maudlin - characterized by tearful sentimentality; mawkishly emotional; weakly sentimental + Maul (ger) - mouth, muzzle + drin (ger) - inside + Mauldre - river in France.

rabble - a tumultuous crowd or array of people, a disorderly assemblage, a mob

aréopage (fr) = Areopagus - the highest governmental assembly in ancient Athens (later a judicial court).

fracas - a noisy quarell, a disturbance, uproar + fracasso (Italian) - din.

cancan - a high-kicking dance of French origin performed by a female chorus line

timpan = timpani - a type of drum, consisting of a skin called a head stretched over a large bowl made of copper

crowder - one that crowds; one who plays a crowd (an ancient Celtic musical instrument of the viol class) + crowds.

grandfather + Grimm brothers' fairy tales.

King Kong - Name of the ape-like monster featured in the film King Kong (1933) + hing - hang + hing (ger) - hung + hong - a commercial establishment in China; p. and pple. of hang.

Jove - Jupiter (highest deity of the ancient Romans)

agnomen - In Rom. Antiq. A second cognomen or fourth name, occasionally assumed by Romans. Hence loosely, A 'to-name' or additional name subsequently acquired.

lilt - to sing cheerfully or merrily; to move with a lively action + 'Lillibullero, bullen a law' - 17th century anti-Irish song.

bolero - a lively Spanish dance; also the air to which it is danced

bull - to make a fool of, to mock

crucifix + Styx - river in Greek mythology which formed the boundary between Earth and the Underworld (often called Hades which is also the name of this domain's ruler).

nyne = nine + There are nine rivers in the classical Underworld.

windabout - mark of length or contraction or of a particular variety of a long vowel (^) + wynd - a very narrow street.

level with - next to someone or something, not behind them or farther forward than them ("For most of the race he was level with the leader.")

snag - obstacle, impediment, disadvantage [Joyce's note: 'snag'] + snags (Anglo-Irish) - gangs + snakes.

par - 'through', 'by'

venerable + vulnerable (Anglo-Irish) - pregnant.

Church of Saint Mary del Dam, Dublin

frame - to devise, invent, fabricate, compose

fake - to feign or simulate

shine - a brilliant display, a 'dash' (phr. 'to make a shine': to make a fine show) + take the shine of - to cause (som.) to appear less impressive, important etc. than before, to outshine, surpass.

mischiefmaker - one who makes mischief, one who excites quarrels + FDV: so she made a plan, this mischiefmaker, the like of it now you never heard.

never + Nièvre - river in central France

Dungu - river in Romania + don't go so cruel + FDV: What plan. Tell me quickly! What the mischief did she do?

murder + Meurthe - river in north-eastern France.

make + magus - a magician or sorcerer of ancient times, a member of the Zoroastrian priesthood of the ancient Persians.

borgen (German, Dutch) - to borrow

zipbag + zak (Dutch) - sack, bag, pocket.

shammy - a soft suede leather formerly from the sheep of the chamois antelope but now from sheepskin

mail sack - a canvas bag used for the conveyance of the mail + FDV: Well she borrowed a bag, a mailbag, from one of her sons, Shaun the Post, and then she went & made herself up.

lampion - a small oil lamp

stepson - a son of one's spouse by a former marriage + swap - an equal exchange + (notebook 1924): 'swapson (Miliuc)' → Riguet: Saint Patrice 87: 'There existed in Ireland a custom whereby the important families exchanged their children. Milcho had no doubt in this way confided his son to Patrick's master. In this supposition, Mr Bury thinks to find the key to the mystery of the invention of Patrick's captivity to Milcho'.

post - a letter carrier, a postman + Sean the Post - postman in Dion Boucicault's Arrah-na-Pogue (*V*).

chapbook - a small book containing ballads, tales or tracts + Bocq - small river in southern Belgium.

mot - a witty saying

Moore - Designating an almanac, the first edition of which, compiled by Francis Moore was issued in 1700 under the title of Vox Stellarum, and which was later known as Old Moore's Almanac. v. absol., to engage in predictions of the future.

John Casey: A Sequel to the First Six Books of the Elements of Euclid (Dublin, 1881)

tidal - of, pertaining to, or affected by tides; periodically rising and falling + tidy - marked by good order and cleanliness in appearance or habits.

masquerade - a masked ball + mascaret - tidal wave in estuary.

gig - joke, whim

goggle - to turn the eyes to one side or other + giggle

screaming - tending to excite screams of laughter; violent or startling in effect

riso (it) - laugh + FDV: O, God of gigglers, I can't tell you. It's too funny.

rabbit - A meaningless word used as an imprecation = drat, etc. + rabbit it! (Slang) - confound it!

Minnehaha - Hiawatha's girl, whose name means "laughing water" + Minne (ger) - love + Ehe (ger) - marriage + (hahaha haha haha).

gurgle - to flow in a broken irregular current with intermittent low noises, as water from a bottle or a stream among stones; to utter intermittent guttural sounds

gargle - to wash (the throat or mouth) with a liquid held suspended in the throat

dusky - lighted by or as if by twilight

Dargle River (Irish: An Deargail, meaning "little red spot", so called with reference to the prevailing tint of its rocks) rises in the Wicklow Mountains and flows over the highest waterfall in Ireland, falling 121m at Powerscourt Waterfall. It then flows through the Glencree Valley where it is fed by the River Glencree before flowing east for a further 14 km to reach the Irish Sea at Bray Harbour.

holy well - a well venerated often from pagan times for reputed healing properties

MULHADDART - Village North-West of Dublin, 2 miles North-West of Blanchardstown; ½ mile North-East is Our Lady's Well + (notebook 1924): 'holy well of Mulhuddart' → Freeman's Journal 25 Jan 1924, 10/2: 'At the Holy Well': 'This venerable holy well at a lonely spot on the wayside of Mulhuddart, Co. Dublin, is visited by many pilgrims, some of whom travel long distances to partake of the cool, clear waters'.

pledge - to give as a guarantee

chance + Chanza - river on the Iberian Peninsula.

Terry and Kelly - Letters, II, 314: "... change name of pawnbroker Terry Kelly to Micky Grundy."

impiety - unrighteousness by virtue of lacking respect for a god + mont-de-piété (fr) - pawnshop.

every + Avre - river in France + FDV: O, but you must. You must really. I'd give my chance of going to heaven to hear it all, every word.

faculty - ability to act or perform, whether inborn or cultivated + Joyce's note: 'my faculties'

a while - for a (short or moderate) time

punt - a flat-bottomed shallow boat, broad and square at both ends [(notebook 1924): 'if you don't like it get out of the boat'] + punt (Dutch) - point, full stop.

stroke - the oarsman nearest the stern of the shell who sets the pace for the rest of the crew

bow - front part of a vessel or aircraft + bend (a preson) to one's bow - i.e. to one's will, inclination or control + I have the bent of his bow (phrase) - I understand him.

forward on! - Mil. as a word of command + forward - to advance, hasten, urge on.

avoirdupois - weight + to pull one's weight - to row with effect in proportion to one's weight; also fig., to perform one's share of work, to take one's share of responsibility.

lisp - to utter with a lisp or lispingly

slano (Serbian) - salty + Slaney (Irish: Abhainn na Sláine, meaning "river of health") is a river in the southeast of Ireland.

crisp - to curl into short, stiff, wavy folds + FDV: Here, sit down, go easy, be quiet.

deel = deal + Deel - river in County Limerick, Ireland.

longsome - long lasting, esp. tediously long + langsam (ger) - slow + FDV: Tell me slowly.

tongue - to use the toungue, speak + take (one's) time - to allow oneself sufficient time (to do something) + Tongue - river in North Dakota, United States + FDV: Take your time. Breathe deeply.

In Egyptian mythology, Duat (or Tuat) (also called Akert, Amenthes, or Neter-khertet) is the underworld. This was the region through which the sun god Ra traveled from west to east during the night, and where he battled Apep. It also was the place where people's souls went after death—for judgment. The structure of Duat, and the dangers faced there by the souls of the dead, are detailed in texts such as the Book of Gates and the Book of the Dead + Thouet - river in France.

fairway - a navigable part of a river, bay or harbour; a path or line of travel + FDV: That's the way. Slowlier.

hâtez-vous lentement (French proverb) - hasten slowly (i.e. more haste, less speed) + (notebook 1924): 'hurry up - goes slow' → Crépieux-Jamin: Les Éléments de l'Écriture des Canailles 210: (of an old uneducated peasant) 'His cautious handwriting yields 30 letters a minute. When I asked for more speed I ran up against inhibitions, so much so that his writing became slower!'

here + schnell (ger) - fast + Scheldt - river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands. Its name is derived from an adjective corresponding to Old English sceald "shallow", Modern English shoal, Low German schol, Frisian skol, and Swedish skäll "thin" + here you go - here is what you asked for.

lend + Lynd - river in central Queensland.

Joyce's note: 'holy ashes' + Plutarch: "When you shall hear of the fables the Egyptians tell about the gods—their wanderings, cutting to pieces and other mishaps —you should not suppose that any or them happened or was done in the manner related. Nations have established and do employ symbols, some obscure, some more intelligible, in order to lead the understanding into things divine."

underpants - an under-garment covering the lower part of the body (and part of the legs).

evermore - forever, ever again + ower = over + Owenmore (from Irish Abhainn Mor: Great River) - river in County Mayo, Ireland.

polipoli (Kiswahili) - slowly, softly + pooly (Dublin Slang) - urine.

FDV: She first let her hair loose fall and down to her heels it flowed and then mothernaked she washed herself from crown to sole with bogwater and mudsoap and greased her keel with butterscotch and [painted beautyspots multiplied moles on all her skin all over little mary,] and then she wove a garland for her hair and pleated it and plaited it of meadowgrass & riverflags and bulrushes & waterweeds & leaves of weeping willow and then she made her bracelets and her anklets and her armlets and her necklet amulet of cobblestones cobbles and pebbles and rich gems & rare gems ones & rhinestones & watermarbles. And then she sent her boudoir maid to Humphrey with a request that she might leave him for a moment & said she wouldn't be any length and then with her bag mealiebag upon her shoulder, Anna Livia oysterface, out at last she came.

(notebook 1930): 'R Fal' + Fal - river in Cornwall, United Kingdom.

fluss = flush - a rush of water coming down suddenly + Fluss or Wiese - river in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, and Basel-City, Switzerland.

devious - deviating or swerving from the straight way + Teviot - river in New Zealand + cheviot - a sheep of a breed with short thick wool.

coil - a disposition of women's hair, a round shape formed by a series of concentric circles + curls

mothernaked - naked as at birth, stark naked + Iliad XIV: (of Hera preparing to beguile Zeus) 'With ambrosia first did she cleanse every stain from her winsome body, and annointed her with olive oil'.

shampoo - to subject (the hair) to washing and rubbing with some cleansing agent, as soap and water, shampoo powder, etc.

gala dress - fine or showy dress; so gala attire, clothes, coat, habit, suit, uniform, and the like + gala (gr) - milk.


Pistany - Czech spa, noted for mud packs [287.13]

upper + Wupper - river in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

lower + Lauer - river in Bavaria, Germany + Joyce's note: 'Upper Nile made Lower Nile Lower Nile made history' → Metchnikoff: La Civilisation et les Grands Fleuves Historiques 207: 'downstream, the flooding Nile that created Egypt and, as a result, the shared Western civilisation; upstream, the enormous portion that, year after year for so many centuries, created and still creates only the lower Nile and its floods'.

crown - the head, the top part of the skull

sole - the under surface of the foot + FDV: then mothernaked she washed herself from crown to sole with bogwater and mudsoap

grees = grease - to smear or anoint with grease + Greese - river in County Kildare, Ireland.

groove - a channel or furrow of natural formation; something excellent or very satisfying

keel - the part of anything which corresponds in position, form or otherwise to a ship's keel; backside (Slang)

wart - a small, round, dry, tough excrescence on the skin; a nipple (obs.) + Warta (German: Warthe) - river in western-central Poland, a tributary of the Oder river.

wear - the act of wearing or the state of being worn, consumption by use; weir + Wear - river in North East England.

mole - a spot on the human skin; a massive structure, esp. of stone, serving as a pier + Mole is a tributary of the River Thames in southern England.

itch - an uneasy or restless desire or hankering after something + itcher (Slang) - vulva.

antifouling - intended to prevent fouling of underwater structures, preventing accumulation of barnacles, algae, etc., on underwater surfaces (Livia Schmitz's (a source for ALP's middle name) father's company produced marine paints)

butterscotch - a kind of toffee, chiefly composed of sugar and butter; a dark orange yellow color + FDV: and greased her keel with butterscotch

turpentine - a volatile oil, contained in the wood, bark, leaves, and other parts of coniferous trees + turfen - made of turf, covered with turf.

serpentine - a name for certain plants reputed to contain an antidote to the poison of serpents, a light green + serpent thyme + thyme - a plant of the genus Thymus, comprising shrubby herbs with fragrant aromatic leaves, found chiefly in the Mediterranean region + Time and tide wait for no man (proverb).

leafmould - mould having a large proportion of decayed leaves mixed with it [Joyce's note: 'leafmould']

usher - to show (someone) to their seats, as in theaters or auditoriums + (notebook 1923): 'Usher's Isl' → Usher's Island - a quay on the south side of the Liffey river, near Phoenix Park (home of the Misses Morkan in 'The Dead').

prunella - a small genus of herbs, a genus of birds + prunelle (fr) - pupil of the eye.

islet + Esla - river in the northeast of Spain.

dun - a color varying around light grayish brown + Dun - river in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.

quincunx (l) - five-twelfths; the arrangement of the five spots on dice + quince - aromatic acid-tasting pear-shaped fruit used in preserves + cunnus (l) = cunt (Slang) - vulva.

Little Mary - the stomach + FDV: and [painted beautyspots multiplied moles on all her skin all over little mary,]

peeled - completely unclothed + Peel River is a river in New South Wales, Australia.

waxwork - work executed in wax

jelly - the juice of fruits or meats boiled with sugar to an elastic consistence