Joyce's note: 'garden of Erin = Wicklow Mts'

lave = leave + lave (fr) - wash.

southwestern - Of the wind: Blowing from the south-west

windstorm - a storm characterized by high wind + storm - to blow violently, to rush with a violence of a storm.

Midland Great Western Railway of Ireland Co. - The main railway line between Dublin and Galway. Its tracks roughly parallel the Liffey on the North as far as Leixlip, where they diverge. 

to wend one's way - to go or journey in a certain way or direction

by and by - later, in the course of time; on and on, continuously (obs.)

Rebecca - The name given to the leader in woman's attire of those rioters who demolished toll-gates in South Wales in 1843-4; a member of a society or 'order' of women, founded in Indiana in 1851 as a complementary organization to that of the Odd Fellows + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.246: (of Gargantua's pissing) 'his urinary flood was so abundant "that it formed a little river, which is still called Robec nowadays"' + Rebekka West - character in Henrik Ibsen's "Rosmersholm" [Rosmer is accused of having driven his first wife to suicide (by jumping off a bridge), and a mythical white horse is believed to bring destruction to dwellers of Rosmersholm]. 

spin - to move rapidly, to whirl round

grind - to scrape or rub o against something, to smooth the surface of (by friction).

swab - to sway about, to draw like a swab over a surface

thrash - to throw oneself to and fro with violence, to toss, plunge

lifey - full of life + life

barley - a hardy awned cereal cultivated in all parts of the world + BARLEY FIELDS - The old name for the area on which the Rotunda Hospital now stands + (notebook 1924): 'Barleyfields (Str)' Freeman's Journal 11 Feb 1924, 8/6: 'By the Way': 'The Moores, from whom sprang the Earls of Drogheda, obtained a grant of a portion of the lands which were then lying waste and leading out to what were known as the "Barley Fields," on the northern side of Dublin'.

pennyland - a small piece of land in Shetland once taxed about a penny a year + (notebook 1924): 'pennylands' + lot - a plot or portion of land assigned by the state to a particular owner + lotts - the embankment of the Liffey in the 17th and 18th centuries reclaimed the tidal flats behind the quays East of Butt Bridge, and these areas, parceled into lots, were known as North Lotts and South Lotts. 

(notebook 1924): 'Humphreystown'

landleaper - one who runs up and down the land; a vagabond; fig. a renegade, an adventurer; land-lubber (obs.) + (notebook 1924): 'landleapers' Lawless: The Story of Ireland 56: (Thorgist or Turgesius, a Viking invader of Ireland) 'was not, unfortunately, the last of the Land Leapers!' (i.e. invaders).

lago (it) - lake + Saint Lago (French Slang) - the Saint Lazare prison for prostitutes, Paris.

girly - girlish

for the love of - for the sake of, on account of

MOURNE - The subject of Percy French's song, the Mountains of Mourne "sweep down to the sea," in South County Down.

suir = sure + sarthin shure (Anglo-Irish) - certain sure, confident.

NORE - River, rises in County Tipperary, flows East along South valley of Slieve Bloom Mountains, then South.

lieve = leave + lieve (Dutch) - dear, sweet (inflected form of 'lief').

SLIEVE BLOOM - Mountain range, Counties Offaly and Laois. The Nore River flows along the South and South-East borders in an easterly direction, then turns South-East away from the range; it "takes leave of Bloom" 2 miles South-West of Mountrath, County Laois + bloem (Dutch) - flower. 

braye - a military outwork, a mound or bank defended by palisades and watchtowers.

divarts (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - diverts

farer - a traveller

MOY RIVER - Rising in the Ox Mountains in County Sligo, the Moy flows South-West and then North to Killala Bay, for some of its length paralleling Loughs Cullin and Conn.

CULLIN, LOUGH - In North County Mayo, South of the larger Lough Conn, with which it is connected by a short channel at Pontoon Bridge. Lough Conn drains into Lough Cullin, which drains into the Moy River which flows North just East of the lakes and parallel to them. At one time there was occasionally a reverse flow from Cullin to Conn. 

tween - between

Neptune - In Roman religion and mythology, the god of the sea, corresponding to the Greek Poseidon; The 8th planet of the solar system. Its satellite Triton was discovered only a month after the planet in 1846 + NEPTUNE ROWING CLUB - One of several rowing clubs whose boathouses were on Thorncastle Street, Ringsend, only a few blocks from Tritonvile Road, around the
turn of the century.

scull - to proceed by means of a boat propelled with a scull or a pair of sculls.

TRITONVILLE ROAD - In South-East Dublin, near Ringsend + row - to use oars, sweeps, or similar means, for the purpose of propelling a boat or other vessel.

Leander (l) - youth of Abydos who nightly swam the Hellespont to visit Hero until he drowned.

bump - to strike solidly, to come with a bump or violent jolt against.

Hero (l) - priestess of Aphrodite in Sestos on the Hellespont, beloved by Leander.

nonne (l) - not?

nos - pl. of no

ow - used to express sudden pain + Ow - River, County Wicklow; rises South of Lugnaquilla Mountains + ow (Anglo-Irish) - river (from Anglo-Irish abha).

AVOCA (OVOCA) - River and valley, County Wicklow; formed by confluence of Avonmore and Avonbeg Rivers at the "Meeting of the Waters", celebrated as T Moore's "Sweet Vale of Avoca." 

yst = is it + east

wyst = wit (v.) + west

dell - a young girl; a deep hole (obs.) + tell


ferse - to remove, forsake, to go away + Ferse (ger) - heel + first

dinkel - a species of wheat, Triticum spelta + dunkel (ger) - dark, obscure + FDV: There was a holy hermit You know the glen there near Luggelaw. Well once there dwelt a hermit and one day in July June in smiling mood and so young & shy & so limber she looked he put his two plunged both of his blessed hands up to his wrists in her flowing hair, that was rich red like the brown bog and he couldn't help it, thirst was too hot for him, he cooled his lips time after time again kiss after kiss at Anna Livia's freckled cheek. O wasn't he the bold priest! O wasn't she the naughty Livia? [Naughtynaughty is her name. Two lads in [their] breeches went through her before that, [Jack Barefoot Byrne & Billy Wade,] before she had a [hint of] hair [there] to hide & ere that again she was licked by a hound while doing her pee, sweet and simple, on the side of a hill in the summertime shearing time but first of wall all & worst of all she ran down through a gap when the nurse was alseep & fell [before she found her stride] & wriggled under a cow.]

dale - a valley. In the northern counties, the usual name of a river-valley between its enclosing ranges of hills or high land.

LUGGELA (LUGGALA) LAKE - Lake in Wicklow Mountains, 16 miles South of Dublin; aka Lough Tay. Fed by Annamoe River, it empties into Lough Dan to the South. This is where Saint Kevin ran first to escape Cathleen before going to Glendalough + Joyce's note: 'Luggelaw' + Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies: song No, Not More Welcome [air: Luggelaw].

Joyce's note: 'the local (pub / priest)

hermit - one who from religious motives has retired into solitary life + Eremit (ger) - hermit.

many a time - often, frequently

asperse - to sprinkle, scatter (liquid, dust, etc.); to spread false and injurious charges against.

lavabo - the ritual washing of the celebrant's hands at the offertory, accompanied in the Roman rite by the saying of Ps. xxvi. 6, beginning Lavabo inter innocentes manus meas + lavabrum (l) - bathtub.

dies Veneris (l) - Venus's day: Friday

Juno (l) - chief Roman goddess, wife of Jupiter, guardian of women and marriage, protectress of childbirth.

limber - flexible, pliant, supple

nance - an effeminate male, homosexual

nixie - a supernatural creature in german folklore having a form of half woman and half fish or woman, dwelling in fresh water in palace and unfriendly to a man.

Lescaut, Manon - title, heroine of Prévost's novel, she seduces a youth who is studying for the priesthood.  

kindling - that kindles (to inflame, excite, stir up (a person, the mind, etc.)) + Joyce's note: 'the kind you can't stop kissing'.

anointment - having had oil poured on (as a sacred rite), consecrated, sacred

core - the 'heart' of anything, the central or innermost part

cushla = acushla - darling + cuisle (kushle) (gael) - pulse, vein + cushla (Anglo-Irish) - pulse (endearment).

saffron - the orange yellow colour

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Lathmon: 'Strumon' (glossed in a footnote: 'stream of the hill').

soothe - to affect in a tranquilizing and agreeable manner, to say in a soothing manner.

mingle - to mix, blend

ample - abundant, excellent

bog - bog-land, boggy soil + (notebook 1924): 'deepred'.

sundown - the going down of the sun, the time when the sun goes down, the glow of the sunset.

VAUCLUSE - Department, South-East France; named after Petrarch's fountain of Vaucluse, which gives rise to the Sorgues River + Petrarch, Francesco or Francesco Petrarca (1304-74), is best known for the lyric poetry of his "Canzoniere" and is considered one of the greatest love poets of world literature. A scholar of classical antiquity, he was the founder of humanism. In Petrarch's poems, it is common to find metamorphoses into stream (Sorgue), tree (laurel), stone (petra).

Lycidas (Edward King) - drowned but not dead in Milton's poem, which is echoed here (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) + Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies: song By That Lake, Whose Gloomy Shore (about Glendalough).


galbus (l) = gelb (ger) - yellow.

enamel - to form a glossy surface upon, to apron with bright surface, to adorn magnificently + John Milton: Lycidas 139: 'enameld eyes'.

undergo - to work under, so as to impair or destroy; to undermine + Inder (ger) - Indian.

vierge - the Virgin + vierge (fr) - virgin.

violation - defilement of chastity, etc.; in later use esp. by means of violence; desecration or profanation of something sacred.

wish (Dublin Slang) - vulva

mavro (gr) - dark

laurel - the foliage of Bay-tree as an emblem of victory or of distinction in poetry, etc. + John Milton: Lycidas 1: 'ye Laurels'.

Petrock, St - 6th-century Cornish saint; with St Peter, St Patrick + Matthew 16:18: 'thou art Peter and upon this rock' + On April 6, 1327, Petrarch first saw the lady Laura in the church of Santa Clara at Avignon, and became enamoured of the beautiful vision. His passion was the inspiration of nearly all his poetry, both during the twenty-one years she lived and more than ten years afterwards.  

Maas, Joseph (1847-86) - English tenor who sang Des Grieux to Marie Roze's Manon. 

music + maji (Kiswahili) - water. 

waves + wavu (Kiswahili) - net.

elfu (Kiswahili) - thousand

simba - a lion; a warrior, a leader + simba (Kiswahili) - lion + Sindbad the Sailor - hero in The Thousand and One Nights who recounts his adventures on seven voyages.

oga (Kiswahili) - to bathe; cowardice, fear

rub up - to caress (a person) in order to excite him or her sexually

smooth - to render (the mind, etc.) calm or tranquil, to soothe, to hush up.

bias - give a settled and often prejudiced outlook to + baiser (fr) - kiss.

lippe = lip

coisceadh (kushke) (gael) - stop, enough

niver - never

nevar (Portuguese) - to snow