boomslang - venomous tree-dwelling African snake (from Afrikaans 'tree-snake') + boomen (Dutch) - to chat idly + slang - to utter or make use of slang, to rail in abusive or vulgar language.

plug - a piece of cake or twist tobacco cut off for chewing, etc.

contemplation - the action of beholding, or looking at with attention and thought.

fluctuation - the action or condition of passing more or less rapidly and suddenly from one state to another; a motion like that of the waves, an alternate rise and fall.

undificatio (l) - making of waves

filium (l) - a thread

loll - to recline or rest in a relaxed attitude, supporting oneself against something + (notebook 1924): 'lolling *A*'.

lease - to gather or pick up in small quantities, to scrape together; to tell lies.

lazer = lazar - a poor or diseased person, esp. a leper

eelfare - the migration of young eels up stream

yoick - to cry 'yoicks' (a call used in fox hunting to urge on the hounds; also occas. gen. as an exclamation of excitement or exultation.)

meander - Of a river, stream, etc.: To flow in meanders; to wind about in its course; Of a person: To wander deviously or aimlessly.

maritime - of, or pertaining to, the sea

grass widow - a married woman whose husband is absent from her

weeds - mourning clothes

twig - to perceive, discern, catch sight of; to recognize + twig (Anglo-Irish) - get the point, realise, understand, notice (from Anglo-Irish tuigim: 'I understand').

archdeaconess - the wife of an archdeacon

bonnet - a head-dress of women out of doors; distinguished from a hat (at present) mainly by  the want of a brim, and by its covering no part of the forehead. 

clarence - a close four-wheeled carriage with seats for four inside + Joyce's note: 'Avondale Clarence Grillroom'.

poisson (fr) - fish + proverb One man's meat is another man's poison.

Wit-upon-Crutches - poem once attributed to Swift. Master Bates is in Gulliver.

masturbate + Master Bates - a title repeatedly applied to Charley Bates, a character in 'Oliver Twist' by Charles Dickens.

sates (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - seats

face lift - a surgical operation for more youthful appearence

dope - to drug; to smear, daub

game - amusement, delight, fun, mirth, sport + FDV: But what was the game in her mixed bag? Shake it up do, do! & I promise I'll make it worth yr while & [I don't mean maybe. Tell me all. Tell me true.] I want to get it while it's fresh.

baggy - puffed or bulging out, hanging in loose folds + (notebook 1922-23): 'mixed bag' (some shooting term).

hatty - wearing showy hats; interested in wearing hats

tembo - an alcoholic drink made in East Africa, usu. from the sap of the coconut palm + tembo (Kiswahili) - palm wine; elephant.

tumbo (Kiswahili) - belly

pilipili (Kiswahili) - pepper

pepperpot - a small box, usually cylindrical, with a perforated lid, used for sprinkling powdered pepper; a thick soup.

saa (Kiswahili) - watch, clock, hour

taa (Kiswahili) - lamp, lantern, light; a kind of large flat edible fish

bizaa (Kiswahili) - merchandise, trade goods + bizari (Kiswahili) - a spice + bizza (Hebrew) - plunder.

plunder - to take (goods, valuables, etc.) with illegal force, or as an enemy; to appropriate wrongfully, embezzle.

efter - after + efter (Danish) - after + song Just before the Battle, Mother + song After the Ball.

frisk - full of life and spirit, brisk + fresh + frisk (Danish) - fresh + (notebook 1922-23): 'get it while it's fresh'.

(notebook 1924): 'bet my beard'

worthwhile - being worth the time or effort spent 

poach - to put into a bag

worth one's while - worth doing, profitable

and I don't mean maybe - I am positive

good for - Of a promissory note, draft, etc., drawn for so much; valid for; well able to accomplish so much + goodfor (Slang) - promissory note.

spey = spay - to operate upon (a female, esp. the female of certain animals) so as to remove the ovaries and destroy the reproductive power + say

tale - to say, speak, utter, tell

arundo (l) - reed, cane

lyne = line + FDV: Well, she pattered around like Santa Claus with a Xmas box apiece for each & every one of her children childer & they all around youths & maidens, [stinkers & heelers, all her natural sons and daughters, 1001,] chipping her raising a jeer or cheer every time she'd dip in her bag sack & out with her maundy money.

roume (Finnish) - stream

patter - to run with a rapid succession of short quick sounding steps

swing - to go along with undulating or swaying movement

sidle - to move or go sideways or obliquely; to edge along, esp. in a furtive or unobtrusive manner, or while looking in another direction.

dribble - to propel by successive slight taps

moss - a bog, swamp, a peat bog

agin = again (against) + Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies: song Where is the Slave: 'The friends we've tried Are by our side, And the foe we hate before us'.

curare - a blackish-brown resinous bitter substance, obtained as an extract from Strychnos toxifera, and other plants of tropical S. America; used by the Indians to poison their arrows.

weser = wizard + where + (notebook 1924): 'which way to turn *A*'.

chatta - umbrella + hoochie - a shelter or dwelling (esp. one that is insubstantial or temporary) + song Chattanooga Choo Choo (song published in 1941?).

ain - one, own

chi (Chinese) - chicken

Santa Claus - In nursery language, the name of an imaginary personage, who is supposed, in the night before Christmas day, to bring presents for children, a stocking being hung up to receive his gifts.

cree - to soften (grain) in a pulpy mass by boiling; to create + cri (fr) - a cry.

puny - of small growth and feeble vitality; undersized and weakly + (notebook 1924): 'call of the pale & puny'.

encircle - to form a circle round, surround

reconcile - restored to friendship, harmony, etc. 

Reim (ger) - rhyme + Remus

lech - a look, glance

dart - a light spear or javelin; also applied to pointed missiles in general, including arrows + (notebook 1930): 'R Dart'.

spatter - a spatterdash or gaiter

Christmas box - a present or gratuity given at Christmas + According to the myth, Pandora opened a jar (pithos) in modern accounts referred to as "Pandora's box", releasing all the evils of mankindó greed, vanity, slander, envy, piningó leaving only Hope inside once she had closed it again. The Pandora myth first appears in lines 560-612 of Hesiod's (ca. 8th-7th centuries BC) epic poem, the Theogony, without ever giving the woman a name. After humans have received the gift of fire from Prometheus, an angry Zeus decides to give men a punishing gift to compensate for the boon they had been given. He commands Hephaestus to mould from earth the first woman, a "beautiful evil" whose descendants would torment the race of men. After Hephaestus does so, Athena dressed her in a silvery gown, an embroidered veil, garlands and an ornate crown of gold. This woman goes unnamed in the Theogony, but is presumably Pandora, whose myth Hesiod revisited in Works and Days. When she first appears before gods and mortals, "wonder seized them" as they looked upon her. But she was "sheer guile, not to be withstood by men." + Hesiodic myth continued: Works and Days

apiece - for each, to each

aisch = ash; ask + each

iveryone (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - everyone

childer - children

Pandora ("all gifted") - the Greek Eve. Anna Livia is Eve-Pandora-Leda-Nemesis when she distributes gifts (Danish gift, "poison") to her children "for evil and ever." "Her Pandora's box contains the ills flesh is heir to" (Letters, I, 213) (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

Gabe (ger) - gift + gave

fleetly - swiftly, quickly

matt = mat - an article intended to be placed near a door for persons entering to wipe their shoes upon.

porch - an exterior structure forming a covered approach to the entrance of a building.

rivulet - a small stream or river, a streamlet

polynautes (gr) - with many sailors or ships

(to leap, fall) out of the pan into the fire - to escape from one evil only to fall into a greater one + pyr (gr) - fire.

juvenile lead - an actor who plays the leading youthful part in a play, etc.

ingenue - an artless, innocent girl or young woman; also, the representation of such a character on the stage, or the actress who plays the part + ingenuina (l) - belonging to an ingenua (free born woman).

slime - soft glutinous mud

slum - a street, alley, court, etc., situated in a crowded district of a town or city and inhabited  by people of a low class or by the very poor. Chiefly pl.

artesian well - well in which a perpendicular boring into a synclinal fold or basin of the strata produces a constant supply of water rising spontaneously to the surface of the ground. 

welling - the flowing forth or out

rickets - a disease caused by vitamin D deficiency, especially incident to children, characterized by softening of the bones, especially of the spine, and consequent distortion, bow-legs, and emaciation. Technically known as rachitis

BIRD'S NEST INSTITUTION - Now in Blackrock, it was formerly in Kingstown (Dun Laoghaire). A Protestant boys' home for the care and conversion of destitute Roman Catholics. Its inmates also known as "Smyly boys."  

vicereine - the wife of a viceroy

levee - a morning assembly held by a prince or person of distinction; a miscellaneous assemblage of visitors, irrespective of the time of day; applied (U.S.) to the President's receptions.

vivi (it) - live!; you live

Annchen (ger) - little Ann

vieillot (fr) - oldish

high life - full of life or spirit

susurrare (l) - to whisper + susurrus (l) - a whisper.

Ausones (gr) - primitive inhabitans of southern Italy; in Roman poetry: Italians, Romans, Latins + Ausonia si dulcis (l) - Italy so pleasant! (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).


chip - to break off (by a sharp blow with anything hard) small fragments from wood, stone, or other hard substances.

chir - an Indian tree + cheer