jeer + Jari - northern tributary of the Amazon river.

time + Dive - river in France.

nab - to snatch or seize (a thing) + Neb - one of the principal rivers on the Isle of Man.

Joyce's note, Eumeus: 'cul de sac' → cul de sac (fr) - bottom of the bag + culdee - an irish or scottish monk + Sacco - river of central Italy.

(notebook 1924): 'rubbish' → The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. XI, 'Geography', 633d: (of raindrops) 'More mobile and more searching than ice or rock rubbish, the tricling drops are guided by the deepest lines of the hillside in their incipient flow, and as these lines converge, the stream gaining strength, proceeds in its torrential course to carve its channel deeper and entrench itself in permanent occupation' + Wabash - river in the Midwestern United States.

robbed + (notebook 1924): '*A* has robbed her gifts' + Rába (German: Raab) - river in southeastern Austria and western Hungary, right tributary of the Danube.

maundy - the sacrament of the Lord's Supper; a public ceremony on Maundy Thursday when the monarch distributes Maundy money + (notebook 1923): 'Pop (Maundy)' + Maun - river in Nottinghamshire, England.

merchandise - the commodities of commerce, movables which are or may be bought and sold + Meerschaum (ger) - meerschaum, a mineral used for ornamental carvings, especially of pipe bowls (literally 'sea foam').

pour souvenir (fr) - for remembrance

ricordo - a token of remembrance, souvenir + per ricordo (it) - as a keepsake.

for sure

Erinnerung (ger) - remembrance + aring - in circumference + Arigna - river in Kilkenny, Ireland.

stinker - one who stinks. Formerly often used as a term of abuse.

heeler - one who has light heels, a quick runner; one who follows at the heels of a leader or 'boss' + (tinkers and tailors).

laggard - someone who takes more time than necessary; someone who lags behind

prime - first in importance, excellence, or value

furze - a spiny evergreen shrub with yellow flowers + first

tributary + Ribble - river in North Yorkshire and Lancashire, North of England + Derry - river in County Carlow, Ireland.

wicker - a basket of wicker + take pot luck - to take a chance, to take whatever may be obtained without previous knowledge of what this may be.

Buch (ger) - book + kiss the book - i.e. the Bible, New Testament, or Gospels, in taking an oath + kick the bucket.

tinker - a craftsman (usu. itinerant) who mends pots, kettles, etc. + FDV: A tinker's tan & or bucket to boil his billy for Gipsy Lee:

Bann (ger) - curse + tinker's damn - something that is insignificant or worthless + banns - a public announcement (in church) of a proposed marriage + Bann - longest river in Northern Ireland.

barrow - a large burial mound of earth or stones; a cart for carrying small loads, usually having a single rubber tyre, two handles and a steel or heavy plastic container + George Borrow wrote about gipsies and tinkers (e.g. Borrow: Romano Lavo-Lil) + Barrow - river in Ireland. Rivers Bann and Barrow. HC Deb 09 June 1913 vol 53: Mr. NEWMAN asked the Chief Secretary whether he is aware of the recent damage caused by the overflowing of the Rivers Bann and Barrow; whether he is aware of a promise made by the Government in 1907 that the outfall of these important rivers would be improved and the water-level in their tributaries consequently reduced...

billy (or billycan) - a cylindrical container, usu. of tin or enamel ware, with a close-fitting lid and a wire handle, used for making tea and for cooking over fires in the open, and for carrying food or liquid. "To boil the billy" most often means to make tea.

Joyce's note: 'Gipsy Lee' → Irish Times 4 Jan 1924, 6/1: 'Crystal Gazer's Dupe. Woman Sent to Jail': 'Daisy Entwistle, alias Gipsy Boswell, alias Lee, aged 34, was charged, before the Recorder, with stealing £60 from Howard Parker'.

cartridge - the case in which the exact charge of powder for fire-arms is made up

cockaleekie - a soup made of cock boiled with leek + (notebook 1922-23): 'cockieleekie soup' → Irish Times 15 Jan 1923, 2/5: 'Recipes. Cock-a-leekie'.

chummy - a close friend; soldier (Slang) + FDV: a cartridge of cockaleekie soup for Tommy the Soldier:

guardsman - a man who works as a guard, a member of a guard; a guardian

sulky - silently and obstinately ill-humoured; showing a tendency to keep aloof from others and repel their advances by refusing to speak or act

deltoid - resembling the Greek letter D in shape; triangular + Altoid's - "Those curiously strong peppermints" (an English confection).

drop - a lozenge or sugar-plum, originally of spherical form, but now of various shapes + FDV: for Pender's nephew acid drops curiously strong:

rattle - a rattling sound in the throat, caused by partial obstruction

wild goose chase + (T.B. symptoms).

piccolina (it) - little (feminine) + FDV: a cough & a rattle & rosy cheeks for poor little Petite O'Hara:

petite (fr) - little (feminine) + (notebook 1924): 'Miss Petite O'Hara' → Freeman's Journal 1 Feb 1924, 4/6: 'Musical Evening. Pleasing Recital by Miss Petite O'Hara': 'Miss Petite O'Hara's Violin Recital'.

Macfarlane - river of the southwest of New Zealand's South Island

jigsaw puzzle - a type of puzzle in which the aim is to reconstruct a picture that has been cut (originally, with a jigsaw) into many small interlocking pieces + Joyce's note: 'jigsaw puzzle'.

pins and needles - a tingling or prickling sensation, felt in a limb when a lack of circulation is relieved and in other situations + on pins and needles - in a state of excessive uneasiness + Joyce's note: 'Needles & Pins / Blankets & Skins / When a man's married / His sorrow begins' → English proverbial phrase. MS 47471 b-86v, LPA: a jigsaw puzzle ^+of needles & pins & blankets & skins+^ between them for Isabel & Llewelyn Marriage | JJA 48:030 | Feb 1924 |

shin - the front part of the human leg between the knee and the ankle + between the sheets - in bed (with ref. to sexual intercourse) + Shin - river in Scotland.

jezebel - an shameless, impudent or abandoned woman + FDV: a jigsaw puzzle of needles & pins & blankets & skins between them for Isabel & Llewelyn Marriage;

lovely + Eveline (Dubliners) + (notebook 1922-23): 'Llewelyn Marriage'.

brazen - made of brass; hardened in effrontery, shameless + Brasenose College, Oxford + (notebook 1923): 'real parish beggar (brass badge)' → Leader 28 Jul 1923, 597/2: 'Journal of the Irish Folk Song Society': 'Kilshannig Parish Vestry Book... May 1745:... "following persons, and none other, are allowed to be common beggars of this parish, and to each of them a brass badge... was given'.

pigiron - crude iron tapped from a blast furnace + FDV: a brass badge a brazen nose and castiron mittens for Babbs Baby Babsy Beggar Beg:

mitten - glove that encases the thumb separately and the other four fingers together

'Johnnie Walker' whiskey + Walker - river in west central Nevada in the United States.

beg (Anglo-Irish) - little + beggar.

papal + paper.

stripe - a striped textile fabric; the mark left by a lash + Joyce's note: 'saints... stripes' (some words missing) + "Modern symbols in their accepted sense are generally arbitrary. The American flag has its stars and stripes representing the thirteen original colonies and the states. But why stripes for colonies, stars for states? Why are some stripes red, others white, and the field for the stars blue? Clearly, for no objective, functional reason. A flag had to be designed, and Betsy Ross liked the idea of stars and stripes in red, white and blue. The American flag is an arbitrary symbol. It may serve as a focal point for patriots in wartime, but a study of the symbol repays the student with nothing he does not already know... Egypt's symbolism was sacred, and it was a science — an adjunct to the sacred science of myth." (John Anthony West: Serpent in the Sky)

Kevin Isod O'Doherty - Irish poet + -een (Anglo-Irish) - (diminutive) + FDV: a the flag of the saints & stripes for Kevineen O'Dea;

puffpuff - a nursery name for a locomotive, or a railway train + tauftauf + (locomotive).

pudge - one that is short and plump + FDV: a pufipuff for Pudge Craig;

craig - crag + Paid de Carraig (pad' de korig) (gael) - Pat[rick] of the Rock.

nightmare + March Hare - character in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.

Toucher Tom + Tombigbee - river in the U.S. states of Mississippi and Alabama + FDV: a marching nightmarching hare for Toucher Doyle:

(edema) + FDV: & salt lag & waterlag for Boy McCormick:

gumboot - boot made of 'gum' or india-rubber + FDV: a waterleg waterlegs & gumboots each for Big Bully Hayes & Hurricane Hartigan:

Bully Hayes - American pirate + Hayes - river in Northern Region, Manitoba, Canada

prodigal - lavish in the bestowal or disposal of things + (bad heart and fat calves).

fatted = fattened - that has been made fat; Proverb, 'to kill the fatted calf': to celebrate lavishly, usually with a meal, especially as an act of welcome. An allusion to Christ's parable of the prodigal son (Luke, 15: 11-32) who left home and wasted everything in 'riotous living' but was nevertheless welcomed back by his father. The fatted calf (verse 23) killed for the celebratory meal was presumably being kept for some special occasion.

Jones, Frederick E. Buck (1759-1834) - manager of the Crow Street Theatre in Dublin. Jones Road leads to his mansion, Clonliffe House + FDV: a prodigal heart in fatted halves in for Buck Jones, the boy of Clonliff boy:

loaf of bread - a shaped mass of baked bread that is usually sliced before eating; head, mind

aim - design, intention, purpose

SKIBBEREEN - Town, South-West County Cork. Its newspaper, the Skibbereen Eagle, warned the Czar of Russia that its eye was on him (U 137/139). James Joyce called Skibbereen "the looniest town in Ireland".

jaunting car - a light horse drawn two wheeled open vehicle with seats placed lengthwise back to back + Val Vousden: The Irish Jaunting Car (song): 'It belongs to Larry Doolin'.

Baile Atha Cliath (Irish) - Dublin

jackeen - an obnoxious self assertive dude + jackeen (Anglo-Irish) - Dubliner, Dublin city-slicker, pro-British Dubliner + Joyce's note: 'Ballyclee jackeen'.

seasick - suffering from seasickness + seaside + Joyce's note: 'seasick trip'

Teague - A nickname for an Irishman (obs.) + Tim

louse trap - a comb + mousetrap + Joyce's note: 'louse & trap'

slush - food, esp. of a watery consistency + (notebook 1924): 'mud mince pies' + mince pie - a pie, traditionally served around Christmas time, having a filling of mincemeat (in the sweet sense) and sometimes also containing alcohol or other ingredients + mince pies (Cockney Rhyming Slang) - eyes.

Joyce's note: 'MacKenzie' + Mackenzie - longest river in Canada.

clip - to cut the hair off + harelip.

clackdish - a wooden dish carried by alms seekers having a lid that could be clapped to attract attention [Joyce's note: 'clackdish']

penceless - destitute of pence, or of money + Peter's penny - an annual tax or tribute of a penny from each householder having land of a certain value, paid before the Reformation to the papal see at Rome + J.M. Barrie: Peter Pan.

J.M. Barrie: The Twelve Pound Look (a play, 1910)

brooke = p. of break + Brook, G. V - Dublin-born actor who died a hero when the S.S.London foundered in the Bay of Biscay, 1866. Wearing red velvet pants, he manned the pumps and sank with an excellent line.

Pliny the Elder (Natural History VII.17) thought that drowned women floated face down (and men face up)

Anne Mortimer - Richard III's grandmother + morte (fr) - dead (feminine) + mer (fr) - sea.


blanchisseuse (fr) - laundress

Wildair, Sir Harry - in Farquhar's The Constant Couple. It was one of Peg Woffington's breeches parts.

Woffington, Peg (1714-60) - Irish actress, toast of Dublin

(to dot one's i)

dash - the longer of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code (the other being the dot) + Dash, Sam - 18th-century Master of Revels at the balls at Dublin Castle.

full stop

snake in the grass - hidden enemy

scotch - to stamp out, crush + William Shakespeare: Macbeth III.2.13: 'We have scotch'd the snake, not kill'd it' + Picts and Scots.

Vatican - the palace of the Pope built upon the Vatican Hill in Rome

viper - the small ovo-viviparous snake; a venomous, malignant, or spiteful person: In allusion to the fable of the viper reared or revived in a person's bosom.

visa - an endorsement made in a passport that allows the bearer to enter the country issuing it

patsy - a person on whom blame is foisted, sucker + (Patrick banished snakes).

Presbyterian - a member or adherent of a Presbyterian church + presbys (Modern Greek) - ambassador + presbys (gr) - old man.

reiz = reis - the captain of a boat or vessel; a chief or governor + Reiz (ger) - attraction, irritation + Reisa - river in Norway + rise

STANDFAST DICK - The name of a large rock or reef in the shallow Liffey long known as an obstacle to sailors. The city builders found the continuation of this outcrop South of the Liffey a welcome foundation for their work, and gave it its affectionate nickname. The City Hall and the Castle stand above Standfast Dick + Joyce's note: 'Standfast Dick' → MS 47474-221, PrTMA: a rise in the ^+every+^ morning for Standfast Dick and a drop every minute for Stumblestone Davy | JJA 48:201 | Oct 1927 |

davy - affidavit + Medical Dick & Medical Davy - subjects of Gogarty's verse.

scrub oak - one of several North American dwarf oaks + Joyce's note: 'scrub oak' + FDV: [oakwood beads for Holy Biddy]:

bead - a small perforated ball or other body, a series of which threaded upon a string, forms the rosary or paternoster, used for keeping count of the number of prayers said

beatified - made supremely happy; proclaimed one of the blessed and thus worthy of veneration

biddy - girl, woman; domestic fowl

tweed - a twilled woollen cloth of somewhat rough surface, and of great variety of texture + twee (Dutch) - two + Tweed - river in Scotland and England + apple-wood.

stool - a wooden seat (for one person) without arms or a back + to sit between two stools - to incur failure through vacillation between two different courses of action.

aeva mobilia (l) - moveable ages, moving eternities + Rigoletto: 'La donna è mobile' (song): 'Woman is fickle' + Mobile - river in southern Alabama, United States.

Saara = Sahara + saari (Finnish) - island + Saar - wife of Finn + Sarah Philpot Curran - Emmet's fiancée + Saar - right tributary of the Moselle River.

jordan - a chamber pot + Jordan - The name of a river in Palestine, the crossing of which is used (after Num. 33:51) in pietistic language to symbolize death [Joyce's note: 'Jordan'].

tear urn + Orne - river in Normandy.

fib (Colloquial) - a small lie

Eibhlin a run (eilin arun) (gael) = Eileen Aroon (Anglo-Irish) - "Eileen my dear"; a song

whiten - to make or render white + (notebook 1924): 'Marie Duplessis (Dame aux Camélias) liked telling lies = keep teeth white' → Freeman's Journal 27 Feb 1924, 8/6: 'By The Way... La Dame aux Camelias': 'The identity of Marie Duplessis with Marguerite Gautier - La Dame aux Camelias - has long been recognised... She was renowned for never being able to speak the truth, and justified herself to Stanislaus de la Rochefoucald by saying, "I like telling lies, because they keep the teeth white"'.

outflash - outshine

Whipping top is a toy, pure and simple, a top that is spun by whipping.

lawless - not restrained by law, unruly + Joyce's note: 'Eddy Lawless'.

kitty - a girl or young woman + (notebook 1923): 'Kitty of Coleraine' → Kitty of Coleraine (song): 'As beautiful Kitty one morning was tripping With a pitcher of milk for the fair of Coleraine, When she saw me she stumbled, the pitcher down tumbled, And all the sweet buttermilk watered the plain' (she was comforted by a kiss from a nice young man (narrator). It is the air to Moore's "When Daylight Was Yet Sleeping.")

butterman - a man who makes or sells butter + Butterly's Lane, Howth

penny wise - careful in small expenditures + penny wise and pound foolish - thrifty in small matters while careless or wasteful in large ones.

pitcher - a jug, a jug-shaped or vase-shaped vessel; picture + FDV: for Kitty Coleraine of Buttermilk Lane a penny wise for her foolish pitcher:

putty - a dough-like mixture of whiting and boiled linseed oil (used especially to patch woodwork or secure panes of glass)

Terry, Ellen (1848-1928) - English actress who played Puck in A Midsummer Night's Dream (her picture appears on Souvenir of the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Opening of The Gaiety Theatre 15) + (notebook 1924): 'Larry the Puckaun'.

puckaun - a billy goat (a small male goat) + púcán (Irish) - little goblin + FDV: & a putty spade to Larry the Puckaun:

apotamos (gr) - not-river; unrivered, riverless + FDV: a hippo's head for Promoter Dunne:

Easter egg - dyed or decorated egg, traditionally associated with Easter + Dniester - river in Eastern Europe + nie (ger) - never + (notebook 1924): 'dynamite egg in bed R'.

Irish/Roman Church controversy over date of Easter [188.10]

Pavl (Russian) - Paul