sloppery - sloppy matter                                                                                                                                             slippery

side

tilted - abruptly inclined or sloped from the erect or the horizontal position. 

landsman - one's fellow-countryman; one who lives or has his business on land: opposed to seaman.

ambit - fig. Extent, compass, sphere, of actions, words, thoughts, etc.

sink - to consume (an alcoholic drink), to drink down (esp. rapidly).

sailer - one who is professionally occupied with navigation; a seaman, mariner, sailor (obs.)

alongside of - parallel to or close by the side of, side by side with; also fig.

drainer - one who drains; esp. one whose business is to construct field-drains.

Bass - Bass's ale or beer, the 'India Pale Ale' or 'Bitter Beer' manufactured by Messrs. Bass & Co. of Burton-on-Trent.

togethers* = together

lealand - fallow land, land 'laid down' to grass

luff - to bring the head of (a vessel) nearer to the wind

ore = or (obs.)

thor - dial. variant of their, and thir, these                                                                                                                         there

tailor

or

not

jerkin - a garment for the upper part of the body, worn by men in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; a close-fitting jacket, jersey, or short coat, often made of leather;                     jerk - to give a sudden thrust, push, pull, or twist to; to throw or toss with a quick sharp motion, esp. with a sudden twitching or snatching action. 

athwartships - from side to side of the ship

buttonhole* - to make button-hole openings in; buttonhold (to take hold of (a person) by a button, and detain him in conversation against his will).

Norwegian

capstan - a piece of mechanism, working on the principle of the wheel and axle, on a vertical axis, the power being applied by movable bars or levers inserted in horizontal sockets made round the top, and pushed by men walking round, whereby the apparatus is made to revolve and wind up a cable round its cylinder or barrel; it is used especially on board ship for weighing  the anchor, also for hoisting heavy sails, etc.                                                                                                                       captain

lobster claw* - 'a screw jack used in setting rigging'

a word in your ear* - a brief message for you in confidence;                     whisper.

comer - one who comes; a visitor, an 'arrival'

mislay - to lay (a thing) by accident in a place where it cannot readily be found.

keeper

threshold - the piece of timber or stone which lies below the bottom of a door, and has to be crossed in entering a house; the sill of a doorway; hence, the entrance to a house or building.

double* - to double one's effort or speed

slake - to appease, allay, or satisfy (desire, thirst, hunger)

ourselves

alone

rescue - to deliver or save (a person or thing) from some evil or harm

damp - moist, humid

O'Connell

trig - smart, neat

draught - an act of drinking, a drink; the quantity of drink swallowed at one 'pull'.

to whet one's whistle* - (in which whet has been substituted for the earlier wet): to clear the throat or voice by taking a drink.

sagen (d) - to tell

ship's husband - an agent appointed by the owners to attend to the business of a ship while in port, esp. to attend to her stores, equipment, and repairs, and see that the ship is in all respects well found.

Norman* - the form of French spoken by the Normans, or the later form of this in English legal use.

sowter = souter - a maker or mender of shoes

suit

tayler* = tailor

ashe - obs. form of ash, and of ask (v.)

whitehead - white-haired, esp. from age; also, having very light or fair hair, flaxen-haired.

successor - one who succeeds another in an office, dignity, function, or position. 

cant - to speak in the peculiar jargon or 'cant' of vagabonds, thieves, and the like; Naut. To take, move into, or have an oblique position in reference to any defined course or direction, to swing round from a position.

best

finished* - consummate, perfect, accomplished

culture

chunk - to proceed with a plunging or explosive sound                                                                                                      thank

pulley - a wheel or drum fixed on a shaft and turned by a belt or the like for the application or transmission of power; usually used so as to increase speed or power                                                                                                                                        you

very much

chink - a convulsive gasp for breath, or spasmodic losing of the breath, as in hooping-cough; a convulsive fit of coughing or laughing.

topside - on the top. Also fig. Freq. with reference to the upper deck of a ship.

mumber one* - the finest quality, the best obtainable. As attrib. or adj. phr., first-rate, 'tip-top'.

fella - representing an affected or vulgar pronunciation of fellow

fake - a contrivance, 'dodge', trick, invention; a 'faked' or 'cooked' report.

capstan - a piece of mechanism, working on the principle of the wheel and axle, on a vertical axis, the power being applied by movable bars or levers inserted in horizontal sockets made round the top, and pushed by men walking round, whereby the apparatus is made to revolve and wind up a cable round its cylinder or barrel; it is used especially on board ship for weighing  the anchor, also for hoisting heavy sails, etc.                                                                                                                        captain

shoot - a motion or movement as though shooting or being shot in a particular direction.

meaning

say

of course

a pair of trousers* = trousers

Cossack* - name of a warlike Turkish people now subject to Russia, occupying the parts north of the Black Sea. 

show

I pray thee - Used parenthetically to add instance or deference to a question or request.

one

tape - to measure with a tape-line (a strip of linen or steel marked with subdivisions of the foot or metre).

raw - Of measurements, data, or the like: not yet subjected to a process giving them significance; unadjusted; na´vely calculated. 

baste = beast                                                                                                                                                                 best

plank - to table or lay down money, to pay readily or on the spot

pledge - something given or taken as a sign or token of favour or the like, or as an earnest of something to come.

tog - to clothe, to dress

fringe - an ornamental bordering, consisting of a narrow band to which are attached threads of silk, cotton, etc., either loose or formed into tassels, twists, etc.

farewell

alloy - an inferior metal mixed with one of greater value; esp. that which is added to gold and silver coinage                            eye

allay - inferior metal mixed with one of greater value

tooth

(to do, etc., something) and like it* - (to endure or perform something unpleasant) with a good grace, without complaint.

barter - exchange, interchange

parter - one who parts

every bit - entirely, quite