reeve - a bailiff, steward, a local official of minor rank, an overseer of a parish

droichead (Irish) - bridge + LEFT AND RIGHT BANK, PARIS - The quarters on opposite banks of the Seine in central Paris have long had distinctive atmospheres. The Rive Gauche (left bank), with the Sorbonne and the Latin quarter, is bohemian and Shemlike. The Rive Droit (right bank) is commercial, fashionable, conservative, Shaunlike + Vama Marg and Dakshina Marg, Left Hand Path and Right Hand Path, as ultimate adept HCE combined them both. Kaula initiates maintain that the division 'arose with the need to shut out the unfit, the latter thus cutting themselves off from the fount of truth. The original teaching dealt entirely with the real use of woman to man.'

sinistrous - sinister, malicious, dishonest; rel. to left handed side

cut - design characterising a garment, haircut

strut - a stiff self important gait

Joyce's note: 'Howeth' + Howth Head (Ceann Binn Éadair in Irish) - headland north east of Dublin.

eld - Occas. used in poetry for 'old'.

duke - In Great Britain and some other countries: A hereditary title of nobility, ranking next below that of prince + Deucalion - equivalent of Noah in Greek mythology.

grandeur - greatness of power or rank, eminence, lofty dignity

Wiesel (ger) - weasel (arched back walking) + Wiese (ger) - meadow.

Derry - Londonderry, the second-biggest city in Northern Ireland (Ulster)

drawl - a slow, indolent utterance

blather - voluble talk void of sense

doubling - an evasion, a shift; deceitful or tricky action + Dublin

stutter - a speech disorder involving hesitations and involuntary repetitions of certain sounds


swank - ostentatious or pretentious behaviour or talk

lictor - an officer whose functions were to attend upon a magistrate, bearing the fasces before him, and to execute sentence of judgement upon offenders

lector - a reader; Eccl. An ecclesiastic belonging to one of the minor orders, whose duty originally consisted in reading the 'lessons'.

Garda (garde) (gael) - Policeman (since independance)

billyclub - a heavy usu. wooden weapon for delivering blows

White Elster or Weisse Elster is a 257 kilometers (160 mi) long river in central Europe, right tributary of the Saale + else

que s'appelle (fr) - what's called + Qu'Appelle - a Canadian river.

caput (l) - head + kaput (Serbian) - coat + Hugo Capet (938?-996) - king of Franks, founder of French Capetian dynasty; stands for returned divine times in Vico [.13]

Henry the Fowler (876?-936) - German king, father of Otto the Great

ur - (German, Danish) - original-, primeval-, ancient- + FDV: What age is he at all at all? Or where was he born or how was he found?

tvist (Danish) - discord (Contrast with Concord on the next line) + Tristan + (double town, i.e. Dublin).

CATTEGAT (KATTEGAT) - The strait connecting North and Baltic Seas between Sweden and Denmark. Dan, "cat's throat."

Henry David Thoreau: A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers (1849) + Concord - river in eastern Massachusetts in the United States.

Mark Sullivan: Our Times, 1900 to 1925, 70: (gives chant used in teaching geography) 'Maine, Augusta, on the Kennebec. New Hampshire, Concord, on the Merrimac.' + Merrimack - river in the northeastern United States.

blacksmith - a smith who works in iron or black metal + block (Slang) - fuck.

saft = soft + Saft (ger) = saft (Danish) - juice.

anvil - the block (usually of iron) on which the smith hammers the metal which he is working

lep (Serbian) - beautiful

pail - a vessel of wood or tin, etc., usually cylindrical and having a handle (used esp. for carrying liquids, as water or milk, etc.)

banns - a public announcement of a proposed marriage + BANN RIVER. The Upper Bann River, 25 miles long, rises in County Down and flows North-West into Lough Neagh; the Lower Bann, 33 miles long, flows North out of Lough Neagh into the Atlantic. At its mouth is Tonn Tuaithe, "The Wave of the North".

licensed + (Joyce's note): 'Were *E* & *A* married' + (marriage banns never announced, were they properly married?)

splice - to join in matrimony, to marry + spliced (Slang) - married + (notebook 1922-23): 'spliced (sposà)' + (marriage by the captain).

ether - the clear sky, heaven + Ederfugl (Danish) - eider duck + dear

take + Drake Creek.

wild goose - any wild bird of the goose kind + Wildganse (ger) - Wild geese + vildgæs (Danish) - wild goose.

on the brink of - on the very verge of some state, time, event or action

Christmas + isthmos (gr) - strip of land between two seas + isthmus of Sutton.

line - Fashion: The outline or dominant features of composition of a dress or suit + marriage lines - marriage certificate.

remarry - to unite again in marriage

hook and eye - a two part fastening device; fig. To connect, link; arm in arm (Slang) + stock ending of Irish fairy story: 'and if they don't live happy that you and I may'.

kiss + (pass me another item of clothing and ask me another question) + Amu Darya, also called Oxus and Amu River, is a major river in Central Asia.

Don - one of the major rivers of Russia

Dom (Portuguese) - Sir + dom (Dutch) - foolish, stupid.

domb (Hungarian) - hill

filly - a young lively girl + folium (l) - a leaf + folyo (Hungarian) - river + folly + folio.

help - source of aid; assistent, ally + half

inshore - to put on or bring to shore + insured

Stork - Dublin insurance company

PELICAN LIFE INSURANCE CO. - A British company established 1797, its Dublin offices were at 53 Dame Street.

burgler - one who is guilty of burglary (a felonious breaking into a house)

flu - influenza

third party - a person other than the principals; Used attrib. to designate insurance arranged against injury to persons other than the insured.

tin - money, cash + (notebook 1924): 'get some money with her' → Freeman's Journal 4 Jul 1924, 9/5: 'Remarkable Case': 'father of the plaintiff, stated that... the defendant, in his presence, promised to marry plaintiff in the course of five years, when he would succeed to his aunt's property. He said that he would like to get some money with her, and witness replied that he would not see him "bate"'.

doll - a very beautiful or attractive woman; a mistress

delvo (l) - I wash

rape - to carry off (a person esp. a woman) by force (obs.) + romp home - to win a race or prize with the greatest ease.

Sabine - member of an ancient Italic tribe located in the mountainous country east of the Tiber River. The conflict between the Romans and the Sabines began when Romulus invited the Sabines to a festival and abducted their women (rape of the Sabine women). Titus Tatius then seized Rome's Capitoline Hill by bribing Tarpeia, daughter of the commander of the Roman guard. In the ensuing battle, fought in the valley between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, the Sabine women rushed into the fray and stopped the fighting + Sabrina (l) - river in Britain, now the Severn.

asthore - treasure (a term of endearment)

parakeet - any of numerous small slender long-tailed parrots + Joyce's note: 'dwarf in birdcage' → Caufeynon: Les Monstres Humains 108: 'Henry II had a dwarf called Big John, who was extraordinarily diminutive, yet was in no way the equal of this Milanese who lived at the same time and who, the better to assert himself, had himself carried in a parrot's cage, in which he was quite comfortable'.

dredge - to remove silt, etc. from the bottom of a river, etc., by means of a dredge + trecherous

devious - deviating from a straight course

delta (gr) - letter D; anything in the shape of the letter 'delta', e.g., a rivermouth, the female pudenda

play cat and mouse with - to confuse (someone) intentionally

gleam - a bright or vivid manifestation, a faint, transient or intermittent appearence.

shadda - In Arabic, a sign written above a consonant to indicate that it is doubled + shadda (arab.) - strengthening + shadda (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - shadow + Adda - river in North Italy.

flic - a French policeman

pop (up) - to come promptly, suddenly, or unexpectedly

pepper - to beat thoroughly with rapid blows

min (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - men + min (Chinese) - the people + Min - river in central Sichuan province, China + old man house - a hospital for old men + 'Old Man's House' - Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, Dublin.

maison - a house. Now usu. in the sense of a business (esp. a fashion) house or firm + maison-dieu (fr) - hospital.

Alpha + fou (fr) - mad + fu (Chinese) - father.

incurable - that cannot be cured; a person suffering from an incurable disease. Usually in pl. + Hospital for Incurables, Donnybrook Road, Dublin.

immure - to shut in, confine; to imprison

quaggy - Of ground: That shakes under the foot; full of quags; boggy, soft. Also of streams: Flowing through boggy soil + The Rocky Road to Dublin (song) + Quaggy (often the Quaggy River or simply Quaggy) is an urban river, 17 km in length, passing through the south-east London.

way + Waage (ger) - scale.

Jack a lantern - a night watchman; a lantern made of the rind of a large turnip or a pumpkin, in which holes are cut to represent eyes, nose, and mouth; something misleading or elusive.

pemmican - lean dried meat pounded fine and mixed with melted fat (used especially by North American Indians); extremely condensed thought, or literary matter containing much information in few words

pasty - like or resembling paste; of the consistence, appearance, or colour of paste

pie - a dish composed of meat, fowl, fish, fruit, or vegetables, etc., enclosed in or covered with a layer of paste and baked; a disintegrated and confused mass

ring - to place round something in form of ring

ore - seaweed, esp. such as is cast on the shore and gathered for manure; a metal-bearing mineral valuable enough to be mined

gabbard - a small ship used in inland navigation in Scotland, a sailing barge

barque - a small sailing vessel; a mythical boat responsible for transporting Egyptian deities across the sky

"Chapters of the Coming Forth by Day" - correct name for "Book of the Dead". It is mainly concerned with the state of the departed soul and its trials and existences in the afterlife. According to one of the world’s experts on the "Book of the Dead", Sir Wallis Budge, it was not of Egyptian origin but its ideas were brought to Egypt by a different culture and people. Scholars speculate that these people were in existence prior to the first dynasty.

harbourless - houseless, homeless; without harbours or havens for ships

okean (Serbian) - ocean + Ivernian Ocean - Irish Sea (sea between Ireland and Britain) as depicted on Ptolemy's map of Ireland.

spy - to catch sight of, to descry or discover

loom - A seaman's term for the indistinct and exaggerated appearance or outline of an object when it first comes into view, as the outline of land on the horizon, an object seen through the mist or darkness, etc.

landfall - the first sight of land after a voyage at sea

croaker - an animal that croaks + (Noah sent out birds from Ark to see if dry land has appeared).

tilt - an awning over a boat

PHOENICIA - Ancient country on East shore of Mediterranean; flourished especially 1200-1000 BC. Its capital was Tyre. Phoenicians were lending traders, sailors, navigators of ancient world; Phoenician manuals for navigators were, according to Victor Bernard, Homer's source for the travels of Odysseus. The alphabet was introduced into Europe by the Phoenicians; Joyce thought Ulysses was a Phoenician rover + Finnegan.

kelp - A collective name for large seaweeds which are burnt for the sake of the substances found in the ashes + small of her help.

pigeonhouse - a building or structure in which pigeons are kept; a columbarium, dovecote + {guided by the smell of the kelp the birds found Pigeonhouse, at the mouth of Liffey}

like fun - energetically, very quickly

himself (Anglo-Irish) - man of the house, householder, manager

timoneer - one who steers a ship, a steersman

marchant = merchantman - merchant (arch.)

suivre (fr) - to follow + swive (obs) - to copulate.

scutty - A name applied locally to the wren + scut - a short erect tail, esp. that of a hare, rabbit, or deer; a short garment; vulva (Slang).

wash - a tract of shallow water, a lagoon + Neptune's salt wash - A bombastic periphrasis for 'the sea' + The Wash - part of East Anglia coast.

cameleer - a driver and tender of a camel [Joyce's note: 'cameleer']

burnous - a mantle or cloak with a hood, an upper garment extensively worn by Arabs

breeze up - to rise on the breeze

runagate - a person who leaves one religious faith for another, traitor; fugitive, wanderer

bompresso (Italian) - bowsprit (Of a sailing vessel: A pole or spar extending forward from the vessel's prow) + bow (Slang) - penis + {until his prow burst through the sand bar}

borst (Dutch) - breast + burst a door - to force it open by a violent thrust, so as to break the door or its fastenings.

bar - a straight, strong rod of iron or wood fixed across any way of ingress or egress, or forming part of a fence, gate, grating, or the like + bar (Dutch) - barren, cold.

Pilcomayo - river in the central parts of South America. At 1,100 kilometres long, it is the longest western tributary of the Paraguay River.

Saskatchewan - major river in Canada, approximately 550 km long, flowing roughly eastward across Saskatchewan and Manitoba to empty into Lake Winnipeg

grayling - a freshwater fish of the genus Thymallus