Dichter (ger) - poet

Sheridan Le Fanu (b. Aug. 28, 1814, Dublin, Ire.--d. Feb. 7, 1873, Dublin) - Irish writer of ghost stories and mystery novels, celebrated for his ability to evoke the ominous atmosphere of a haunted house.

The House by the Churchyard (1863) - the novel by Sheridan Le Fanu

On The Subjection of Women (1869) - the classical theoretical statement of the case for woman suffrage by John Stuart Mill.

ditto - same, another

The Mill on the Floss (1860) - the novel by George Eliot; in that novel, the Floss is an imaginary river. The allusion is to an old joke about a catalogue of books which listed the books by J S Mill and George Eliot in this way + Floss (ger) - raft + floss (ger) - flowed.

ja (German, Dutch) - yes + ja (Serbian) - I.

alt (ger) - old + Altmühl - river in Bavaria, Germany.

Miller, Hugh (1802-56) - Scottish geologist, stonemason, poet, author of Testimony of the Rocks, etc. + Muhle (ger) - mill.

racy - full or life or vigor

wheel = mill-wheel + {I know how those racy titles move him}

blaw = blow + blauw (Dutch) - blue + cauld (Scottish) - cold + (blue from the cold).

uisce (ishki) (gael) - water + Iskar - longest river that runs solely in Bulgaria + whiskey and soda.

suda- (l) - sweat- + sudor (l) - sweat, perspiration + Suda - river in Russia + (notebook 1924): 'washing soda - powder' (dash dittoes 'washing').

pattern - a decorative or artistic design, as for china, carpets, wall-papers, etc.

china - high quality porcelain originally made only in China; dial. chainy, chaney, chany, chaynee, chayney, cheenie + chainies (Anglo-Irish) - pieces of broken china, used as children's playthings + (notebook 1924): 'chain at bottom of R'.

lye = lie

sedge - a name for various coarse grassy, rush-like or flag-like plants growing in wet places

HWANG HO (HOANGHO) RIVER - the great river of North China, the 'Yellow River,' aka 'China's Sorrow' because of its disastrous foods + (notebook 1924): 'Yellow River, China's sorrow'.

ai mihi (l) - alas to me! woe is me!

turbary - a piece of peatland from which turf may be cut for fuel

so near and yet so far - describing a thing which is unattainable despite its apparent proximity

go on + Gihon - name of the second river mentioned in the second chapter of the Biblical Book of Genesis (along with the Tigris, Euphrates, and Pishon).

Lovat - The name of a place in Inverness-shire, used attrib. and ellipt. to denote a muted green colour, a tweed (suit), or another garment or material of this colour + Lovat - river in Belarus and Russia.

gabber - a mocker, a deceiver, a liar (obs.); a chatterer, prater + love to jabber.

more over + Morava - river in Serbia.

regn = reign + regn (Danish) - rain.

onder = under

thick - having great or considerable density; stiff

mere - a sheet of standing water; a lake, pond + fur mir (ger) - for me + FDV: This is the life for me.

kennet - a small dog, used in hunting; a kind of gray cloth + ken - to have knowledge (of or about something) + kenne (ger) - to know + Kennet - river of the northeast of New Zealand's South Island + FDV: Well you know & don't you know but every story has an end look, look it's growing the dusk is growing.

telling - an act of narration

taling - telling of tales, talking, gossiping; also, a tale + tailing out (ending).

long and the short of it - the most important point, the summary of the matter

take root - to spring from something + Anuket (also Anqet; Greek, Anukis) originally was the personification and goddess of the Nile river. Since the flooding of the Nile is what nourishes the fields, she gained her name, which means "embracer." However, Anqet is also represented with the disk and horned headdress of Isis and is called the lady of heaven, mistress of all the gods; giver of life and of all power, and of all health and joy of heart. In later times she was identified with Nephthys + REFERENCE

Isis or in original more likely Aset. The Egyptian name was recorded as ỉs.t and meant "(She of the) Throne." The true Egyptian pronunciation remains uncertain, however, because their writing system usually did not feature vowels. Based on recent studies which present us with approximations based on contemporary languages and Coptic evidence, the reconstructed pronunciation of her name is Usat. Usir 'Osiris' (ws-ỉr) also starts with the throne glyph + REFERENCE

chair + Cher - river in central France.

go astray - to go out of the right way, or away from the proper path + (became ash grey) + Ashley - blackwater / tidal river in South Carolina, U.S.

filour - foliage + Wie viel Uhr? (ger) - what's the time?

'Filou' ('scoundrel'), shouted across the Rhine by a Frenchman, was heard by a German as 'wie viel Uhr?' ('What's the time?') [Ellmann: James Joyce 465n: (of Joyce's friend Ottocaro Weiss) 'anecdote by J. P. Hebel, which Weiss told Joyce... A Frenchman shouted across the Rhine at a German, 'Filou! Filou!' ('Scoundrel!') The German understood him to say 'Wieviel Uhr? Wieviel Uhr?' He looked at his watch and shouted back obligingly, 'Halber sechse'].

soon + sure + Saône - river of eastern France.

senne = sen - from or since the time that, from, after + Senne - small river that flows through Brussels + Joyce walked down the Seine to check out if this chapter sounded like river; purblind, aging author in exile remembering the river of his homeland (Liffey) + 'tis ages now since I or anyone.

erewhon - Title of a book (partial reversal of Nowhere) by Samuel Butler, published 1872 and describing a form of utopia + FDV: What time is it? It must be late. It's ages now since I last or anyone saw Waterhouse's clock.

WATERHOUSE AND CO - Silversmiths, jewellers, and watchmakers, South side of Dame Street. Projecting at right angles over the sidewalk, Waterhouse's clock spelled out its name (clockwise, naturally) from "W" at "3" + (notebook 1922-23): 'Wm Dakin Waterhouse' → Irish Times 17 Nov 1922, 1/1: (deaths) 'Waterhouse - November 12, 1922, at Kingscote, Westcott, Surrey, William Dakin, Surgeon-Colonel (retired)'.

clock + clog (klug) (gael) - clock, bell + Clough - river in Northern England + Waterhouse clock = Great Pyramid = HCE (that is why we see pyramid at the begining of the text of this chapter, with ''O'' at the apex, and chapter is all about rivers). Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface; what is seen today is the underlying core structure and Pyramidion is absent. Joyce Tyldesley states that the Great Pyramid "is known to have been opened and emptied by the Middle Kingdom", before the Arab caliph Abdullah al-Mamun entered the pyramid around AD 820.

asunder - into parts or pieces; esp. with break, burst, cut, rend, tear, etc. + FDV: They took it asunder I heard them say. When will they reassemble it?

reassemble - to bring together again + (notebook 1924): 'took clock asunder & reassembled it'.

bach - A term of endearment common in Wales and the border counties, freq. following a personal name: dear, little one, friend + Bach (ger) - brook + Joyce's note: 'My back!' → Mrs Conway, original of Mrs Riordan in Joyce's Portrait, used to say 'Oh, my back, my back, my back!'

Aix-les-Bains - spa and town in south-east France, famous for its hot springs + aches and pains.

ding dong - an imitation of the sound of a bell + Ping - river in Thailand + (six o'clock ringing of Angelus).

Sexaloitez = Sechselauten - Zurich's spring festival, held in April, when an effigy of the Bogg, a snowman representing Winter, is ceremonially burned in the Bellevueplatz as the bells ring out for 6 PM + sechs (ger) - six + läuten (ger) - to sound, to ring.

et concepit de Spiritu Sancto (l) - and she conceived of the Holy Ghost (Angelus) + Pingpong, the bell for Sechseläuten, and concepit de Saint-Esprit (motif) + Saint-Esprit (French) - Holy Ghost.

pang - a brief piercing spasm of pain, torture + (birth pangs) + (bells ringing).

wring out - to force out (moisture) by twisting + Alfred Lord Tennyson: In Memoriam A.H.H., CVI: 'Ring out the old, ring in the new' + FDV: Wring out the clothes. Wring in the dusk.

Godavari - river in India

vert - to cause to turn from one direction to another, to change direction + Vert - river in the Southwest of France + avert

Thaya - river in Central Europe + thy + Show us thy grace, O Lord, and grant us thy salvation (Psalm 85:7).

aman (Cornish) - upwards, up + aman (Turkish) - pardon, mercy, grace + Amana - river of north-eastern Venezuela + amen

flip - to put into motion with a small sharp impulse + FDV: Will we spread them here? Yes, we will. Spread on your side and I'll spread mine on mine.

churning - (of a liquid) agitated vigorously, in a state of turbulence + Churn - river in England.

der Wind (ger) - the wind + Derwent - river in Tasmania, Australia.

hostel - a public house, inn

Joyce's note: 'apron of spalls'.

Joyce's note: 'suety' → full of suet (hard fat around the kidneys and loins in beef and mutton)

stroller - someone who walks at a leisurely pace

pass someone or something by - to overlook someone or something

shift - a woman's sleeveless undergarment + (notebook 1924): '9 Isabelle had 3 shifts'.

kerchief - a handkerchief

code - a chrism-cloth; a set of rules or principles or laws especially written ones (in the war, notes in secret writing were sent on face cloths) + cold.

Joseph - A proper name of the husband of Mary the mother of Jesus Christ (St. Joseph) + St. Joseph - river in southern Michigan and northern Indiana, U. S. + gossip.

who said? + (the river gets wider and the two women become parted, their words no longer clear to one another).

Muta (l) - "Silent": talkative nymph, Lara, had her tongue torn out, became Muta + Mutter (ger) - mother.

Dea Tacita or Acca Larenta - Goddess Tacita, personification of silence, identified with Muta, worshipped at Rome on Dec. 30 when offerings were made to the dead. Plutarch says there were two Laurentas: one, a mistress of Hercules; two, the foster mother of Romulus and Remus + Dea taceas (l) - Godess, be silent + Deo Gratias (l) - thanks to God (said to a person who gives a sneeze).

where now + Warnow - river in Germany.

alle (ger) - all + Łyna (German: Alle) - river in northern Poland + FDV: Where are all her childer now?

childer - pl. of child (obs. and dial.)

kingdom come - (from the clause 'thy kingdom come' in the Lord's Prayer) heaven or paradise, the next world

The world to come, age to come, or heaven on Earth are eschatological phrases reflecting the belief that the "current world" or "current age" is flawed or cursed and will be replaced in the future by a better world or age or paradise.

Gloria Patri - the doxology beginning 'Glory be to the Father', which follows the recitation of the psalms and certain canticles, and occurs in other places + Lord's Prayer: 'Thy kingdom come... power and the glory... Glory be to the Father'.

alluvial - deposited from flowing water

a l'etranger (fr) - abroad, in another country + FDV: Some here, more gone no more, more again gone to the stranger.

tell - something that is told, tale

brooch - a decorative jewelry item designed to be attached to garments + FDV: I've heard tell that same brooch of the Shannons was married into a family beyond the ocean.

Shannon - river in Ireland, longest river in the British Isles

dunder = dunner - to make a reverberating noise, to resound; to fall or strike with vibration and reverberating noise.

Dunne - Irish surname, derived from the Gaelic O'Duinn and O'Doinn, meaning "dark" or "brown." + FDV: And all the Dunnes takes eights in hats.

Markland's wineland - America + MARKLAND - Portion of North America coast discovered by Norse explorers about 1000 AD. Variously located but most probably Newfoundland.

Brendan's Sea - Atlantic ocean (according to legend, Saint Brendan was the first to cross it) + Joyce's note: 'Brendan's sea'.

herring pond - a great body of water (as the Atlantic ocean)

Yangtze Agnes - Paris milliner + Yankee - an American + (notebook 1923): 'Irish large hats' → Fitzpatrick: Ireland and the Making of Britain 157n1: 'The Irish are probably the strongest, tallest, and most athletic race on earth... Irish hatters stock larger sizes than hatters in England' + Yangtze or Chang Jiang ("The Long River") - longest river in Asia, and the third-longest in the world.

biddy - woman, housemaid + bid a bead - to say a prayer + Biddy Doran's + "scruboak beads for beatified Biddy" [210.29.]