Pyramidion - uppermost piece or capstone of an Egyptian pyramid or obelisk, in archaeological parlance. They were called benbenet in the Ancient Egyptian language, which associated the pyramid as a whole with the sacred benben stone. During Egypt's Old Kingdom, pyramidia were generally made of diorite, granite, or fine limestone, which were then covered in gold or electrum. When you look up at the Great Pyramid, it's apex is missing. It is flap topped and not pointed like a pyramid should be. Usually, when a pyramid was constructed, the top part, or capstone (also called pyramidion), was the last thing to be placed on it. It was considered the most important part of the pyramid and was made of special stone or even gold. The capstone was usually highly decorated. Was the great pyramid always without a capstone or was it stolen, destroyed, etc? No one knows but the accounts of visitors to the pyramid from the ancient past (as far back as the time of Christ) always reported that the pyramid lacked a capstone. It is possible that it was never finished. Another possibility is that capstones were sometimes made of gold and maybe the first thing looted. The only problem is that this would be a very large capstone. If you climbed to the top, you could walk around very freely on the pyramid as many have done. It is about 30 feet in each direction. Thus, this capstone would have been huge and weighed a tremendous amount.

Joyce's note, Scribbledehobble, Circe section: 'tell me all about tellun tellun' + {HCE as Great Pyramid itself ( Waterhouse Clock ), becomes paven and stoned, robbed of its casing and pyramidion ( O ); of PER-T EM HRU only fragments remain, painted on walls of pyramids and tombs, on coffins and sarcophagi and rolls of papyri. As darkness falls, Aset and Nebthet (Kate & Magrath's maid) turn into stone and tree}

Ancient Anu was near the Great Pyramid - now it is a suburb of modern Cairo, in particular the Coptic area. Its original Egyptian name was Iunu , the Pillar or Iunet Mehet , the Northern Pillar. Here was Egypt's primeval mound as quoted in Pyramid Texts, utt 600: ''O Atum-Khoprer, you became high on the height, you rose up as a bnbn-stone in the Mansion of the Benu in On (Heliopolis).''

die - to be brought to or as if to the point of death by an intense emotion such as embarrassment, amusement, or shame + i.e. science of the Amduat is going to be revealed to Shaun. What is revealed should never be said. It is a secret, or bs . The secret of secrets was the secret image of the deity or bsw ( besu ): I am a priest knowledgable of the mystery, who's chest never lets go what he has seen! The Egyptian initiate was prepared for the afterlife. He had faced judgment, had been regenerated and transformed on Earth as he would be in the afterlife. The Egyptian initiate was not introduced to get rid of guilt, break away from the cycle of reincarnation or leave the Earth without ever returning. Neither did he enter the sanctuary with a confused concept regarding death. He did not believe life on Earth was better than the afterlife, and although he might have feared the second death (annihilation of his soul in the afterlife), the Egyptian initiate had a long-standing tradition of moral precepts and rituals to assure this would not happen. Indeed, his initiatoric rituals intended to prepare him for what was bound to happen in the afterlife. Thanks to a general rehearsal of what would happen, the adept would have no surprises in the afterlife. Indeed, the laws of life (the deities) were operational in the afterlife as well as on Earth, and the spirits of the deceased existed together with the living, albeit on another plane of existence (cf. hylemorphism). (Wim van den Dungen)

old chap - Used as an expression of familiarity; a person’s father esp. when old + cheb (Sunderland Mackem slang) - contemptible person + FDV: Well, you see, when the old chap did what you know. Yes, I know, go on.

go phut - to come to a sudden end; to break down, cease to function + (notebook 1924): 'to go phut' + futt (Swiss German) - away + Ancient Egyptian name for the Great Pyramid is Khut, or Light . The famous Egyptologist, Sir Gaston Maspero said: The Pyramids and the Book of the Dead reproduce the same original, the one in words, the other in stone.

watch it - to be careful

dabble - to wet by splashing; to play about in shallow water; to employ oneself in a dilettante way in (any business or pursuit) without going deeply or seriously into it

roll up one's sleeves - to prepare for action + (notebook 1924): 'sleeves tucked up'.

loosen (a person's) tongue - to make him speak

butt - trans. To strike, esp. with the head or horns + I.8 must commence in the Wicklow Mountains, for the river is narrow enough for the washerwomen's heads to collide as they bend to immerse HCE's shirt (McHugh, Roland / The sigla of Finnegans wake).

hike - to raise or toss with the horns; a long walk + hike! (Anglo-Irish) - stop!, halt!, go back! (call to a horse).

threed - pierce, penetrate + three; tried + thried (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - tried + *VYC*.

make out - to succeed in accomplishing + (notebook 1924): 'I never took what you try to make out in an oath' ('out' not clear).

do + *IJ*

fiendish - characteristic of a fiend; superhumanly cruel and malignant + Phoenix

reppe = repe - to touch + rep - a man (or woman) of loose character + FDV: Or whatever it was they try to make out he did tried to do in the Phoenix park. He's an awful old rep.

The name Dublin derives from Irish dubh linn: black pool

steep - to soak in water or other liquid (for the purpose of softening or cleansing)

stupe - to moisten (lint, tow, etc.) in some hot liquid so as to form a stupe (a piece of tow, flannel, etc., wrung out of hot liquor and medicated, for fomenting a wound or ailing part).

wik = wick + week

times + (notebook 1924): 'washed 100 times'.

know by heart - to have in the memory, to know by rote + (notebook 1924): 'blanchisseuse knows where to find dirt'.

soil - to make foul or dirty, esp. on the surface [(notebook 1924): 'soiled'] + Saale - river in Germany.

dud - of little or no worth, bad, worn out, useless

scorch - to burn superficially + (notebook 1924): 'burned my hand'

starve - to die of hunger, to perish or be in process of perishing from lack or insufficiency of food; to suffer extremely

famine - want of food, hunger; hence, starvation

wallop - to beat soundly, thrash [Joyce's note: 'wallop']

battle - to beat (clothes) with a wooden beetle during the process of washing, or in order to smooth them after they are dried [Joyce's note: 'battle'] + battledore - wooden bat used in washing clothes.

rusty - stiff; having the colour of rust, of a (disagreeable) light reddish brown [(notebook 1924): 'wrists rusty'].

mouldy - covered with mould; decaying or decayed; of the nature of mould or fine soil [(notebook 1924): 'mouldy linen'] + Vltava (German: Moldau) - longest river in the Czech Republic.

Dnieper - one of the major rivers in Europe (fourth by length) + 'heavy with wet' (Joyce's note).

Ganges - largest river of the Indian subcontinent

tail - sexual intercourse; end, conclusion + Anglo-Irish phrase: at all at all [Reduplication is not an especially common feature of Irish; nevertheless in rendering Irish phrases into English it is occasionally used: ar bith corresponds to English at all, so the stronger ar chor ar bith gives rise to the form at all at all (I've no money at all at all)].

Sendai - city in Japan + (notebook 1924): 'animal Sunday' → Freeman's Journal 9 Jul 1924, 7/7: 'Letters to the Editor': 'My committee wish to invite the clergy of all denominations in Ireland to preach on Sunday next, the 4th Sunday after Trinity, on the duty of justice and mercy to animals... For close to sixty years Animal Sunday has been observed by the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in many parts of the world'.

loch - a lake + Lough Neagh - lake in east-central Northern Ireland + under lock and key - in prison.

prier - a close inquirer, an inquisitive person + nisi prius (l) - unless before: legal warrant to bring a cause to trial at central court unless before that date it shall have been tried locally.

versus + fieri facias (Slang) - red-faced.

whisky + illicit + Ulysses [.23]

distil - to subject to the process of distillation

exploit - an act or deed; a feat, an achievement displaying a brilliant degree of bravery or skill

till - attract, entice; prepare, care for + (Joyce's note): 'time will tell'.

temp - temperature, tempo + time and tide wait for no man (proverb).

hist - to be silent; sh!

Ulysses called himself 'No man' when confronted by the Cyclops.

As you sow so shall you reap (proverb) + spring and neap tides are those with maximum and minimum difference between high and low water.


Rappen (ger) - black horse; Swiss cent + FDV: What was it he did at all? It was put in the papers what he did. Time will tell. I know it will. O, the old rep!

minxi (l) - I have urinated + minxit (l) - he urinated + mixed marriage - a marriage between persons of different races or religions.

loof - the palm of the hand + loo (Slang) - watercloset + oof (Slang) - money + loof (Dutch) - foliage + aloof + love.