shawl - to cover with a shawl, put a shawl on (a person)

lief - beloved, dear, agreeable, precious + Carl Böhm: song 'Still wie die Nacht, tief wie das Meer, soll deine Liebe sein!': 'Still as the night, deep as the sea, should thy love be!' (part of John McCormack's repertoire).

Iseult of Ireland (also Iseult the Fair, La Bella Iseult) + Chaire, ô chaire Eleutheria (Modern Greek) - Hail, O hail, Freedom! (last line of Greek national anthem).

hearer - one who hears, listener; a judge; a disciple

brave - a brave man, warrior; excellent, bravo! (int.) + None but the brave deserves the fair (Dryden: 'Alexander's Feast'). 

Feuer (German) - fire + agus (Irish) - and + aria (Italian) - air.

jorden (Danish) - the earth + Motif: 4 elements (fire, air, earth, water).

godson - a boy whom one has sponsored at baptism + Genesis 6:2: 'the sons of God saw the daughters of men'.

manday - the labor of one man in one normal working day

clap - noisy talk, chatter; the loud explosive noise of thunder + chap

fore - before, former

lot - that which is given to a person by fate or divine providence esp. one's destiny.

whiskers - the hair that grows on an adult man's face; formerly commonly applied to that on  the upper lip, now called moustache, and sometimes to (or including) that on the chin (beard); now usu. restricted to that on the cheeks or sides of the face + song 'There was an old man called Michael Finnegan, He grew whiskers on his chin again The wind came up and blew them in again Poor old Michael Finnegan. Begin again...'

yunesse - youth + June

stolo (l) - branch, twig + stola (gr) - long upper garment worn by women + story + song Tell Me the Old, Old Story.

qui (fr) - who + quiqui (fr. dialect) - chicken.

quinet - a wedge + "A beautiful sentence from Edgar Quinet" (Letters, I, 295) + Quinet, Edgar (1803-75) - French historian, translator of Vico, associate of Michelet.

Michelet, Jules (1798-1874) - French historian, friend and collaborator of Quinet, translator of some of Vico. 

Giambattista (Vico)+ jambe (fr) - leg.

Bruno (Giordano) + brûler (fr) - to burn.

idiom - a form of expression, grammatical construction, phrase, etc., peculiar to a language.

sordo (l) - quiet, dumb + sordo (sp) = surdus (l) - deaf + mutus (l) - dumb.

florilingua (l) - flower language

shelta - a secret jargon of the tinkers still spoken in G.B. and Ireland (deformed Gaelic).

flay - a fright; to frighten, scare, terrify

concubine - a woman who cohabits with a man without being his wife; a kept mistress + con (fr. slang) - vulva + cuba (sp. slang) - vulva.

street arab - a homeless vagrant (usually a child) living in the streets + Strasse (ger) - street.


nozze (it) - wedding

trip - to tread or step lightly or nimbly; to fall in to an error, to make a mistake or false step.

palmy - bearing or worthy to 'bear the palm', triumphant, flourishing; (a Shaksperian phrase), palmy days.

spurt - sudden burst (of activity), spout + spitfire - that spits fire, a slight eruption or explosion.

kindle - to begin to burn, catch fire, burst into flame

oft - often

peat - vegetable matter decomposed by water and partially carbonized by chemical change, often forming bogs of large extent, whence it is dug or cut out, and 'made' into peats (convenient  for use as fuel).

the tea is wet (Anglo-Irish phrase) - the tea is ready (also euphemism for sexual intercourse) + thee (Dutch) - tea.

sitos (gr) - grain, bread, food

tib - girl, lass, prostitute + 'St Tib's Eve' is never. It is a corruption of St Ubes, and there is none in the calendar (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) + till Tibbs his eve (Anglo-Irish phrase) - forever (there is no Saint Tibbs; from: Tibb's Eve (Anglo-Irish) - never).

revelous - given to or marked by revelling (riotous or disorderly merry-making or festivity).

aye - always, continually; yes, certainly + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.425: 'mourut de la mort Roland... C'est-à-dire de soif' (French 'died the death of Roland... namely of thirst').

kick the bucket - to die + buck - to oppose, fight against.


millium (l) - (backformed pseudo-sing of millia) a thousand; a Roman mile.

millenion (l) - (backformed fake-G sing of millenia) a thousand years.

not give two hoots - not give a damn, not to care at all

three cheers - three successive cheers in unison freq. for someone or something + jeer - sneer + (notebook 1924): '3 cheers for the green, white & gold (3 blotches)' (last two words not crayoned).

brew - the action, process, or result, of brewing; the beverage, etc. brewed + song Three Cheers for the Red, White and Blue.

to rob Peter to pay Paul - to take away from one person, cause, etc. in order to pay, or confer something on, another; to discharge one debt by incurring another + Stuyvesant, Peter (1592-1672) - Dutch governor of New Amsterdam + Pieter (Dutch) - Peter.

NEW YORK CITY - First colonized by the Dutch West India Co in 1624; in 1626 Peter Minuit bought Manhattan Island from the Indians. The tiny settlement was called Fort Amsterdam, later New Amsterdam.

poule - a promiscuous girl or young woman; prostitute

dine off - to take dinner

sooth - truth, verity + south

frier - a chicken suitable for frying; obs. form of friar + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.313: 'donner le moine, complétant les verbes antérieurs tromper et décevoir, y a le sens d'attraper' (French 'to give the friar, alongside the earlier verbs to cheat and to deceive, has the meaning of to entrap').

kettle (Slang) - vulva

old world - rel. to the Old World or continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa, as opposed to the New World or America; rel. to the old world or ancient order of things; belonging to, or characteristic of, early or bygone times.

epistola (l) - letter

weathering - the action of the atmospheric agencies or elements on substances exposed to its influence; the discoloration, disintegration, etc. resulting from this action; stormy weather, a storm.

comble - culuminating point, acme; to load, overload + F. comble in same sense = L. cumulus - heap, pile, heap above the full measure, crown + combler (fr) - heap up, fill up.

versch (Dutch) - fresh

all hours - unusual hours

cupan te (kupan te) (gael) - cup of tea + tay (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - tea.

hotting - pres. part. of hot (to warm, heat)

me - my

souser - a thorough drenching or soaking + saucer - a dish or deep plate.

caldo (it) - hot

Dutchy - Dutchman, German; characteristically Dutch + Dutch oven - a large pot heated by surrounding it with fuel, and placing hot coals on the lid; also slang, a person's mouth.

hovel - an open shed; a rude or miserable dwelling-place; a wretched cabin.

tole = told

tail = tale + a tale of a tub - an apocryphal tale; a 'cock and bull' story (obs.)

toon = town; tune + toon (Dutch) - toe.

kapnomancy - prophesy by looking into smoke

infusionism - the doctrine that the soul is preexistent to the body and is infused into it at conception or birth.

right as trivet - quite all right esp. when compared with what might be expected or an earlier condition + trivet - a three-footed stand or support = tripod.

wee - extremely small, tiny + FDV: While we may [have our irremovable] doubt doubts as to the whole sense of the text, the meaning of any phrase in it, the meaning of every word deciphered and interpreted we can must not have any doubts as to its authorship and authoritativeness.   

charter - a legal document written (usually) upon a single sheet of paper, parchment, or other material, by which grants, contracts, and other transactions are confirmed and ratified.

lot - a number of persons or things of the same kind, or associated in some way.