pegger (Slang) - a hard drinker + pegger (Hebrew) - corpse, carcass + pig + Festy King + "pegged a few glatt stones": Pegger = Shaun; Wet Pinter (wordpainter) = Shem.

muc (Irish) - pig + stomach + (notebook 1923): 'remove outer layer of dirt'.

juror - a member of a jury

outburst - a violent issue; an outbreak, explosion (of feeling, fervour, indignation, etc.) + loud outburst + cloudburst.

poesy - poetry

Brythonic - of or pertaining to the Brythons, or Britons of Wales, Cornwall, and Cumbria, and their kin; Of Celtic languages: employing initial P (Welsh, Cornish, Breton) + Joyce's note: 'P — Brythonic' (dash dittoes 'Celts') Studies, An Irish Quarterly Review, vol. 13, no. 50, 322: Ireland and Wales (review): 'Until recent times the favoured theory has been, briefly, that the Goidels or Q-Celts came to Ireland through Britain, having sojourned in the latter country until the arrival of the Brythonic or P-Celts, who drove them on to the west coasts, whence they hastened over to Ireland'.

interpreter - one who interprets or explains, one who translates languages

on oath - under the obligation of an oath

Wit pesht wishi as fare vere mwiri hrismos (English spelled as Irish) - with best wishes for a very merry Christmas + peist (pesht) (Irish) - beast, serpent + mhuise (wishi) (Irish) - indeed, well (interj.) + as fearra (as fare) (Irish) - best.

story book - a book of stories + bouchal - young man, boy + (notebook 1924): 'the bones of the boy that was ate by the pig' Kinane: St. Patrick 197n: (quoting the Tripartite Life about chieftain Ailill and his wife's conversion) 'His wife... said the pigs have eaten our son... Patrick commanded the boy's bones to be collected... The boy was afterwards resuscitated through Patrick's prayers'.

be = by

Cleopatra - a famous queen of Egypt, lover of Antony [.13] [086.13] + clith (kli) - sexual heat in swine (St. Patrick was a swineheard as a boy slave in Ireland.)

park - to enclose in, as in, or as, a park

porker - a young hog fattened for pork; also, any swine or pig raised for food + James Joyce: A Portrait V: 'Ireland is the old sow that eats her farrow'.

'Timothy' stems from Greek time: honour and theos: god.

FOUR COURTS - On King's Inns Quay; the modern Supreme Court has been added to the 4 existing courts: King's (or Queen's) Bench, Chancery, Exchequer, and Common Pleas + commons - people lacking noble rank; the burghers of a town.

O'Tighearnaigh (o'tierni) (gael) - descendant of Tighearnach ("lordly") + tighearna (Irish) - lord.

Dun Dealgan (dundalgen) (gael) - Dealga's (name of Firbolg chief) Fort; Co. Louth, N. of Dublin; anglic. Dundalk.

yif = if

Turgesius on Thorgil - viking who invaded Ireland in 832. He and his death were likewise violent + turkeys 

faolog (fwelog) (gael) - seagull + followed (vaudeville story of a negro, accused of stealing chickens, defending himself by saying that they followed him).

gut - to cram the guts; to eat greedily, to gormandize + cutthroat - a ruffian who murders or does deeds of violence + (i.e. evidence giver, plain clothes priest W.P., situated at Nullnull, Medical Square).

fire - to shoot, to propel or discharge (a missile) as from a gun

Marcus Antonius (l) - lover of Cleopatra, with whom he was defeated by Augustus Octavian + Robert Martin: Enniscorthy (song): 'Dimetrius O'Flanigan McCarthy' + King Mark + King Arthur + Melkarth - the Phoenician god of Tyre, also known as Baal Sur (Lord of Tyre) [.14] [.25]. It was Phoenician settlers from Tyre, just north of today's border between Israel and Lebanon, who founded Carthage not far north of modern Tunis, in about 814 BC. Hannibal was a faithful worshiper of Melqart: the Roman historian Livy records the legend that just before setting off on his march to Italy he made a pilgrimage to Gades, the most ancient seat of Phoenician worship in the west. Hannibal strengthened himself spiritually by prayer and sacrifice at the Altar of Melqart. He returned to New Carthage with his mind focused on the god and on the eve of departure to Italy he saw a strange vision which he believed was sent by Melqart. A youth of divine beauty appeared to Hannibal in the night. The youth told Hannibal he had been sent by supreme deity, Melqart, to guide the son of Hamilcar to Italy. “Follow me,” said the ghostly visitor, “and see that that thou look not behind thee.” Hannibal followed the instructions of the visitor. His curiosity, however, overcame him, and as he turned his head, Hannibal saw a serpent crashing through forest and thicket causing destruction everywhere. It moved as a black tempest with claps of thunder and flashes of lightning gathered behind the serpent. When Hannibal asked the meaning of the vision Melqart replied, “What thou beholdest is the desolation of Italy. Follow thy star and inquire no farther into the dark counsels of heaven.”

Astarte - Semitic goddess, Ashtoreth of the Bible. Baal was her male counterpart + Robert Martin: Killaloe (song): 'You may talk of Boneyparty / You may talk about Ecarté / Or any other party and "Commong de portey voo" / We learnt to sing it aisey / That song the Marshalaysy / Boo Long too long the continong / We larnt at killaloe'

Labour Party - a political party specially supporting the interests of labour

sockdologer - someone outstanding or exeptional; a heavy or knock-down blow, a finisher. Also fig.

have a neck - to speak insolently or behave presumptuously

endorse - to support, to back, to give one's approval to, especially officially or by signature + (notebook 1924): 'endorse *V*' Studies, An Irish Quarterly Review, vol. 13, no. 50, 198: Comments on the Foregoing Article (Thomas F. O'Rahilly): 'In words which I heartly endorse, Dr. MacNeill calls attention to the great disadvantage under which Irish studies labour, namely, the lack of facilities for publication'.

outturned - turned out or outwards

nor'easter - northeaster (a wind blowing from the north-east, common to the east coast of the United States); a waterproof coat

barefacedness - shamelessness

Sunlight soap - a brand of household soap originally produced by the British company Lever Brothers in 1884.

in the same tale - in the same statement or category + in the train of - as a sequel to + Trelawny, Sir Jonathan (1650-1721) - Cornish bishop famous and popular for opposing King James II's tolerance of Catholicism. 

impart - to make known, tell, relate

Court of Common Pleas, or Common Bench, was a common law court of the English (and Irish) legal system.

llwydd (Welsh) - president + Lord Jesus + (notebook 1924): 'Jesus & gentleman of jury'.

Jurys Inn - a chain of hotels in Ireland and the United Kingdom

masterer - one who masters or overcomes + Annals of the Four Masters (Annala na gCeithre Mháistrí) are a chronicle of medieval Irish history. The entries span from the deluge, dated as 2242 years after creation to AD 1616, although the earliest entries are believed to date from around AD 550. The annals are mainly a compilation of earlier annals, although there is some original work. They were compiled between 1632 and 1636 in the Franciscan monastery in County Donegal. The entries for the 12th century and before are sourced from medieval monastic annals. The chief author of the annals was Mícheál Ó Cléirigh, and he was assisted by, among others, Peregrine O'Clery, Fergus O'Mulconry and Peregrine O'Duignan + REFERENCE

yarn - fibre spun and prepared for use in weaving, knitting, the manufacture of sewing-thread, etc; a chat, a talk + years

that's a good one - Iron. of statement that is absurdly exaggerated.

amrita - immortal, ambrosial (also spelled 'amreeta'; from Sanskrit amrita: immortal) + a b c d.

inis (Irish) - island (Pronunciation 'inish') + Irishman + Inishmaan - the middle island of the Aran islands (where Synge collected much folklore).

continental - an inhabitant of a continent; spec. of the continent of Europe + canton natal (fr) - native canton, district.

parish - to do parish work (of a clergyman) + perish

Giordano Bruno was burned at the stake (in the Campo dei Fiori, Rome, on 17 February 1600).

dorm - to sleep, doze + Thomas Moore: Thee, Thee, Only Thee (song): 'The dawning of morn' [air: The Market-Stake].

mawn - a hand basket, beg + The Rising of the Moon (song).

skulde (Danish) - should

Tír na nÓg - timeless Land of Youth, where Oisín (Ossian) was lured away by a fairy princess, having survived the destruction of his comrades (Fenians) at the Battle of Gabhra. Ossian spent 300 years there, returned to Ireland on his white horse, and aged as soon as his feet touched the ground + It was Phoenician settlers from Tyre, just
north of today's border between Israel and Lebanon, who founded Carthage in about 814 BC.

jack in a box - a toy consisting of a box from which a figure springs

wield - to use or handle with skill and effect; to manage, actuate, ply (a weapon, tool, or instrument, now always one held or carried in the hand)

wind - to wield (a weapon, an implement), to haul, hoist, lift (obs.)

wassail - the liquor in which healths were drunk; a salutation used when presenting a cup of wine to a guest, or drinking the health of a person, the reply being drink-hail + horn - a vessel formed from the horn of a cow or other beast, or in later times shaped after this, for holding liquid (as drink, oil, or ink), powder, etc.; a drinking-horn.

tot - a small glass or mug, a small quantity of alcohol



Abgott (ger) - idol

Walhalla = Valhalla - in Old Northern mythology, the hall assigned to those who have died in battle, in which they feast with Odin.

exchequer - to place in an exchequer, to treasure up; to proceed against (a person) in the court of exchequer + Exchequer - one of the original four courts, or benches, of the Four Courts, Dublin (Ireland's main courts building).

lave a (= with) - to be bathed in or covered with (blood, sweat) (obs.) + lave (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - leave.

chancery hand - a particular style of engrossing (to write in large letters, to write out or express in legal form) + Chancery - one of the original four courts, or benches, of the Four Courts, Dublin (Ireland's main courts building).

yoelamb (Joyce's note) A female sheep is called a ewe. If you have a young baby sheep, it is called a ewe lamb. Some people call a female sheep a Yoe too. ("when I seed that one little tender yoe lamb that I cherished with deathless love begin for to pale and cough and pine...")

Salvation Army - an organization, on a quasi-military model, founded by the Rev. William Booth for the revival of religion among the masses in Great Britain and other countries + LDV: if ever he up with a hand to take or throw the sign of a stone at man, sheep or salvation army either before or after being baptised down to that holy and blessed hour.


Castleknock Hill, Phoenix Park

roguishly - in a roguish manner, knavishly + ciotogach (kitogokh) (gael) - left-handedly, awkwardly kithogue (Anglo-Irish) - left-hand, left-handed; awkward.

lilt - to sing cheerfully or merrily + lift (his hand).

holiness the pope

Q Celts Godel (Joyce's note) → Goidelic: (of Celtic languages) employing initial C/K/Q (Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Manx) [.03]

faix = fegs - an exclamation expressing asseveration or astonishment + faix (Archaic) - faith.

khoroshie (Russian) - 'good' (nom. pl. form). The letter X at the start is the Cyrillic letter transliterated at kh Hargrave: Origins and Meanings of Popular Phrases & Names 376: 'XAROSHIE. (Pronounce "x" as Scottish "ch.") An expression of satisfaction. Equivalent to "Très bien" and as much mutilated in pronunciation'.

zdrast (World War I Slang, from Russian) - be healthy Hargrave: Origins and Meanings of Popular Phrases & Names 376: 'ZDRÁSTVITYE! Contracted very often into "Zdrást!" The Russian form of greeting meaning "Be Healthy!" Adopted by the troops it became the general form of greeting among themselves' + Jesus Christ!

laddo - lad, boy