' (Middle English).

stars + Stern (ger) = stjerne (Danish) - star + Joyce's note: 'sterne' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 67 (sec. 68): 'one of the forms has in course of time been completely crowded out by the other. The surviving form is often the native form, as in the following instances:... star - sterne'.

swarthy - black, dark, malignant, dismal + zwarte kousen en wijde broek (Dutch) - black stockings and baggy trousers, black socks and baggy pants.

kowse = couse - chat, gossip + house

weedy - resembling a weed, noticeably lean, lanky + wind break - something that breaks the force of the wind (row of trees).

tits - a woman's breasts

buddy - brother; companion, friend; freq. as form a of address

pest - any deadly epidemic disease + BUDAPEST - City, capital of Hungary, on the Danube, which separates Buda on Right bank from Pest on Left.

peer - to search out, to pry out

all of a doodah - in a confused or troubled state + dodo - a large extinct bird, a person hopelessly behind the times + dodo (fr) - sleep + Here "dodo" is not only French but Caribbean and Haitian - which ties it with Vodu (Karl Reisman) + (notebook 1924): 'think all was dead belonging to him'.

durance - forced confinement, imprisonment; constraint. Now esp. in phr. in durance vile + song I Dreamt I Dwelt in Marble Halls.

seven year's itch - Used to designate conditions supposed to last for, appear, or recur after, seven years; freq. applied joc. to an urge towards infidelity after seven years of marriage + (notebook 1924): 'I have been belching for over a year'.

a wink of sleep -a short spell of sleep, a nap + (notebook 1924): '*A* never sleeps' + winkle - periwinkle; the penis (of a young boy).

purl - Of water, a brook, etc.: To flow with whirling motion of its particles, or twisting round small obstacles: often with reference to the murmuring sound of a rill.

chit - a person considered as no better than a child

wanda (Kiswahili) - finger's breadth or thickness (smallest unit of measurement) + vand (Danish) - water.

bonjour (fr) - good day

dubber - a renovator of old clothes + dobar dan (Serbian) - good day.

Dan - An honourable title = Master, Sir + dan (Serbian) - day.

pratie - potato + Euphrates.

sault - salt

maggie - a girl; a kind of potato; margarine

odd - differing in character from what is ordinary, usual, or normal + (notebook 1924): 'wd cook only an odd time' Irish Times 31 Jan 1924, 3/4: 'Wife's Petition for Divorce. Allegations of Cruelty': 'Asked what work his wife did, he replied: "No work, and she would cook only an odd time"'.

cook up - to prepare or make ready (food); concoct

Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 69 (sec. 71): 'In some words the old native form has survived, but has adopted the signification attached in Scandinavian to the corresponding word... bloom (OE. bloma 'mass of metal')' [(notebook 1924): 'bloom (lump of)'] + Molly Bloom preparing the famous breakfast in bed of Ulysses.

fisk - any royal or state treasury + fisk (Danish) - fish + Joyce's note: 'fisk naken' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 67 (sec. 68): 'one of the forms has in course of time been completely crowded out by the other. The surviving form is often the native form, as in the following instances:... fish - fisk | naked - naken'.

lay to heart - to take into one's serious consideration, as a thing to be kept carefully in mind; to think seriously about; to be deeply affected by or concerned about (a thing); rarely, to impress it seriously upon another [(notebook 1924): 'lay to heart'].

maddery - resembling the colour of madder (a herbaceous climbing plant, bearing panicles of small yellowish flowers).


on toast - served up on a slice of toast

København (Danish) - Copenhagen + Danish bacon on toast and a cup and a half.

wishywashy - Of drink (or liquid food): Weak and insipid, sloppy + weeshy - tiny, weeny + washy - watery.

tay = tea

soupcon - a little bit, "drop", a small quantity


table + sable (fr) - sand.

sucré (fr) - sugared, sweetened, candied

pewter - pewter ware + Matthew 16:18: 'thou art Peter and upon this rock'.

stinko - of a very low standard, very bad + Schinkenbrot (ger) - ham sandwich.

hujambo, bana? (Kiswahili) - (a greeting) are you not unwell, master?, how are you, sir? + jambon (fr) - ham. 

plaise - please + Joyce's note: 'plaise' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 68 (sec. 69): (quoting Caxton) 'what sholde a man in thyse dayes now wryte, egges or eyren. Certaynly it is harde to playse every man, by cause of dyversite & chaunge of langage' (Middle English).

og (Danish) - and

(notebook 1924): 'stay his stomach' + (notebook 1924): 'that man stomicker'.

pyrro - - red, tawny + Pyrrha - "Red": wife of Deucalion.

nutmeg grater - an instrument with a rough indented surface used for grating or rasping; esp. a kitchen utensil, having a rasping surface formed by punching holes which raise protuberances, and used for grating ginger, nutmegs, etc.

toggle joint - a joint consisting of two pieces hinged endwise, operated by applying pressure at the elbow.

shuck - to shrink back, recoil, to shrink

goyt = gote - a watercourse, a stream, a sluice + gout

Russ - a Russian + Russ (ger) - soot + Joyces' note: 'rush'

peakload - the maximum load carried during a given period

up one’s sleeve - held secretly in reserve, to have at one's disposal or ready for some need or emergency + sieve - a utensil consisting of a circular frame with a finely meshed or perforated bottom.

vivers - food, provisions, victuals, eatables

meteor - resembling a meteor in brilliance, rapidity or short duration + Metaurus (l) - river in Umbria (now Meturo), site of defeat of Hannibal's brother Hasdrubal (207 B.C.)

swale - to move with a swaying motion; to consume with fire, burn + swells

hardy - bold, daring, strong, robust

hek = heck - a swaggering fellow, a braggart, bully

kaste (Danish) - throw + (notebook 1924): 'cast from him (breakfast)'.

frome = frumenty - a dish made of hulled wheat boiled in milk, and seasoned with cinnamon, sugar, etc. + from

stour - tumult, uproar; a storm + Joyce's note: 'scowl'

so and so - Used instead of more impolite word

peg - to aim with, or as with, a weapon at (or for); to drive at, to 'pitch' into + (notebook 1924): 'pegged a cup of hot tea at her' Irish Times 31 Jan 1924, 3/4: 'Wife's Petition for Divorce. Allegations of Cruelty': 'She also "pegged" a cup of hot tea across the table at him'.



bow - to crush with or as if with a heavy burden, to submit + Balfe: song: The Heart Bowed Down.

rake - a way, path, esp a rough path over a hill; pasture ground + MALLOW - Town, County Cork. Its former eminence as a spa is commemorated in the popular song "The Rakes of Mallow".

mallow - a common wild plant, Malva sylvestris, having hairy stems and leaves and deeply-cleft reddish-purple flowers.

Kelly, Michael (1762-1826) - Dubliner, actor, singer, composer. A friend of Mozart's, he sang in the first performance of The Marriage of Figaro.  

Rossini: Il Barbiere di Siviglia (The Barber of Seville): song 'La Calumnia è un venticello': 'Calumny is like a breeze'.

Balfe, Michael (1808-70) - Irish composer, best known for The Bohemian Girl and The Rose of Castille

fuff - to puff and blow, pant

fife - to play (a tune) upon or as upon a fife

bate - to beat down or away, to leave out of consideration, to humble, depress.

turris (l) - a tower + terrace

Babel - the city and tower, of which the attempted construction is described in Genesis xi, where the confusion of languages is said to have taken place; a confused turbulent medley of sounds.

cockle - to contract or pucker, to wobble + to cock the ears, nose, eye - to set up assertively or obtrusively, to stick stiffly up or out.

mag - talk, chatter; halfpenny + not a meg (Anglo-Irish) - not a sound + Joyce's note: 'not a mag / out of him' > MS 47471b-74, LMS: and not a budge ^+mag+^ out of him | JJA 48:003 | Feb 1924 |

mangle - a machine for rolling and pressing linen and cotton clothing etc. after washing + Joyce's note: 'mangle'.

reading + Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies: song Rich and Rare Were the Gems She Wore.

annona - a large genus of trees and shrubs + Annona (l) - Roman corn-goddess.

geboren (German, Dutch) - born

nivea (l) - snowy

dochter - daughter + dochter (Dutch) - daughter.

Sparkes, Isaac - according to Fitzpatrick, "the greatest favourite that even trod the Irish boards." Foote was an 18th-century actor. 

Pyriphlegethon (gr) - "Fiery-burning": river in the Infernal Regions + paraphilic - rel. to perverted sexual desires.

funkeln (ger) - to sparkle

her + ANNER - River, County Cork. Charles J Kickham's poem about the peasant girl who "lived beside the Anner, at the foot of Slievenamon," describes her as "a snowdrift ' neath the beechen bough,/ Her neck and nutbrown hair." 

vying - present participle of vie (to display, advance, practise, etc., in competition or rivalry with another person or thing).

tress - a plait or braid of the hair of the head, usually of a woman

dasht - a name in Iran and some other parts of Asia for a desert, esp. a stony desert + dash - to splash, splatter, mix.

fireflies + vlies (Dutch) - fleece, membrane, film.