freckled - spotted, dappled, variegated

parse - to examine or analyse minutely

Sécheresse is French "dryness," "barrenness." 

hielt (ger) - held

souff = sowff - to sing, hum, or whisle (a tune) softly + sauf- (ger) - drink, guzzle + souffler (fr) - to blow + Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin, Dublin Annals section 1452: 'The Liffey was entirely dry at Dublin for the space of two minutes'.

ruz (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - rose

estimation - appreciation, esteem considered as a sentiment + aestuation - feverish disturbance, boiling up, ebulition + aestus (l) - undulating + aestuarium (l) - estuary.

steppe - an extensive plain, usually treeless + steps

stilt - each of a pair of props, usually slender wooden poles with a foot-rest some distance above the lower end, for enabling a person to walk with the feet raised from the ground, as over a marshy place, a stream, etc., the upper end being held by the hand or under the arm, or (in a modified form) strapped to the legs, or formerly sometimes fastened beneath the feet. (The ordinary current sense.) Phrase, to walk on stilts.

Swahili (also called Kiswahili) is a Bantu language. The word "Swahili" was used by early Arab visitors to the coast and it means "the coast". It is the most widely spoken language of sub-Saharan Africa. More than 50 million people speak Swahili, but only 5-10 million of these are native speakers. 

balm - fragrant oil or ointment used for anointing

Titus Livius (59 B.C. - 17 A.D.) - Roman historian (wrote a history of Rome in 142 books)

nautic - nautical (naval, marine, maritime)

naama (Finnish) - face + Naam is Hebrew "pleasantness," so I take Anna Livia's new name to be something like "naughty fun" or "felix culpa" or Eve (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) + naam (Dutch) - name.

navn (Danish) - name

breeches - Breeches are distinguished from trousers by coming only just below the knee, but dialectally (and humorously) breeches includes trousers.

barefoot - with the feet bare or naked, without shoes or stockings on


LUGNAQUILLA, MOUNTAIN - Highest mountain in County Wicklow, South of Dublin. 

noblesse - noble birth or condition, the nobility; persons of noble rank

prick - a disagreeable or contemptible person + (notebook 1924): 'Sligo's noble 6'.

fanny - buttocks, the female genitals + fanny (Slang) - vulva.

birch - a genus of hardy northern forest trees (Betula), having smooth tough bark and very slender branches.

canoe - a kind of simple, keelless boat + canoodler - one who canoodles (to indulge in caresses and fondling endearments).

Belgic - of or pertaining to the Belgć; of or pertaining to the Netherlands

porterhouse - house where porter is sold

barge - a flat-bottomed freight-boat, chiefly for canal- and river-navigation, either with or without sails + Export Guinness is transported from the brewery to ships at the Custom House Quay and other quays below Butt Bridge by a fleet of Liffey barges.

buoy - to keep from sinking, to keep afloat

cygnet - a young swan

Po (ger) - posterior + doing

pee - an act of urination

spur - a range, ridge, mountain, hill, or part of this, projecting for some distance from the main system or mass.

Joyce's note: 'Kippure'

birdsong - the song of a bird + song Bird Song at Eventide.

shearing - the action or an act of cutting, clipping, or shaving with shears or some other sharp instrument + shear - to cut down, to reap (grass, crops, etc.) with a sickle (formerly also, with a scythe). Now dial. 

wiggly - wiggling, wriggly

sideslip - to slip sideways [(notebook 1924): 'slideslip']

gap - a break or opening in a range of mountains; a pass or gorge

glen - a mountain-valley, usually narrow and forming the course of a stream + (notebook 1924): 'Liffey's detour devil's glen'.

Sally - The Salvation Army, a member of the Salvation Army + SALLY GAP - Pass in the Wicklow mountains South of Mount Kippure. Water from the North side of Sally Gap flows into the Liffey.

sloot - a deep usu. dry ditch produced by washing of heavy rains (from Afrikaans, applied to the peculiar dry rivers in South Africa) + (notebook 1924): 'sloot dry stream' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 156 (sec. 154): 'the Dutch... in South Africa... finding there a great many natural objects which were new to them, designated them either by means of existing Dutch words... or else by coining new words, generally compounds. Thus sloot 'ditch' was applied to the peculiar dry rivers of that country' (from Afrikaans to English).

fie fie - to say fie! (an exclamation expressing disgust; said to children to excite shame for some unbecoming action, and often used to express the humorous pretence of feeling 'shocked').

spillway - a natural feature providing a channel for the overflow or escape of water from a lake + (notebook 1924): 'byewash spillway' Freeman's Journal 25 Feb 1924, 6/3: 'Water Supply. How Dublin and District Are Provided For': (of the river Vartry reservoirs) 'the water had risen to within a few inches of the top of the reservoir and was being blowing over the bye-wash... the 7 ˝ miles of the river, measured from its source to the new embankment, discharge the waters collected over the new by-wash or spillway'.

stagnant - Of water: Not flowing or running (often involving unwholesomeness) + Joyce's note 'stagnant (cow?)'

fallow - of a pale brownish or reddish yellow colour; uncultivated + (notebook 1924): 'fallow drab cow'.

drove - a crowd, multitude + (notebook 1924): 'trees look at *A* nude legs in the air a whole grove is looking on' ('is' not clear).

to look askance - to look with disdain, envy, jealousy or suspicion; to look at with mistrust.

findhorn = finnan - a haddock cured with a smoke = finnan haddock + FDV: But Why was she freckled? How long was her hair then? O go on, go on, go on! I mean about what you know. I know what you mean. I'm going on. Where did I stop? Don't stop. Go on, go on.

In Kiswahili mtu = man; mti = tree, timber; mto = river. 



drip - to let (a liquid) fall in drops; Naval slang: To complain, grumble + tip - to impart a piece of information.

flenders = flinders - fragments, pieces, splinters + Flanders - The North-West portion of Belgium. The landing of the Normans at Baginbun in 1169 is described in the Irish annals as "The fleet of the Flemings came to Erin". Flemish crossbowmen in the invading army were the first the Irish had ever seen.  

frickle - a basket (for fruit) that holds about a bushel + freckled

Marcel wave - a kind of artificial wave of the hair produced by using heated curling-tongs.

trickle - to emit or give forth in successive drops or a thin fitful stream

weirdly - pertaining to, or suggestive of, witchcraft or the supernatural


droop - to become dejected, dispirited, or despondent; to cause to drop, fell, lay low.

glow - warmth of feeling or passion; ardour

in one's glory - in one's highest state of magnificence or prosperity; also colloq., in a state of unbounded gratification or enjoyment + flory (Archaic) - flower.

aback - backward, back, behind

wist - to know

affront - to front, to look toward, look out for

loth = loath

in the swim - in the current trend of affairs, in luck, in fashion

rother - an ox, an animal of the ox kind + rotter - a thoroughly objectionable person.

coif - a close-fitting cap covering the top, back, and sides of the head

guimpe -  an under-blouse designed to be worn with a low-necked frock

snouty - having a snout; insolent, haughty (Slang)

greasy - filthy, obscene; foul with grease

jub - a short coat or jerkin + job

Veronica - pious woman who gave Jesus hem handkerchief to wipe his brow when he was carrying his Cross. When he returned it, his image was impressed on the handkerchief.

wiper - handkerchief, something (as a towel or sponge) used for wiping

rance - a bar or baton, a prop or support + rinsing + rancid - having the rank unpleasant taste or smell characteristic of oils and fats when no longer fresh.

pinny - pinafore

surplice - a loose vestment of white linen having wide sleeves and, in its amplest form, reaching to the feet, worn (usually over a cassock) by clerics, choristers, and others taking part in church services + Joyce's note: 'surplice'.

starch - a substance obtained from flour by removing some of its constituents used, in the form of a gummy liquid or paste made with water, to stiffen linen or cotton fabrics in the process of laundry-work.

vestry - storage room (for clothes) in a church

benediction - the utterance of a blessing, as a service in the Roman Catholic Church. 

eau de Cologne - a perfume consisting of alcohol and various essential oils, originally (and still very largely) made at Cologne + cul (fr) - arse.

oder = other + oder (ger) - or.

But the most important linkages involve Mrs Magrath, whose drawers, initialled L.K., are being washed at 204.30-205.13. L.K., the narrative explains, stands not for Laura Keown but for 'Kinsella's Lilith'. Having just spoken of Magrath in her final letter, A proceeds 'The cad with the pope's wife, Lily Kinsella, who became the wife of Mr Sneakers for her good name in the hands of the kissing solicitor, will now engage in attentions' (618.03-6). It is unclear whether this means that Lily was married to the cad with the pipe of 1.2 prior to marrying Magrath, or whether the cad and Magrath are the same person (McHugh, Roland / The sigla of Finnegans wake).

air - to expose to the open or fresh air

moist - moisture, moistness

crease - a furrow in a surface (such as is caused by folding), a fold, wrinkle + (notebook 1924): 'crimps creases'.

lawn - a kind of fine linen; an article of dress made of lawn (obs.)

baptism - immersion of a person in water, symbolical of moral or spiritual purification or regeneration, and betokening initiation into the Church  +Baptiste, Nicholas (1761-1835) - French actor who specialized in Noble Fathers.