Tiergarten - zoo + Lyons' tea rooms - English chain of restaurants, the only place where women could use public toilets + One famous purebred Atlas lion named "Sultan" lived in the London Zoo in 1896. The Atlas lion formerly ranged in North Africa from Morocco to Egypt and became extinct in the wild in the 20th century.

nenuphar - water lily, Egyptian lotus + The essay on 'Zoological Gardens' in the 11th Britannica: "The Royal Zoological Society of Ireland, founded in 1830, maintains a fine collection in the Phoenix Park at Dublin, and has been specially successful in the breeding of lions." Historical part of the essay starts "According to Captain Stanley Flower, director of the Zoological Gardens at Giza, Cairo, Egypt, the ancient Egyptians kept various species of wild animals in captivity...".

aryuz (Armenian) - lion + Sirius

aryun (Armenian) - blood + Orion

Pegasus - Winged horse of Greek myth, symbol of the sacred king's or hero's journey to heaven; an image of death and apotheosis, like the mythic death-hordes of northern Europe. He sprang from the "wise blood" of the Moon-goddess Medusa, who embodied the principle of medha, the Indo-European root word for female wisdom. Or, alternately, he was the magic horse Arion, "the moon creature on high," born of the Goddess Demeter and ridden by Heracles in his role of sacred king in Elis + bogha (boa) (gael) - bow (in archery); bow (of a boat) + Bôghos (Armenian) - Paul.

baregam (Armenian) - friend + gam - a leg.

mademoiselle - an unmarried Frenchwoman; a (foreign) serving-maid + marmara (gr) - marbles + Marmor (ger) - marble + marmnaser (Armenian) - carnal, sensual.

Marmeniere - Armenia + marmin (Armenian) - flesh, body + 'Mademoseille from Armentières' (British soldiers' song).

tot (Dialect) - a very small drinking vessel (or measure of drink) + tot weerziens (Dutch) - goodbye, au revoir ('to the seeing again').

full (obs.) - a drinking vessel, cup, goblet; drunk (Colloquial) + fully

naggin (Archaic) - noggin, a small drinking vessel (or measure of drink) + negen en twintig (Dutch) - "29", Issy and twenty-eight.

tyg (Archaic) - a drinking vessel with two or more handles

post zegel (Dutch) - postage stamp + Sihlpost - Zurich's main post office + Kenneth Grant: "The sigil is a receptacle or chalice enshrining a given quantity and type of energy. It matters little what form the sigil takes so long as it is simple and complete in itself. It is important not to add superfluous ornament since this will enable the subconscious to breed unwanted images or phantoms which will obscure and therefore distort the original desire. This also is a principle of artistic creation; useless decoration is "bad" art. Great art is always simple; each line is genetic and functional in a sense not to be confused with utility. It is functional in that it appeals immediately to the subconscious component of the observer. This appeal is hindered, even destroyed, by useless decoration. Art then degenerates into something which appeals only to surface consciousness; it expresses a merely transient fashion, whereas true art expresses Eternity. The simpler the sigil the more potent it is, yet completeness should not be sacrificed to simplicity for its own sake for if the sigil is incomplete it is also inaccurate and will breed a monster".

wat (Dutch) - something, a few; what? + that

brievenbus (Dutch) - letterbox, postbox + grieving breast.

besieged - invested or surrounded by hostile forces + Ellmann 743: The turbulence of her husband, and his keen pleasure in sounds, were her dominant recollections of him. She took visitors to the cemetery, which adjoins the zoological garden that he had compared to the one in Phoenix Park, and said, "My husband is buried there. He was awfully fond of the lions-- I like to think of him lying there and listening to them roar."

stil (Dutch) - silent, quiet + still

Lilith - female demon of Jewish folklore; her name and personality are derived from the class of Mesopotamian demons called lilû (feminine: lilitu). In rabbinic literature Lilith is variously depicted as the mother of Adam's demonic offspring following his separation from Eve + lithos (gr) - stone + lily [.01]

Isis Unveiled - first major work of Helena Petrovna Blavatsky. In this book she criticized the science and religion of her day and asserted that mystical experience and doctrine were the means to attain true spiritual insight and authority.

watchful - engaged in or accustomed to watching or close observation, vigilant

treacher - a deceiver, a cheat, one who deceives by trickery, a traitor

that is to say - Used to introduce a more explicit or intelligible re-statement of what immediately precedes, or a limiting clause necessary to make the statement correct; Sometimes used sarcastically to introduce a statement of the real fact which a quoted statement misrepresents or euphemistically veils.

fooi (Dutch) - tip, gratuity, what one gives to a chambermaid + foei! (Dutch) - fie, for shame!

kamermeisje (Dutch) - chamber maid + Mistress Kate.

zeep (Dutch) - soap + soep (Dutch) - soup.

laarzen (Dutch) - boots + laarzenlade (Dutch) - boot-drawer, boot-shelf.

zijn (Dutch) - two meanings: 1) To be 2) His "Zijn zijn": his being + we zijn (Dutch) - we are + zinzin (sound of a bell which summons Man Servant; "tip tip" is characteristic of Kate).

we moesten ons haasten (Dutch) - we had to hurry

te (Dutch) - to

declareer (Dutch) - declare  

glim - to take a look at, watch

preseeing = foreseeing

heat - intensity or great warmth of feeling; fervour, ardour, passion

yield - the action of yielding crops or other products, production; that which is produced, produce; esp. amount of produce. But, "yield" could here mean 'to consent reluctantly' → By 6000 BC predynastic Egyptians in the southwestern corner of Egypt were herding cattle and constructing large buildings. Subsistence in organized and permanent settlements in predynastic Egypt by the middle of the 6th millennium BC centered predominantly on cereal and animal agriculture... By 3400 BC, the Sahara was as dry as it is today, due to reduced precipitation and higher temperatures resulting from a shift in the Earth's orbit.

corn - a grain, a seed + (Iseult's hair).

shame - to make ashamed, to cause to feel shame + Shem and Shaun + Lord Byron: Don Juan III.lxxxvi: 'The Isles of Greece, the Isles of Greece! Where burning Sappho loved and sung'.

habben (Gipsy) - food, victuals + we hebben (Dutch) - we have.

upseek - to seek or search out, to search through + haben aufzusuchen (ger) - have to look up.

bitty - tiny, (charmingly) small + a bit - a little, somewhat + een beetje (Dutch) - a little bit.

door (Dutch) - through, by

township - the inhabitants of a town; manor, village, town

courant - a paper containing news, a published newsletter or newspaper. (Now only in names of newspapers, esp. in Scotland and northern counties) + courant (Dutch) - newspaper.

want (Dutch) - for (causal conj.) + Anglicised Dutch: "We have to look it up a bit in our township's newspapers, because we knew it"; (We hebben - We have; Opzoeken - "Seek up", to look something up; Beetje - "Bittie", a little bit; Door - through; Courants - Newspapers; Want - because; 't - it).  

't (Dutch) - it, the (reduced form of 'het')

insight - the capacity to gain an accurate and deep intuitive understanding of a person or thing + Early Joyce's draft: "He kept abusing him from ten thirty ?till one in the afternoon without a lunch interval. Earwicker, longsuffering, compiled a long list of all the abusive names he was called but did not other wise reply because, as he afterwards explained, the dominican mission was on at the time + he thought that might reform him. [] The bullocky finally rang off + left the scene after exhorting him to come out so that he cd burst him up. , proceeding in the direction of the deaf + dumb institute. With deepseeing insight he may have prayed in silence that his wordwounder might become the first of a long dynasty, his cherished idea being the formation, as in more favoured climes, of a truly criminal class, thereby eliminating much general delinquency from all classes + masses."

patriarchal - of or belonging to a patriarch; of or characteristic of the patriarchs or their times

seamanna (shamena) (gael) - quotations, sophistries, rigmarole + shamiana (Anglo-Indian) - a cloth canopy + If ["shaman"] does come from the word "saman" (exalted), it describes a state of consciousness, not a role. The whole idea of Shaman culture is to be able to connect with the Divine through ecstasy (REFERENCE).

broadstone - hewn or squared stone, masonry of such stone + Broadstone Railway Terminus, Dublin + Steyne - a pillar formerly standing in Dublin, erected by the Vikings near their landing place.

George du Maurier: Trilby (1894 best-selling horror novel): 'Trilby! Trilby!' + by (Danish) - town (i.e birth of a city).

STATUE OF WILLIAM III - The equestrian statue erected in College Green 1 July 1701 was long a symbol of the Protestant Ascendancy, a point of contention between the Orange faction, for whom it was a rallying point, and Irish nationalists. Before it was finally blown up in 1929, and removed, it was frequently covered with tan and grease, defaced, or partially blown up. Generations of Dubliners commented on the fact that the statue faced the Castle, turning its back on TCD + billy - lad, fellow, boy.

white horsed - bearing the figure of the white horse (reputed as the ensign of the Saxons when they invaded Britain; also as the sign, and hence the name, of an inn); having or driving a white horse or horses.

William III stayed at Finglas after the Battle of Boyne, 1690.

anxious seat - a seat near the pulpit; a state of worry or anxiety caused by uncertianity

kun je niet geef mij (Dutch) - can you not give me + gift (Dutch) - gift, present; poison, venom + geef mij, geef me (Dutch) - give me + geef mij toe (Dutch) - grant me, admit to me, give in to me.

Tobit - Apocryphal book. Tobit was blind and saw again + toegift (Dutch) - makeweight, extra + toe! (Dutch) - please! + bout (Dutch) - bolt, leg of animal or bird considered as a joint for the table, drumstick.

peer (Dutch) - pear + toe bout a peer - to peer about + pair

eyeballs + zacht ei (Dutch) - soft-boiled egg + can ye not give me to boot a pair of soft boiled eggs.

helluf - Dutch informal pronunciation of 'helft' = half + hell of + The Three Hours' Agony or "Tre Ore" is a service held in some Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Lutheran churches on Good Friday from noon till 3 o'clock to commemorate the Passion of Christ + Time from Oscar Wilde's imprisonment to his death was approximately three and a half years.

ex profundis malorum (l) - "out of the depths of evil" + Oscar Wilde: De Profundis.

bred - p.p. of breed (to give rise to, engender, develop, produce, create)

unfeigned - sincere, genuine, true + Joyce's note: 'unfeigned charity' → Flood: Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars 28: (Saint Columcille) 'sat up during the night on his pallet, a bare rock, exhorting the Brothers to preserve mutual and unfeigned charity and peace amongst themselves'.

charity - love, kindness, affection, natural affection: now esp. with some notion of generous or spontaneous goodness

wounder - wonder; one who wounds, that which wounds + (Herr Betreffender).

Engels (Dutch) - English + Engel (Dutch) - Angel.

nomen (l) - name

nash - soft, tender, gentle; to go away, quit + Nash, Thomas (1567-1601) - English poet, playwright, pamphleteer. Wyndham Lewis, meaning to be uncomplimentary, compared the opening of "Shem the Penman" to Nash and said Joyce and Nash met on the common ground of Rabelais + nahash (Hebrew) - "serpent".

any old how = any how

mottled - dappled with spots or blotches + Genesis 3:14: 'Upon thy belly shalt thou go' (God's curse of the serpent).

rab (rob) (gael) - hog + rob (Serbian) - slave.

creep on his knees

Ulysses.15.2447: 'Serpents too are gluttons for woman's milk'

missus - missis + J.H. Voss: 'wine, women and song'.

benevolence - an expression of goodwill, an act of kindness; favourable feeling or disposition

prudency - ability to discern the most suitable, politic, or profitable course of action, esp. as regards conduct; practical wisdom

astuteness - mental subtlety, shrewdness, keenness of penetration or discernment

unfold - to open or unwrap the folds of, to spread open (transf. or fig.)

posteriors = descendants (notebook 1924) → Chateaubriand: Œuvres Choisies Illustrées I.36, 'Age itself cannot rob the sachems of this happy simplicity: like the old birds of our forests, they still blend their old songs with the new airs of their young posterity'.