Joyce's note: 'Stop & think!'
environs - the outskirts, surrounding districts, of a town + sempervirens (l) - evergreen.
Apfel (ger) - apple + Abfall (ger) - garbage; apostasy.
auld = old + all
widowed - deprived of a partner; deserted, solitary [(notebook 1924): '(the widowed moon)'].
dim - to make dim, obscure, or dull; to render less clear, or distinct
bluntly - rudely, without ceremony or delicacy; abruptly, curtly
broach - to begin conversation or discussion about, introduce, moot; to pierce, stab
in the best - in the best possible way, manner or condition
basel - the alleged name according to Holinshed (and copyists down to the present day) of certain pieces of money abrogated by Henry II., of which numismatists have no knowledge.
to boot - in addition, over and above, besides + Baselbut (ger) - region around Basel.
Travers Smith: Psychic Messages from Oscar Wilde 6: 'I was always one of those for whom the visible world existed'.
gnosa (gr) - knowledge
edible - eatable, fit to be eaten
cognitively - in a cognitive (rel. to process of knowing) manner
conatively - in a conative (having the characteristics of the apparently volitional acts; exertive, striving, expessive of endeavour) manner + conatum (l) - undertaking, attempt, venture, hazard.
cogitabund - musing, meditating, deep in thought
morphomelosophopankreas (gr) - flesh-all-shaped-skillfully-by-music + morpho (gr) - to shape, form + melos (gr) - music + sophos (gr) - skilled + pan (gr) - all, everything + kreas (gr) - flesh, meat + pankreas (gr) - "all meat": pancreas.
significantly - so as to convey some meaning; expressively, meaningly
lug - ear
truie (fr) - sow
(notebook 1923): 'This King Business'
pediculous - infested with lice, lousy + perfectly
certified - made certain; assured; certainly informed
morbus - disease + Morbus (l) - "Disease": a deity (personification) + morbus pediculosus (l) - "lousy disease": ancient disease, in which the body swarmed with lice.
William Shakespeare: Othello + telo (Serbian) - body.
quite - completely, wholly, altogether, entirely
szerda (Hungarian) - Wednesday + sreda (Serbian) - Wednesday.
satyr - one of a class of woodland gods or demons, in form partly human and partly bestial, supposed to be the companions of Bacchus.
William Shakespeare: Othello III.3.165-166: 'O, beware, my lord, of jealousy! It is the green-eyed monster'.
Irish Independent 5 Jun 1924, 5/4: 'West Cork Horror': (a police sergeant testifying in a trial of murder and dismemberment of a farmer by most of his family members) 'Witness took the head out of a sack and turned an electric torch on it, and asked Leary could he identify it... "I am not sure, but it is like his poll"' [(notebook 1924): 'it's like his poll'].
crossgrained - given to opposition, contrarious, perverse, queer tempered + (notebook 1924): 'a coarsegrained person with odd hips & twitching mouth' → Freeman's Journal 6 Jun 1924, 7/1: '"Wicked Fast Woman"': (in a libel trial) 'Mrs Copeman... said Miss Thurburn signed a letter sent to her in which there was a reference to "a coarse-grained person with two left feet, odd hips, and twitching eyes"'.
trapper - one who sets traps; spec. one engaged in trapping wild animals for their furs.
murteus (l) - dark, brown + (notebook 1924): 'Murty'.
oog (Dutch) - eye.
inquiline - an animal which lives in the nest or abode of another + aquiline - eaglelike (esp. of the nose) + inquilino (it) - tenant + 'naso Italian 'naso inquilino' for 'naso aquilino' (common blunder of people who speak with affectation).
nase = nose
twitch - to move (the skin, etc.) spasmodically or convulsively + treacherous
tanyer (Hungarian) - plate
asztal (Hungarian) - table
balra (Hungarian) - to the left
jobbra (Hungarian) - to the right
major + majar (sp) - to be tiresome.
bore - a tiresome or uncongenial person; one who wearies or worries + magyar bor (Hungarian) - Hungarian wine.
I guess + igenis (Hungarian) - yes indeed.
..."And with / a stopper head, bottle shoulders, a barrel (belly) ^bauck^ and / tumblerous legs"... (The words preceding "tumblerous" are carried on with only one change ("belly" --> "bauck"); by level 9 they make up exactly one line of the marked pages of transition 4 prepared for the typesetter of Finnegans Wake, namely 46.209.35. The line is skipped in the typesetting of the first galley proofs (49.117.31), and should surely be thought of as part of Joyce's intention; I propose it as an emendation. One notices how much better the rhythm and clearer the meaning with it restored) (Bill Cadbury, 14 Oct. 1992) + (The FW galley printer omits an entire line, line 35 from the transition overlay (JJA 46:209), and one in which Joyce even changes a word (bauck for belly), not destroying the question-anwer series (as in the next omission) but leaving out essential information pointing to publican HCE as the litigating party turned prosecuted (as in the Oscar Wilde case). (At least I have the impression that such turnabouts happen here.) (Robbert-Jan Henkes, 18 May 2002) + REFERENCE
tumble - to stumble by tripping over an object
redip - to rebaptize
erchwyn (Welsh) - side, bedside
Vercingetorix (d. 46) - Gallic chieftain who revolted against Julius Caesar
Ethelwulf - king of the West Saxons
Rupert, Prince (1619-82) - nephew of Charles I, for whom he fought bravely in the Great Rebellion.
YGGDRASIL - The "world-tree" of Norse myth, an evergreen ash tree whose roots, trunk, and branches bind together hell, earth, and heaven. Its 3 roots go down into the realm of death, the realm of the giants, and Asgard, the realm of the gods. Beneath it the 3 Normans live by the Spring of Fate. "Ygg" is one of the names of Odin.
phrase between the devil and the deep sea
address - to speak or write to (someone) as (the title or name specified)
Matthew 27:51: 'and the rocks rent'
Vancouver, George (1738-78) - English explorer for whom a Canadian city is named.
awhit - to a very small extent, a very little + Thomas Moore: song Fairest! Put on Awhile [air: Cummilum].
you bet it
kingdom come - (from the clause thy kingdom come in the Lord's Prayer) heaven or paradise; the next world + cumbalum (l) - cymbal.
oxman - a man who tends or drives oxen
thingumbob - Used (in undignified speech) to indicate vaguely a thing (or person) of which the speaker cannot at the moment recall the name, or which he is at a loss or does not care to specify precisely; a 'what-you-may-call-it'.
hvad (Danish) - eh? what?
refreshed + fresque (fr) - fresco.
fount - a spring, source, fountain
gurgling - that gurgles; emitting a sound as of bubbling liquid or purling water + song 'There is a green island In lone Gougane Barra' + Gougane Barra (Irish: Guagán Barra, meaning "Barra's retreat enclosed by mountains") is a settlement, west of Macroom in County Cork, Ireland. The name Gougane Barra comes from Saint Finbarr, who is said to have built a monastery on an island in the lake nearby during the 6th century.
Fitzgerald, Lord Edward (1763-98) - conspirator of ' 98, betrayed by Francis Higgins, captured by Major Sirr, married to Pamela.
Sidney, Sir Philip (1554-86) - English poet, soldier whose father was lord deputy of Ireland. 500.21 refers to his alleged incest with his sister Mary, Countess of Pembroke.
Sheridan, Philip Henry (1831-88) - American Union general.
gargle - to make a gurgling sound
Virgin Mary + P. Vergilius Maro - Roman epic poet + virkelig (Danish) - real.
lave - to wash, bathe + living + laving (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - leaving.
Tem - creator god in The Book of the Dead
butt - to strike with head or horns + bet